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Romani Gypsy Notables

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Profiles

  • August Krogh, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1920 (1874 - 1949)
    Biography August Krogh Wikipedia Schack August Steenberg Krogh (November 15, 1874 – September 13, 1949) was a Danish professor with partly Romani background (Romani mother) at the departme...
  • Yul Brynner (1920 - 1985)
    Yul Brynner: A Biography *  Family Photos ]
  • Rigó Jancsi (deceased)
  • William J. Clinton, 42nd President of the USA
    Bill Clinton was born "William Jefferson Blythe III" in Hope, Arkansas. His father, William Jefferson Blythe, Jr., was a traveling salesman who died in an automobile accident three months before Bill w...
  • Rita Hayworth (1918 - 1987)
    She was an American film actress and dancer who attained fame during the 1940s not only as one of the era's top stars, but also as the era's greatest sex symbol, most notably in Gilda (1946). She appea...

Romani music has also strongly influenced Bolero, Jazz, and Flamenco (especially cante jondo) in Europe.

Some prominent individuals with Romany ancestry are Elvis Presley, Bill Clinton, Michael Caine, and the English Romanichels of England & Scotland, the Welsh Kale, the German Sinti, the basque Romani.

Romani music plays an important role in Central and Eastern European countries such as Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, Albania, Hungary, Slovenia and Romania, and the style and performance practices of Romani musicians have influenced European classical composers such as Franz Liszt and Johannes Brahms. The lăutari who perform at traditional Romanian weddings are virtually all Romani.

It was once believed that the Romanies, or some other Gypsy groups (such as the Balkan Egyptians), originated in Egypt, and in one narrative were exiled as punishment for allegedly harbouring the infant Jesus.

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Roma Tsiganes, Zigeuners, Sinti, Gitanos, Bohemians, Egyptians, Gypsies - Rootsworld.


  • DNA communities -Romanichal
  • Origins and Divergence of the Roma (Gypsies) American Journal of Human Genetics NIH Gov Study.
  • Genetic Heritage
  • Ian Hancock Director of the Romani Archives received his PhD from London University and teaches Romani Studies at the University of Texas, Austin, where he is the Director of the Romani Archives and Documentation Center. He was born in Britain and descends on his father's side from Hungarian Romungre Romanies and on his mother's side from English Romanichal Gypsies. In 1998 President Clinton appointed him to represent Romanies on the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council. He is the author of over 300 articles and books, mostly on the Romanies.

Romani Ancestry

Yul Brynner - An undoubtedly controversial person, his origins have been a mystery for many. He is believed to have had both Romany and Jewish ancestry, by his mother Marousia Blagovidova, whose father was a Russian Jew and her mother a Russian Gypsy. It was among Roma that he began his adventurous life, playing guitar in Romany circles and working as a trapezist in circus. He was elected Honorary President of the Roma, an office that he kept until his death.

Sir Charles Chaplin  – Born Charles Spencer Chaplin, his parents were music hall artists. It is usually assumed that he was Jewish, an assertion that seems not to be true. He felt strongly identified with the Jews and manifested his defense of the Jewish people, but there is not any documented source to assert with certainty if he had Jewish ancestry. On the other side, it is known that his mother, Hannah Smith, was Romanichel, and his father probably was too. He was knighted in 1975.

Sir Michael Caine Born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite, it was a tradition of his Romanichel family to call Maurice the firstborn son. As an actor, he was awarded twice with the Oscar (1986 and 1999). He was knighted in the year 2000 for his contribution to performing arts.

  • Elvis Presley Singer & Actor, The King of Rock and Roll, - ancestors were Sinti
  • ▪ Saint Mother Teresa
  • ▪ President Bill Clinton
  • ▪ Rita Hayworth - Actress
  • August Krogh – scientist, Nobel prize winner

DNA & Gypsy Migrations

Around 1750 there were only 250,000 “Europeans” in the Colonies. Roughly 40% of those “Europeans” had been labeled “Gypsy” by the British. This is a huge part of American history that just isn’t talked about. Presidents having “Romani” roots is not unusual. From George Bush, to Bill Clinton, to Harrison, to Adams, to Lincoln. They all have Romani roots simply because ALL early Americans have these ties. These were the people that made up early America. Either the English Romanichels, or the Welsh Kale, the various Scotish families, the German Sinti, the basque Romani…on and on and on.

