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The Arundell Family
Visitations Arundells of Lanherne (start of Pedigree)
The Trerice Arundells
Visitations 1 & 2
The Menderva Arundells leading onto William Arundell Yeo
The Arundells are amongst the few Cornish families of Norman origin, and there are still fewer of French extraction who have for so long a period as at least five or six centuries been, like them traceable in that county. The Arundell Family
A.L. Rowse described the Arundells as 'the richest and best-beloved of all Cornish families' (Tudor Cornwall, p. 16.) in Tudor times. From small beginnings in the early 1200s, when their only possession was the manor of Treloy in St Columb Major parish, they reached the height of their wealth and influence in the late sixteenth century with twenty-eight manors in Cornwall as well as manors and other properties in Devon, Dorset, Gloucestershire, Somerset and Wiltshire, the greatest extent of their land-holdings.
The earliest record of an Arundell in Cornwall is in 1131 in the Pipe Roll but no connection can be demonstrated between that individual and the later Arundells of Lanherne. An Arundell occurs in Dorset and Somerset in Domesday Book and there are also instances of the name in Devon in the Middle Ages but again there is no evidence to link these people with the Cornish Arundells. The Devonshire manors of Morchard Arundell and Uton Arundell received their affixes from their ownership by the Cornish family.
The Arundells extended their land-holdings and rose to prominence through a series of good marriages to wealthy heiresses. Some of their property was purchased but the majority was acquired in this way from the mid-thirteenth century to the late 1500s. Between these dates the Arundells were active locally and nationally. Ralph Arundell was sheriff of Cornwall in 1259-60 and John Arundell became Bishop of Exeter in 1502. Sir John Arundell fought for Henry VI at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471 and his grandson was one of those appointed to put down the Cornish rebellion of 1497-8. Two Arundells served as stewards of the Duchy of Cornwall in the sixteenth century and Arundells led Royalist troops during the Civil War. Branches of the family were established at Trerice and Tolverne by younger sons in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The influence of the Arundells declined after the Reformation, when their staunch adherence to Catholicism made them ineligible for public office, but they remained prominent in Cornwall as long as they retained their lands there.
The direct male line of the family died out in 1701, the estates being inherited by an heiress
The name is apparently of Norman origin, and the antiquary John Leleand, who toured Cornwall in 1538, derived it from the Arundales of Cuille, between Rennes and Chateau-Goutier in Brittany. Certainly the family have always borne swallows on their escutcheon
The Trerice Arundells
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Generation No. 1
1. Ralph 8 Arundell (Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) He married Jane Trerise .
Ralph Arundell married in the reign of Edward 111, Jane, daughter and heiress of Michael Trerise, and thus obtained the estate which his descendants held for the next 400 years. His was a junior branch of the Arundells of Lanherne which was established in the fourteenth century when Sir Oliver, his grandfather married the heiress Margery, daughter and heir of Raynulph de Arundell, Lord of Albominster and Stratton, 2 son of the Earl of Arundell
According to Carew's Survey of Cornwall a Ralph Arundell married Jane/Joan, the daughter of Michael Trerise, during the reign of Edward III. Compare Public Record Office JUST I/1476, mem.73 dorse, July 1367 in which the defendants include Ralph Arundell of Treres and Joan his wife. AR/1/104 is a grant from Sir John Arundell to Ralph Arundell of Trerys in 1358. This Ralph died between July and November 1369 (AR/1/241; AR/32/1 and AR/1/846), and had at least two sons, Nicholas (AR/41/6) and Thomas (AR/41/5), and a daughter Joan (AR/32/1). There is no record of the split in the Lanherne archive and unfortunately the archive of the Arundells of Trerice has disappeared virtually without trace.
Child of Ralph Arundell and Jane Trerise is:
+2 i. Nicholas 9 Arundell. Generation No. 2
2. Nicholas 9 Arundell (Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) He married Elizabeth Pellor , daughter of Lord John Pellor. Elizabeth was the daughter of Lord John Pellor, Lord of the manor of Pellor in Somerset. He is sometimes called John Cheddore
Proceedings Cor. Reg. Cornwall 50 Edward 11 John Tynton v William Lambron Chivaler and Joanna his wife, it is complained that Will and Johanna had abducted Nicholas, son and heir of Ralph Arundell of Trerice, a minor in ward of John Tynton.
Child of Nicholas Arundell and Elizabeth Pellor is:
+3 i. Sir John 10 Arundell. Generation No. 3
3. Sir John 10 Arundell (Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) He married Jane Durant . Jane brought Efford in Stratton to the family
Child of Sir Arundell and Jane Durant is:
+4 i. Nicholas 11 Arundell. Generation No. 4
4. Nicholas 11 Arundell (Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) He married Johanna St John , daughter of Edward St John and Joan Jeue. (alias Jewe or Jeu) (See Jeue tree )
Johanna was the daughter of Edward St John and Joan Jewe. Joan was the sister of Alice Jewe, wife of John Yeo, and both were joint heiresses. William Yeo (who married Ellen Grenville) was this Johanna's cousin. All the properties that Johanna owned in her own right as listed below in the Inquisition taken at her death, were shared (a moiety) with her cousin William Yeo
Inquisition, Joan Arundell, widow of Nicholas dated 1482
Inquisition taken at Exeter, 1482 before Nicholas Yeo, escheator, (second eldest son of William and Ellen Grenville), after the death of Joan who was the wife of Nicholas Arundell late of Treryse, esq, by the oath of John Speke, Thomas Grenville,(Ellen's brother) John Penels, Roger Werth, esquires, John Copleston, Robert Holbeme, William Floyer, John Speccote, Thomas Denys, Matthew Chubbe, John Bolter, John Segar, William Shirlond and William Robbyns
WHO SAY that the said Joan was seised of the moiety of 4 messuages, 200 acres of land, 20 of meadow, 8 of wood & 30 of heath in Cotelegh, held of John Dynam, Lord of Cardynam, by fealty & 12d rent; worth 20s, the moiety of 4 messuages and 4 gardens in Seaton, held of the abbess of St Bridget's of Syon, by fealty, worth 10s, a moiety of 3 messuages, 100 acres of land, 5 of meadow, 4 of wood & 100 of heath in Pltimore, Clyve and Culbear, held of the Duchess of York's manor of Mersshewodevale, by knight;s service, worth 30s, a moiety of 2 messuages, 60 acres of land, 6 of meadow, 4 of wood and 100 of heath in Cheseway and Spelcombe, held of the King's honor of Plympton, by knight's service, worth 40s, a moiety of one messuagem 40 acres of land, 6 of meadow, 8 of wood and 100 of heath in Inysholcomb, held of the heir of John Arundell, by knight's service worth 40s, a moiety of a messuage, 60 acres of land, 5 of meadow, 10 of wood and 100 of heath in Northcote held of the King's honor of Okehampton, by 1/4 of a knight's fee, worth 20s, a moiety of a rent of £9 out of the manor of Stokeleghluccomb/ Joan died 5th June 1482. Robert Arundell, son of John, son of said Joan next heir aged 15
Robert died without heirs and the properties passed to his brother John who married Jane Grenville, the great niece of William Yeo and Ellen Grenville.
