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Pre - 1820 British Settlers in South Africa

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  • John Carter Collison (1790 - 1863)
  • John Killoch (1821 - 1880)
    John Killoch is in 1821 in Paisley Skotland gebore. hy kom in Junie 1850 as 'n Byrne Setlaar op die skip "Conquering Hero". Volgens die passasierslys was hy 'n klerasiehandelaar. Dit wil voorkom of hy ...
  • Thomas CARR, SV/PROG (deceased)
    1820 British Settler Thomas Carr 35, Joiner, together with his wife Mary Pennington 34, and their 2 daughters, were members of Charles Mouncey's Party of 41 Settlers on the Settler ship John . Part...
  • Ewan Christian (1784 - d.)
    Bourke's Peerage Ewan, Lt RN, settled in Cape Colony, Flag Lt to his kinsman Adml Sir Hugh Cloberry Christian, K.B, captured by the French while proceeding to England with despatches;
  • John Grewar (deceased)
    Arrived in Sout africa with his brother David Mckenzie Grewar in 1817. Suspect that he left to go East.... possibly to Australia or India

British Settlers in South Africa who landed before 1820

This list of Settlers who went to South Africa prior to 1820 are listed in the book "Roll of the British Settlers in South Africa ~ Part 1 up to 1826" by E Morse-Jones. (Published under the auspices of the 1820 Settlers Monument Committee A A Balkema/Cape Town 1971 2nd Edition). The names were posted by Tessa King on Rootsweb in 2004

The aim of this project is to link profiles on Geni to the names in the list, and to expand notes about individuals - mostly on the Profile page in the "About Me" field, or here if no profile exists.

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  • Please add only the profiles of members of people who emigrated to South Africa before 1820 this project (not their descendants)! This is easily done from the profile page using the Add to project link.
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Moodie's Party

Benjamin Moodie (1789 - 1856), Captain in the Leigh Militia, was the eldest son of James, the ninth Laird of Melsetter, the family estate in the Orkneys, which was at that stage deep in debt. Benjamin Moodie hoped to save Melsetter by initiating a scheme of assisted emigration to the Cape. Moodie's was the first large party of British settlers who went to the Cape Colony.

Having heard of Colonel John Graham's idea to populate the Zuurveld with Scottish Highlanders. Graham visited the Highlanders while on home leave in 1813, after the 'sweeping' of the Zuurveld under his command during the Frontier War of 1811/1812. He apparently had permission to find out whether any Highlanders were interested in migrating to the Cape.

In 1816, Moodie wrote a memorial to Lord Bathurst of the Colonial Secretary, with a proposal for a scheme to settle members of the Highland 'agricultural classes' in the Cape Colony. Although this proposal received no encouragement, Moody spent several months in the south of Scotland during 1816 and 1817, recruiting for the scheme, preferring young, single men of good character, laborers or artisans.

Moody hoped to get assistance from the British government for the costs of their passage to the Cape, where he intended employing the best of these laborers on his own land, hiring out the others. From the more than 1 500 who applied in the space of a few weeks, Moodie chose 200 men, entering into written contracts with each regarding the terms of their 'apprenticeship' with him. He then set about finding a means of transporting them, eventually entering into an agreement with a visiting Cape Town merchant, Hamilton Ross (1774 - 1853), which secured their passage.

Moodie's parties sailed in the Brilliant, Clyde or the Garland. He sent his settlers out in groups of 50 at a time. The Brilliant took the first group to South Africa early in 1817.

Soon after arriving in the Cape, Benjamin Moodie acquired the farm 'Groot Vaders Bosch,' near Swellendam. However, his plans to establish himself as a landowner soon foundered. His request for financial assistance from the British government had been ignored, and Hamilton Ross, the agent with whom he had made a verbal contract to share the costs of the venture, failed to meet his obligations.

Moodie found himself having to try to recoup his costs from his apprentices. But the Scots artisans soon realized the shortage of skilled craftsmen and artisans in the Colony and some broke their written agreements with him, while others took up to ten years to repay their debts.

