Almodis de La Marche, countess consort of Toulouse & Barcelona, dame of Lusignan

public profile

Almodis de La Marche, countess consort of Toulouse & Barcelona, dame of Lusignan's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Almodis de La Marche, countess consort of Toulouse & Barcelona, dame of Lusignan

French: Almodis de La Marche, comtesse de Toulouse, de Barcelona, dame de Lusignan, Spanish: Almodis de La Marche, comtessa de Tolosa & Barcelona, dama de Lusignan
Also Known As: "de la Marca", "de la Marcha", "Adalmode"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: La Marche , France
Death: October 16, 1071 (46-55)
Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain (murdered by step-son Pedro Ramón de Barcelona)
Place of Burial: Barcelona, Catalunya, España
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Bernard I, comte de la Marche and Amélie de Montignac
Wife of Hugues V 'le Pieux', seigneur de Lusignan; Pons II Guillaume, comte de Toulouse and Ramon Berenguer I el Vell, comte de Barcelona
Mother of Hugues VI "le Diable", seigneur de Lusignan; Mélisende de Lusignan; Jourdain de Lusignan; Almodis de Toulouse, Comtesse Consort de Melgueil; Hugues de Toulouse, abbé de Cluny and 8 others
Sister of Rangearde de La Marche; Aldebert II, comte de la Marche; Lucie de La Marche and Matilda de La Marche
Half sister of Adalbert II, comte de Périgord; Hélie III, comte de Périgord and Aina de Périgord

Occupation: signora de Lusignan, countess consort of Toulouse, of Limoges, Countess consort of Barcelona
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Almodis de La Marche, countess consort of Toulouse & Barcelona, dame of Lusignan

Not to be confused with her niece, known as Almodis de La Marche, who married Roger "le Poitevin' de Montgommery.

Almodis de la Marche

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almodis_de_la_Marche

Spouse(s)

  • Hugh V of Lusignan
  • Pons of Toulouse
  • Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona

Father Bernard I, Count of Marche Mother Amélie

Almodis de la Marche (c. 1020 – 16 October 1071) was a French noble. She was famed for her marriage career, in particularly for her third marriage to Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona, with whom she committed double bigamy in 1053, for which the Pope had them excommunicated.

Almodis was the daughter of Bernard I, Count of Marche and wife Amélie.[2] She married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038 and they had two sons and one daughter. Almodis and Hugh of Lusignan divorced due to consanguinity.[3] She later, with Hugh's assistance, married Count Pons of Toulouse in 1040.[4] Almodis was still Pons' wife in April 1053, when she was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona.[5] He kidnapped her from Narbonne with the aid of a fleet sent north by his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa.[5] They married immediately (despite the fact both of her previous husbands were still alive) and they appear with their twin sons in a charter the next year. Pope Victor II excommunicated Almodis and Ramon for this illegal marriage until 1056.[6]

Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding. A few years before, in 1060, Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son William IV of Toulouse.[4] Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and Berenguer Ramon all took the Cross.

Her third husband Ramon was married to her niece, Isabela Trencavel, the daughter of Rangearde de la Marche. Their son, Peter Raymundi, was Ramon's original heir. Peter Raymundi resented Almodis' influence and was concerned she was trying to replace him with her own two sons, his consanguinous nephews, both who had claims through their father, Count La Marche. He murdered her in October 1071.[7] William of Malmesbury reflected that she was, "sad, [of] unbridled lewdness".[5]

Pere-Ramon was disinherited and exiled for his crime and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Almodis' sons, Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer. The family history of murder did not end with Pere-Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname "The Fratricide" when he killed his own twin brother.

Family

She married Hugh V of Lusignan[5] around 1038 and they had two sons and one daughter:

  • Hugh VI of Lusignan (c. 1039–1101)[2]
  • Jordan de Lusignan
  • Mélisende de Lusignan (b. bef. 1055), married before 1074 to Simon I "l'Archevêque", Vidame de Parthenay

Almodis and Hugh of Lusignan divorced due to consanguinity, and Hugh arranged for her to marry Count Pons of Toulouse in 1040.[5] Together they produced several children, including:

  • William IV of Toulouse[2]
  • Raymond IV of Toulouse[2]
  • Hugh,[2] Abbot of Saint-Gilles
  • Almodis of Toulouse, married Count Pierre of Melgueil[2]

In 1053, she married Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona.[5] Together they produced four children:

  • Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona[2]
  • Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona[2]
  • Agnes of Barcelona, married Count Guigues II of Albon
  • Sancha of Barcelona, married Count Guillermo Ramon I of Cerdagne[2]

Notes

  1. Bishko 1968, p. 40.
  2. Aurell 1995, p. 258.
  3. Kagay 1993, p. 38.
  4. Riley-Smith 1997, p. 46.
  5. Cheyette 1988, p. 839.
  6. Aurell 1995, p. 231.
  7. Peña 1991, p. 47.

