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British Policemen - 19th Century

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    Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Lyons Otway Pearson CB (1831–30 May 1890) was Assistant Commissioner (Executive) of the London Metropolitan Police from 1881 to 1890. Pearson was the son of Henr...
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    Police Constable in London, died in 1857 whilst investigating a suspicious light on a boat in London Docks. He fell into the water and drowned

British Policemen - 19th Century

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The Metropolitan Police

In 1829, when Sir Robert Peel was Home Secretary, the first Metropolitan Police Act was passed and the Metropolitan Police Force was established. This new force superseded the local Watch in the London area but the City of London was not covered. Even within the Metropolitan Police District there still remained certain police establishments, organised during the eighteenth century, outside the control of the Metropolitan Police Office:-

  • The Bow Street Patrols, mounted and foot, the latter commonly called the "Bow Street runners".
  • Police Office constables attached to the offices of, and under the control of, the Magistrates.
  • The Marine or River Police.

By 1839 all these establishments had been absorbed by the Metropolitan Police Force. The City of London Police, which was set up in 1839, remains an independent force to this day.

There were two Commissioners, following the practice of the River Thames Marine Police (founded 1798) who had two joint Commissioners. They started work on 7th July 1829.

The first was Colonel (Sir) Charles Rowan who had served in the Peninsular War. Rowan had seen small patrols criss-crossing territory during that war, and it was this idea which led to the introduction of the beat system. He had also embraced the new idea that the quality of military discipline should not be judged by the number of floggings in a regiment's discipline records, but by the absence of harsh disciplinary action. This then developed into the doctrine that it was the absence of crime which should be the mark of an efficient police force. He was older than his partner Richard Mayne, and tended to be regarded as the "Chief Commissioner", but history would never regard Mayne's contribution as being less than Rowan's.

In 1830 PC Joseph Grantham was the first officer to be killed on duty at Somers Town, Euston. The Metropolitan Police ranks were increased considerably to 3,300 men.

1832 Richard Mayne, the Commissioner, tried to clarify the roles of the Magistrates and the Commissioners as the Bow Street Runners continued their existance.

1833 Coldbath Fields Riot (Grays Inn Road). A major crowd disturbance was dealt with by the Metropolitan Police with controversial use of force.

PC Robert Culley was killed at this event, and the jury returned a verdict of Justifiable Homicide.

The first recruits reported for training on 21st September, were allocated to Divisions and fitted with uniforms of top hat and tail coat. The authorities decided to make the uniform civilian rather than military in appearance. The uniforms were blue rather than the military red, and this earned the force the nickname of "Peel's raw lobsters" comparing the colour to the military uniforms which were already known as "lobsters".

In the first few days many officers were dismissed, either for non-appearance or for drunkenness. Later, when a register (preserved in the National Archives) was set up with warrant numbers, the first 466 numbers were allocated to those who had been dismissed. Of the first 3,247 men recruited in the first six months, no fewer than 1644 (51%) were dismissed, the most common cause being for drunkenness. 149 of these were later re-instated. A system for less serious sanctions such as suspensions, reprimands and fines had apparently not been developed at this stage. 148 resignations were later followed by re-employment, sometimes because the officer had to resign and then re-join if he became ill.

Time-line

  • 1835 - 178 new borough councils were set up under the Metropolitan Corporation Act, allowing them to form their own police forces
  • 1839 - The Rural Constabulary Act meant that County Police Forces could be set up in any of the 54 counties of England. This was all still optional. By 1850 only 36 counties had done so.
  • 1842 - Detective Department set up by the Met.
  • 1842 - Staffordshire Constabulary set up

Known as the Staffordshire Constabulary from 1842 to 1929 when it was changed to Staffordshire County Police. In 1967 it became Staffordshire County and Stoke on Trent Constabulary until 1974, since when it has been known as Staffordshire Police.