In July 1818, the family home of Melsetter in Scotland was sold. His youngest brother, John Wedderburn Moodie, had joined Benjamin by then, and brother Donald, who was a RN lieutenant, also came out after their father's death in 1820. John Moodie returned to England after about 10 years in South Africa, and wrote a book about his experiences. Benjamin and Donald Moodie both became prominent members of their communities.

Benjamin established himself in the Western Cape. Donald married Sophia Pigot, and lived in the Eastern Cape and later Natal, where he became Colonial Secretary. Their grandsons, Thomas and Dunbar Moodie, eventually led a trek to Rhodesia where they founded the town of Melsetter.

Brilliant 1817

March 1817 Capt. Moodie and 52 of his party set sail from London.

  • Anderson: George. Gardener
  • Anderson: Robert
  • Bain: Colin. Cooper
  • Baxter: William
  • Cameron: William. Saddler, Wife and 5 children did not embark
  • Clark: Andrew
  • Crail: Robert. Smith
  • Cunningham: Alexander
  • Dodds: Archibald. Blacksmith. Wife did not embark
  • Elliott: George
  • Gordon: James. Gardener

From New Battle, near Dalkeith (Scotland)

  • Gray: William 23, Carpenter
  • Hauton: James, 25, Joiner
  • Hay: John Captain,
  • Henderson: John, Cooper
  • Hill: John, 17, Gardener

John was the son of Cumberland Hill b. 1778 and was married to Celia Jane Eastland and they had some 16 children. It is possible that Cumberland is related to Charles Hill in the 1820 Mill's Party. Paxie Kelsey

  • Hunter: Thomas. Blacksmith
  • Jarvis: William. Cooper
  • Kincaid: Charles, 27, Saddler
  • Laing: John. Surgeon
  • Lister: Jeffray. Millwright,
  • Lyall: William. Gardener
  • McDonald: Donald, 24
  • McDonald: Thomas, 28, Blacksmith
  • McLaughlan: John. Jeweller
  • McLeod: Murdoch. Cooper
  • McNeil: Donald. Moodie
  • MacPhail: Alexander. Builder
  • MacPhail: James. Builder
  • Mitchell: Thomas, 22, Wheelwright
  • Moodie: Benjamin. Capt Leith Militia & Party Leader, Moodie, Brilliant, 1817, wife Margaret

9th Laird of Melsetter, Orkney. Born 1January 1779. Married Margaret Malcomson in 1816.

  • Murchison: John. Blacksmith
  • Neilson: George
  • Nicol: George. Mason. Wife did not embark
  • Parker: James. Cooper
  • Paterson: Archibald. Cooper
  • Reid: James. Millwright. Wife and 3 children did not embark
  • Reid: Alexander, 8 Son of James
  • Sanderson: John
  • Scoon: James. Blacksmith

Scoon Information in South Africa

  • Scott: William. Blacksmith
  • Strath: Scott. Cooper
  • Tait: Alexander, 23, Carpenter
  • Tait: Thomas. Cabinetmaker
  • Tester: John. Gardener
  • Wallace: David. Moodie
  • Whitelaw: John, 20, Joiner
  • Wright: John, 24, Carpenter

Members on Either Clyde or Garland 1817

The Garland left London for the Cape on 6 May 1817, and arrived in Table Bay at the end of August with about 90 members of the party. The 'Clyde' sailed at the end of May 1817 and arrived at the Cape on 27 September with 49 of Moodie's Party,