Sources

  • Aurell, Martin (1995). Les noces du comte: mariage et pouvoir en Catalogne (785-1213). Publications de la Sorbonne.
  • Bishko, Charles Julian (1968). "Fernando I and the Origins of the Leonese-Castilian Alliance with Cluny". Studies in Medieval Spanish Frontier History. Variorum.
  • Cheyette, Fredric L. (1988). "The "Sale" of Carcassonne to the Counts of Barcelona (1067-1070) and the Rise of the Trencavels". Speculum. The University of Chicago Press. Vol. 63, No. 4 Oct.
  • Kagay, Donald J. (1993). "Countess Almodis of Barcelona: "Illustrious and Distinguished Queen" or "Woman of Sad, Unbridled Lewdness"". In Vann, Theresa M. (ed.). Queens, Regents and Potentates. Academia Press.
  • Peña (1991). The Chronicle of San Juan de la Peña: A Fourteenth-century Official History of the Crown of Aragon. Translated by Nelson, Lynn H. University of Pennsylvania Press.
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1997). The First Crusaders, 1095-1131. Cambridge University Press.

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almodis_de_La_Marche

Almodis de La Marche

Almodis de La Marche, o Adalmode de la Marche, Almodis, anche in spagnolo, in catalano in francese, in aragonese, in portoghese e in galiziano, Almodis anche in latino e in occitano (1020 circa – 16 ottobre 1071), signora di Lusignano dal 1038 a poco dopo il 1040, contessa consorte di Tolosa dal 1045 al 1053 e contessa consorte di Barcellona dal 1053 al 1071.

Origine

Per quanto riguarda la sua origine[1][2], essa era figlia di Bernardo I (ca. 991- 16 giugno 1047) conte de La Marche e della moglie, Amelia de Rasés (? - † 1053); secondo altre fonti la madre di Almodis potrebbe essere anche Amelia di Montignac (ca. 989 -† ca. 1072) oppure Amelia d'Aulnay (ca. 990 -† ca. 1072), mentre altri la mettono in relazione con Ermengarda di Corson, viscontessa di Comborn (deducendolo dal documento n°97 del Cartulaire de l'abbaye d'Uzerche (Corrèze)[3]. Il nome della madre, ripreso da un documento del 1053 ("Almodis comitissa, filia que es Amelie comitisse") è citato dallo storico José Enrique Ruiz Domenec nel suo libro Quan els vescomtes de Barcelona eren (Barcelona, 2006), quando cita la figlia, Almodis, contessa di Barcellona, che riceve il giuramento di fedeltà dal vescovo di Barcellona, Guislaberto[4].

Secondo il Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou Bernardo I de La Marche era figlio primogenito (ed unico) del Conte di Périgord e Conte de La Marche, Adalberto I[5] e della moglie, Almodia o Adalmoda, come ci riferisce la Cronaca di Ademaro di Chabannes[6].

Biografia

Nel 1038 circa Almodis sposò il signore di Lusignano, Ugo V detto il Pio[7] († 1060), che era il figlio primogenito del quarto Signore di Lusignano, Ugo IV detto il Bruno (le Brun) e di Adelarda, come ci conferma il documento n° 440 del Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Cyprien de Poitiers : (931-1155), che riporta di una donazione di Ugo IV di Lusignano (Ugo Liziniacensis), fatta ai monaci di Lusignano, citando come testimoni la moglie Adelarda (Hildeardis uxoris sue) e i due figli maggiori, Ugo e Rorgone (infantum suorum Hugonis et Rorgonis)[8]. Della madre Adelarda non si conoscono né gli ascendenti né il casato (secondo il Duguet era imparentata con i signori di Chabanais[9]).

Dopo il 1040 il matrimonio fu annullato per motivi di consanguineità[7], e Almodis, nel 1045, si risposò in seconde nozze con Ponzio[7], conte di Tolosa, che era vedovo, dal 1044 circa, della sua prima moglie, Mayor[10], che, secondo lo storico Justo Pérez de Urbel, era Mayor Sánchez di Navarra[11] (ca. 1015- prima del 1044)[12], che i cronisti francesi chiamavano "Majorie"[13], figlia del re di Pamplona, Sancho III Garcés di Navarra.

