Capt. Louis McLane Hamilton, 7th U.S. Cavalry

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Capt. Louis McLane Hamilton, 7th U.S. Cavalry's Geni Profile

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Capt. Louis McLane Hamilton, 7th U.S. Cavalry

Birthdate:
Birthplace: New York, New York County, New York, United States
Death: November 27, 1868 (24)
Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States (killed in the Battle of Washita River)
Place of Burial: Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, New York, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Philip Hamilton and Rebecca Wells Hamilton
Brother of Dr. Allan McLane Hamilton

Managed by: R.Owen Wyant (PhD)
Last Updated:

About Capt. Louis McLane Hamilton, 7th U.S. Cavalry

https://www.nps.gov/waba/learn/historyculture/louis-m-hamilton.htm

Louis Hamilton was born into a historically notable family on July 21, 1844, in New York City and was raised on Long Island an in Poughkeepsie, New York. His father, Judge Phillip Hamilton, was the son of Alexander Hamilton, a founding father of the United States and member of President George Washington's cabinet who was killed in a duel by Aaron Burr. Young Hamilton was named after his grandfather, Louis McLane, who was a U.S. Senator and the Secretary of the Treasury and of the State in President Andrew Jackson's cabinet.

In September 1862, at the age of eighteen, with the assistance from influential friends, Hamilton was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Infantry. He commanded a company at Fredericksburg, won brevets at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, and fought at Petersburg and Appomattox. He was promoted to first lieutenant in May 1864.

In July 1866, Hamilton became the youngest captain in the Regular Army when he joined the 7th U.S. Cavalry and was assigned to command Fort Lyon, Colorado. He was an able and ambitious troop commander who was well liked by his fellow officers. His leadership skills under fire were admirably displayed on June 24, 1867, during the General Winfield Hancock's expedition. While in command of a small detachment, Captain Hamilton averted an Indian ambush and repulsed forty-five attacking Sioux near forks of the Republican River while pursuing Sioux under Pawnee Killer. He later commanded a detachment that followed Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer east during the incident that led to Custer's court-martial.

Captain Hamilton's ambition, however, led to his death at the Battle of the Washita on November 27, 1868. Hamilton, who was assigned officer of the day was riding on Custer's left, and was heard to call to his men to "keep cool, fire low, and not too rapidly." Hamilton was commanding a squadron on the initial charge into Chief Black Kettle's village when killed instantly by a bullet through the heart. Dr. Henry Lippincott, Assistant Surgeon, not that the "ball entered about five inches below the left nipple, and emerged near inferior angle of right scapula. Death was instantaneous." Louis McLane Hamilton was buried with full military honors near Camp Supply, and later re-interred at Poughkeepsie, New York.

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Capt. Louis McLane Hamilton, 7th U.S. Cavalry's Timeline

1844
July 21, 1844
New York, New York County, New York, United States
1868
November 27, 1868
Age 24
Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States
????
Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, New York, United States