  • Abercrombie: James, 21, Surgeon - sailed on the Clyde
  • Allan: John. Rat Killer
  • Anderson: William,. Bricklayer. Wife and child did not embark
  • Armstrong: John, 20, Coppersmith
  • Arnot: David, 22, Cooper
  • Bartie: John
  • Bathgate: John
  • Bell: James
  • Bertram: John. Ploughman, Moodie. Wife did not embark
  • Black: John. Millwright. Wife and 5 children did not embark
  • Blacke: William
  • Blaike: James
  • Blaike: Robert,
  • Burns: Peter
  • Butters: Edmund
  • Cairncross: James. Baker
  • Cairncross: John,. Baker
  • Cairncross: Thomas 17
  • Cairncross: William, 29
  • Cairns: Alexander. Woodman
  • Carr: Thomas, Carpenter
  • Carse: George.
  • Cockburn: George
  • Collie: Kirkpatrick
  • Coultherd: James
  • Cousin: James. Carpenter. Wife did not embark
  • Cuming: Niman
  • Curdie: Michael
  • Cutting: John
  • Cutting: William
  • Darling: James
  • Davidson: Adam. Blacksmith. Wife did not embark
  • Davidson: Alexander, 32
  • Davis: John. Woodman
  • Donald: George
  • Douglas: John, 18,
  • Downie: James. Farmer
  • Dryden: John. Carpenter
  • Edington: Andrew. Moodie
  • Edward: Hugh. Moodie
  • Fleming: William
  • Fotheringham: J
  • Fotheringham: W
  • Frier: Robert. Mason
  • Gentle: Alexander
  • Gibby: James, 21, Carpenter
  • Graham: Andrew. 93rd Regiment
  • Gray: John. Cabinetmaker. Wife did not embark
  • Gruar: David McKenzie (Grewar)

The Grewar family in South Africa is descendants of David McKenzie Grewar (or Gruar). He was born in Linlithgow, Scotland in 1796, the son of John Grewar who appropriately was a brewer, and his wife Janet (née McKenzie). According to family tradition, David McKenzie Grewar was apprenticed as a shipwright in Kirkcudbright, Dumfriesshire. Early in 1817, at the age of 20, David and his brother John Grewar joined Captain Benjamin Moodie's party of 200 Scots artisans to settle in the Cape of Good Hope. See more at Family tales about the Grewars

  • Gruar: John. Cooper (Grewar)
  • Grubb: James. Plasterer
  • Hardie: James, 25, Cabinetmaker
  • Henderson: John, 23, Mason. Wife did not embark
  • Hogg: James
  • Hogg: John. Shoemaker
  • Hume: David, 19
  • Jackson: James,
  • Jacobs: William
  • Jardine: Robert
  • Johnston: John. Gardener
  • Johnston: Patrick
  • Kater: Thomas
  • Kay: James
  • Kerr: Archibald, 25
  • Kilpatrick: Alexander, 26
  • Laidler: John
  • Laidler: Thomas
  • Laing: Peter
  • Learmouth: James. Carpenter, Moodie. Wife did not embark
  • Lillie: Alexander
  • Low: James
  • Low: Robert. Gardener
  • Lowrie: Allan
  • Lowrie: James
  • McDonald: Alexander. Silversmith
  • McGregor: John. Cooper
  • McHardie: Charles. Gardener
  • McHendrick: James
  • McKenzie: John
  • McLachlan: Alexander, 35
  • McLennan: Alexander
  • McLuckie: William, 20
  • Mathieson: Job
  • Meikle: James, 25, Cooper. Wife did not embark
  • Mill: William. Ploughman. Wife did not embark
  • Millar: Robert. Blacksmith
  • Morrison: Alexander. Cooper
  • Morrison: William
  • Murray: Andrew. Farmer. Wife did not embark
  • Muter: John
  • Muter: Robert. Harness maker,
  • Nasmyth: John
  • Norval: Archibald. Brother of John and William
  • Norval: John. Horsebreeder. Brother of Archibald and William. Child. John
  • Born: 22 May 1795, Glasgow, Scotland;
  • Marriage: Mary Jane Murray on 4 Dec 1831 in Graaff Reinet, South Africa
  • Died: 17 Oct 1875, Roodepoort, Orange Free State, South Africa aged 80
  • Buried: Church Street Cemetery, Colesburg, Northern Cape, South Africa
  • Norval family also Norval Family
  • Norval: William, brother of Archibald and John
  • Ogilvie: Robert. Tailor
  • Paterson: David
  • Pennycock: William. Ploughman
  • Prentice: Thomas. Moodie
  • Robertson: James. Tailor
  • Rodgers: David
  • Ross: Andrew. Jeweller
  • Ross: George
  • Ross: Robert. Cooper
  • Scoon: Robert, 28
  • Scott: George. Mason. Wife did not embark
  • Scott: Thomas
  • Scott: William
  • Selkirk: James. Carpenter
  • Sharp: Archibald
  • Simpson: Archibald
  • Simpson: James. Shoemaker
  • Small: James
  • Smith: Anstruther, 23, Painter
  • Smith: George
  • Smith: James,. Blacksmith
  • Smith: Thomas
  • Spence: Thomas
  • Stephens: James
  • Stephenson: George. Ploughman
  • Stephenson: John. Plasterer
  • Stewart: Archibald
  • Strachan: John, 18, Carpenter
  • Strachan: John. Plasterer
  • Sutherland: Robert. Painter
  • Syme: John
  • Symington: James