Nel giugno del 1053, secondo il documento n° 235 del volume V delle Preuves de l'Histoire Générale de Languedoc, Almodis suggerì al marito, Ponzio di codificare l'unione delle abbazie di Cluny, che avrebbe avuto la preminenza, e di Moissac[14]. Tale avvenimento viene ricordato anche dal documento n° 3344 delle Chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny del 29 giugno 1053[15].

Nell'estate del 1053, Raimondo Berengario I detto el Vell ("il Vecchio") (1024-1076), conte di Barcellona, fece rapire Almodis dal suo alleato[16], l'emiro musulmano di Tortosa, che con una flotta musulmana assalì Narbona e rapì la contessa, che fu portata a Barcellona, dove il conte Raimondo Berengario la convinse a sposarlo[5], pur essendo ancora in vita i rispettivi consorti[17], il suo secondo marito, Ponzio, e Bianca di Narbona, la moglie di Raimondo. Mentre Ponzio, tenuto in considerazione il documento del 29 giugno 1053, succitato, ripudiò Almodis, nella seconda metà del 1053[12], Bianca, sostenuta dalla nonna di Raimondo Berengario, Ermesinda di Carcassonne, si appellò al papa Vittore II che, qualche tempo dopo il matrimonio tra Raimondo e Almodis, avvenuto poco dopo il giugno 1053, li scomunicò.

Almodis compare citata in due documenti di donazione, assieme al terzo marito, Raimondo: una prima volta, verso la metà degli anni cinquanta, nella Colleció Diplomática de la casa de Temple de Barberà[1]; una seconda volta nel documento n° CCLXXIV, del Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Lérins, 1ère partie[18].

Nonostante le vicissitudini matrimoniali Almodis conservò un buon rapporto con tutti i figli ed anche i mariti:

  • nel 1060, convinse Ugo V di Lusignano a schierarsi con suo figlio Guglielmo IV di Tolosa, quindi contro il suo sovrano il duca d'Aquitania Guido Goffredo, che avanzava delle pretese sul ducato di Tolosa
  • nel 1065, si recò a Tolosa per il matrimonio della figlia Almodis di Tolosa
  • infine i suoi figli presero parte, insieme, a diverse spedizioni militari e nel 1097, Ugo VI di Lusignano, Raimondo di Saint-Gilles e Berengario Raimondo II presero parte alla Prima crociata.

Il conte Raimondo Berengario dalla prima moglie, Isabella di Carcassonne, aveva avuto un figlio (altri due erano morti in tenera età), l'erede designato alla successione paterna, Pietro Raimondo (1050- dopo il 1073), che era molto affezionato ad Almodis, che l'aveva cresciuto come un figlio proprio; ma quando raggiunse la maggiore età ebbe la sensazione, forse a ragione, che la matrigna si adoperasse per rimpiazzarlo con i suoi due figli maschi, gemelli, nella successione alla contea di Barcellona; così l'assassinò[19], strangolandola, nel 1071. L'avvenimento è confermato dal Los Condes de Barcelona Vindicados, Tomos II, che cita il necrologio del monastero di San Cucufate il giorno 17 novembre[20] Pietro Raimondo per il suo crimine fu diseredato ed esiliato, ed anche papa Gregorio VII, appena eletto, nel 1073 gli inflisse una penitenza per l'uccisione della matrigna[21].

Quando nel 1076 Raimondo Berengario morì, gli successero i figli gemelli Raimondo Berengario el Cap d'Estopes ("Testa di Stoppia") e Berengario Raimondo el Fratricida ("il Fratricida").

Figli

Almodis ebbe, dai vari mariti, numerosi figli:[2][22]:

ad Ugo diede tre figli[23]:

  • Ugo[24], detto il Diavolo (ca. 1039 † tra il 1106 e il 1110), signore di Lusignano, che partecipò alla prima crociata, in Terra Santa e rientrò in Francia, dove morì.
  • Giordano, gemello di Ugo[7], morto tra il 1060 e il 1078
  • Melissenda (ca. 1040-1075) sposò Simone I di Parthenay, figlio di Guglielmo di Parthenay[23].

a Ponzio ne diede quattro[12]:

