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  • Daniel de Beer (1889 - 1945)
    born on 04th May 1896 in Emden / - / Hannover resident of Rheine Deportation destination: from Münster - Osnabrück - Bielefeld 13th December 1941, Riga, ghetto Stutthof, concentration c...
  • Theobald Goetz (1880 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Goetz, Theobald geboren am 19.Mai 1880 in Schleusingen / - / Provinz Sachsen wohnhaft in Schleusingen Inhaftierung: 10.November 1938, Buchen...
  • Ernst Baum (1924 - 1944)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Baum, Ernst geboren am 17.März 1924 in Köln / - / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Köln Deportation: ab Köln 07.Dezember...
  • Dr. Armand Eisler (1880 - 1957)
    ISLER Armand Dr. Geboren am 6. 5. 1880 Jurist Festnahme im März 1938 Einweisung in das KZ Dachau: 2. 4. 1938. Häftlingsnummer: 13901 Häftlingskategorie: "Schutzhaft - J...
  • Arthur Allina (1903 - 1977)
    Germany, Dachau Concentration Camp Records, 1945 Name: Arthur Allina Birth Place: St. Pölten Birth Date: 16 Jul 1903 Arrival Date: 24 Jun 1938 Prisoner Number: 16858 Nationality: A...

Buchenwald concentration camp was a German Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil.

Camp prisoners from all over Europe and Russia—Jews, non-Jewish Poles and Slovenes, religious and political prisoners, Roma and Sinti, Freemasons, Jehovah's Witnesses, criminals, homosexuals, and prisoners of war— worked primarily as forced labor in local armament factories. From 1945 to 1950, the camp was used by the Soviet occupation authorities as an internment camp, known as NKVD special camp number 2.

In the camp health staff, medical doctors and nurses, made experiments wtih the prisoners as studied obejcts. E. g. During year 1941 Aribert Heim (born 1914 declared dead 1992 by german court 2012) worked as camp doctor at Buchenwald KZ. He had before that been at Sachenhausen KZ and in october 1941 he began work at Mathausen KZ. Another example is the brigadier general of the Luftwaffe Gerhard Rose (1896-declared dead 1992), who in Dachau and Buchenwald made series of deathly "experiments" about typhus and malaria on the jewish prisoners. One of Rose's colleagues was Waldemar Hoven (1903-1948), who had a lower rank but was a SS-doctor with the same interest of 'treating' the prisoners with phenol injections.

Among all the adult prisoners the nazis also kept lots of so called orphan boys, whose parents and siblings had been killed in other KZ-camps. A documentary film is made about all these hundreds of children The Boys of Buchenwald.

Two of the adult prisoners, Fritz Löhner-Beda and Herman Leopoldi, composed a song to Buchenwald KZ at the end of 1938:

Das Buchenwaldlied ("The Buchenwald Song"):

O Buchenwald, ich kann dich nicht vergessen, weil du mein Schicksal bist. Wer dich verließ, der kann es erst ermessen, wie wundervoll die Freiheit ist! O Buchenwald, wir jammern nicht und klagen, und was auch unser Schicksal sei, wir wollen trotzdem Ja zum Leben sagen, denn einmal kommt der Tag, dann sind wir frei!

O Buchenwald, I can’t forget about you, because you are my fate. Who leaves you, only he can appreciate how wonderful freedom is! O Buchenwald, we don’t cry and complain and whatever may be our destiny, even so we shall say "yes" to life for once the day shall come when we shall be free!

The Buchenwald Camp i nominated to United Nations World Cultural Heritage.

El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer - אל מלא רחמים, תפילת אזכרה לקרבנות השואה


The Holocaust - the Jewish Tragedy by Martin Gilbert [1]


Levande historia information på svenska om Buchenwald KZ (information in swedish about Buchenwald KZ)

A short list of the Buchenwald staff on english Wikipedia and 25 personal photos of them at Wikimedia.


Expressen Buchenwald 26 april 1945, av Britta Håkansson.