About Carlos IV, rey de España
Carlos IV, Rey de España
M, #103517, b. 12 November 1748, d. 19 January 1819
Last Edited=11 Mar 2007
Carlos IV, Rey de España was born on 12 November 1748 at Palazzo Reale, Pottici, Napoli, Italy. (2) He was the son of Carlos III de Borbón, Rey de España and Marie Amalie Prinzessin von Sachsen. He married Maria Luisa di Borbone, Principessa di Parma, daughter of Filippo di Borbone, Duca di Parma and Louise Elisabeth de Bourbon, on 4 September 1765 at San Ildefonso, Spain. (2)
He died on 19 January 1819 at age 70 at Rome, Italy. (2)
Carlos IV, Rey de España was a member of the House of Bourbon. He succeeded to the title of Rey Carlos IV de España in 1788. (3) He abdicated as King of Spain in 1808.
Children of Carlos IV, Rey de España and Maria Luisa di Borbone, Principessa di Parma
-1. Carlos de Borbón b. 19 Sep 1771, d. 7 Mar 1774
-2. Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España+ b. 25 Apr 1775, d. 7 Jan 1830
-3. Maria Luisa de Borbón b. 11 Sep 1777, d. 2 Jul 1782
-4. Maria Amelia de Borbón b. 10 Jan 1779, d. 1798
-5. Carlos Domingo de Borbón b. 5 Mar 1780, d. 11 Jun 1783
-6. Maria Luisa de Borbón, Infanta de España+ b. 6 Jul 1782, d. 13 Mar 1824
-7. Carlos Francesco de Borbón b. 5 Sep 1783, d. 11 Dec 1784
-8. Felipe Francesco de Borbón b. 5 Sep 1783, d. 18 Oct 1784
-9. Fernando VII, Rey de España+ b. 13 Oct 1784, d. 29 Sep 1833
-10. Carlos Maria de Borbón, Duques de Molina+ b. 29 Mar 1788, d. 10 Mar 1855
-11. Maria Isabel de Borbón, Infanta de España+2 b. 6 Jul 1789, d. 13 Sep 1848
-12. Marie Therese de Borbón b. 16 Feb 1791
-13. Felipe de Borbón b. 28 Mar 1792
-14. Francisco de Paula de Borbón, Duque de Cádiz+2 b. 10 Mar 1794, d. 13 Aug 1865
Forrás / Source:
Charles IV of Spain
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808.
Charles was the second son of Charles III and his wife Maria Amalia of Saxony. He was born at Portici, while his father was king of the Two Sicilies. His elder brother don Felipe was passed over for the two thrones as mentally retarded and epileptic.
Charles had inherited a great frame and immense physical strength from the Saxon line of his mother, granddaughter of August II of Poland. When young he was fond of wrestling with the strongest countrymen he could find. He was considered by many to be intellectually sluggish and quite credulous.
His wife Maria Luisa of Parma, on the other hand, was seen by many (including by the painter Francisco Goya) as a vicious and coarse woman who thoroughly dominated the king. During his father's lifetime he was led by her into court intrigues which aimed at driving the king's favourite minister, Count of Floridablanca, from office, and replacing him by Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda, the chief of the "Aragonese" party.
Charles IV married his first cousin Maria Luisa of Parma (daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma) in 1765. They had 14 children: including:
Infanta Carlota Joaquina
Infanta Maria Amalia
Infanta Maria Luisa
Infanta Maria Isabel
Infante Francisco de Paula
After he succeeded to the throne in 1788 his one serious occupation was hunting. Affairs were left to be directed by his wife and her alleged lover Manuel de Godoy. Although Godoy essentially took over his wife and his office, the king was favourable towards him for all his life. When terrified by the French Revolution he turned to the Inquisition to help him against the party which would have carried the reforming policy of Charles III much further. But he never took more than a passive part in the direction of his own government. He simply obeyed the impulse given him by the queen and Godoy. In 1803, after smallpox had affected his daughter María Luísa, the king commissioned his doctor Francisco Javier de Balmis to bring the vaccine to the Spanish colonies on state expenses.
He had a profound belief in his divine right and the sanctity of his person. He thought it very important to seem a very powerful monarch, although his kingdom was treated as a mere dependency by France and his throne was dominated by the queen and her lover. Spain allied with France and supported the Continental Blockade, but withdrew after the Battle of Trafalgar. When Napoleon won from Prussia in 1807, Godoy returned to the French side, but France no longer considered Spain a worthy ally. But even the alliance with France, as it was, made Godoy's rule unpopular and fueled the partido fernandista, the supporters of Ferdinand, who favored a close relationship with Great Britain.
When he was told that his son Ferdinand was appealing to the emperor Napoleon against Godoy, he took the side of the favourite. When the populace rose at Aranjuez in 1808 he abdicated on March 19, in favour of his son, to save the minister who had been taken prisoner. Ferdinand took the throne as Ferdinand VII, but was distrusted by Napoleon who had 100,000 soldiers in Spain by that time.
Charles IV found refuge in France, and became prisoner of Napoleon: the latter, posing as arbiter, summoned both Charles IV and his son to Bayonne in April and coaxed Charles (who found a difficult time restraining himself from assaulting his son) to retract his earlier abdication and abdicate, on May 5, 1808, in favour of Napoleon's brother Joseph.
Charles was then interned in Talleyrand's castle in Valençay. He accepted a pension from the French emperor and spent the rest of his life between his wife and Godoy, staying briefly in Compiègne and more durably in Marseille, to finally settle in 1812 in Rome in the Palazzo Barberini (under the protection of pope Pius VII). He died in Rome on January 20, 1819.
^ a b Napoleon I :: Blockade and the peninsular campaign - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
^ Articles: Period of Imperial Crisis (revised) - Historical Text Archive
^ http://pcombal.club.fr/bioanglaise.html — “The Spanish affair&rqduo;
^ Manuel de Godoy#Exile
^ The Royal Favorite: Manuel Francisco Domingo de Godoy, Prince of the Peace
Historia del Reinado de Carlos IV, by General Gomez de Arteche (5 vols.), in the Historia General de España de la Real Academia de la Historia (Madrid, 1892, etc.).
PVD's 20th cousin 6 times removed.
Kaarle IV oli Espanjan kuningas 1788–1808. Hän oli Kaarle III:n toiseksi vanhin poika, mutta nousi vallanperijäksi, koska vanhempi veli Felipe oli jälkeenjäänyt ja kärsi epilepsiasta. Wikipedia
Syntyi: 11. marraskuuta 1748 Kuoli: 20. tammikuuta 1819, Rooma, Italia Puoliso: Maria Luisa of Parma (v. 1765)
Lapset: Ferdinand VII, Infante Carlos, Count of Molina, Carlota Joaquina of Spain, Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain, María Isabella of Spain, Maria Luisa of Spain, Duchess of Lucca
Vanhemmat: Maria Amalia of Saxony, Kaarle III
Carlos IV, rey de España's Timeline
November 11, 1748
- August 10, 1759
Naples, Naples, Campania, Italy
November 12, 1748
Napoli, Due Sicilie
January 15, 1749
Portici, Naples, Campania, Italy
August 10, 1759
- December 14, 1788
Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain
September 19, 1771
January 8, 1774
- December 14, 1788
Tarnia, Estovakia, Bahrenburg
April 25, 1775
Aranjuez, Comunidad de Madrid, España
September 11, 1777
January 10, 1779
El Pardo, Madrid, Spain