MacAlpin the shortened version McAlpine
☀ Clan that the Lord Lyon Court has been told is in the process of applying for registration.
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- Crest/Badge No Official Crest Badge
Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, Lord Lyon King of Arms In his book, "The Scottish Tartans," refers to the claim that this Royal Clan is the most ancient in the Highlands. He states that the Clan MacAlpine is Celtic and that records indicate that, for 25 generations, the Kings of Scotland were of MacAlpine lineage. He also states that the ancient crest was a boar's head.
- Gaelic Name: MacAilpein (Son of Alpin)
- Motto: Cuimhnich Bàs Ailpein (Remember the Death of Alpin)
- Plant Badge: Giuthas (Scots Pine)
- Origin of Tartan: recorded prior to the launch of The Scottish Register of Tartans. The Clans, Sept and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands' (1908) by Frank Adam, is the first document of the tartan. The tartan is similar to the hunting MacLean, but for the yellow lines. Other tartans connected with Siol Alpin are red.
- Lands Dunstaffnage in Argyll, near Oban. Other areas under MacAlpine control included the Royal Palace at Forteviot (For-tev-ee-ot); King Kenneth moved his capital there after defeating the Picts and in the face of increasing Viking raids in Argyllshire.
Origins of the name
The history of the Clan MacAlpine is obscure. The Siol Alpin is claimed as the origin of a number of clans, but as D.C. Stewart remarks, "belongs rather to mythology than to history." It is considered to be a branch of the royal Clan Alpin, of the Kings of Dalriada.
Kenneth MacAlpin became the first King of Scotland in AD 843 when he united the Scots and the Picts. He was the son of King Alpin and the descendant of a long line of Dalriadic Kings. His direct male descendants ruled Scotland for the next 200 years.
As the MacAlpine name is so ancient and spread in times when the clan system was still evolving there is little evidence of any one, direct family line back to Kenneth MacAlpine and his father King Alpin. Many other clans claim to be descended from the accomplished MacAlpines, such as the MacGregors, Grants, MacNabs, MacAuleys, MacKinnons and the MacQuarries.
One of the earliest records of an early form of the name appears when John MacAlpyne witnessed a charter by Malise, earl of Stratherne, of the lands of Cultenacloche and others in Glenalmond, c. 1260 (Grandtully, I, p. 126.) Monaghe fiz Alpyn of the county of Perth rendered forced homage to Edward I of England in 1296. (From "The Surnames of Scotland" by George F. Black.)
Other early recordings include Monauche Macalpin, a charter witness in 1285, and in the spelling of Monach mac Alpy, this landowner rendered homage to the government of Scotland in the year 1296. In 1395 Malcolm Macalpyne witnessed a charter by Duncan, earl of Levenax, whilst in 1405, Mordac Makcalpy was granted permission by the king of England (Henry 1V) to attend the university of Oxford.
Alternate spellings of the surname, which are now obsolete, have included Makcalpyn (1421); Makalpe (1511) and M'Kalpie (1663). A number of Scottish clans including Grant, MacKinnon, and MacGregor, all form part of "Clan Alpine", and claim descent from a common ancestor, Kenneth MacAlpine, supposedly an ancestor of the original line of Scottish Kings.
Albain, Albanach, Albin, Ailpein, Allphin, Alpin, Alpine, Alpyn, Alpynsone, Calpin, Calpine, Culpen, Elphin, Galpin, Galpine, Gilpin, Halpin, Halpine, MacAilpein, MacAlipine, MacAlpan, MacAlpane, MacAlpeine, MacAlpeinne, MacAlpen, MacAlphine, MacAlpin, MacAlpie, MacAlpin, MacAlpy, MacAlpye, MacAlpyn, MacAlpyne, MacApline, MacCalpin, MacCalpine, MacCapie, MacCappie, MacCappin, MacCappine, MacCappy, MacCapy, MacCarpin, MacColpin, MacColpine, MacCoplan, MacCoplin, MacCoppin, MacCoppine, MacCorpin, MacCorpine, Mackalpe, MacKalpin, Makalpe, Makcalpy, Makcalpyn, Malcalpyn, M’Alpen, M’Alpin, M’Alpine, M’Alpyn, McAlpain, McAlpan, McAlpane, McAlpe, McAlpen, McAlphin, McAlphine, McAlpie, McAlpien, McAlpil, McAlpin, McAlpine, McAlpion, McAlpon, McAlpy, McAlpyn, M’Calpin, M’Calppin, M’Calpy, M’Calpyne, M’Cappe, M’Cavpy, McCalpie, McCalpin, McCalpy, McCapen, McCawpyn, McCulpen, McKelpin, M’Kalpie, MkKalpy
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