Child of Nicholas Arundell and Johanna St John is:
+5 i. Sir John 12 Arundell, died 1471 in Trerice. Generation No. 5
5. Sir John 12 Arundell (Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) died 1471 in Trerice. He married (1) Maud Courtenay , daughter of Sir Courtenay and Margaret Carminow. He married (2) Anne Moyle .
Sir John Arundell was the 1st of Trerice . The family continued here for three generations marrying heiresses and increasing their estates, but playing no recorded part in public affairs until this John Arundell 1, who had been knighted and made Sheriff of Cornwall, was in 1471 ordered by the King to relieve St Michael's Mount, which had been seized by the Earl of Oxford, There, in a squirmish on the sands which divide the island from the mainland, he was killed and is buried in the chapel on the Mount, thus fulfilling the prophecy of a 'wise woman' made many years before, that 'he should be slain in the sands'.
Children of Sir Arundell and Anne Moyle are: 6 i. Robert 13 Arundell. +7 ii. Sir John Arundell, born in Trerice. 8 iii. Walter Arundell. 9 iv. Nicholas Arundell. Generation No. 6
7. Sir John 13 Arundell (Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) was born in Trerice. He married Jane Grenville , daughter of Thomas Grenville and Isabella Gilbert. Jane remarried Sir John Chamond of Launcells.
Sir John Arundell:was the second of Trerice and married Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Grenville of Stowe, (great niece of William Yeo & Ellen Grenville) and dying in 1512 was succeeded by his eldest son, the third Sir John Arundell, who advanced the family fortunes yet further. Jane was the daughter of Thomas Grenville and Isabella Gilbert. Her sister, Honor was married firstly to Sir John Basett and secondly to Sir Arthur Plantagenet, Lord Lisle, who was the illegitimate son of King Edward 1V and Elizabeth Lucie. She was also the great niece of William Yeo and Ellen Grenville.
Child of Sir Arundell and Jane Grenville is:
+10 i. Sir John 14 Arundell, born 1495; died 26 November 1561. Generation No. 7
10. Sir John 14 Arundell (Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) was born 1495, and died 26 November 1561. He married (1) Mary Beville . He married (2) Juliana Erisey , daughter of James Erisey and Mary Fortescue.
Sir John Arundell was the third of Trerice He was twice sheriff of Cornwall, and vice-admiral of the west under Henry V11 and Henry V111, was esquire of the body to the latter king, and known as 'Jack of Tilbury'. He was knighted at the battle of Spurs in 1513; and in 1520 the king entrusted him with the preparations for the reception of the emporor of Canterbury. In 1523 he captured, after a long sea fight a notorious Scotch pirate, Duncan Campbell who had for some time scourged our coasts. The Duke of Norfolk wrote shortly afterwards to Sir John Arundell requesting him to bring his prisoner to the king's presence, and thanking him in the king's name for his 'valiant courage and bolde enterprise in the premises'. It was apparently to the same Sir John Arundell that Henry V111 wrote in 1544 requesting his attendance in the wars against the French king - an order which was - however, countermanded in order that Arundell 'with his servants, tenants, and others within his rooms and offices, especially horsemen' might be held in readiness for other services. In the following reign he was vice-admiral of the king's ships in the west seas; and in 1553 when he was sheriff of Cornwall, Queen Mary wrote requiring that he, with his friends and neighbours 'should see the Prince of Spain most honourably entertained, if he fortuned to land in Cornwall'. By his first wife, a coheir of Bevil, he had two children, Roger, who married a Dinham, and Katherine, who married a Prideaux. By his second wife, an Erisy, he had a son John, who succeeded him at Trerice, and was like him, sheriff of Cornwall. Robert, his bastard son was also close to his father and was mentioned in his Inquisition Post Mortem, sharing tenancies with his other sons. He was buried at Stratton, Cornwall, near his estate in Efford and his tomb can still be seen in the church..
Child of Sir Arundell and Juliana Erisey is:
+11 i. Sir John 15 Arundell. Child of Sir John Arundell is:
+12 i. Robert 15 Arundell. This is the start of the Menadarva Pedigree
Generation No. 8
11. Sir John 15 Arundell (Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) He married (1) Katherine Coswarth . She was born in Coswarth, Colan, Cornwall. He married (2) Gertrude Dennys . She was born in Holcombe Burnell, Devon.
Sir John Arundell was the 1V of Trerice. The present Trerice was built in 1573, by him, on the site of an earlier house. He inherited the property from his father and with it the means to rebuild the house. His father, also Sir John, had a successful and lucrative career in the service of the Crown. He was knighted after the battle of the Spurs, was Esquire of the Body to Henry VIII and also served under Edward VI and Queen Mary.The Arundell family supported the Crown during the Civil War with some loss but recovered their position after the Restoration. The house escaped alteration during the 18th and 19th centuries, probably because its owners chose to live elsewhere.
Trerice remained in the ownership of the Arundells for over 400 years but in 1802 it passed to the Acland family of Killerton in Devon. The property was sold in 1915 and changed hands several times before it was purchased by the National Trust in 1953.