  • 1856 - County Borough Police Act now forced the whole of the country to set up police forces. 239 forces were set up - but only half of these were found to be efficient.
  • 1869 - National Criminal Record set up to make use of the new telegraph communications between forces.
  • 1877 - CID (Criminal Investigations Department) formed with 200 detectives, and later 600 more in 1883.
  • 1883 - Special (Irish) Branch set up to deal with the Irish nationalist fighters known as Fenians. The Special Branch now deals with all 'enemies of the state'.

Extensive Lists of Recruits can be found at http://www.historybytheyard.co.uk/first_recruits.htm

Royal Humane Society Medals Awarded to London Police Officers Brief details of cases and Officers involved can be found at http://www.historybytheyard.co.uk/royal_humane_society_awards_1891-1907.htm

Metropolitan Police Gallantry Awards

The early days of the Service did not have the formalised system of recognising gallantry with which we are familiar today. Metropolitan Police Orders in the period 1864 -79 contain many entries for officers recommended for rewards, and some of this work was courageous. Thames Division's PC Baker's gratuity for 5/- was paid into the rewards fund, for instance, and officers were often awarded monetary rewards from the police fund and from courts for good work which often included bravery. The public sometimes rewarded brave conduct, as in the case of PC Edward Robinson who apprehended Charlie Peace, and was given an inscribed watch from grateful local residents.

Albert Medal

The Albert Medal was instituted on 7th March 1866, 10 years after the VC, and it was split into two classes the following year 1867. It was introduced to recognise great courage in preventing loss of life "by reason of shipwrecks and other perils of the sea" . It was ordained that it should only be awarded to those who had endangered their own lives.

There were 6 police officers and one retired police officer who received Albert Medals, but only one of them was in Gold, which was awarded to PC William Cole of A Division after a Fenian bomb attack on Westminster Hall on 24th January 1885.

Police Orders of 28th January 1885 carried a copy of a letter to the Commissioner from the Home Secretary William Harcourt about PC Cole "who, knowing full well the terrible risk he incurred, endeavoured, at the peril of his life to remove the burning explosive from the building"

William Cole had joined in 1860 as a man of 20. (PC 340 A, warrant number 39501) His pension record shows that he was promoted to sergeant on 2 February 1885, very soon after the incident, but he was pensioned off on 21st April 1886 as the result of his injuries. He spent the whole of his Service on A Division and had a large scar on the back of his neck (perhaps the result of his injuries?).

The above information from at http://www.historybytheyard.co.uk/gallantry.htm where a lot more information can be found on awards.

Online Resources

Links/References

Individuals of Interest

Sir Richard Mayne KCB (27 November 1796 – 26 December 1868) was a barrister and the joint first Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, the head of the London Metropolitan Police (1829–1868). With an incumbency of 39 years, he was also the longest-serving Commissioner in the force's history, as well as the youngest on his appointment.

Mayne was born in Dublin, the son of Judge Edward Mayne. He gained his BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1818 [1] and his MA from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1821.[2] He was called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn on 9 February 1822 and commenced practice on the Northern Circuit. In 1814 in the company of his eldest brother Charles Mayne, he made a tour of the continent.

National Police Officers Roll of Honour and Remembrance

In Memory of British Police Officers who Lost their Lives in the Line of Duty=

From http://www.policememorial.org.uk/Forces/Metropolitan/Metropolitan_Roll_1829-1899.htm The following officers are included, with additional details, in the Book of Remembrance at the Metropolitan Police Memorial at the Peel Centre, Hendon, which was compiled by the Trust and dedicated by Her Majesty The Queen in 2001.

PC Joseph Grantham - Died 28 June 1830, aged 31 - Collapsed and died when kicked in the head arresting a drunken man.

PC John Long - Died 16 August 1830, aged 35 - Stabbed to death when he stopped three suspected burglars at night.

PC Michael Pratt - Died 7 January 1831, aged 34 - Collapsed and died of heart failure chasing four suspected thieves.

PC Thomas Hart - Died 25 October 1832, aged 42 - Drowned when knocked in the river trying to catch a stray cow.

