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  • Hans Bett (1898 - 1945)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Hans Last Name Bett Date of Birth 09.04.1898 (INCORRECT MONTH) Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 2, Grosse Sperlgas...
  • Karl Hallgarten (1900 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Hallgarten, Karl geboren am 16. Juli 1900 in Winkel / Rheingaukreis / Hessen - Nassau wohnhaft in Winkel Inhaftierungsort: 19. Juni 1938 - 0...
  • Alfred Hallgarten (1895 - c.1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Hallgarten, Alfred geboren am 02. April 1895 in Bingen / - / - wohnhaft in Bingen und Langenlonsheim Inhaftierungsort: 15. November 1938 -...
  • David Hahn (1869 - 1941)
    www.badatelna.eu, Inv.246 - České Budějovice, page No.27
  • Ernst Einstein (1897 - c.1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Einstein, Ernst geboren am 25. Februar 1897 in Buchau / Riedlingen / Württemberg wohnhaft in Buchau Inhaftierungsort: 12. November 19...

Dachau concentration camp was the first Nazi concentration camp opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany.

Opened 22 March 1933 (51 days after Hitler took power), it was the first regular concentration camp established by the coalition government of the National Socialist Party (Nazi Party) and the German Nationalist People's Party (dissolved on 6 July 1933). Heinrich Himmler, then Chief of Police of Munich, officially described the camp as "the first concentration camp for political prisoners."

The first inmates were primarily political prisoners, Social Democrats, Communists, trade unionists, habitual criminals, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses.

KZ Dachau served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi concentration camps that followed. Its basic organization, camp layout as well as the plan for the buildings were developed by Theodor Eicke and were applied to all later camps. In the twelve years of its existence over 200.000 persons from all over Europe were imprisoned here and in the numerous satellite camps. 41.500 were murdered. On April 29 1945, American troops liberated the survivors.

Abraham Judah Klausner was a Reform rabbi and United States Army captain and chaplain who became a “father figure” for the more than 30,000 emaciated survivors found at Dachau Concentration Camp, 10 miles northwest of Munich, shortly after it was liberated on April 29, 1945. He also cared for thousands more left homeless in camps as the victorious Allied Forces determined where they should go.

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