Children of Sir John Arundell and Katherine Coswarth are:
13 i. Juliana 16 Arundell, born 1563. She married Richard Carew; born in Antony, Cornwall. 14 ii. Dorothy Arundell. She married Edward Coswarth. Child of Sir Arundell and Gertrude Dennys is: 15 i. Sir John Arundell 16 (V), born 1576 in Trerice. He married Mary Cary. The Menederva Arundells
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12. Robert 15 Arundell (Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) He married Elizabeth Clapton .
Child of Robert Arundell and Elizabeth Clapton is:
+16 i. Christopher 16 Arundell. This Robert Arundell (of Menadarva, in Camborne) was apparently a bastard son of Sir John Arundell of Trerice (died 1560-61, 3 Eliz): see a note in the Gentleman's Magazine, Sept 1829, pp. 215-16 (copy in AR/29/9). He was left shared interests on many of his father's properties and mentioned in his will and that of his half brother Sir John Arundell.
This deed solves the problem of Charles Henderson, A History of the Parish of Constantne in Cornwall, p.165: 'How Treworvack passed from the Arundells of Trerice to the Arundells of Lanherne, between 1558 and 1659, is very strange. The two families were very remotely (if at all) related to one another. However, Robert;s maternal grandmother was Jane Grenville and her sister Katherine married Sir John Arundell of Lanherne.
(27 Eliz) Bargain and sale, Robert Arundell of Menaderva, esquire, and Christopher Arundell his son and heir apparent = (1)-(2). Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, knight = (3). Consideration: £45 paid by (3) to (1)-(2). 91)-(2) to (3), their messuages, lands, tenements, rents, reversions, remainders, services, meadows, pastures, feedings, moors, waste grounds, etc., in Trewheverack (parish of Constentyn), together with all writings, evidences, etc.; for (3) and his heirs to hold for ever, to his sole use, of the chief lords of the fee, by rents and services due and accustomed. Covenant that the premises are free from encumbrances, except for the chief rent and service due to the chief lords; covenant of peaceable occupation. Signatures of (1)-(2). [dorse] Note of sealing and delivery. 2 seals, of (1)-(2). Trewheverack [Treworvack in Constantine; tenement of Prospidnick manor] 1584, 10th Dec
Gift and feoffment to use Robert Arundell de Menaderva, esquire, and Christopher Arundell his son and heir = (1)-(2). John Arundell of Lanherne, knight = (3)(1)-(2) to (3), in part performance of an agreement made between them, all their messuages, lands, tenements, rents, reversions, remainders, services, etc., in Trewheverack (parish of Constentyn); for (3) and his heirs to hold for ever, to his sole use, of the chief lords of the fee, by rents and services due and accustomed. Warranty. Appointment of William Williams and Edward Vivian as attorneys to deliver seisin. Signatures of (1)-(2). [dorse] Note of sealing and delivery. 2 seals [of (1)-(2)]. Trewheverack [Treworvack in Constantine; tenement of Prospidnick manor]
1585, Easter term Final concord; with counterpart. John Arundell, knight, claimant = (1). Robert Arundell esquire, Elizabeth his wife, Christopher Arundell esquire and Katherine his wife, deforciants = (2)-(5). 1 messuage, 2 tofts, 2 gardens, 60 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, 20 acres of pasture and 40 acres of furze and heath in Trewheverack (Constentyn); (2)-(5) acknowledge them to be the right of (1) as by their gift, and quitclaimed them to him and his heirs for ever. Warranty by (2)-(5) against themselves, their heirs, and the heirs of John Arundell of Trerice, knight (deceased). For this (1) gave £41 to (2)-(5).
Generation No. 9
16. Christopher 16 Arundell (Robert 15 , Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) He married Katherine Chiverton . She died 1 March 1617/18 in Cambourne, Cornwall.
Child of Christopher Arundell and Katherine Chiverton is:
+17 i. William 17 Arundell, born 1584 in Cambourne, Cornwall; died 10 May 1635 in Newlyn in Pyder, Cornwall. Generation No. 10
17. William 17 Arundell (Christopher 16 , Robert 15 , Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) was born 1584 in Cambourne, Cornwall, and died 10 May 1635 in Newlyn in Pyder, Cornwall. He married Dorcas Grosse .
Child of William Arundell and Dorcas Grosse is:
+18 i. William 18 Arundell, born 1609 in Of Menedarva, Camborne, Cornwall, England; died 1680 in Falmouth, Cornwall. Generation No. 11
18. William 18 Arundell (William 17 , Christopher 16 , Robert 15 , Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) was born 1609 in Of Menedarva, Camborne, Cornwall, England, and died 1680 in Falmouth, Cornwall. He married Elizabeth Penwarren 2 September 1651 in Mawnan, Cornwall, England. She was born 1617.
William was a wealthy merchant, living in Falmouth. He died in 1660 and left a will
I give and bequeath to Thomas Arundell my son my dwelling house at Flushings, with all its appurtances and all my rights and estates therein and two silver spoons.. I give devise and bequeath to William Arundell, my second son my silver tankard and that he shall after the death and decease of his Mother hand hold and enjoy wreine yield. and take the rents, issues and profits during his natural life and no longer of that messuage, dwellings , house and tenement of mine lyeing at the higher end of Falmouth Towne and now in the possession of Mr John Williams and Mary Bemstood and in case Elizabeth Champion shall dye before my son William then William shall pay unto Francis his brother £20. I give unto Francis Arundell my youngest son two silver spoons and a peece of plate and incase he shall survive his mother and brother William then to enjoy the aforesaid tenement duringe his natural life and not longer if the original estate shall happen so long to continue or endure. I give unto my granddaughter, Elizabeth Champion my little wine boule as a remembrance of me and that she shall after the death of her grandmother Arundell, William and Francis my sons and every and either of them hold and enjoy the aforesaid tenement if the original estate shall so longe continue or endure. I give unto my dear wife, Elizabeth Arundell all the rest of my goods and chattels both within doores and without which have not here before given or devised and I declare my sonn in law, Peter Champion to be executor in trust to my wife and children and to be guardians unto them and to see that this my last will may be performed in all things to the best of his powers to whome I give a mourning ring of 10s price. In witness, signed William Arundell, dated 13th May, 1679
Notes for Elizabeth Penwarren: She was the daughter of Thomas Penwarne. Did she remarry a Mr Languish? (reference Francis's will)
Children of William Arundell and Elizabeth Penwarren are:
+19 i. Thomas 19 Arundell, born 1652 in Falmouth, Cornwall, England. 20 ii. William Arundell, born 1653 in Of, Falmouth, Cornwall, England. +21iii. Elizabeth Arundell, born 1658 in Of, Falmouth, Cornwall, England. 22 iv. Francis Arundell, born 20 September 1659 in Budock, Cornwall, England; died 1712 in Bath, Somerset. Francis was a wealthy merchant, who never married and left his estates to his nephew John Arundell, son of his elder brother Thomas.
