It was Sir Cailein Mor Campbell's grandfather Dugald on Lochawe who is said to have been the first given the nickname "Cam Beul" since he apparently had the engaging trait of talking out of one side of his mouth. Cam beul means curved mouth in the Gaelic. This Duncan was so much loved by his family that they took his nickname as their family name and held to it even beyond Argyll.
The spelling of the surname (family name) was originally Cambel. Then when Robert the Bruce's son King David came to the throne as King of Scots he brought with him a number of Norman knights to whom he gave lands in an attempt to introduce Norman efficiency in administration. David had been at the English court and admired the Norman system of feudalism. The use of the spelling "Campbell" may perhaps have been as a result of Norman rather than Gaelic scribes attempting to write the Gaelic name.
The name Cambel was first used by the family in the 13th century. The first chief of the clan to appear on record as "Campbell" may well have been Sir Duncan of Lochawe when he was created Lord Campbell in 1445.
It is interesting to note that Einar Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney (died 1020), was also called Einar Wry-Mouth. One possible modern medical explanation is a form of Torticollis (from the Latin torti, meaning twisted, and collis, meaning neck), or "wry neck", a condition in which the head is tilted toward one side (cervical rotation), and the chin (mouth) is elevated and turned toward the opposite side (cervical extension) thereby producing a "Cam beul" or curved mouth in some cases
This ancient Scottish name has its origins in a Gaelic nickname "Caimbeul", meaning "wry (or crooked) mouth", from "dam", bent or crooked, and "beul", mouth. That it was originally a nickname can be seen by a charter of 1447, which records Duncan le Cambeli, the first Lord Campbell, the "le" being the Scottish "lie", meaning "so called", or "known as". A sizeable group of early European surnames were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. These were given in the first instance with reference to occupation, or to a variety of characteristics, such as physical attributes or peculiarities, mental and moral characteristics, supposed resemblance to an animal's or bird's appearance or disposition, or to habits of dress. Clan tradition has it, that the Campbells were originally known as "Clana Duibhne" or "O'Duine", from one Diarmid O'Duine of Lochow. About 1390, Duncan Campbell witnessed a charter by Duncan, Earl of Levenax, and is believed to be the first namebearer to introduce a "p" into the name, influenced by the erroneous theory that "Cam(p)bell" comes from the Norman-French "de Campobello" i.e., "of the beautiful plain". Campbell is the family name of the hereditary Dukes of Argyll, dating from 1445, and their Coat of Arms is described thus: "Quarterly, first and fourth, gyronny of eight gold and black, the Crest being a boar's head couped gold". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Gillespic Cambel, which was dated 1263, in the "Exchequer Rolls of Scotland", during the reign of King Alexander 111 of Scotland, 1249 - 1286. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling
History And Origin 1. Scottish: nickname from Gaelic cam ‘crooked', ‘bent' + beul ‘mouth'. The surname was often represented in Latin documents as de bello campo ‘of the fair field', which led to the name sometimes being ‘translated' into Anglo-Norman French as Beauchamp.
2. In New England documents, Campbell sometimes occurs as a representation of the French name Hamel.
Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, Inc. © 2006 Patrick Hanks •Immigration Records: 5,479 Campbells found
Campbell is a Gaelic surname of two separate origins. One comes from the family name of a Scottish clan, see Clan Campbell.A separate surname comes from Mac Cathmhaoil meaning son of the battle chieftain .
Within the United States, it is ranked as the 46th-most common surname.U.S. Census Bureau; Frequently Occurring First Names and Surnames From the 1990 Census, (Table) Name Files dist.all.last; published May 9, 1995; http://www.census.gov/genealogy/names/dist.all.last
Notable persons named Campbell
Several people named Alexander Campbell Several people named Alistair Campbell Several people named Andrew Campbell Several people named Archibald Campbell Several people named Bruce Campbell Several people named Carol Campbell Several people named Charles Campbell Several people named Colin Campbell Several people named Dave Campbell Several people named David Campbell Several people named Donald Campbell Several people named Duncan Campbell Several people named Edward Campbell Several people named George Campbell
Several people named Glen Campbell Several people named Gordon Campbell Several people named Graeme Campbell Several people named Gregory Campbell Several people named Ian Campbell Several people named Jack Campbell Several people named James Campbell Several people named Jim Campbell Several people named Jimmy Campbell Several people named John Campbell Several people named Joseph Campbell Several people named Julia Campbell Several people named Ken Campbell Several people named Kevin Campbell
Several people named Mary Campbell Several people named Michael Campbell Several people named Neil Campbell Several people named Patrick Campbell Several people named Phil Campbell Several people named Philip Campbell Several people named Robert Campbell Several people named Roy Campbell Several people named Scott Campbell Several people named Steven Campbell Several people named Thomas Campbell Several people named Timothy Campbell Several people named William Campbell
Military and politics Aileen Campbell, member of the Scottish Parliament Alastair Campbell, British political editor and spokesman Colonel Alexander Campbell of Possil a British soldier Bill Campbell (California politician), American politician Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde, a British soldier Colin Campbell (Scottish politician), Member of the Scottish Parliament Epsy Campbell Barr, Presidential Candidate in Costa Rica Frank Campbell, NYS Comptroller 1892-1893 General George Carter-Campbell a Scottish soldier Gordon Campbell (Canadian politician), Premier of British Columbia Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister Jack M. Campbell, Governor of New Mexico James W. Campbell, former member of Maryland House of Delegates Jane L. Campbell, the first female mayor of Cleveland, Ohio John Campbell (of Strachur), well-known Commander-in-Chief John B. T. Campbell III, American politician Kim Campbell, first female Prime Minister of Canada Menzies Campbell, former British Liberal Democrat leader Samuel Campbell, Congressional Representative from New York William Campbell (general), militia leader at the Battle of Kings Mountain and at the Battle of Guilford Court House William B. Campbell, governor of Tennessee Sports Alec Campbell, English footballer Andy Campbell, English footballer Bill Campbell (baseball player), relief pitcher Brian Campbell, Chicago Blackhawks hockey player Cassie Campbell, Canadian former ice hockey player Clarence Campbell, president of the National Hockey League Colin Campbell (ice hockey), National Hockey League player and current NHL executive DJ Campbell, English footballer (soccer player) Darren Campbell, English sprint athlete and Olympian. Dave Campbell, baseball announcer and former player Don Campbell, Retired Canadian ice hockey player Donald Campbell, Sir Malcolms son Earl Campbell, NFL running back Edward Fitzhardinge Campbell, Irish rugby international Elden Campbell, NBA player Fraizer Campbell, English footballer (soccer player) Greg Campbell, Australian cricketer Hugh Campbell (baseball), Irish baseball player Jason Campbell, NFL Quarterback Jim Campbell (baseball executive), baseball executive Julia Campbell (footballer), New Zealand womens international football player Kevin Campbell (footballer), English footballer Malcolm Campbell, British holder of world land and water speed records Michael Campbell, professional golfer, 2005 U.S. Open Champion Mike Campbell (first baseman), 19th century Irish baseball player Mike Campbell (pitcher), 20th century baseball player Nate Campbell, current WBA, IBF and WBO lightweight boxing champion Preston Campbell, Australian rugby league player Ryan Campbell, Australian cricketer Sol Campbell, English footballer (soccer player) Tara Campbell, Canadian water polo player Veronica Campbell-Brown, Jamaican sprinter William C. Campbell, amateur golfer and former USGA president Television and film Bruce Campbell, American actor of Scottish descent Carol Campbell (actress), German actress Christian Campbell, Canadian actor and brother of Neve Campbell Conchita Campbell, Canadian actress Graeme Campbell, Canadian film director John Campbell (broadcaster), New Zealand Current Events television presenter on Campbell Live Julia Campbell, American actress Ken Hudson Campbell, American actor Naomi Campbell, supermodel, actress and singer Neve Campbell, Canadian actress Nicky Campbell, critical Scottish TV journalist and presenter Norman Campbell, Canadian composer, director and Officer of the Order of Canada Patrick Campbell, 3rd Baron Glenavy, Irish-born British journalist, humorist and television personality Tisha Campbell-Martin, American actress Tim Campbell (actor), ex- Home And Away star, partner of singer Anthony Callea and host of Million Dollar Wheel of Fortune Vernon Campbell, American actor William Campbell (film actor), American actor Music, art, and literature Alex Campbell, Scottish folk singer Ali Campbell, singer-songwriter of the reggae band UB40 Cecil Bustamente Campbell, better known as Prince Buster, musician from Kingston, Jamaica Eddie Campbell, Graphic Novelist, Artist Glen Campbell, country music artist Glenn Ross Campbell, rock guitarist Ian Campbell (vocalist), Quebecs extreme-metal act: Descend into nothingness Isobel Campbell, musician J. Scott Campbell, comic book artist Jimmy Campbell (musician), singer-songwriter from Liverpool Jimmy Campbell (author), author of the Tower Above All books John Campbell, bassist of the heavy metal band Lamb Of God John Francis Campbell, (1822-1885) Celtic scholar John W. Campbell, editor of science fiction magazine Astounding Stories Julia Campbell (journalist), American journalist Ken Campbell, (1941-2008), British writer, actor, director and comedian Phil Campbell (musician), guitarist of the heavy metal band Motörhead Ramsey Campbell, British horror writer Reginald Campbell, British writer Roy Campbell (musician), jazz trumpeter Roy Campbell (poet), South African poet and critic Scott Campbell, Detroit musician, composer, and actor Tevin Campbell, music artist Thomas Campbell, Scottish poet Beck (born Bek Campbell), musician Steve Campbell (artist), New Glasgow Boy Science and education Archibald George Campbell (1880-1954), Australian ornithologist Archibald James Campbell (1853-1929), Australian ornithologist Colen Campbell, Scottish neo-Palladian architect Colin Campbell (geologist), oil industry analyst Colin Campbell (academic), Vice-Chancellor of the University of Nottingham Donald T. Campbell, American professor of psychology and education George Ashley Campbell, American pioneer in the theory of electronic filters George Campbell Jr., President of The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art John Edward Campbell, mathematician known for the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff John Francis Campbell, Celtic scholar Joseph Campbell, mythologist Lyle Campbell, linguist Mary Schmidt Campbell, Dean of Tisch School of the Arts, New York University Murray Campbell, computer scientist Neil Campbell (scientist), American Scientist and Textbook Author Reginald Campbell Thompson, British archaeologist Samuel Campbell (doctor), ships surgeon on board the HMS Plummper 1857-1861 and the namesake of the city Campbell River, British Columbia and of Campbell Island Other Alexander Campbell, American religious figure and a leader of the Restoration Movement Ffyona Campbell, British woman who was the first woman to walk around the world Patrick Campbell (INLA member) Thomas Lopton Campbell Jr., 19th century American pioneer and Texas Ranger William D. Campbell, awardee of the Bronze Wolf in 1939 Maria Campbell, Native American author of Canadian descent. Charles Rodman Campbell Convicted murderer hanged in Washington state in 1994 See also Clan Campbell, a Scottish clan Clan Campbell of Cawdor, a Scottish clan References