Born in Lesmahagow, Scotland 13 Oct 1794. Married 6 Jan 1822 Swellendam, Francina Christina Voorman, the daughter of Johann Formann & Eva Rosina Wolff. who had emigrated from Dresden, Germany.

  • Taylor: James
  • Thomson: Robert, 17, Baker
  • Thomson: Walter
  • Tolmie: James,
  • Vawser: William, 26, Teacher
  • Wait: James. Wife Alison - four children - one born at sea
  • Waiter: John
  • Wallace: Alexander
  • Wallace: James, 24, Gardener. Wife did not embark
  • Watson: Andrew
  • Watt: James
  • Weatherhead: G
  • Weir: John , 28, Gardener
  • Wilkie: James
  • Wilson: John
  • Winter: George
  • Young: George

Independent

  • Archbell: James, 23, Missionary - 1818,
  • Atmore: William. Surveyor- 1819, wife Ann
  • Bailey: Samuel, 36, Surgeon - 1814,
  • Bain: Andrew Geddes, 19, Saddler - Princess Charlotte, 1816,
  • Barker: George, 26, Lay Missionary - 1815, wife Sarah
  • Barry: Joseph, 21, Wine Merchant - Duke of Marlborough, 1817,
  • Bartlett: John. Lay Missionary - 1813,
  • Brownlee: John, 26, Lay Missionary - 1817,
  • Buck: John. Merchant -1817,
  • Cairns: James. Surgeon - 1813,
  • Collison: John. Wine Merchant - 1815,
  • Campbell: Joseph, 27, Carpenter, London­derry, 1818,
  • Cane: John. Carpenter - 1813,
  • Chamberlain: Ann, - 1819,
  • Christian: Ewan, 23, Merchant - 1807,
  • Crowther: William - 1816,
  • Damant: Thomas. Capt 54th Regiment, - 1817,
  • Dixon: Charles, 25 - 1806, wife Elizabeth 30
  • Dixon: Daniel. Merchant, - 1818,
  • Doughty: Thomas, 46, Bookbinder - 1813,
  • Doyle: Thomas, 27, Lay Missionary - 1806, wife Catherine 17
  • Duncan: Kenneth, 20 - 1806,
  • Durham: Edward, , Builder - 1819,
  • Eaton: Richard, 37, Merchant, -1808, wife Sarah 34
  • Ebden: John, 19, Clerk - 1806,
  • Edwards: E. Minister - 1817,
  • Evans: John. Missionary - 1818,
  • Fynn: Henry - 1808, wife Elizabeth children Eliza 3 & William 2
  • Fynn: Henry, 15, Medical student - 1818, Son of Henry Fynn
  • Gill: William, 27, Surgeon - 1819,
  • Gosling: James. Leader of his own party, Gosling - 1818,
  • Harrington: J. Merchant - 1817,
  • Hartley: Richard. Surgeon - 1813,
  • Henderson: Philip, 30, Shipwright, , , 1809, Brother of Thomas (not listed)
  • Henderson of Willson's Party
  • Holding: Thomas. Clerk - 1819,
  • Hopley: William. Schoolmaster - 1813,
  • Howell: James - 1807,
  • Hutton: J. Merchant - 1817,
  • Johnson: John Lt. RN - 1818,
  • Jones: R. Merchant - 1817,
  • Joseph: George - 1819,
  • Kitchingman: James. Missionary - 1818,
  • Levey: Joseph, 32. Brilliant -1817, w Elizabeth 24 c Joseph born during voyage

Joseph was not one of the Moodie settlers. He was a military hosier. Joseph and Elizabeth eventually settled in Grahamstown where he served with the army.