Francis's will dated l5th December, 1712
In the name of God Amen and it is the duty of every Christian to put and keep his house in order and to make his will to the end that what little of Gods blessing he leaves behind him not to be disputed by profenders and that this - and memory may rest in quiet and despose. I, Francis Arundell, of London, merchant being of sound and serious mind and memory do make, publish and intend this to be my last will and testiment in manner following. And as everyone knows where he was born but knows not where or when he shall dye be if in my case as it shall please God and into his hands I commit my soul hoping in his mercy by the merits of our Saviour Jesus Christ. And as to my body I desire if may be to be buried decently but without any great expense or charge. And for what temporal estate I leave my will and desire is it to be disposed as follows :- I give to my sister Elizabeth Champion £1,500 and to my nieces, Elizabeth, Ann, Katherine & Mary, the daughters of my said sister Elizabeth Champion, the life sum of £1500. To my nephew John Arundell I give £4,000 of life money. I give to Mrs Elizabeth Languish the yearly sum of £100 and payable quarterly by four equal payments and to be charged upon the lands and tenements I Lately purchased in Cornwall for and during the term of her natural life etc, the said lands, tenements aforesaid I give and devise to my nephew John Arundell, his heirs and administrators forever. I give unto the said Reverend Mr Bazil Keynett the sum of £60. I give £500 to be distributed to and among such widows and orphans as the said Mr Bazil Kennett and his brother the Dean of Peterborough shall see or think has the most occasion or shall stand in most need thereof and which sum I appoint shall be paid into the hands of Mr Bazil Kennett and his aid brother for the purposes aforesaid.. I give unto Mrs William Bates £200 and to Mr Thomas Mitchell £100 to buy them mourning. I give to Mr Edward Faunty and Mrs Ann Faunty £10 apiece to buy them rings to wear in memory of me. I appoint my nephews John Arundell and Peter Champion joint executors of this my will. I give the residue and remainder of all my estates to be equally divided between them, dated 9/8/1712. Signed in the presence of John Champion and Robert Orbell Codicil ..I Francis Arundell, of London, merchant have made and executed my will dated 9/8/1712, which is attested by John Champion, Edward Faunty and Robert Orbell and thereby I have given to my four nieces daughters of my sister Elizabeth Champion £1500 apiece but I have mistaken one of their names by calling her Katherine instead of Margery. I do therefore by this present writing, which I order to be a codicil to my said will and taken as part thereof, I rectify the said mistake and declare that my said niece Margery shall have the said £1500 as given to Katherine by mistake. And whereas I have given to Mrs Elizabeth Languish £100 a year for life chargeable on my lands in Cornwall, Now I do hereby give her besides the annuity, my canopy striped silk bed and all the furniture in the room where it is except the glass over the chimney and also all the prints and pictures in the Blew Room and that came from Legorne. I also give her one hundred guineas in Gold to buy Mourning and a ring and do order that the said annuity be paid free from all manner of taxes, I give to my sister Elizabeth Champion my picture done by Mr Combs and which is now at Legorne.. I give to Mr John Hans, Mr Lawrence Shambre, Mr Arthur Martyn, Mr Samuel Story, Mr Hopkins all of London and to Mr Christopher Crow, Consul of Legorn and to Mr William Shrine of Bath, Apothecary two guineas piece to buy rings. To Mr Joseph Toohunter, curate of Bath, six guineas for his attendance on me. And I order that £6 apiece be paid out in mourning for my servants, Margaret Milds, Alphouse Boundy, Thomas Perry, Susannah Sichs, Cecilia Ritchard and Mr Bates his servant the like sum And whereas my nephew Peter Champion, one of my executors is now at Legorne and may not come home in sometime after my decease I do therefore hereby make and appoint my very good friend Mr William Bates to be joynt executor in my said nephew's room along with the othere executor John Arundell my nephew but nevertheless in trust for my said nephew Peter Champion and for his advantage and for the said Mr Bates for his pains therein I give him the Farther summ of one hundred pounds. I give Elizabeth Languish all my wearing apparell, both linnen and woollen, also give the sum of £50 to the said Mr Joseph Toohunter to be by him disposed of to and amongst such poor housekeepers of Bath as do not receive alms of the parish. In witness where of I have here to set my hands and seal and published the same the 28th November, 1712, signed Francis Arundell in the presence of Emma Cornwallis, Wm Shrine and George Tryme
Generation No. 12
19. Thomas 19 Arundell (William 18 , William 17 , Christopher 16 , Robert 15 , Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) was born 1652 in Falmouth, Cornwall, England.
Child of Thomas Arundell is:
23 i. John 20 Arundell, born 1683. He married Agnes Gales 1704; died 1747 in St Minver, Cornwall. 21. Elizabeth 19 Arundell (William 18 , William 17 , Christopher 16 , Robert 15 , Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) was born 1658 in Of, Falmouth, Cornwall, England. She married Peter Champion 19 June 1677 in Budock, Cornwall.
Children of Elizabeth Arundell and Peter Champion are:
24 i. Elizabeth 20 Champion. 25 ii. Peter Champion. 26 iii. John Champion. Generation No. 13
23. John 20 Arundell (Thomas 19 , William 18 , William 17 , Christopher 16 , Robert 15 , Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) was born 1683. He married Agnes Gales 1704. She died 1747 in St Minver, Cornwall.
