Charles Middleton, 2nd Earl of Middleton

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Charles Middleton

Birthdate: (69)
Death: July 28, 1719 (69)
Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Île-de-France, France
Immediate Family:

Son of John Middleton, 1st Earl of Middleton and Lady Grizel Middleton
Husband of Catherine Middleton
Father of John Middleton, Lord Clermont; Catherine Rothe; Charles Middleton and Anne Elizabeth Middleton
Brother of Grizel Middleton and Lady Helen Lyon
Half brother of Sir David Ramsay, 2nd Baronet Ramsay of Balmain; Thomas Middleton; Hon John Middleton and Elizabeth Spelman

Managed by: Øystein Sættem Middelthun
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About Charles Middleton, 2nd Earl of Middleton

CHARLES MIDDLETON, 2nd Earl Of Middleton held several offices under Charles II. and James II., being envoy extraordinary at Vienna and afterwards joint secretary' for Scotland. In 1684 he became an English secretary of state, and with Richard Graham, Viscount Preston, he had the difficult task of managing the House of Commons for James II. He was loyal to James after the king fled to France, although he remained in England, where, as the leader of the moderate Jacobites, he sought to bring about a restoration by peaceful means. In 1693 the earl joined the exiled king at St Germains, where he became his secretary of state; afterwards he held the same office at the court of James Edward, the old pretender, in Flanders and in Lorraine. He was partly responsible for the unsuccessful expedition of the Jacobites to Scotland in 1707, and he resigned his office as secretary in 1713. Middleton, who had been created earl of Monmouth by the pretender, died in 1719. His titles had been declared forfeited in 1695, but they were claimed by his son John, who died unmarried about 1746. The earl was a Protestant, although a lukewarm one, until 1701, when he yielded to the dying wish of James II. and joined the Roman Catholic Church.


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Charles Middleton, 2nd Earl of Middleton's Timeline

November 7, 1683
Age 33
August 10, 1685
Age 35
December 4, 1688
Age 38
June 25, 1690
Age 40
July 28, 1719
Age 69
Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Île-de-France, France