  • Guglielmo IV[5] (ca.1046- Huesca 1094), conte di Tolosa e d'Albì e marchese di Provenza[25].
  • Raimondo di Saint Gilles[5] (1048-1105), conte di Nîmes, conte di Tolosa e d'Albì, marchese di Provenza, che partecipò alla prima crociata, in Terra Santa, dove divenne conte di Tripoli[25] e morì durante l'assedio della città[26].
  • Ugo di Tolosa, nominato nel documento n° 3392 delle Chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny del 1063[27], che dal 1066 fu abate a Saint-Gilles di Nîmes, e poi fu abate a Cluny[28].
  • Almodis (ca. 1050- dopo il 1132) che sposò nel 1065: il conte Pietro di Melgueil, figlio del conte Raimondo e di Beatrice del Poitou, citata in diversi documenti del volume V delle Preuves de l'Histoire Générale de Languedoc, il n° 334[29], 353 I[30], 353 II[31] e 365[32].

a Raimondo Berengario ne diede cinque[22][33]:

  • Raimondo Berengario II el Cap d'Estopes ("Testa di Stoppia")[34] (1054-1082, assassinato, sembra da un uomo della sua scorta in un bosco nei pressi di Barcellona), conte di Barcellona
  • Berengario Raimondo II el Fratricida ("il Fratricida")[34] (1054-1097, a cui la voce popolare addebitò l'omicidio del fratello), conte di Barcellona e crociato in Terra Santa
  • Arnaldo Pietro (ca. 1054-tra il 2 gennaio 1068 e il 12 novembre 1076), citata in due documenti di donazione, assieme ai genitori: una prima volta, nel 1054, nella Colleció Diplomática de la casa de Temple de Barberà[1]; una seconda volta nel documento n° CCLXXIV, del Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Lérins, 1ère partie, del 1068[18], ma non citato nel testamento del padre
  • Inès o Agnese di Barcellona (ca. 1056-prima del 12 novembre 1076), che sposò, il 10 maggio 1070, il conte Ghigo II d'Albon, figlio di Ghigo I d'Albon e di Gotelene. Entrambi i coniugi non furono citati nel testamento di Raimondo Berengario I[33]
  • Sancha di Barcellona (ca. 1058- dopo il 13 aprile 1102 in questa data è ricordata nel testamento del figlio, Guglielmo Giordano di Cerdanya[35]), che, secondo le Europäische Stammtafeln[36], vol III, 137 (non consultate), sposò, dopo il 12 novembre 1076, il conte di Cerdagna, Guglielmo Raimondo (?-ca. 1095) figlio del conte Raimondo Goffredo e di Adelaide[33].

Almodis de La Marche nella letteratura

Almodis de La Marche è un personaggio del romanzo Il signore di Barcellona (Te daré la tierra, 2008) di Chufo Lloréns.