Children of John Arundell and Agnes Gales are:
+27 i. Francis 21 Arundell, born 1707; died 1750 in Henlade, Somerset. 28 ii. Mary Arundell, born 1709. She married James Trivitt. Reference: DD\X\BKE/20 TRIVITT FAMILY Creation dates: 1695-1787
Quitclaim by Abraham Greystock of N. Petherton to Jn. Trivett of Thurloxton, of all actions, causes, etc., 1695; memoranda by Joane and Jn. Trivitt, both of Thurloxton, children of Jn. Trivitt, late of do., that they have received from their mother, Joan Trivitt, their full shares of their father's estate, 1732; letter of attorney by Ann Dobin and Mary Trivitt, admors. of the goods and chattles of Rd. Aish of N. Petherton, sergemaker, their brother, to Phillip Dobin and Rd. Trivitt of do., sergemakers, to receive and sell all duroys, serges, etc., of sd. Rd. Aish, now in the hands of Jn. Hodges and Rd. Froome, 1759; special administration to Jas. Bryant, with will and codicil annexed of Jas. Trivitt of Creech St. Michael (1753/4), reciting settlement (1737, to which sd. Jas. Trivitt was a party) in consideration of a marriage to be solemnized between Thos. Arundel and Margaret Warre, and referring to Arundel estates called Carlyon and Trevelver, pa. St. Minver, Cornwall, 1787.
+29 iii. Thomas Arundell, born 1710; died 1751. Generation No. 14
• Francis 21 Arundell (John 20 , Thomas 19 , William 18 , William 17 , Christopher 16 , Robert 15 , Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) was born 1707, and died 1750 in Henlade, Somerset. He married Mary Gales .
Francis died before Thomas, and the lands inherited by his father John, then passed to his younger brother Thomas.
This is his will dated 1745
I, Francis Arundell of Henlade, Somerset, Gentleman, do make and ordain this my last will and testament as followeth, (that is to say) I do hereby will and direct that the marriage articles or settlement made in consideration of and previous to my marriage with my now wife be in all respects duly observed and performed according to the true intent and meaning thereof And as for and concerning all and every my estate and estates both real and personal and of all kind whatsover or whatsoever they may be of which I shall be possessed or be in any wife entitled at the time of my death (not subject to my said marriage articles or settlement)
I give and devise the same unto John Prockter of Henlade aforesaid esquire and James Trivitt of Michaell Creech, Somerset, Gentleman their heirs executors and administrators respectively. In Trust, Nevertheless to and for the several lifes and purposes herein after mentioned (that is to say) I will and direct that the said John Prockter and James Trivitt do in the first place and as soon as conveniently may be after my decease pay and discharge all my debts, legacies and funeral expenses and that my son John Arundell shall from time to time be allowed out of the profits and proceed of my said trust estates a sufficient and suitable maintenance and education according to his age and degree and when he shall attain unto the age of 16 years I do will and direct my said trustees to raise the sum of £200 out of my said trust estates insuch manner as shall then be thought most convenient and apply and dispose thereof in placing out my son to such business or way of life as he shall seem most suitable to or my said trustees shall judge will be most for his advantage and the surplus or what shall remain of the yearly proceed or profits of my said trust estates as also the moderate use of all my household goods furniture pictures and plate I do will and bequeath unto my dear wife until my said son shall arrive unto his full age of 21 years unto whom I do then give and devise the same together with all and every part of my said trust estate which my will and meaning is shall be then surrendered up to my son to and for his own proper use. And my will and meaning further is that in case my said son shall happen to die under age then I do will and bequeath all the yearly proceed and profit of my said trust estate and the moderate life of all my said household goods, furniture, pictures and plate unto my said dear wife for and during so long time as she shall happen to live and continue a widow and no longer and from and after the death or next marriage (which shall first happen) of my said wife I give and bequeath all and singular my estates, goods and effects of what nature of kind soever not hereby or otherwise disposed of unto my brother Thomas Arundell and my sister Mary, now the wife of the said James Trivitt, equally to be divided between them. And I do hereby constitute and appoint the said John Prockter and James Trivitt executors of this my will and testament. In trust as aforesaid, Provided always and it is my will and desire that my said executors and their executors and administrators shall not be answerable for any loss that shall or may happen by the lying dead or putting out any monies that shall come to their hands by virtue hereof so as that the same do not happen through their own wilful default. Also I will and devise the tuition and guardianship of my said son during his minority unto my said wife so long as she shall continue my widow and no longer and from and after her decease or second marriage which shall first happen unto my executors and the survivor of them and the executors and administrators of such survivor. Also I give unto my said dear wife all my rings and my gold watch and all my ready money that shall be in the house at the time of my death. Also I give unto Elizabeth Lockett my sister in law my silvert tankard on which is engraved a single wolf. Also I give unto my said brother, Thomas Arundell, the said James Trivitt and Mary his wife and the said Elizabeth Lockett ten guineas apiece to buy them mourning. Also I give unto my cousin John Furnival the silver watch which I lately lent him. And I do hereby revoke all former wills by me made. In witness whereof I the said Francis Arundell have unto this my last will and testament set my hand and seal the 26th January, 1745. Proved 11th September, 1754
Child of Francis Arundell and Mary Gales is:
30 i. John 22 Arundell, died 1784 Trevelver did pass to John and then to his wife before passing back to William Arundell Yeo
Reference: 1142 B/T61/28 Creation dates: 1768. Release Trevelver, Carlyon & Dinham. 1. Jn. Whitmarsh, Taunton, Somerset, gent. 2. Jn. Arundell, Creech St. Michael, Somerset, gent. Premises: debt of £1500 on estates as above. Reference: 1142 B/T61/29. Creation dates: 1788. Release 1. Wm. Knight, Sidmouth, gent. 2. Mary Arundell, Creech St. Michael, Somerset, widow et al. Premises: debt of £1000 on estates as above
1795. Release. 1. Eliz. Burridge, Rushton, Somerset, widow. 2. M. Arundell et al. Creech St. Michael, Somerset, widow. Premises: debt of £1000 on estates as above
• Thomas 21 Arundell (John 20 , Thomas 19 , William 18 , William 17 , Christopher 16 , Robert 15 , Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) was born 1710, and died 1751. He married Margaret Warre 1737.
