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  • Karl Bach (1882 - 1980)
    1938 im KZ Dachau inhaftiert; 1939 Flucht in die Schweiz; 1940 Emigration in die USA
  • Rudolf Benario (1908 - 1933)
  • Alfred Benario, Dr. rer. pol. (1899 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Benario, Alfred geboren am 22. Juni 1899 in Marktbreit / Kitzingen / Bayern wohnhaft in Marktbreit Inhaftierungsort: 24. November 1938 - 1...
  • Moritz Levi (1876 - 1968)
    Dachau: Moritz Levi Birth Place: Buttenhausen Birth Date: 11 Mar 1876 Arrival Date: 27 Jun 1938 Prisoner Number: 17543 Nationality: German or Austrian (German) Arrival Notes: arrived 27 Jun 1938 Dispos...
  • Albert Seelenberger (1882 - 1943)
    Seelenberger, Albert born on 23rd May 1882 in Grünstadt / Frankenthal / Bayern (Pfalz) resident of Grünstadt and Mannheim Place of Imprisonment: 12th November 1938 - 03rd January 1939, ...

Dachau concentration camp was the first Nazi concentration camp opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany.

Opened 22 March 1933 (51 days after Hitler took power), it was the first regular concentration camp established by the coalition government of the National Socialist Party (Nazi Party) and the German Nationalist People's Party (dissolved on 6 July 1933). Heinrich Himmler, then Chief of Police of Munich, officially described the camp as "the first concentration camp for political prisoners."

The first inmates were primarily political prisoners, Social Democrats, Communists, trade unionists, habitual criminals, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses.

KZ Dachau served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi concentration camps that followed. Its basic organization, camp layout as well as the plan for the buildings were developed by Theodor Eicke and were applied to all later camps. In the twelve years of its existence over 200.000 persons from all over Europe were imprisoned here and in the numerous satellite camps. 41.500 were murdered. On April 29 1945, American troops liberated the survivors.

Abraham Judah Klausner was a Reform rabbi and United States Army captain and chaplain who became a “father figure” for the more than 30,000 emaciated survivors found at Dachau Concentration Camp, 10 miles northwest of Munich, shortly after it was liberated on April 29, 1945. He also cared for thousands more left homeless in camps as the victorious Allied Forces determined where they should go.



El Moley Rachamim Holocaust Prayer