Note

  1. (EN) #ES Foundation for Medieval Genealogy : ANGOULEME- AlmodislaMarche
  2. (EN) Almodis de La Marche- PEDIGREE
  3. ^ (LA) Cartulaire de l'abbaye d'Uzerche (Corrèze), doc. 97, pag 133
  4. ^ (LA) Quan els vescomtes de Barcelona eren, doc. 77, pag 325
  5. (LA) Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, anno MXLVII, pag 396
  6. ^ (LA) Chronique / Ademar de Chabannes, par. 25, pag 148
  7. (LA) Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou pag 401
  8. ^ (LA) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Cyprien de Poitiers : (931-1155), doc 440, pag 276
  9. ^ (EN) for Medieval Genealogy : Signori di Lusignano - HUGUES IV
  10. ^ (LA) Histoire générale de Languedoc, Preuves, tomus V, Documento 211 colonne 428 e 429
  11. ^ Non confermata da tutte le genealogie
  12. (EN) #ES Foundation for Medieval Genealogy : Conti di Tolosa - AlmodislaMarche (PONS GUILLAUME)
  13. ^ (EN) #ES Dinastie reali di Navarra
  14. ^ (LA) Histoire générale de Languedoc, Preuves, tomus V, Documento 235 colonne 470 e 471
  15. ^ (LA) Chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny, Tome IV, documento n° 3344, pagg. 825 - 827
  16. ^ (EN) Dinastie comitali catalane
  17. ^ In quella data era vivo anche il primo marito di Almodis, Ugo V di Lusignano
  18. (LA) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Lérins, 1ère partie, documento n° CCLXXIV, pagg. 280 e 281
  19. ^ (LA) Rerum Gallicarum et Francicarum Scriptores, tomus XI, Gesta Comitum Barcinonensium, pag. 290
  20. ^ (ES) Los Condes de Barcelona Vindicados, Tomos II, pag. 46
  21. ^ (ES) Los Condes de Barcelona Vindicados, Tomos II, pagg. 48 e 49
  22. (EN) Barcellona
  23. (EN) for Medieval Genealogy : Signori di Lusignano - AlmodislaMarche (HUGUES V)
  24. ^ (LA) Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou pag 402
  25. (LA) Documenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores, tomus XXIII, Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1100, pag. 813
  26. ^ Tripoli si arrese solo il 12 luglio 1109.
  27. ^ (LA) Chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny, Tome IV, documento n° 3392, pagg. 495 e 496
  28. ^ (EN) #ES Foundation for Medieval Genealogy : Conti di Tolosa - PONS GUILLAUME
  29. ^ (LA) Histoire générale de Languedoc, Preuves, tomus V, Documento 334 colonne 644 - 646
  30. ^ (LA) Histoire générale de Languedoc, Preuves, tomus V, Documento 353 I colonne 677 e 678
  31. ^ (LA) Histoire générale de Languedoc, Preuves, tomus V, Documento 353 II colonne 678 e 679
  32. ^ (LA) Histoire générale de Languedoc, Preuves, tomus V, Documento 365 colonne 695 e 696
  33. (EN) #ES Foundation for Medieval Genealogy : Catalogna - AlmodislaMarche (RAMON BERENGUER [I] "el Viejo")
  34. (LA) Rerum Gallicarum et Francicarum Scriptores, Tomus XI, Ex Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium, par. 11, pag 290
  35. ^ (LA) Marca Hispanica Appendix, doc. CCCXXX, colonna 1224
  36. ^ Le Europäische Stammtafeln sono una raccolta di tavole genealogiche delle (più influenti) famiglie europee.

Bibliografia

Fonti primarie

  • (LA) Preuves de l'Histoire Générale de Languedoc, tome V.
  • (LA) Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou.
  • (LA) Documenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores, tomus XXIII.
  • (LA) Chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny.
  • (LA) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Lérins, 1ère partie.
  • (LA) Rerum Gallicarum et Francicarum Scriptores, tomus XI.
  • (LA) Ruiz-Domenèc, J. E. (2006) Quan els vescomtes de Barcelona eren (Barcelona).
  • (LA) Cartulaire de l'abbaye d'Uzerche (Corrèze).

Letteratura storiografica

  • Louis Alphen, La Francia nell'XI secolo, in «Storia del mondo medievale», vol. II, 1999, pp. 770–806
  • Rafael Altamira, La Spagna (1031-1248), in «Storia del mondo medievale», vol. V, 1999, pp. 865–896
  • (FR) Archives du Gard.
  • (ES) Los Condes de Barcelona Vindicados, Tomos II.
  • (LA) Marca Hispanica.

Voci correlate

  • Elenco di conti di Tolosa
  • Elenco dei conti di Barcellona
  • Elenco dei marchesi di Provenza
  • Elenco di duchi d'Aquitania
  • Elenco di duchi di Borgogna
  • Elenco di duchi, re e conti di Provenza
  • Imperatori del Sacro Romano Impero
  • Tabella cronologica dei regni della Penisola iberica

Altri progetti

Collabora a Wikimedia Commons Wikimedia Commons contiene immagini o altri file su Almodis de La Marche

Collegamenti esterni

  • (EN) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy : ANGOULEME- AlmodislaMarche, su fmg.ac.
  • (EN) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy : Signori di Lusignano - AlmodislaMarche (HUGUES V), su fmg.ac.}
  • (EN) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy : Conti di Tolosa - AlmodislaMarche (PONS GUILLAUME), su fmg.ac.
  • (EN) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy : Catalogna - AlmodislaMarche (RAMON BERENGUER [I] "el Viejo"), su fmg.ac.
  • (FR) Histoire des comtes de Foix : Les comtes de Toulouse (Pons-AlmodislaMarche), su foixstory.com. URL consultato il 4 aprile 2007 (archiviato dall'url originale il 4 aprile 2007).

http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00106196&tree=LEO

Almodis de la Marche (990 or c. 1020 – 16 October 1071) was the daughter of Bernard I, Count of Marche and wife Amélie. She married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038 and they had two sons and one daughter: Hugh VI of Lusignan (c. 1039-1101) Jordan de Lusignan Mélisende de Lusignan (b. bef. 1055), married before 1074 to Simon I "l'Archevêque", Vidame de Parthenay