Thomas died in 1754, but his lands were tied up with a marriage contract that was drawn up when he married Margaret Warre. In his will he is desperately trying to get around this so he can provide for both his daughters equally.
His will :-
I Thomas Arundell of Trevelvar in Cornwall, Esq being in perfect health of sound mind memory and understanding but considering the uncertainty of this transitory Life, do make and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form as following hereby revolking all former wills by me made. I recommend my soul into the hands of its creator hoping through the merits and interfusion of my Saviour Jesus Christ to have a full and free pardon of all my sins and my body to the earth to be decently interred. Whereas in my marriage settlement, duly executed bearing date on or about the 15th September, 1737 I am impowered and authorised to give and dispose of the two several sums of £500 and £1,500 pounds by my last will. And whereas my daughter Mary Arundell now aged about 12 years in case my nephew John Arundell now aged 5 years or thereabout son of my brother Francis Arundell deceased and my sister Mary the wife of James Trivit, gentleman shall happen to dye without issue male lawfully begotten, will by may said marriage settlement upon the two contingencies be intitled unto the said several Bartons, Messuages, Lands and Tenements of or called Trevelvar Carlyon and Dinham in the parish of St Minver, Cornwall with the mills, malt house and appurtenances thereunto severally belonging and appertaining for and during the remainder of certain term of 999 years or for some other term of years as by the said marriage settlement relation being thereunto had may and will more fully appear.. I give and devise unto my brother in law Francis Warre, clerk and the said James Trivitt and the survivor of them and the executor and administrator of such survivor the said sums of £500 and £1,500 In trust that they, the said Francis Warre and James Trivitt shall place and lay out at interest the said several sums of £500 and £1,500 upon any government or other reall security for a term of 17 years in trust for and that the interest and produce of same shall be yearly paid my my said trustees to my said daughters, Mary Arundell and Philles Arundell share and share alike and in case my said daughter Mary shall not at the expiration of the said term of 17 years take any benefit or advantage by the several limitations made to her in and by my said marriage settlement in the lands of or called Trevelvar Carlyon and Dinham, that then my said trustees shall pay the said several sums of £500 and £1,500 to my said daughter Mary Arundell and Phillis Arundell, share and share alike. Also I give and devise unto the said Francis Warre and James Trivitt, their executors etc, all my goods, chattels, personal and testamentary estate whatsoever in trust nevertheless that the said Francis Warre and James Trivitt or such of them that shall take the probate of this my will shall and dispose of all my goods and chattels and personal estate and place the money arising from the sale thereof upon some government or real security for the like term of seventeen years as aforesaid. In trust for and that the interest and produce of same shall be yearly paid by my trustees to my said daughters Mary Arundell and Phillis Arundell share and share alike. And in case my daughter Mary Arundell shall not at the expiration of the said term of 17 years take any benefit as aforesaid by the several limitations made to her by my said mariage settlement in the said lands of Trevelvar that then my trustees shall pay the whole sum arising by the sale of my personal estate unto my said daughters Mary Arundell and Phyllis Arundell or their legal representatives, share and share alike, Also I give and devise unto the said Francis Warre and James Trivitt, their heirs all that my messuage at Plain Street in St Minver with the appurtances and also all my Messuages, lands, tenements etc situated at Padstowe, in Cornwall and all my other messuages, lands and tenements and hereditaments whatsoever, To hold to them the said Francis Warre and James Trivitt their heirs and assigns Nevertheless to and for the only use and behoof of my said daughters Mary and Phyllis, their heirs and assigns in such manner as is herein after expressed that is to say that my said trustees, Francis Warre and James Trivitt do and shall permit and suffer my said daughters Mary Arundell and Philles Arundell, To Hold take and enjoy the rents, issues, profits of the said messuages, lands, tenements, hereditaments and premises as tenants in common during the term of 17 years and from and after the expiration of that term in case my said daughter, Mary shall not take any benefit by the limitations made in and by the said marriage settlement in the said lands of Trevelvar Carlyon and Dinham, Then and in such case my said lands and estates called or situate in Plain Street and Padstowe as aforesaid with all my other lands and tenements shall be equally divided between my said two daughters Mary Arundell and Phillis Arundell and their heirs share and share alike. And further that in case my said daughter Mary shall take any interest, benefit or advantage by the limitations or limitations made in my said marriage settlement, that then I give and devise all my said lands, tenements and hereditaments unto my said daughter Phillis her hiers and assigns for ever anything herein contained to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding. And my said will and incanning is and I do hereby declare it to be upon this Proviso If and in case my said daughter Mary Arundell shall at any time before the expiration of the said term of 17 years take any benfit or become interested in the said lands of or called Trevelvar Carlyon and Dinham by virtue of the limitation to her made in the said marriage settlement that then in such case I give and devise the aforesaid two several sums of £500 and £1,500 and all other personal estate and effects whatsoever unto my said daughter Phillis her executors and assigns etc The said devise thereof or any part thereof to the said Mary Arundell in any wife notwithstanding. Lastly I do hereby nominate and appoint them the said Francis Warre and James Trivitt shall be Guardians over and have the care and tuition of my said daughters Mary Arundell and Philles Arundell until they shall respectively attain their age of twenty one years. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 9th October 1750 signed Thomas Arundell.
Whereas I Thomas Arundell of Trevelvar in Cornwall, esquire in and by my last will bearing date 9th October, 1750 did give and devise unto my brother in laws Francis Warre, clerk and James Trivitt, Gentleman all my personal estate and effects to for and upon the several uses, intents and purposes in the said will mentioned and express Now I do by this my codicil to be annext to and taken as part of my said will. After the same and give and dispose of some part of my personal estate as follows. Imprimis - I give unto my daughter Mary Arundell my wife's chase gold watch and chain to the same belonging and my cornelian seal with my coat of arms engraved thereon, my diamond mourning ring I had for my wife and her wedding ring. Also I give to my daughter Philles Arundell my father Arundell's gold watch with his arms and name on it and the several mourning rings I had for my father and mother, my Uncle Cook and Uncle Arundell. Also I give and devise to my said daughter Mary Arundell all my plate household furniture and household goods which shall be at Trevelvar at the time of my decease. Upon this contingency only (that is to say) If and in case she shall come into possession of or enjoy the messuages Lands or tenements of or called Trevelvar Carlyon and Dinham by virtue of the Limitations made her by my marriage settlement and I do hereby further order and direct that in case my said daughter Mary shall upon such contingency as aforesaid enjoy the said messuages, lands and tenements at Trevelvar, Carlyon and Dinham and the said plate, household goods and furniture that then my said daughter, Mary shall yield up and deliver unto my daughter Philles one half of all such pewter and linnen as shall be at Trevelvar at the time of my decease to be divided into two equal shares by my executors. And I so hereby further order and direct that (as there is more than sufficient household goods and furniture at Trevelvar) upon the contingency aforesaid my said daughter Mary and my executors shall likewise give and deliver unto my said daughter Philles sufficient furniture for her dwelling house at Padstowe at the discretion of my said executors, but not any part of my plate at Trevelvar And as I have given all my plate unto my daughter Mary on the contingency aforesaid I hereby on the said contingency and not otherwise give unto my daughter Philles the sum of £150 to buy plate. Signed Thomas Arundell. Proved 11th September, 1754
Notes for Margaret Warre: Reference: 1142 B/FS5 Creation dates: 1737 Marriage settlement.Thos. Arundell, Trevellver, Cornwall = Margaret Warre, Cheddon Fitzpaine, Somerset
Children of Thomas Arundell and Margaret Warre are:
+31 i. Mary 22 Arundell, born 22 November 1738. 32 ii. Phyllis Arundell, born 1740. 33 iii. Agnes Arundell, born 1 December 1742; died 24 June 1743. 34 iv. Dorothy Warren Arundell, born 14 April 1745; died 16 April 1745. Generation No. 15
31. Mary 22 Arundell (Thomas 21 , John 20 , Thomas 19 , William 18 , William 17 , Christopher 16 , Robert 15 , Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) was born 22 November 1738. She married Clatworthy O'Neil .
Child of Mary Arundell and Clatworthy O'Neil is:
+35 i. Phillis Arundell 23 O'Neill, died 26 February 1846. Generation No. 16
35. Phillis Arundell 23 O'Neill (Mary 22 Arundell, Thomas 21 , John 20 , Thomas 19 , William 18 , William 17 , Christopher 16 , Robert 15 , Sir John 14 , Sir John 13 , Sir John 12 , Nicholas 11 , Sir John 10 , Nicholas 9 , Ralph 8 , Ralph 7 , Sir Oliver 6 , Sir Renfry 5 , Humphrey 4 de Arundell, Richard 3 , Gilbert 2 , Roger 1 ) died 26 February 1846. She married William Mounier Yeo 2 July 1787 in Clifton, Bristol, son of Beaple Yeo and Mary Roche. He was born 24 August 1761 in Atherington, Devon, and died 2 March 1809.
Phyllis was the daughter and heir of Clotworthy O'Neill of Ireland and Mary Arundell eldest daughter and co heir of Thomas Arundell of Trevelver, Cornwall
Children of Phillis O'Neill and William Yeo are:
+36 i. William Arundell 24 Yeo, born 1790 in Clifton, Bristol; died 20 April 1862 in Fremington. 37 ii. George Barlow Roch Yeo, born 1792 in Clifton, Bristol. 38 iii. Beaple Yeo, born 1794 in Clifton, Bristol.
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For other uses, see Arundel Castle (disambiguation). Arundel Castle is a restored medieval castle in Arundel, West Sussex, England. It was founded by Roger de Montgomery on Christmas Day 1067. Roger became the first to hold the earldom of Arundel by the graces of William the Conqueror. The castle was damaged in the English Civil War and then restored in the 18th and 19th centuries. From the 11th century onward, the castle has served as a hereditary stately home and has been in the family of the Duke of Norfolk for over 400 years. It is still the principal seat of the Norfolk family. It is a Grade I listed building. Contents
• 1 Construction • 2 Changes to the castle in the medieval period • 3 Restoration of castle • 4 Royal visit of 1846 • 5 Changes to the castle from 1850 to the present day • 6 Important events • 7 See also • 8 References • 9 Further reading • 10 External links
Intersection of the old and new walls Work started on Arundel Castle in 1067 during the reign of William the Conqueror as a fortification for the mouth of the River Arun and a defensive position for the surrounding land against invasion from France. The original structure was a motte and double bailey castle. Roger de Montgomery was declared the first Earl of Arundel as the King granted him the property as part of a much larger package of hundreds of manors. Roger was a cousin of William's and had stayed in Normandy to keep the peace there whilst William was off in England. He was rewarded for his loyalty with extensive lands in the Welsh Marches and across the country, together with one fifth of Sussex (Arundel Rape). (For other reasons, the generally accepted first creation of the title Earl of Arundel lies in the year 1138 with William d'Aubigny, confirmed in 1155.) After Roger de Montgomery died, the castle reverted to the crown under Henry I. The King, in his will, left Arundel Castle and the attached land to his second wife Adeliza of Louvain. In 1138, three years after Henry's death, she married William d'Albini II (aka d'Aubigny, the first Earl, of the d'Aubigny family of Saint-Martin-d'Aubigny in Normandy). William was responsible for creating the stone shell on the motte, thus increasing the defence and status of the castle.  Changes to the castle in the medieval period
View of Arundel Castle's Norman motte with the quadrangle in the foreground. Arundel Castle and the earldom have passed through generations almost directly since 1138, with only the occasional reversion to the crown and other nobles for a brief time. Since the Aubigny family first received the castle, changes have been made and the castle has been re-structured to meet the requirements of the nobility at the present time. In 1139, the Empress Matilda was invited to stay at Arundel for some time during her travel to press her claim to the English throne upon Stephen. The stone apartments constructed to accommodate the Empress and her entourage survive to this day. In 1176, William d'Aubigny died and Arundel Castle then reverted to the crown, under Henry II, who spent a vast amount of money re-structuring the building, mainly for domestic needs. When Henry died, the castle remained in the possession of Richard I ("the Lionheart"), who offered it to the Aubigny family line under William III comte de Sussex. The last in the Aubigny male line was Hugh, who died at a young age in 1243. When his sister Isabel wed John FitzAlan of Clun, the castle and earldom were turned over to him. The FitzAlan family enjoyed an uninterrupted hereditary line until 1580. Upon the death of the seventh Earl in 1272, Arundel Castle and the earldom passed to his five-year-old son Richard. Thirteen years later, Edward I granted Richard the right to hold two fairs per year at the castle as well as the power to collect taxes. This grant provided funding for the much needed renovation of the castle, which, by this time, had fallen into disrepair. Once sufficient funds were available, FitzAlan added the well tower and re-constructed the entrance to the keep. After Richard's death, his son Edmund was executed for his part in the rebellion against Edward II. Arundel subsequently passed to the 6th son of Edward I who was also executed. The castle and titles passed back to the FitzAlans four years later. The tenth Earl, Richard, fought at the Crécy with Edward III and the Black Prince. FitzAlan was also responsible for the building of the FitzAlan Chapel, built posthumously according to his will. The eleventh Earl, Richard, was treated harshly by Richard II. At the funeral of the Queen Anne, the Earl was beaten for arriving late and asking to leave early. Richard II eventually grew tired of his treachery and executed the Earl before confiscating his property. Arundel was given by the crown to John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, but when he was executed by Henry IV, Arundel was returned to the FitzAlan line once again. The next earl, Thomas, married the daughter of John of Portugal. The couple eventually became the first members of the FitzAlan family to be buried in the chapel built by Richard FitzAlan, the tenth Earl. The FitzAlan line ceased when Mary FitzAlan, daughter of the nineteenth earl, married Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk. The crown seized Arundel upon his execution for conspiring to marry Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1572. The castle was later returned to his heirs, the successor Earls of Arundel.
