Capt Sir Henry Dudley

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Henry Dudley (Sutton), Knight

Also Known As: "Henry Sutton Dudley", "Lord Sutton", "Vice Admiral of the Narrow Seas", "Henry Sutton"
Birthdate: (51)
Birthplace: Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, England
Death: between 1568 and 1570 (51-53)
of, London, Middlesex, England
Place of Burial: London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of John Sutton, 3rd Baron Dudley and Cicely Sutton, Baroness Chandos
Husband of ... Dudley
Father of Capt. Roger Dudley
Brother of Eleanor Sutton; George (Dudley) Sutton; Margaret (Dudley) Sutton; Thomas (Dudley) Sutton; Dorothy (Dudley) Sutton and 6 others

Occupation: soldier, sailor, diplomat, and conspirator, Courtier/ favorite of Queen Elizabeth I, 1st Earl of Leicester, English soldier, and conspirator of the Tudor period
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Capt Sir Henry Dudley

Sir Henry Dudley (1517–1568) was an English soldier, sailor, diplomat, and conspirator of the Tudor period.

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Noted genealogist Allen Curtis believes he has proven the case for Thomas Dudley as a grandson of Capt. Henry Dudley. See The Mystery of Thomas Dudley's Paternal Ancestors By H. Allen Curtis and Roger Dudley’s Father Proved to be Captain Henry Dudley by H. Allen Curtis for a good overview of the currently accepted ancestry of Governor Thomas Dudley,

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Laurel Logan:

July 2008

It's possible that Henry, rather than John, is the true father of Thomas Dudley. Wikipedia seems to support this theory: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Sutton_Dudley

Dudley is often referred to vaguely as a "cousin" of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland. Henry Dudley was in fact the second son of John Sutton, 3rd Baron Dudley, and the younger brother of Edward Sutton, 4th Baron Dudley. His mother was Cicely, the daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquis of Dorset, and was to continue the private struggle of his family against Tudor dynasty through into the reign of Mary I of England.

Born in Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, this lord Henry Dudley is not to be confused with that son of Northumberland named Henry Dudley who was born between 1522-1542 and who married Margaret, the daughter of Thomas Audley.

Henry became a monastic auditor under Thomas Cromwell in 1535, and then a soldier serving in Ireland under his uncle Leonard Grey in 1536, and in Scotland from 1540-3. Dudley fought gallantly during the siege of Boulogne in 1544, and was made a Captain early in 1545 under Lord Clinton.

It was about 1535/45, Probably at Boulogne that he married the daughter of Christopher Ashton, (b 1493) who was born about 1519 and who bore him a son, Roger Dudley.

He was promoted to Vice Admiral of the Narrow Seas 1552-3 when Edward Fiennes was Admiral, and knighted at Hampton Court on the 11th October 1551.

A close associate of his second cousin, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, he was arrested on 25 July 1553 for his complicity in the political maneuverings of the Duke of Northumberland. Henry was imprisoned in the Tower of London, but pardoned by Queen Mary on 18 October, 1553.

Henry Dudley, having once been Captain of the Guard at Boulogne had many friends in France and in December 1555 visited Paris, where he was curiously well received by King Henry II of France. Although Dudley returned home with only the vaguest of assurances, even Pope Paul was ill-disposed toward the English Queen Mary because of her marriage into the powerful Habsburg family and that same month signed a secret treaty with Henry II against Spanish dominion.

Henry Dudley and his agents moved in January, to conceal stores of ammunition at strategic locations, and also secluded an amount of money totalling fifty thousand pounds, previously withdrawn and removed from the Exchequer, (where Dudley was a familiar visitor and had a number of friends), ~ ‘in water by (London) bridge,’ to make ready for an invasion planned to be executed by mercenaries and exiles. The money was to be sent to France where his Protestant exile supporters would follow the initiative through.

In Spain, Charles V crippled with arteriosclerosis abdicated on January 16, whereupon Philip and Mary became King and Queen of Spain, which at the time held the Netherlands.

Philip had received a letter confirming that given the mood of the English Parliament even down to the people discontent was such that there was scant chance of him also being crowned in England at the same time or in the near future. He had been raised to expect nothing less than absolute rule with his Queen and anything less would be ‘unbecoming to his dignity’ and so made only one brief visit much later to his Majestic wife in England.