Almodis and Hugh of Lusignan divorced due to consanguinity, and Hugh arranged for her to marry Count Pons of Toulouse in 1040. Together they produced several children, including: William IV of Toulouse Raymond IV of Toulouse Hugh, Abbot of Saint-Gilles Almodis of Toulouse, married Count Pierre of Melgueil

She was still Pons' wife in April 1053, but shortly thereafter Almodis was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona. He kidnapped her from Narbonne with the aid of a fleet sent north by his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa. They married immediately (despite the fact both of her previous husbands were still alive) and they appear with their twin sons in a charter the next year. Pope Victor II excommunicated Almodis and Ramon for this illegal marriage until 1056. Together they produced four children: Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona Inés of Barcelona, married Count Guigues I of Albon Sancha of Barcelona, married Count Guillermo Ramon I of Cerdagne

Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding. A few years before, in 1060, Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son William IV of Toulouse. Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and Berenguer Ramon all took the Cross.

Her third husband Ramon had a son from a previous marriage, Pedro Ramon, who was his heir. Pedro apparently resented Almodis' influence and was concerned she was trying to replace him with her own two sons. He murdered her in October 1071. Pedro was disinherited and exiled for his crime, and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer, Almodis' sons. The family history of murder did not end with Pedro Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname "The Fratricide" when he killed his own twin brother.


Almodis de la Marche (990 or c. 1020 – 16 October 1071) was the daughter of Bernard I, Count of Marche (whose parents were both descendants of Charlemagne) and wife Amélie de Montignac. She married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038 and they had two sons and one daughter:

   * Hugh VI of Lusignan (c. 1039-1101)
   * Jordan de Lusignan
   * Mélisende de Lusignan (b. bef. 1055), married before 1074 to Simon I "l'Archevêque", Vidame de Parthenay

Almodis and Hugh of Lusignan divorced due to consanguinity, and Hugh arranged for her to marry Count Pons of Toulouse in 1040. Together they produced several children, including:

   * William IV of Toulouse
   * Raymond IV of Toulouse
   * Hugh, Abbot of Saint-Gilles
   * Almodis of Toulouse, married Count Pierre of Melgueil

She was still Pons' wife in April 1053, but shortly thereafter Almodis was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona. He kidnapped her from Narbonne with the aid of a fleet sent north by his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa. They married immediately (despite the fact both of her previous husbands were still alive) and they appear with their twin sons in a charter the next year. Pope Victor II excommunicated Almodis and Ramon for this illegal marriage until 1056. Together they produced four children:

   * Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona
   * Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona
   * Inés of Barcelona, married Count Guigues I of Albon
   * Sancha of Barcelona, married Count Guillermo Ramon I of Cerdagne

Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding. A few years before, in 1060, Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son William IV of Toulouse. Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and Berenguer Ramon all took the Cross.

Her third husband Ramon had a son from a previous marriage, Pedro Ramon, who was his heir. Pedro apparently resented Almodis' influence and was concerned she was trying to replace him with her own two sons. He murdered her in October 1071. Pedro was disinherited and exiled for his crime, and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer, Almodis' sons. The family history of murder did not end with Pedro Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname "The Fratricide" when he killed his own twin brother.


Almodis de la Marche (990 or c. 1020 – 16 October 1071) was the daughter of Bernard I, Count of Marche and wife Amélie. She married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038 and they had two sons and one daughter:

Hugh VI of Lusignan (c. 1039-1101) Jordan de Lusignan Mélisende de Lusignan (b. bef. 1055), married before 1074 to Simon I "l'Archevêque", Vidame de Parthenay Almodis and Hugh of Lusignan divorced due to consanguinity, and Hugh arranged for her to marry Count Pons of Toulouse in 1040. Together they produced several children, including:

William IV of Toulouse Raymond IV of Toulouse Hugh, Abbot of Saint-Gilles Almodis of Toulouse, married Count Pierre of Melgueil She was still Pons' wife in April 1053, but shortly thereafter Almodis was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona. He kidnapped her from Narbonne with the aid of a fleet sent north by his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa. They married immediately (despite the fact both of her previous husbands were still alive) and they appear with their twin sons in a charter the next year. Pope Victor II excommunicated Almodis and Ramon for this illegal marriage until 1056. Together they produced four children:

Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona Inés of Barcelona, married Count Guigues I of Albon Sancha of Barcelona, married Count Guillermo Ramon I of Cerdagne Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding. A few years before, in 1060, Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son William IV of Toulouse. Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and Berenguer Ramon all took the Cross.

