Charles Addley Dutton

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Charles Addley Dutton

Also Known As: "Charles Alden Dutton"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Hannibal, Oswego County, New York, United States
Death: September 20, 1898 (71)
Clayton Township, Taylor County, Iowa, United States (heart failure)
Place of Burial: Clayton, Taylor County, Iowa, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of John Dutton and Sarah Dutton
Husband of Mary Ann Dutton and Laura Ann Dutton
Father of Lauran A Dutton; Gabrilla Dutton; Sarah A. Maxwell; Mary Augusta Alloway; Silas Frank Dutton and 13 others
Brother of Chloe Ann Rice; Abbott Everett Dutton; Emeline Dutton; Sarah "Sallie" Barton; Elizabeth Phillips (Dutton) and 3 others

Managed by: Justin Swanstrom
Last Updated:

About Charles Addley Dutton

Biography

Charles Adley Dutton was born on July 15, 1827 in Hannibal, Oswego County, New York, United States. His parents were John Dutton and Sarah (Abbott) Dutton.

Charles married Mary Ann (Sutton) Dutton. Together they had the following children: Lauran A Dutton; Gabrilla Dutton; Sarah A. (Dutton) Maxwell.

Charles married Laura Ann (Sutton) Dutton on June 29, 1853 in Joliet, Will Co, Illinois. Together they had the following children: Mary Augusta (Dutton) Alloway; Silas Frank Dutton; Charles L. Dutton; John Allen Dutton; Albert Dutton; Elsie L. (Dutton) Scott; Mehitable Tasker (Dutton) Drake; George Marion Dutton; Emma E. Dutton; Chloe Dutton; Effa A. Dutton; Ira Bent Dutton; Laura Eva (Dutton) Collins; N.N. Dutton; Nettie C. Dutton.

He died on September 20, 1898 in Clayton Township, Taylor County, Iowa, United States from heart failure and was buried in September 1898 in Bowers Cemetery, Clayton, Taylor County, Iowa, United States.


He was a farmer. He came to Illinois as a boy with his parents. As a young man, he enlisted for two years during the Mexican-American War (1845-1848), but only served a few months. War with Mexico was declared 13 May 1846, and there was a national rush to enlist. Charles was assigned to a detachment to prepare Jefferson Barracks near St. Louis, a major staging area for the war. Mexico City fell to American troops on 14 September 1847, and the war was over. Charles was discharged. His pension application describes him as 5' 8", dark complexion, black eyes, dark hair, and a farmer at time of his enlistment.

He married for the first time in 1848. In 1850 he and his family were living next to his father and to his father-in-law at Crete, Will County, Illinois. A Keziah Knapp, age 49, born in New York, was living in his household. Her relationship is not certain, but she was probably his mother's sister of that name, Keziah Abbott.

In 1853 he married again, to the sister of his deceased wife. By 1857 (and perhaps by 1854), they had moved to Putnam County, Indiana. They later moved to Kankakee County, Illinois. The 1860 census of Kankakee County says that he was a farmer, with real estate valued at $1200 and personal property valued at $500.

He and his family moved to Clarke County, Iowa in the fall of 1861 or spring of 1862.

His gravestone says that he served with Company A, 39th Iowa Infantry, during the Civil War. The 1895 State Census says it was Company D, which is confirmed by his service record. He enlisted in Company G, 7th Iowa Infantry on 4 January 1864, and mustered out on 12 July 1865 at Louisville, Kentucky.

A biographical article on his son-in-law, Benton Alloway, relates that Charles Dutton agreed to fight in place of a wealthier man who had been drafted for the war. In return, the man promised to look after the Dutton family and their farm. This was a common practice at the time, but the man broke the agreement and when Charles returned from the war, he found his family almost destitute. In the words of the article, he "wrathfully hunted up the culprit and administered punishment where it was due." The story is entertaining, but not true. Charles' enlistment was recorded on the regular enlistment form, not the form for substitutes. More likely, the man with whom Charles had the dispute had agreed to sharecrop the Dutton farm.

Another story from his Civil War service is that he was an officer and had charge of baggage wagons. One morning, a mule hitched to one of the wagons refused to move. That one mule was holding up the baggage train and all efforts to make it move failed. In exasperation, Charles Dutton doubled up his fist and hit the mule on the head, knocking it to the ground. When the mule got up it began to pull, and the blacks attached to the train also got busy in a hurry.

He was given command of a unit of black teamsters, probably because of his age and experience. In 1864 he and the men under his command had a three-day forced march from Pulaski to north of Nashville. Charles and his men, with their wagons, formed a part of the supply train that was an important part of the war involving Union Generals Thomas and Schofield. The Battle of Nashville was one of the pivotal engagements in the war.

