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The Court of Elizabeth l, Queen of England

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  • Sir George Baker, The Queen's Surgeon (1540 - 1612)
    Not the son of Capt. Christopher Baker George Baker (1540–1612), was an English surgeon notable for writing and translating a number of early medical texts. Baker was a member of the Barber Surg...
  • Dorothy Stafford (1526 - 1604)
    Dorothy Stafford, Lady Stafford (1 October 1526- 22 September 1604), was an English noblewoman, and an influential person at the court of Queen Elizabeth I of England, to whom Dorothy served as Mistres...
  • Sir Daniel Dunne, MP (c.1550 - 1617)
    OXFORD UNIVERSITY 1614 Family and Education b. c.1550, 1st s. of Robert Dunne of Gray’s Inn. educ. All Souls, Oxf. fellow 1567, BCL 1572, DCL 1580; incorp. Camb. 1603; G. Inn 1599. m. Joan, da. of Will...
  • John ‘the poet’ Harington, Esq., of Stepney (bef.1517 - 1582)
    John Harington (or Harrington) (c.1517-1582) was an English official working for Henry VIII. HARINGTON (HERYNTON), John II (by 1517-82), of Stepney, Mdx.; Kelston, Som. and Cheshunt, Herts. Family...
  • Ro§e❈, Source:
    Isabella Markham, Lady Harington (1527 - 1579)
    Isabella Markham, Lady Harington (28 March 1527 – 20 May 1579), was an English courtier, a Gentlewoman of the Privy Chamber of Queen Elizabeth I of England and a personal favourite of the queen. Isabel...

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Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. Her parents were Henry Vlll & Anne Boleyn; she was succeeded by James VI of Scotland as James I of England,

The Elizabethan Court

The 'court' referred both to the various royal palaces, mostly in and around London, and to the body of people who surrounded the monarch. The Elizabethan court was made up of the collection of privileged people serving the Queen – the members of the Privy Chamber, Royal Household and the Privy Council. One estimate suggests that Elizabeth’s court included some 1250 people.

The Privy Council

The Privy Council was a smaller, more defined body, whose main functions were to advise Elizabeth and to act as the administrative centre for her government. Much like a cabinet or a board of directors, they were involved in matters of economy, defence, foreign policy and law and order.

The Royal Household

The Royal Household was made up of Elizabeth's servants. While some members of the Royal Household also held government positions, many did not. The access to her that membership of her household provided made these positions highly esteemed and those in them very influential. Most of the positions were filled by her favourites and those who had demonstrated loyalty to her in the past.

The Privy Chamber

The Privy Chamber included the closest body servants of the monarch. They lived in close quarters with the Queen, kept her company and represented the threshold between the Queen's public and private lives. Because of Elizabeth's gender, the Privy Chamber was female dominated and these prestigious positions were filled with the wives and daughters of powerful men.


Politicians, Statesmen and Advisors



Spies, Informers & Agents Provocateurs

  • Sir Francis Walsingham, "C," chief spymaster
  • Richard Topcliffe, torturer and interrogator
  • Thomas Phelippes, linguist, mathematician and expert cryptographer
  • Anthony Munday, writer
  • Robert Poley, 26 missions for the Queen's "special affairs"
  • Gilbert Gifford, "the most notable double treble villain that ever lived"
  • William Parry, spy for Elizabeth's Treasurer Lord Burghley

Explorers, Privateers and Pirates


  • John Astley, master of the jewel house and treasurer of the Queen’s jewels and plate

Ladies of the Bedchamber

  • Catherine Carey, Lady Knollys
  • Katherine Champernowne, Lady Astley
  • Elizabeth Norwich, Lady Carew
  • Blanche Parry

Ladies in Waiting & Maids of Honor

  • Bess of Hardwick, Countess of Shrewsbury, Lady in Waiting
  • Lettice Knollys, Lady in Waiting
  • Elizabeth Brydges - Maid of Honor
  • Margaret Cavendish (probably) Maid of Honor
  • Margaret Radcliffe, Lady in Waiting & Maid of Honor
  • Anne Russell - Lady in Waiting & Maid of Honor
  • Margaret Russell, Maid of Honor
  • Elizabeth Southwell - Maid of Honor
  • Elizabeth Throckmorton Lady in Waiting & Maid of Honour
  • Lady Elizabeth Tyrrwhit - Chief Lady in Waiting
  • Anne Vavasour - Lady in Waiting
  • Frances Vavasour Maid of Honor
  • Frances Walsingham - Lady in Waiting


  • 1534 Duke of Angoulme (third son of Francis I)
  • 1544 Prince Philip of Spain (King Philip II)
  • 1547 Sir Thomas Seymour
  • 1553 Edward Courtenay
  • 1554 Emanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy
  • 1554 Prince Frederick of Denmark
  • 1556 Prince Eric of Sweden
  • 1556 Don Carlos (son of King Philip II)
  • 1559 King Philip II
  • 1559 Sir William Pickering
  • 1559 James Hamilton, Earl of Arran
  • 1559 Henry Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel
  • 1559 Lord Robert Dudley
  • 1560 King Eric XVI of Sweden
  • 1560 Duke of Holstein
  • 1560 King Charles IX of France
  • 1560 Henry de Valois, Duke of Anjou
  • 1563 Lord Darnley
  • 1568 Archduke Charles of Austria
  • 1570 Henry Duke of Anjou
  • 1572 Francois, Duke of Alencon later Anjou