Her third husband Ramon had a son from a previous marriage, Pedro Ramon, who was his heir. Pedro apparently resented Almodis' influence and was concerned she was trying to replace him with her own two sons. He murdered her in October 1071. Pedro was disinherited and exiled for his crime, and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer, Almodis' sons. The family history of murder did not end with Pedro Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname "The Fratricide" when he killed his own twin brother.


Almodis de la Marche From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Almodis de la Marche (990 or c. 1020 – 16 October 1071) was the daughter of Bernard I, Count of Marche and wife Amélie. She married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038 and they had two sons and one daughter: Hugh VI of Lusignan (c. 1039-1101) Jordan de Lusignan Mélisende de Lusignan (b. bef. 1055), married before 1074 to Simon I "l'Archevêque", Vidame de Parthenay Almodis and Hugh of Lusignan divorced due to consanguinity, and Hugh arranged for her to marry Count Pons of Toulouse in 1040. Together they produced several children, including: William IV of Toulouse Raymond IV of Toulouse Hugh, Abbot of Saint-Gilles Almodis of Toulouse, married Count Pierre of Melgueil She was still Pons' wife in April 1053, but shortly thereafter Almodis was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona. He kidnapped her from Narbonne with the aid of a fleet sent north by his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa. They married immediately (despite the fact both of her previous husbands were still alive) and they appear with their twin sons in a charter the next year. Pope Victor II excommunicated Almodis and Ramon for this illegal marriage until 1056. Together they produced four children: Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona Inés of Barcelona, married Count Guigues I of Albon Sancha of Barcelona, married Count Guillermo Ramon I of Cerdagne Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding. A few years before, in 1060, Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son William IV of Toulouse. Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and Berenguer Ramon all took the Cross.

Her third husband Ramon had a son from a previous marriage, Pedro Ramon, who was his heir. Pedro apparently resented Almodis' influence and was concerned she was trying to replace him with her own two sons. He murdered her in October 1071. Pedro was disinherited and exiled for his crime, and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer, Almodis' sons. The family history of murder did not end with Pedro Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname "The Fratricide" when he killed his own twin brother. [edit]Sources

Chronicles of the abbey of St. Maixent (pub. 1886 by A. Richard) Reilly, B. F. The Conquest of Christian and Muslim Spain, 1992 [edit]


Almodis de la Marche From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Almodis de la Marche (990 or c. 1020 – 16 October 1071) was the daughter of Bernard I, Count of Marche (whose parents were both descendants of Charlemagne) and wife Amélie de Montignac. She married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038 and they had two sons and one daughter: Hugh VI of Lusignan (c. 1039-1101) Jordan de Lusignan Mélisende de Lusignan (b. bef. 1055), married before 1074 to Simon I "l'Archevêque", Vidame de Parthenay Almodis and Hugh of Lusignan divorced due to consanguinity, and Hugh arranged for her to marry Count Pons of Toulouse in 1040. Together they produced several children, including: William IV of Toulouse Raymond IV of Toulouse Hugh, Abbot of Saint-Gilles Almodis of Toulouse, married Count Pierre of Melgueil She was still Pons' wife in April 1053, but shortly thereafter Almodis was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona. He kidnapped her from Narbonne with the aid of a fleet sent north by his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa. They married immediately (despite the fact both of her previous husbands were still alive) and they appear with their twin sons in a charter the next year. Pope Victor II excommunicated Almodis and Ramon for this illegal marriage until 1056. Together they produced four children: Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona Inés of Barcelona, married Count Guigues I of Albon Sancha of Barcelona, married Count Guillermo Ramon I of Cerdagne Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding. A few years before, in 1060, Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son William IV of Toulouse. Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and Berenguer Ramon all took the Cross. Her third husband Ramon had a son from a previous marriage, Pedro Ramon, who was his heir. Pedro apparently resented Almodis' influence and was concerned she was trying to replace him with her own two sons. He murdered her in October 1071. Pedro was disinherited and exiled for his crime, and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer, Almodis' sons. The family history of murder did not end with Pedro Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname "The Fratricide" when he killed his own twin brother.