PC Robert Culley - Died 13 May 1833, aged 27 - Fatally stabbed during a riot at a political meeting in Coldbath Fields.

PC William Bruff - Died 9 December 1836, aged 44 - Found collapsed on his beat in Bunhill burial ground and died the next day.

PC John Barton - Died 18 October 1838, aged 40 - Drowned when he accidentally fell in the River Lea while on night duty.

PC William Aldridge - Died 30 September 1839, aged 30 - Fatally injured when stoned by a mob during an arrest at Deptford.

PC Peter Beadle - Died 11 July 1840, aged 18 - Accidentally drowned when he fell in London Docks on night duty.

PC John Husbands - Died 20 July 1840, aged 26 - Accidentally drowned when he fell in Grosvenor Canal on night duty.

PC James Carroll - Died 2 October 1841, aged 45 - Attacked by a mob and hit with his own truncheon making an arrest.

PC Thomas Everett - Died 14 January 1842, aged 26 - Found drowned in London Docks apparently having fallen in at night.

PC Charles Nicholls - Died 29 January 1842, aged 41 - Found dead on his beat at Lambeth supposed to have suffered a fit.

PC James Fulkes - Died 10 March 1842, aged 26 - Found dead on his beat at Holborn having struck his head in a fall.

PC Timothy Daly - Died 5 May 1842, aged 45 - Shot dead when he attempted to arrest an armed highway robber.

PC Charles Reynolds - Died 2 June 1842, aged 22 - Found drowned in London Docks having fallen in while on night duty.

Sgt Andrew Allen - Died 17 December 1842 - Collapsed and died while on foot patrol with one of his men.

PC Uriah Eden - Died 20 November 1844, aged 29 - Fatally injured in a fall in a chapel while searching for lost property.

PC John Birkmyre, 19 - PC John Wright, 30 Died 21 December 1844 - Both killed while searching a burning house when the floors collapsed.

PC Charles William Somes - Died 4 September 1845, aged 32 - Died as a result of being injured on duty on Marylebone Division.

Sgt Samuel Tebbenham Died 17 September 1845, aged 47 - Collapsed and died of heart failure whilst on horse patrol at Dagenham.

PC Fitz Henry Parsons - Died 9 January 1846, aged 22 - Fatally injured in a fall into the dry dock at Woolwich Arsenal in a fog.

PC James Hastie - Died 7 March 1846, aged 34 - Fatally beaten by several men in a street disturbance at Deptford.

PC George Clark - Died 29 June 1846, aged 20 - Found brutally beaten and stabbed to death while on night duty.

PC George Hall - Died 4 July 1846, aged 21 - Fatally injured when thrown from his horse after 15 hours on duty.

PC Daniel Harker Monk - Died 28 May 1848, aged 30 - Fatally injured with his own staff while taking a prisoner into custody.

PC William Sibley - Died 6 September 1849, aged 37 - Collapsed and died from supposed over exertion at the scene of a fire.

PC John Welch - Died 12 October 1849, aged 21 - Overcome by fumes trying to rescue three workmen in a sewer.

PC Alexander Scott - Died 26 June 1850, aged 34 - Died during a hospital operation on an injury received during an affray.

PC Henry James Chaplin - Died 5 May 1851, aged 33 - Fatally wounded when attacked with bricks by a disorderly crowd.

Sgt Joseph Rendall - Died 29 September 1852, aged 39 - Died from injuries received in an accident on duty at Greenwich.

PC Michael Madigan - Died 17 October 1852, aged 31 - Found accidentally drowned in the Thames while on night duty.

PC George Best - Died 18 October 1852, aged 38 - While reporting for duty at Pimlico he suffered a fit and died the next day.

PC Francis Stoker - Died 11 February 1855, aged 38 - Killed attempting to rescue persons trapped in a collapsing house.

PC Malachi Shannon - Died 28 June 1856, aged 34 - Fatally injured when accidentally thrown from his horse on patrol.

PC James Burton - Died 15 July 1857, aged 34 - Died after the amputation of his arm following an injury on duty.

PC Charles Busk - Died 11 August 1857, aged 45 - Fatally injured in a fall while checking premises at night.

PC James Denyer

Died 17 August 1857, aged 28 - Drowned checking a suspicious light on a boat in London Docks.

PC Henry Morgan Died 2 January 1858, aged 25 - Fatally injured when attacked making an arrest during an affray at Stepney.

PC William Wilson Died 18 November 1858, aged 32 - Found drowned in a canal after being missed on his beat in a gale.

PC William Driver Died 12 March 1859, aged 20 - Drowned when he accidentally fell in a canal on his beat in a storm.

PC William Fuller Died 19 April 1859, aged 43 - Killed taking a police horse to the station when it reared and fell.

PC Thomas Randall Died 19 August 1859, aged 20 - Killed in a fall at the police station.

PC Charles Welch Died 16 December 1859, aged 30 - Died as a result of head injuries received in execution of his duty.

PC George Brown Died 24 October 1860, aged 25 - Killed by falling down the area of a house while patrolling his beat.

PC Samuel Hawes Died 8 June 1861, aged 34 - Died in an asylum from the effects of a head injury received on duty.

PC Henry Hall Died 22 August 1861, aged 26 - Found drowned at Woolwich Dock after being missed from his beat.

Insp James Rapsey Died 26 September 1861, aged 41 - Died as a result of injuries received in the execution of his duty.

Insp William Hard Died 11 June 1862, aged 43 - Died from a fractured skull caused by a fall from his horse on duty.

PC Henry Butler Died 21 August 1862, aged 23 - Found drowned in the canal on his beat in suspicious circumstances.

PC Richard Lillicrap Died 31 August 1862, aged 45 - Collapsed and died from over exertion when in pursuit of a thief.

PC William John Davey Died 19 January 1863, aged 43 - Shot dead while on a duty at home by a man he was investigating.

PC Frederick William Patrick Died 20 November 1863, aged 29 - Found dead under Hungerford Bridge having fallen through a hole.

PC Charles Pearce Died 23 January 1864, aged 32 - Drowned when he accidentally fell from a police boat at Devonport.

PC Daniel Langford Died 24 January 1864, aged 37 - Died from injuries he received in 1862 when assaulted by navvies.

Sgt Thomas William Jackson Died 27 July 1864, aged 40 - Died from injuries received in 1859 when assaulted by a prisoner.

Insp John Jenkin Terry Died 4 October 1864, aged 34 - Died after amputation of his leg broken in a fall while on patrol.

PC George Edward Saunders Died 7 November 1864, aged 27 - Drowned when he fell in the docks while patrolling his beat at night.

Sgt John Thompson Died 20 June 1865, aged 39 - Died after suffering a stroke while on duty at Clapham police station.

PC George Sykes Died 20 December 1865, aged 37 - Fatally injured helping to release a brig in the mud at Woolwich Docks.

PC William Fitzgerald Died 23 January 1866, aged 31 - Fatally injured when violently assaulted by a drunken prisoner.

PC Thomas Ley Baker Died May 1866, aged 25 - Died from injuries received in 1863 when assaulted by two burglars.

PC Jesse Roberts Died 9 April 1866, aged 52 - Died of disease the result of injuries received in execution of his duty.

Sgt Joseph Hirons Died 30 June 1866, aged 43 - Died after amputation of his thumb following an injury received on duty.

PC John McFarlane Died 4 July 1866, aged 34 - Found drowned apparently having accidentally fallen in the Thames.

Sgt Henry Collins Died 21 November 1866, aged 38 - Fatally injured apparently having been thrown from his horse at night.

PC Dennis Potter Clark Died 6 January 1867, aged 42 - Died as a result of a head injury received when assaulted in 1864.

PC John Chattey Died 21 January 1867, aged 34 - Died of disease as a result of injury received in execution of his duty.