Arundel town and castle in 1644.  Restoration of castle Although the castle remained in the hands of the Howard family over the succeeding centuries, it was not their favourite residence, and the various Dukes of Norfolk invested their time and energy into improving other ducal estates, including Norfolk House in London and Worksop. Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk, was known for his restoration work and improvements to the castle beginning in 1787 and continuing for a number of years, as he desired to live there and entertain his visitors there. Many of his improvements have since been revised and remodeled, but the library in the castle is still as he had it designed and built. He held a large party at Arundel Castle to celebrate the 600th anniversary of the signing of Magna Carta shortly before his death in 1815.  Royal visit of 1846 In 1846, Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert visited Arundel Castle for a few days. Henry Charles Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk, had remodelled the castle in time for her visit. He was thinking of disposing of some of the 11th Duke of Norfolk's work, as there had been several complaints from the celebrities of the day that it was too cold, dark and unfriendly. The Duke devised a brand new apartment block for the new Queen and her Consort, Prince Albert to stay in, commissioning a portrait of the Queen and decorating the block with the finest of Victorian furniture and art. There was also a re-structuring of bedrooms for the court. The Duke spared no expense to make the Queen's visit enjoyable, and he succeeded. The Queen was received on 1 December 1846 by the Duke, Mayor of Arundel Edward Howard Howard-Gibbon, and other town dignitaries, and then she retired to her private apartments in the castle. On her visit she walked in the newly designed grounds and visited areas of the county nearby, including Petworth House. Almost every part of the castle that the Queen would visit was re-furbished and exquisitely decorated to meet Royal standards. At the end of her visit, she wrote to the Duke and commented on how enjoyable her visit was, commenting on the "beautiful" castle and the friendliness of her reception. The suite of rooms in which Victoria stayed are now part of the family's private apartments but the suite of bedroom furniture made for her is on display. Among other things to see are the Queen's bed, the guest book bearing her and her Consort's signature, and her toilet.  Changes to the castle from 1850 to the present day
The 19th-century embellishments had not been completed when this picture was published in 1880. Soon after the Royal visit the 14th Duke began re-structuring the castle again. He died before its completion, and the work was completed by the 15th Duke in 1900. Changes were made to the grounds and he addressed the dark Victorian gardens and made them bright and colourful. The problem of light within the castle was addressed by the replacement of windows to make the interior brighter. The keep was restructured later on, but the original keep was kept until then for its antiquity and picturesque quality. The 16th Duke had planned to give the castle to the National Trust but following his death in 1975 the 17th Duke cancelled the plan. He created an independent charitable trust to guarantee the castle's future as an economically viable residence, and oversaw restorative works. Today the castle remains the principal seat of the Dukes of Norfolk, the dukedom currently being held by the 18th Duke, the Earl Marshal of England. Most of the castle and its extensive grounds are open to the public. The Duke of Norfolk does not own nor run the private trust which owns Arundel Castle according to the declaration he has made in the House of Lords Register of Lords Interests 2011.  Important events • Marriage of the future Henry IV of England and Mary de Bohun (1380) • Visit of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert (1846) • Used as Windsor Castle in the Doctor Who episode Silver Nemesis (1988), in The Madness of King George (1994), in Victoria & Albert (2001 TV serial), and in The Young Victoria (2008). • Used as Carcroft Castle in the MacGyver television movie Trails to Doomsday. • Opening of the Collector Earl's Garden 14 May 2008 by Prince Charles • On 14 October 1651, Captain Morley, who held the Castle for Parliament, while out hunting, almost captured Charles II and Colonel Phillips. Charles II was on the run for his life at the time, fleeing from the Royalist defeat at Windsor. His party managed to just stay clear of Morley's party by dismounting as if to descend the hill more easily, thereby letting Morley's group run past them. (See Gounter, Last Act, p. 12.)  See also • Arundel Museum, close to the castle entrance • Fitzalan Chapel, within the castle grounds • Castles in Great Britain and Ireland • List of castles in England  References 1. ^ "Images of England: Arundel Castle". English Heritage. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 2. ^ "The Duke of Norfolk". The Daily Telegraph. 26 June 2002. 3. ^ Gounter, George (1873). The last act in the miraculous story of His Majesty King Charles the Second's escape out of the reach of his tyrannical enemies. J, R, Smith.  Further reading • Castle Studies Group (2005–6), "Arundel Castle Review" (PDF), Castle Studies Group Bulletin 19: 9–23  External links
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