Sources

Chronicles of the abbey of St. Maixent (pub. 1886 by A. Richard) Reilly, B.F. The Conquest of Christian and Muslim Spain, 1992


Almodis de la Marche (990 or c. 1020 – 16 October 1071) was the daughter of Bernard I, Count of Marche and wife Amélie. She married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038 and they had two sons and one daughter:

   * Hugh VI of Lusignan (c. 1039-1101)
   * Jordan de Lusignan
   * Mélisende de Lusignan (b. bef. 1055), married before 1074 to Simon I "l'Archevêque", Vidame de Parthenay

Almodis and Hugh of Lusignan divorced due to consanguinity, and Hugh arranged for her to marry Count Pons of Toulouse in 1040. Together they produced several children, including:

   * William IV of Toulouse
   * Raymond IV of Toulouse
   * Hugh, Abbot of Saint-Gilles
   * Almodis of Toulouse, married Count Pierre of Melgueil

She was still Pons' wife in April 1053, but shortly thereafter Almodis was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona. He kidnapped her from Narbonne with the aid of a fleet sent north by his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa. They married immediately (despite the fact both of her previous husbands were still alive) and they appear with their twin sons in a charter the next year. Pope Victor II excommunicated Almodis and Ramon for this illegal marriage until 1056. Together they produced four children:

   * Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona
   * Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona
   * Inés of Barcelona, married Count Guigues I of Albon
   * Sancha of Barcelona, married Count Guillermo Ramon I of Cerdagne

Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding. A few years before, in 1060, Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son William IV of Toulouse. Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and Berenguer Ramon all took the Cross.

Her third husband Ramon had a son from a previous marriage, Pedro Ramon, who was his heir. Pedro apparently resented Almodis' influence and was concerned she was trying to replace him with her own two sons. He murdered her in October 1071. Pedro was disinherited and exiled for his crime, and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer, Almodis' sons. The family history of murder did not end with Pedro Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname "The Fratricide" when he killed his own twin brother


  • **NOTE: SOME records claim Death date is c. 1111-1112. However, other records show death in 1083 as death date in her young 20s which would be soon after marriage to Count Raymond Berenger II.

At least most records and profile managers concur with DOB c. 1055-1059***


Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ramon Berenguers's marriages and descendants

First wife, Aimeris of Narbonne Second wife, Mahalta (or Maud) of Apulia, born ca. 1059, died 1111/1112, daughter of Duke Robert Guiscard and of Sikelgaita de Salerno Ramon Berenguer III the Great, count of Barcelona and Provence (before 1082-1131)


Almodis de la Marche (990 or c. 1020 – 16 October 1071) was the daughter of Bernard I, Count of Marche and wife Amélie. She married Hugh V of Lusignan around 1038 and they had two sons and one daughter:

Hugh VI of Lusignan (c. 1039-1101)

Jordan de Lusignan

Mélisende de Lusignan (b. bef. 1055), married before 1074 to Simon I "l'Archevêque", Vidame de Parthenay

Almodis and Hugh of Lusignan divorced due to consanguinity, and Hugh arranged for her to marry Count Pons of Toulouse in 1040. Together they produced several children, including:

William IV of Toulouse

Raymond IV of Toulouse

Hugh, Abbot of Saint-Gilles

Almodis of Toulouse, married Count Pierre of Melgueil

She was still Pons' wife in April 1053, but shortly thereafter Almodis was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona. He kidnapped her from Narbonne with the aid of a fleet sent north by his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa. They married immediately (despite the fact both of her previous husbands were still alive) and they appear with their twin sons in a charter the next year. Pope Victor II excommunicated Almodis and Ramon for this illegal marriage until 1056. Together they produced four children:

Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona

Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona

Inés of Barcelona, married Count Guigues I of Albon

Sancha of Barcelona, married Count Guillermo Ramon I of Cerdagne

Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding. A few years before, in 1060, Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son William IV of Toulouse. Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and Berenguer Ramon all took the Cross.

Her third husband Ramon had a son from a previous marriage, Pedro Ramon, who was his heir. Pedro apparently resented Almodis' influence and was concerned she was trying to replace him with her own two sons. He murdered her in October 1071. Pedro was disinherited and exiled for his crime, and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer, Almodis' sons. The family history of murder did not end with Pedro Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname "The Fratricide" when he killed his own twin brother.


http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almodis_de_la_Marche
http://gw.geneanet.org/pierfit?lang=fr;p=almodis;n=de+la+marche
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almodis_de_la_Marca

view all 30

Almodis de La Marche, countess consort of Toulouse & Barcelona, dame of Lusignan's Timeline