PC John Kennedy Died 8 May 1867, aged 22 - Collapsed and died from the effects of sunstroke while on his beat.

PC Robert Snelling Died 6 October 1867, aged 26 - Died following injuries received in a fall off a wall while searching a house.

Insp Daniel Bradstock Died 2 June 1868, aged 46 - Fatally stabbed while visiting a prisoner in the police station cell.

PC Joseph Eite Died 6 August 1868, aged 28 - Died as a result of injuries received by being kicked by a drunken man.

PC Charles Clay Died 31 August 1868, aged 34 - Collapsed in the street while on enquiries and died from a stroke.

Sir Richard Mayne KCB (See above) Died 26 December 1868, aged 72 - Found collapsed at his desk at Scotland Yard and died the same day. Appointed in July 1829 as one of two original joint Commissioners of Police.

PC William Batchelor Died 7 May 1869, aged 44 - Died from injuries received in 1866 when kicked during a disturbance.

PC Charles Pierson Died 8 July 1869, aged 50 - Died from the effect of an injury to his leg received when on duty.

PC Charles Cox Died 19 January 1870, aged 41 - Drowned when he accidentally fell into the river while on night duty.

PC James Nice Died 23 April 1870, aged 38 - Died as a result of a spinal injury received when kicked on duty.

Sgt George Robins Died 11 October 1870, aged 46 - Killed when kicked by his horse while practicing mounted drill.

PC George Frederick Waring Died 29 December 1870, aged 31 - Died after amputation of his leg injured when kicked by a prisoner.

PC John Laskey Died 29 August 1872, aged 46 - Accidentally poisoned at the station by mistakenly swallowing acid.

PC James Bowler Died 3 October 1872, aged 40 - Found drowned in a canal on his beat in suspicious circumstances.

PC Moses Parrott Died 9 November 1872, aged 31 - Collapsed and died on duty from the effects of previous injuries.

PC Alfred George Bennett Died 19 October 1873, aged 19 - Died as a result of injuries received when assaulted during an arrest.

PC Alexander Barnes Died 13 May 1874, aged 41 - Fatally injured when he fell from a ladder lighting the station lamp.

PC Isaac Worf Died 14 May 1875, aged 33 - Collapsed and died from a stroke while on patrol in the early hours.

PC Samuel Walker Bell Died 3 June 1875, aged 47 - Died from injuries received on duty when struck on the head by a gate.

DC Thomas Phelan Died 10 June 1875, aged 34 - Died from exposure while watching and capturing a gang of burglars.

D/Insp Daniel Davey Died 21 February 1876, aged 36 - Died of typhoid fever contracted while on special duty in Naples.

PC Thomas Groomes Died 18 January 1877, aged 40 - Drowned in the canal apparently trying to rescue or arrest a boy.

PC Thomas Brook Died 30 May 1877, aged 26 - Died from a head injury received when assaulted during an arrest.

Sgt Edward Hardie Died 1 July 1877, aged 32 - Found drowned in a river where he had been on night patrol duty.

PC Charles Martin Died 4 May 1878 - Died as a result of injuries received while in the execution of his duty.

PC Joseph Bunyan Died 16 August 1878, aged 39 - Died of head injury received on his beat in suspicious circumstances.

PC Richard Cook Died 14 October 1878, aged 28 - Fatally injured when his horse fell on him while on mounted patrol.

PC Thomas Carlyon Died 19 November 1878, aged 43 - Collapsed and died of heart failure while on foot patrol.

PC William Stevens Nazer Died 24 January 1879, aged 33 - Drowned when he accidentally fell from the quayside while on patrol.

PC James Collis Died 22 April 1879, aged 25 - Killed when he was accidentally run over by a train while on patrol.

Sgt Alfred Thomas Guymer Died 25 August 1879, aged 38 - Died from head injuries received while in the execution of his duty.

PC William Twinn Died 10 September 1879, aged 23 - Fatally injured while attempting to stop a runaway horse and cab.