Joseph and Elizabeth had the following children: 1820 Settler Family Trees Hugo Slater

  • i. Joseph Brilliant Levey 1817 Joseph was born in 1817 at at Sea on the Brilliant. Joseph and Sarah Ann Dunford were married October 7, 1837 at Grahamstown Church (St George's - Anglican), Grahamstown, Eastern Cape, South Africa by Rev John Heavyside.
  • ii. Richard Levey was born about (est) 1818. Richard and Ann Edkins were married September 7, 1842 at Grahamstown Church (St George's - Anglican), Grahamstown, Eastern Cape, South Africa by Rev John Heavyside.
  • iii. George Levey was born April 23, 1829. George was baptised May 17, 1829 at Albany, Eastern Cape, South Africa. George died August 22, 1831. George was buried August 22, 1831 at Grahamstown Cemetery (Old), Grahamstown, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
  • iv. Henry Levey was born about (est) 1818. Henry 's occupation was a Shoemaker in 1843 at Grahamstown, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Henry and Charlotte Kent or Hunt were married August 3, 1843 at Grahamstown Church (St George's - Anglican), Grahamstown, Eastern Cape, South Africa by Rev John Heavyside.
  • Mackrill: Joseph, 51, Botanist - 1814,
  • Matthews: William - 1819,
  • Melville: John. Surveyor - 1811,
  • Moffat: Robert, 22, Missionary - 1817,
  • Ogilvie: George, 35 - Tait - 1819,
  • Rafferty: John, 23, Saddler, - 1818,
  • Read: James. Shipwright, - 1813,
  • Ross: George - 1807,
  • Rowlandson: Thomas - 1818,
  • Rutherfoord: Howson. Merchant - 1818,
  • Sanderson: Thomas. Merchant - 1817,
  • Scott: A. Merchant -1817
  • Shaw: Barnabas, 27, Minister - Eclipse, 1816, wife Jane
  • Smith: Adolph. Schoolmaster - 1813,
  • Stone: Richard, 26, Merchant - 1807,
  • Stretch: Charles Lt - 1817,
  • Tait: Peter. Leader of his own party, Tait - 1818,
  • Thom: George, 24, Minister, - Isabella, 1812,
  • Thomas: George. Master Mariner - 1819,
  • Thompson: George, 22, Merchant - Garland, 1818,
  • Thompson: John, 22, Merchan - 1809,
  • Titterton: William, 46 - 1819, wife Elizabeth
  • Tunbridge. Naturalist, - 1807,
  • Turr: Frederick - Schoolmaster - 1813,
  • Twycross: Stephen. Merchant - 1817,
  • Wallace: Edward, 27, Master Mariner - 1818,
  • Williams: Joseph. Missionary - 1816, wife Elizabeth

Further Reading

  1. Cornelis Pama (Dr.), British Families in South Africa - Their Surnames & Origins, ISBN 0-7981-2957-3 (Johannesburg, Transvaal: Human & Rousseau, 1992), Pg. 114. Cit. Date: 16 Apr 2011.
  2. "British Residents At The Cape 1795 - 1819, Peter Philip " (This book gives references to many more sources.)
  3. ( Afr Book) "Stamregister Van Die S.A. Volk / Family Register of The S.A. Nation" - Dr. D.F. duT Malherbe."
  4. "A Study In Pioneering - Edmund H. Burrows"
  5. (Afr. Book) "Die Herkoms van die Afrikaner 1657 - 1867 , J.A.Heese"
  6. "The story of the British Settlers of 1820 in South Africa - Harold Edward Hockly "
  7. "Roll Of The British Settlers In S.A. - E. Morse Jones ".
  8. "The Moodies Of Melsetter - Edmund H. Burrows"
  9. Dr. D.F. Du Toit Malherbe (Emeritus-Professor, University of Pretoria), Stamregister van die Suid-Afrikaanse Volk - Family Register of the South African Nation, third (enlarged) ed. (Stellenbosch, Cape Province: Tegniek Bpk., Sep 1966)
  10. Cornelis Pama Dr., Die Groot Afrikaanse Familienaamboek, ISBN 0 7981 1561 0 (Cape Town, South Africa: Human & Rousseau, 1983), Pg. 237. Cit. Date: 11 Oct 2009.

Sources and References