These are among the people that Cromwellian politics targeted and “sent to the plantations.” eg. Huguenots, Quakers, Puritans, German-Palatinate, Scot-Irish.

The Last of the Gypsy Royals of Scotland

It’s rumoured that Bill Clinton is one of their descendents, but the gypsies of Yetholm on the Scottish and Northumberland border have more than an American president to their name. We look back on the lineage of one of Britain’s less known royal families.

The Clinton Connection

The Travellers, or Gypsies as they used to be called, have a long association with this region and once had a ‘royal family’ enthroned at Kirk Yetholm, just over the border from Wooler. There is some evidence to suggest that the former American President Bill Clinton is a descendent of the royal family of Yetholm.

Clinton was born William Blyth IV and only adopted his stepfather’s name ‘Clinton’ when he was at college. Genealogists have traced the president’s lineage back to an uncle of Queen Esther Faa Blyth, one Andrew Blyth, who moved to America in 1801– whether forced or not is unclear. But whatever the case, he chose to remain, unlike his fellow gypsy Jemmy Allan (b1802), famous as a Piper to the Duke of Northumberland, who was transported to America numerous times but always returned within a few months.

The Yetholm (Scotland) Gypsies have made the village famous throughout the world. The Faa and Blythe groupings were the dominant families in British Gypsy culture throughout the past three hundred years. Although gypsy blood still courses through many local veins, the discreet family links have died out as the members have intermarried with the locals. The Baillie, Tait, Douglas, Young, Gordon and Blyth families all have blood links with the gypsy families of the past. The former 'Gypsy Palace' is just off Kirk Yetholm Green, on the road to Halterburn. Once the home of the King of the Gypsies, it is now a private house.

The Royal Line

The first recorded ‘King’ in Yetholm, was one Patrick Faa in the 1730s and ‘40s. His queen was a formidable six-foot-tall woman called Jean Gordon, whom, it was believed, was the inspiration for the character of Meg Merrilees in Sir Walter Scott’s novel Guy Mannering. But royal blood was no protection for this family: Patrick was deported to the Americas for theft, three of his sons were hanged for sheep stealing and Jean was drowned by an angry mob in Carlisle for voicing her sympathy for Bonnie Prince Charlie.

The Egyptian Connection

‘Litill Egypt’ referred to the fact that it was believed that the gypsies, who first came to the British Isles in the 1500s, hailed from an island off the coast of Egypt – hence the nickname ‘gypties’ or ‘gypsies’. More recent research, particularly into linguistic links, has revealed that while some gypsies may have sojourned in Egypt, their most likely ethnic origin is North West India. In the 1540s and 50s there were a number of ‘documents’ floating around gypsy circles claiming royal approval – each of them referring to a king, earl, knight or rajah of ‘Litill Egypt’.

The royal lineage continued through the Faa family and later, by marriage, the Blyths, until 1898, when the last king, Charles Faa Blyth, was crowned. The most famous of the royals was Esther Faa Blyth, or Ettie, as she was known to family and friends. Ettie claimed the crown in 1861 by literally fighting off rival claims from her sisters after the Queen Esther became something of a celebrity with Victorian gentry who travelled from all over the country to visit her in her ‘palace’ – which is now a B&B called the Gypsy Palace. By the turn of the 20th century, the gypsies of Yetholm had either moved away or become assimilated into the local population, and no longer saw themselves as a separate race.

Romanichal DNA

I am Donald Locke, an avid researcher in to Romany DNA. I am descendant of the English Romanichal vista "clan" Lock family, one of many of England's oldest known Romanichal family's.

Through my genealogical / historical paper trail research, I have proven some of the early Colonial American's were in fact Romanichal's "Gypsies". The Romanichal's are a related branch of the European Roma, but we are not Roma we are Romanichal , or Romani - chal.

I have focused much of my genealogical / historical paper trail research on the founder Romanichal population to England and Scotland, and their descendants in the USA.

During my research I discovered all the Y Haplo Group H1a Romanichal male lineages were found carrying the exact same null value marker mutation, marker 425 = 0. To date of those Romanichal male lineages in Y Haplo Group H1a who have tested to the 67 marker level, 100% were all found carrying this marker mutation, 425 = 0.

To date, not a single South Asian H1a male lineage of India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, parts of Pakistan, has been found carrying this null value marker mutation, it appears to be unique and exclusive to the Romany of Europe.