Sgt Robert Harris Died 11 October 1879, aged 49 - Died as a result of injuries received in the execution of his duty.

Sgt Henry Dent Died 11 August 1880, aged 41 - Died from the effects of an injury received while on duty.

PC Henry Hallett Died 2 July 1881, aged 32 - Died as a result of injuries received in the execution of his duty.

PC William Palmer Died 6 July 1881, aged 27 - Died as a result of injuries received when assaulted by a prisoner.

PC Fred Atkins Died 23 September 1881, aged 23 - Shot three times and fatally wounded trying to arrest a burglar.

Sgt William John Bacon Died 9 November 1881, aged 36 - Found drowned in the dock waters having been missed from his beat.

Insp John Pearman Died 9 December 1881, aged 44 - Died of disease from the effects of injuries received on duty.

Insp James McElligott Died 6 February 1882, aged 45 - Collapsed and died of a stroke as a result of injuries received on duty.

PC William Goddard Died 22 March 1882, aged 41 -Accidentally drowned when he fell into a dock on his beat in a storm.

Insp Thomas Jennings Died 7 July 1882, aged 41 - Died as a result of injuries received in the execution of his duty.

PC Thomas Leader Died 20 July 1882, aged 40 - Pensioned in 1878 from an injury on duty and subsequently died.

PC Henry Worthington Fitnum Died 28 October 1882, aged 44 - Having been relieved on night duty he fell into a river and drowned.

Insp Joseph Hughes Died 27 November 1882, aged 37 - Killed when thrown from his horse while returning from court.

PC Edward Walkling Died 30 November 1882, aged 31 - Died as a result of injuries received when run over by a cab on duty.

PC George Cole Died 1 December 1882, aged 27 - Killed when despite being shot at he tried to arrest an armed burglar.

PC Daniel Shanahan Died 31 March 1883, aged 29 - Died following the amputation of his leg resulting from an injury on duty.

PC William Silvey Died 20 November 1883, aged 42 - Fatally injured in a fall off a wagon investigating suspicious activity.

PC John Russell Died 4 August 1884, aged 31 - Died as a result of injuries received while in the execution of his duty.

Insp William Robson Died 16 October 1884, aged 50 - Drowned when his police galley was struck and sunk by a steam tug.

PC Albert Thompson Died 11 February 1885, aged 31 - Fatally injured while on point duty trying to stop a horse and cart.

DC Richard James Barber Died 2 March 1885, aged 28 - Killed when he fell through a glass skylight chasing a burglar on a roof.

PC Alfred Wellham Died 21 April 1885, aged 30 - Died as a result of injuries received in the execution of his duty.

PC Edwin Cousins Died 5 May 1886, aged 40 - Died as a result of injuries received in the execution of his duty.

PC Harold L. Richardson Died 13 May 1886, aged 19 - Found drowned after leaving his station for duty on a stormy night.

PC Robert McGaw Died 10 February 1887, aged 29 - Died from a fractured skull after being kicked by his police horse.

A/Sgt John Nurdin Died 20 April 1887 aged 35 - Died from head injuries received when attacked by a prisoner.

PC George Goldsmith Died 15 June 1887, aged 44 - Died as a result of injuries received in the execution of his duty.

PC John Beer Died 26 June 1887, aged 59 - Died as a result of injuries received in the execution of his duty.

Sgt David Groombridge Died 18 September 1887, aged 38 - Died of injuries received during an arrest when assaulted by two men.

PC Michael Lewis Died 31 May 1888, aged 47 - Collapsed and died of heart failure in the violent arrest of two thieves.

PC Alfred Ellis Died 31 July 1888, aged 47 - Found drowned in the river he was to cross to execute a warrant.

PC Thomas Dean Died 18 October 1888, aged 39 - Drowned in the canal while he was patrolling his beat on a foggy night.

D/Sgt James John Elliott Died 5 March 1889, aged 47 - Died from the effects of injuries received when stabbed on duty.

