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Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna

Also Known As: "Che"
Birthplace: Rosario, Santa Fé, Argentina
Death: October 09, 1967 (39)
La Higuera, Chuquisaca, Bolivia, Plurinational State of (Execution by shooting)
Place of Burial: Santa Clara, Santa Clara, Villa Clara, Cuba
Immediate Family:

Son of Ernesto Rafael Guevara Lynch and Sra. Celia de la Serna y Llosa
Husband of Private
Ex-husband of Hilda Gadea Acosta
Father of Hilda Beatriz Guevara Gadea; Private; Private; Private and Private
Brother of Private; Roberto Guevara de la Serna; Ana María Guevara de la Serna and Private
Half brother of Private; Private User and Private

Occupation: Marxist revolutionary, physician, writer, guerrilla leader, diplomat, and military theorist
Managed by: Juan Francisco Pascuet
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Che Guevara

Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967) was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat and military theorist. A major figure of the Cuban Revolution, his stylized visage has become a ubiquitous countercultural symbol of rebellion and global insignia in popular culture.

As a young medical student, Guevara traveled throughout South America and was radicalized by the poverty, hunger and disease he witnessed. His burgeoning desire to help overturn what he saw as the capitalist exploitation of Latin America by the United States prompted his involvement in Guatemala's social reforms under President Jacobo Árbenz, whose eventual CIA-assisted overthrow at the behest of the United Fruit Company solidified Guevara's political ideology. Later in Mexico City, Guevara met Raúl and Fidel Castro, joined their 26th of July Movement and sailed to Cuba aboard the yacht Granma with the intention of overthrowing U.S.-backed Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. Guevara soon rose to prominence among the insurgents, was promoted to second-in-command and played a pivotal role in the victorious two-year guerrilla campaign that deposed the Batista regime.

Following the Cuban Revolution, Guevara performed a number of key roles in the new government. These included reviewing the appeals and firing squads for those convicted as war criminals during the revolutionary tribunals, instituting agrarian land reform as minister of industries, helping spearhead a successful nationwide literacy campaign, serving as both national bank president and instructional director for Cuba's armed forces, and traversing the globe as a diplomat on behalf of Cuban socialism. Such positions also allowed him to play a central role in training the militia forces who repelled the Bay of Pigs Invasion and bringing the Soviet nuclear-armed ballistic missiles to Cuba which precipitated the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Additionally, Guevara was a prolific writer and diarist, composing a seminal manual on guerrilla warfare, along with a best-selling memoir about his youthful continental motorcycle journey. His experiences and studying of Marxism–Leninism led him to posit that the Third World's underdevelopment and dependence was an intrinsic result of imperialism, neocolonialism and monopoly capitalism, with the only remedy being proletarian internationalism and world revolution. Guevara left Cuba in 1965 to foment revolution abroad, first unsuccessfully in Congo-Kinshasa and later in Bolivia, where he was captured by CIA-assisted Bolivian forces and summarily executed.

Guevara remains both a revered and reviled historical figure, polarized in the collective imagination in a multitude of biographies, memoirs, essays, documentaries, songs and films. As a result of his perceived martyrdom, poetic invocations for class struggle and desire to create the consciousness of a "new man" driven by moral rather than material incentives, Guevara has evolved into a quintessential icon of various leftist movements. Time magazine named him one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century, while an Alberto Korda photograph of him, titled Guerrillero Heroico, was cited by the Maryland Institute College of Art as "the most famous photograph in the world".

Children : Aleida Guevara, Hilda Guevara, Camilo Guevara, Celia Guevara, Ernesto Guevara

Marriages : Aleida March m. 1959–1967), Hilda Gadea (m. 1955–1959)

Acerca de Che Guevara (Español)

Familiarmente llamado "Ernestito", para sus amigos fue "Fuse". Desde los dos años y durante toda su vida, padeció asma. Como consecuencia, su familia se mudó a Alta Gracia, Provincia de Córdoba, donde (a pesar de disfrutar de un clima más seco) su salud no mejoró. Debido a ello, parte de su educación primaria la realizó en su hogar, bajo la tutoría de su madre. Asistió a la escuela secundaria (1941) en el Colegio Nacional Dean Funes, CCba, donde se destacó en literatura y deportes. En ese entonces su pensamiento fue influido por la presencia de refugiados de la Guerra Civil Española y por la larga serie de crisis políticas por las que Argentina transcurrió y que culminaron en el gobierno de Juan Domingo Perón, al que los Guevara de la Serna se opusieron. En 1944 se trasladó a CBsAs y comenzó sus estudios de medicina en la Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA), donde se diplomó de médico. Dirigente político (líder de la revolución cubana). Combatió a las fuerzas del ejército boliviano en el Abra Batán. En la batalla de la Quebrada del Yuro fue herido y apresado junto a otro compañero, y ejecutado el 9.10.1967 en el pueblo de La Higuera, Bolivia .

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Che Guevara's Timeline

May 14, 1928
Rosario, Santa Fé, Argentina
February 15, 1956
México, D.F., Mexico
October 9, 1967
Age 39
La Higuera, Chuquisaca, Bolivia, Plurinational State of