Further Y DNA testing is currently being done on the Romanichal's of England and Scotland and their descendants in the USA and Australia, has proven many more Y Haplo Group H1a with the 425 = 0 marker mutation being found in even more Romanichal family surnames.

I have recently been invited to join the Leicester University Romany DNA study, so myself along with many other Romanichal's will be participating for that genetic study.

Now there are also two other Romany Y DNA tested not of the Romanichal vista. Vasko of Hungary to the USA is Y Haplo H1a with the 425 = 0 marker mutation ( 1 tested ) Markov of Bulgaria to England is Y Haplo H1a with the 425 = 0 marker mutation ( 1 tested )

So there is a precedence of H1a with the 425 = 0 marker mutation being found outside the Romanichal male population as well. I now strongly believe most of the Romany H1a male lineages of Europe will also be found carrying the 425 = 0 marker mutation.

England and Scotland had created anti Gypsy laws, and those who were not hung, burned at the stake or jailed, were forcefully transported over seas as convict slave laborers, some of whom ended up in the American Colonies.

It isn't like this history was not recorded, it was! It is that our historians have wrongly chosen to ignore this Romany history for our history books. The historians virtually ignore the forced 1600' - 1700's Romanichal convict migration to the American Colonies and only openly acknowledge the 1850-1900's Romany migration, which is a bit insulting really because there were just as many if not more Romanichal's who were transported then of those who willingly migrated.

There were far more Romanichal's in the American Colonies 1600's-1700's then Roma or of any other vista that I am certain of now. So those of you with Colonial American ties who have a Romany blood tie showing up in your autosomal DNA tests, are more likely to be of Romanichal origins, not as likely to be of Roma origins.

How many Haplo H1a Romanichal male lineages will be identified, we don't know. But I anticipate many more H1a male lineages being identified through the Leicester Universty Romany DNA study.

One mt DNA Haplo M5a1 Romanichal female lineage has been recently identified as well, and M5a1 is being hailed as another South Asian female Haplo Group that is also being found amongst most of the Romany vista's "clans" of Europe.

For you with Romany hits in your autosomal tests, especially you with direct ties to Virginia, Maryland, South Carolina, and possibly New York and Pennsylvania, North Carolina, i'd love to be talking to you about your family trees. I have a rather long list of Romanichal family surnames of England and Scotland that has been compiled by me through the many Romany Gypsy books, genealogical paper records, and personal insight from many Romanichal's fmaily trees.

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More 'Notables with Gypsy /Romani Background

  • ▪ David Essex - Singer
  • ▪ Kerope Patkanov – scientist
  • ▪ Rodney "Gipsy" Smith – (1860–1947), British evangelist
  • ▪ Sofia Kovalevskaya – Major Russian female mathematician of 1/4 Romani descent
  • ▪ Bob Hoskins - Actor
  • ▪ Django Reinhart - Musician
  • ▪ Antonio Solario – Italian artist
  • ▪ John Bunyan - Author
  • ▪ Richard Burton - Victorian Explorer
  • ▪ Helios Gómez – Spanish artist, writer and poet
  • ▪ Serge Poliakoff (1906–1969) – painter
  • ▪ Micaela Flores Amaya, La Chunga, Flamenco dancer and painter
  • ▪ Joe Machine, (1973) British Stuckist painter
  • ▪ Ceferino Giménez Malla – a Spanish beatified Catholic catechist
  • ▪ Juana Martín Manzano – Spanish fashion designer
  • ▪ Didem – Turkish belly dancer
  • ▪ George Bramwell Evens – journalist, United Kingdom
  • ▪ Leonard Whiting – British actor of English and Irish ancestry who claims to "also have some Gypsy blood".
  • ▪ Marcia Nicole Lakatos – Dutch-German actress. Her mother was of Romani origin.
  • ▪ Soledad Miranda – Andalusian Flamenco Dancer and later Horror Film Actress from Seville, mother was Gitana
  • ▪ Nikolai Slichenko – Russian actor
  • ▪ Tony Gatlif – French film maker of Algerian Kabyle and Spanish Roma origin.
  • ▪ Ştefan Bănică, Sr. – Romanian actor
  • ▪ Moira Orfei – Italian actress
  • ▪ Otto Mueller – painter and printmaker, Sinti mother