PC William James Pasker Died 24 July 1890, aged 43 - Drowned on holiday attempting to rescue a man from a rough sea.

PC James Goodhew Died 16 October 1890, aged 52 - Accidentally drowned when he fell off a lock gate while it was closing.

PC William Frederick Dunmow Died 20 April 1891, aged 49 - Died in an operation on a fracture following a fall while on foot patrol.

PC Henry Moore Died 23 April 1891, aged 33 - Fatally injured when he fell down stairs at the police station.

PC George Cole Died 24 June 1891, aged 33 - Fatally injured when run over trying to stop runaway horses and a van.

Sgt George Dixon Died 27 August 1891, aged 31 - Collapsed and died on duty of a haemorrhage after a coughing fit.

PC Henry Randolph Donaldson Died 14 November 1891, aged 49 - Died as a result of injuries received in an accident on duty in 1889.

Sgt Thomas Henry Biggs Died 22 December 1891, aged 42 - Collapsed and died from syncope on office duty at Dalston Police Station.

DC Charles Robinson Died 17 February 1892, aged 42 - Became insane following a blow to the head and took his own life.

PC Arthur May Died 22 February 1892, aged 35 - Died as a result of injuries received when he fell into a canal on duty.

PC Hugh Spalding Died 5 April 1892, aged 23 - Fatally injured when he fell down a stairwell at the police station.

PC Henry Samuel Graham Died 19 May 1892, aged 34 - Died from injuries sustained in an accident while on mounted duty.

PC Joseph Daniels Died 22 May 1892, aged 27 - Choked to death after swallowing his false teeth assisting in an arrest.

D/Sgt Joseph Joyce Died 20 June 1892, aged 42 - During a struggle to arrest a thief he was shot and fatally wounded.

PC Ernest Ellis Died 9 December 1892, aged 50 - Died as a result of injuries received in the execution of his duty.

Sgt David Garner Died 15 December 1892, aged 34 - Collapsed and died of heart failure after a struggle to arrest a prisoner.

Insp George Henry Dixon Died 2 March 1893, aged 50 - Found drowned after going missing in suspicious circumstances.

PC Robert Wright Died 30 April 1893, aged 27 - Killed in a fire searching a burning shop for a woman believed trapped.

PC John Goddard Died 26 November 1893, aged 45 - Fatally injured in a fall while hurrying to the scene of a fire.

Sgt William George Snell Died 22 December 1894, aged 46 - Shot during an arrest in 1884 which hastened his subsequent death.

PC Charles Walpole Died 13 April 1895, aged 41 - Crushed by the accidental fall of a stack of timber while on his beat.

Sgt Frank Benstead Died 17 July 1895, aged 30 - Found unconscious at the police station and died of a fractured skull.

PC Edwin Stone Died 28 July 1896, aged 44 - Collapsed and died of heart failure while assisting in a violent arrest.

DC William James Kemp Died 25 May 1897, aged 31 - Died from an internal haemorrhage aggravated by chasing a prisoner.

PC George Simpson Died 11 April 1898, aged 38 - Died of injuries received in an assault and while chasing a thief.

PC Charles Mather Died 10 June 1898, aged 51 - Died as a result of injuries received in a fall at the police station.

PC James Baldwin Died 2 October 1898, aged 29 - Fatally stabbed during a violent struggle to arrest a drunken man.

PC Harry Joseph West Died 14 January 1899, aged 25 - Died of disease from injuries received in execution of his duty.

PC John Shirley Died 23 January 1899, aged 37 - Died as a result of the effects of sunstroke suffered on his beat.

PC John Thomas Willsheer Died 17 June 1899, aged 27 - Fatally injured when he fell down the area of a house on his beat.

PC Frederick Arnup Died 9 September 1899, aged 34 - Died from the effects of heat stroke, which he sustained while on duty.

PC John Smith Died 25 September 1899, aged 34 - Found dead in a railway tunnel after being run over by a train on duty.