The 1870 and 1880 censuses show Charles Dutton and his family at Bedford, Clayton Township, Taylor County, Iowa. He received a land patent, dated 10 May 1872 for 120 acres, described as the west half of the south east quarter, and the north east quarter of the south west quarter, of Section 12, Township 68 North, Range 33 West. The family was clearly very poor, a problem made worse by the recession of 1873-1879.

Charles and Laura moved to town (Conway), before 1885, with their four youngest children. They were still there at his death in 1898. His son Frank and daughter-in-law Sadie were enumerated at the Dutton farm in 1885.

See <http://rjohnson.home.texas.net> for a fuller account of his life.

Obituary

OBITUARY OF C. A. DUTTON

[Conway, Taylor County, Iowa, 1898]

All Conway was startled on Tuesday, Sept. 29th [20th], by the early announcement that Father Dutton, without a word or sign of warning as he started to rise from his bed was suddenly taken by the angel of death into another world. The great heart which had sent the life blood surging through his veins for 72 [71] years, failed, and his body fell back to the couch without a cry or struggle.

Almost every one in the township knew the man. He had lived in and near Conway, in Taylor county, Iowa, since 1867. He was born of a good Methodist family near Oswego [Hannibal], New York, July 15, 1826 [1827]. He shared his home life with three brothers and four [five] sisters. At eight years of age he came with his parents to Will Co., Illinois, near Crete. There he married in 1848, Mary Sutton. Three children were the fruits of this union, now all dead, but of the ten grand-children six are now living and of the four great grand children, three are alive. His first wife dying he married her sister Laura Sutton, who still survives. She bore him fourteen [fifteen] children all now living but three. These giving him in turn forty-three grand children. In all descending from him at the time of his death seventy-seven souls. Of his living children Effie, Nettie, Frank, Chas., George and Ira live at or near Conway. Mary Alloway at Norfolk, Nebr.; John Dutton, Quincy, Kan.; Elsie Scott, Holland, Mich.; Hettie Drake, Quincy, Kan.; Eva Lewiston [Lewis], Garion [Garwin], Iowa. The sons were all present at the funeral.

Father Dutton's life was not all commonplace, though his past was that of one of the vast body of vigorous, staunch industrious, liberty loving people we call laborers and farmers that largely made up the mothers and fathers of the Republic. We seldom hear much of the busy overworked farmers and laborers, yet the redemption of the world has in all ages depended not on the wealthy or on the poverty stricken but on the common people whose minds, hearts and hands were strong through honest toil.

Early in the fifties he moved to Clarke county, Iowa, and at Osceola, joined the Protestant M. E. church. At Conway, he aided and attended the Presbyterian church. His sympathies like his SaviorÕs were with the poor and sorrowing of earth. His patriotism was of the highest order. Not only was he ever ready to celebrate the great national holidays and do honor to the memory of a Washington, Lincoln or Grant, but he and his people acted out their declared sentiments. The great grand fathers of his children are said to have fought for nationÕs independence under Washington in 1776. Their grandfathers both shouldered their rifles in 1812 and defended the fights of the infant nation. Their father Charles Dutton, when twenty years of age enlisted at Joliet and followed Gen. Taylor to give liberty and self government to Texas and the southwest. When the nation and doctrines his forefathers had earned with their blood were in danger in 1862 [1864], he was enrolled in Company D, of the 39th Iowa Infantry and marched, toiled and fought under Sherman returning to his home only July 15, 1866 [1865]. His fitness as a soldier was unquestioned. At Nashville in the midst of battle an artilleryman was shot down. Dutton took the station of the fallen man and while doing his duty the tremendous concussions of the heavy discharges burst the drum of his ear and produced deafness. He was also a victim of typhoid fever which together with exposure injured his constitution. [This account appears to be somewhat of an exaggeration Ð in his Army disability claims, Charles stated that he lost his hearing as a result of secondary infections associated with the typhoid fever.] His work to which God called him has found him ever ready to accomplish it the best he knew how. His heritage to the nation is the sturdy sons and daughters who shall gather His wealth and fight her battles.

"The wages of sin are death but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord."

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Charles Addley Dutton's Timeline

1827
July 15, 1827
Hannibal, Oswego County, New York, United States
1849
1849
IL, United States
1851
1851
IL, United States
1852
1852
Illinois, United States
1854
June 6, 1854
Will County, Illinois, United States
1855
December 1855
Crete, Will County, Illinois, United States
1857
March 26, 1857
Putnam County, Indiana, United States