Politicians and activists

  • ▪ Juscelino Kubitschek - Brazilian president. His mother was of Czech Roma descent.
  • ▪ Damian Draghici – (born 1970) Humanitarian, Civil Society Supporter, Ambassador for European Year of Equal Opportunities for All, musician, Romania
  • ▪ Rajko Djuric – (born 1947) Serbian writer and academic, leader of Roma Union of Serbia
  • ▪ Alfonso Mejia-Arias – musician, writer and politician, Mexico
  • ▪ Ian Hancock – Romani scholar and activist, born in UK, living in USA, Professor at the University of Texas
  • ▪ Lívia Járóka – Hungarian Member of the European Parliament
  • ▪ Mădălin Voicu – (born 1952) Romanian politician. His father, Ion Voicu, is Romani
  • ▪ Ştefan Răzvan – (? – 1595) Prince of Moldavia, Ruled Moldavia for four months. (Romani father)
  • ▪ Nicolae Păun – Romanian politician
  • ▪ Ágnes Osztolykán - Hungarian politician
  • ▪ Juan de Dios Ramírez Heredia – Ex-member of the European Parliament, founder of the Romani Union, Spain
  • ▪ Viktória Mohácsi – (born 1975) Hungarian Member of the European Parliament
  • ▪ Ronald Lee – (born 1934, in Montreal), Canadian Romani novelist, activist and U.N. delegate
  • ▪ Romani Rose – German Sinto activist
  • ▪ Dávid Daróczi – (1972–2010) Government Spokesperson of the Republic of Hungary
  • ▪ Rudolf Sarközi – chairman of the Austrian Romani association Kulturverein.
  • ▪ Sani Rifati – Serbian activist
  • ▪ Ali Krasniqi – Albanian writer and activist
  • ▪ Bajram Haliti – Kosovar activist

Authors and writers

  • ▪ Veijo Baltzar – Finnish writer
  • ▪ Rajko Djuric – (born 1947) Serbian writer & activist
  • ▪ Caren Gussoff – American writer. Claims "Romani and mixed heritages".
  • ▪ Delia Grigore – (born 1972) Romanian writer, academic and activist
  • ▪ Ronald Lee – Canadian writer, Romani activist and lecturer at the University of Toronto.
  • ▪ Matéo Maximoff – French writer
  • ▪ Louise Doughty – British writer
  • ▪ John Bunyan – Christian author
  • ▪ Lafcadio Hearn – Irish writer
  • ▪ Charlie Smith – poet.
  • ▪ Baja Saitovic Lukin – poet
  • ▪ Mehmed Merejan
  • ▪ Ceija Stojka – (born 1933) Austrian author and painter
  • ▪ Katarina Taikon – (born 1932) Swedish children's writer
  • ▪ Bronisława Wajs – (1908–1987) AKA "Papusza", Polish poet and singer

Musicians

  • ▪ Sinan Sakić - Serbian Folk singer of Romani descent.
  • ▪ Django Reinhardt - (23 January 1910 – 16 May 1953) Belgian-born pioneering virtuoso jazz guitarist and composer who invented an entirely new style of jazz guitar technique (sometimes called 'hot' jazz guitar) that has since become a living musical tradition within French Manouche culture.
  • ▪ Mariska Veres – (1947–2006) Lead singer of the Dutch rock group Shocking Blue. Daughter of Hungarian Romani violinist Lajos Veres and Franco-Russian mother.
  • ▪ Ronnie Wood – (1947–) Guitarist and bassist with Faces, and Rolling Stones. Born to a family of "water gypsies" or barge operators. It is unclear whether this is a slang term for the profession or actually refers to the Roma ethnicity.
  • ▪ Carmen Amaya – (1913–1963) Spanish flamenco dancer
  • ▪ Vicente Escudero – Spanish flamenco singer, dancer and choreographer; occasionally painter, writer and actor.
  • ▪ Pyotr Leshchenko – Russian (born 1858–1903))
  • ▪ Grigoraş Dinicu – Romanian composer and violinst
  • ▪ Anjeza Shahini – Albanian
  • ▪ Pista Dankó – (born 1858–1903) Hungarian-born bandleader and composer
  • ▪ Sandro de América – (1945–2010) Argentinian singer and actor
  • ▪ Adam Ant – (born 1954) British punk/New Wave musician; maternal grandmother is Romanichal.
  • ▪ Elek Bacsik – (1926–1993) Hungarian-born American jazz violinist and guitarist
  • ▪ Robi Botos – Canadian musician and composer from Hungary
  • ▪ Joe Zawinul – Austrian musician. His grandmother was a Hungarian Romani, and his grandfather was from southern Moravia.
  • ▪ Eugene Hütz – Ukrainian singer, guitarist, writer and actor
  • ▪ Saban Bajramovic – (1936–2008) Serbian singer
  • ▪ János Bihari – (1764–1824) Hungarian violinist
  • ▪ Věra Bílá – (born 1954) Czech folk and pop singer
  • ▪ Iva Bittová – (born 1958) Czech singer, violinist and composer
  • ▪ Diego "El Cigala" – (born 1968, Madrid) Spanish flamenco singer
  • ▪ Joaquín Cortés – Spanish flamenco dancer
  • ▪ "Rayito" Antonio Rayo – Spanish Guitarist, singer and composer. Father Gitano (Iberian Kalo) and mother Japanese
  • ▪ Panna Cinka – (1711–1772) Hungarian Violinist, born in Kingdom of Hungary in modern Slovakia
  • ▪ Georges Cziffra – (1921–1994) Hungarian virtuoso pianist
  • ▪ Drafi Deutscher – (1946–2006) German Sinto songwriter, singer and composer
  • ▪ Damian Draghici – Romanian, composer and panflute player
  • ▪ Fanfare Ciocărlia – (formed 1996) Romanian brass band
  • ▪ "Falete" Rafael Ojeda Rojas – Spanish singer
  • ▪ Lolita Flores – (1958) Spanish singer and actress.
  • ▪ Antonio Flores – (1961–1995) was a Spanish singer-songwriter and actor.
  • ▪ Rosario Flores – (born 1963) Spanish singer and actress, Latin Grammy award winner
  • ▪ Camarón de la Isla – (1950–1992) Spanish flamenco singer
  • ▪ Kal – Romani world music Band from Serbia
  • ▪ Nicolas Reyes – Franco-Spanish singer, guitar player
  • ▪ Tonino Baliardo – Franco-Spanish guitar player
  • ▪ Los Niños de Sara – French (Spanish origin, Iberian Kale) rumba and flamenco singers and guitar players
  • ▪ Ketama – Spanish new-flamenco band
  • ▪ Sasha Kolpakov – (born 1943) Russian guitarist
  • ▪ Biréli Lagrène – (born 1966) French jazz guitarist, violinist and bassist
  • ▪ Denny Laine – British musician (The Moody Blues, Wings)
  • ▪ Félix Lajkó – (born 1974) Hungarian-Serbian violinist and composer (part Romani)
  • ▪ Albert Lee - (born 1943) London born and raised country rock guitar legend. His father is Romanichal.[5]
  • ▪ Joe Longthorne – (born 1955) English singer and impressionist
  • ▪ Irini Merkouri – (born 1981) Greek pop singer
  • ▪ Aggelopoulos Manolis – (1939–1989) Greek singer and actor
  • ▪ Sofi Marinova – Bulgarian singer
  • ▪ Boban Marković – Serbian brass bandleader and trumpet player
  • ▪ Jerry Mason – American Singer, Guitarist
  • ▪ Carlos Montoya – (1903–1993) Spanish flamenco guitarist
  • ▪ Ramón Montoya – (1889–1949) Spanish flamenco guitarist
  • ▪ Ivo Papazov – (born 1952) Bulgarian jazz clarinetist
  • ▪ Manitas de Plata – (born 1921) Spanish guitarist
  • ▪ Valentina Ponomaryova – (born 1939) Russian singer
  • ▪ Dzej Ramadanovski – born 1964 in Belgrade (former Yugoslavia), modern Serbian folk singer
  • ▪ Johnny Răducanu – (born 1931) Romanian jazz musician
  • ▪ Esma Redzepova – (born 1943) Macedonian singer and songwriter
  • ▪ Jimmy Rosenberg – (born 1980) Dutch swing guitarist
  • ▪ Marianne Rosenberg – (born 1955) German singer and songwriter. Daughter of German Gypsy who survived Auschwitz.
  • ▪ Tchavolo Schmitt – (born 1954) French jazz guitarist
  • ▪ Taraful Haiducilor – (Taraf de Haïdouks) Romanian band, formed 1989
  • ▪ Nicolae Neacşu ("Culai") – Lăutar, was the leader of Taraf de Haïdouks
  • ▪ Wally Tax – Dutch rock singer, of The Outsiders. Son of a Dutch father and a Russian Romani mother.
  • ▪ Martin Taylor – (born 1956) British guitarist born into a family of into a family with a gypsy or traveller tradition.
  • ▪ Manuel Torre – (1878–1933) Spanish flamenco singer
  • ▪ Isabel Pantoja – Spanish singer
  • ▪ Mihaela Ursuleasa - Romanian pianist[6]
  • ▪ Encarnación Salazar and Antonia Salazar, better known as "Azúcar Moreno". Spanish singers
  • ▪ Ion Voicu – (1923–1997) Romanian violinist and orchestral conductor, founder of Bucharest Chamber Orchestra
  • ▪ Sotis Volanis – Greek pop folk singer
  • ▪ Harri Stojka – Austrian jazz guitarist
  • ▪ Radoslav Banga – of Czech group Gypsy.cz
  • ▪ Joy Olasunmibo Ogunmakin – Ayọ (stage name), German singer
  • ▪ Didem – Turkish Bellydancer
  • ▪ Romica Puceanu – (1928–1996) Romanian singer (Urban Lăutarească Music)
  • ▪ Gabi Luncă – (born 1938) Romanian singer (Urban Lăutarească Music)
  • ▪ Cher Lloyd – Popular singer. Her mother is of Romani ancestry.
  • ▪ Esma Redžepova – Macedonian vocalist, songwriter, and humanitarian. Born in Skopje
  • ▪ Pere Pubill Calaf "Peret" – (born 1935) Catalan Spanish singer, guitar player and composer

Athletes

  • ▪ Ivailo Marinov – also known as Ismail Mustafov, Ismail Huseinov or Ivailo Khristov) is a Rom Bulgarian boxer, who won the bronze medal at the 1980 Summer Olympics in light flyweight, and the gold medal in the same category at the 1988 Summer Olympics
  • ▪ Serafim Todorov – was a Bulgarian/Georgian boxer at the 1996 Summer Olympics who won a silver medal. He is the last boxer to ever defeat the highly regarded Floyd Mayweather Jr.
  • ▪ Boris Georgiev – is an amateur boxer from Bulgaria who won a bronze medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics in the Light Welterweight class
  • ▪ André-Pierre Gignac – French (Olympique Football Player Marseille)
  • ▪ Faustino Reyes – Spanish Boxing he won the silver medal in the featherweight division (– 57 kg), 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona
  • ▪ Billy Joe Saunders – British Boxing, represented Great Britain in the 2008 Olympics
  • ▪ Jakob Bamberger - German amateur boxer, twice the German Vice-flyweight champion, Olympic selection in 1936, in the years 1970/80 activist in Sinti civil rights movement

References

  • 1. ^ "Members of IRWA". International Romani Writers Association (IRWA). Retrieved 2009-09-17.
  • 2. ^ "My Current Bio". Romano Kopachi, the Romani Tree. Retrieved 29-01-2012.
  • 3. ^ Mayall, David. Gypsy identities, 1500-2000: from Egipcyans and moon-men to the ethnic Romany. 2003. Routledge. Page 156. Google Books. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
  • 4. ^ McWilliams, Vera (2007). Lafcadio Hearn. Published by READ BOOKS. pp. 476 pages. ISBN 978-1-4067-2796-8. Retrieved 15 May 2009.
  • 5. ^ Watts, Derek; Eric Clapton (2008). Country boy: a biography of Albert Lee. McFarland. pp. 4-10, 14, 17. ISBN 978-0-7864-3658-3.
  • 6. ^ Renowned Romanian pianist Ursuleasa dead at 33. 3 August, 2012 USNew. Retrieved 8-5-2012
  • 7. ^ Michail Krausnick, Wo sind sie hingekommen? Der unterschlagene Völkermord an den Sinti und Roma, Gerlingen 1995, S. 80-81. und Jörg Boström (Hrsg.), Das Buch der Sinti, Westberlin 1981.
  • 8. ^ Women mathematicians by Dubreil-Jacotin
  • 9. ^ "Didem / Something about her history...". tribe.net, posted June 24, 2007, 9:00 PM

Sources

  • ▪ Famous Gypsies – famous Romani and people of Romani ancestry.
  • ▪ Romano Muy – articles about famous or outstanding Romanis (in Russian)