The purpose of this project is to document the maternal lineage of all people with the mtDNA haplogroup currently designated Haplogroup R.
R is one of the very oldest still existing haplogroups born 70.000 years ago in India or South Asia. Compare to the most common H (in Europe), which is only 10.000 years old.
All European haplogroups (including H) are daughters of R, except X. Instead of 7 daughters of Eve we could speak of 6 European daughters of Rachel (R).
R with its subclades is today found mainly in Eurasia.
Subclades of R
This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup R subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation and subsequent published research.
R0 (formerly pre-HV)
R0a R0a1 R0a2 HV HV0 (formerly pre-V) HV0a V H
R1a R1a1 R1a1a
R2 JT J T
R5 Widely spread in the Indian subcontinent. Specially in Madhya Pradesh (India) at 17%.[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_R_(mtDNA)13]
R6 R6a R6a1 R6a1a R7 R7a R7a1 R7a1a R7a1b R7a1b1 R7a1b2 R7b R7b1 R7b1a
R8a R8a1 R8a1a R8a1a1 R8a1a2 R8a1a3 R8a1b R8a2 R8b R8b1 R8b2 (16304)
R9b R9b1 R9b2 R9c F R22
R11 R11a B R24
R30a R30b R30b1
R31a R31a1 R31b
We have all of them because the European Haplogroups, except X, are all subclades of R.
How to Participate
Geni Wiki Projects Page
To participate in this project, join or follow the project, add your oldest known ancestor who belonged to this haplogroup. The profile must be set to public in order to add it.
Ancient Eurasian DNA Haplogroups [http://www.ancestraljourneys.org/ancientdna.shtml]
Eupedia, Haplogroups [http://www.eupedia.com/europe/origins_haplogroups_europe.shtml#mtDNA]
Wikipedia, mtDNA (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mt-DNA_haplogroup)