Sir Henry Dudley had returned to France, and by March was engaged in the raising of an invasion force, with the intention of landing it on the Isle of Wight, to march on London. Had the plot not been discovered, it’s intention was to remove Mary to exile in Spain where she could be happily reunited with King Philip and to bring about the succession of Elizabeth to the English throne.

Bold and righteous as it was, it proved too daring for most of the English Gentry, who failed to lend it their support, "feebly, but not without some expectation, waiting for time to dispatch the evil Queen".

It was Henry Dudley who now took the initiative, whilst greater noblemen trembled, Dudley was abroad organising a widespread and sophisticated rebellion. Amongst his agents was the courtier and M.P. Henry Peckham, the son Sir Edward Peckham, then Master of the Tower Mint and a member of the Royal Council. Henry Peckham was detected in the plan to obtain funds by robbing the Exchequer and he soon found himself a prisoner of the Tower.

In July of 1555 he and his assistants were "hanged on the gallows of Tower Hill for treason against the queen .... and after cut down, beheaded and their bodies carried unto London Bridge and there set up and their bodies buried at Allhallows, Barking."

It appears that once revealed the plot dissolved and Henry Dudley remained at large in France, his great scheme undermined by careless talk and too unwieldy an organisation. He was consequently to become an exile in the French service between 1556-1563, but was again to return home and serve as "Capt. Dudley" in 1563, receiving an annuity later the same year from Queen Elizabeth for his service.

In 1567 he obtained from Elizabeth some protection from his creditors that was extended to 1568. Sir Henry died between 1568 and 1570, but no will or administration of estate has yet been discovered.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Sutton_Dudley"

--Laurel Logan


Born in Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, England. He was a monastic auditor under Thomas Cromwell in 1535. He was a soldier serving in Ireland under his uncle Leonard in 1536, and in Scotland in 1540-3. Dudley fought gallently in the seige of Boulogne in 1544, and was made a captain in 1545. He was promoted to Vice Admiral of the Narrow Seas in 1552-3, and knighted at Hampton Court 1551. He was arrested 25 Jul 1553 and imprisoned in the tower of London, for complicity in political manueverings of the Duke of Northumberland. However he was pardoned by Queen Mary on 18 Oct 1553


Noted genealogist Allen Curtis believes he has proven the case for Thomas Dudley as a grandson of Capt. Henry Dudley. See The Mystery of Thomas Dudley's Paternal Ancestors By H. Allen Curtis and Roger Dudley’s Father Proved to be Captain Henry Dudley by H. Allen Curtis for a good overview of the currently accepted ancestry of Governor Thomas Dudley,

  1. Edmund Dudley (first son), d. 1487, m. Joyce Tiptoft.
  2. Edward Dudley (first son), b. 1459, d. 1531, m. Cecily Willoughby.
  3. John Dudley (first son), b. ca. 1495, buried on 18 Sep. 1553, m. Cecily Grey, b. ca. 1497, buried with her husband on 28 Apr. 1554.
  4. Capt. Henry Dudley (second son, requiring crescent on arms) b. ca, 1517, d. between 1568 and 1570, m. 1545-1550 Miss Ashton.
  5. Capt. Roger Dudley, b. ca. 1550, d. in battle bef. Oct. 1588, m. 8 June 1575 Susanna Thorne, baptized 5 Mar. 1559/60, d. aft. 29 Oct. 1588.
  6. Governor Thomas Dudley.

There was another version of the ancestry that was put forth in the 1800s that claimed that Roger Dudley's parents were John Dudley, d. 1545, m. Elizabeth Clerke.


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Capt Sir Henry Dudley's Timeline

1517
1517
Staffordshire, England
1550
1550
Age 33
Lidlington, Central Bedfordshire, England
1558
1558
- 1587
Age 41
1564
1564
- 1588
Age 47
London, United Kingdom
1564
- 1585
Age 47
University of Oxford
1568
1568
Age 51
London, Middlesex, England
1570
1570
- 1588
Age 51
????
London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom