Edward II of England

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Edward Plantagenet, King of England

Also Known As: "Edward of Caernarfon"
Birthplace: Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, Caernarvonshire, Wales
Death: Died in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
Cause of death: Assassinated
Place of Burial: Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Edward I "Longshanks", King of England and Eleanor of Castile, Queen consort of England
Husband of Isabella of France, Queen consort of England
Partner of unknown mother of Adam Fitzroy
Father of Adam Fitzroy Plantagenet; Edward III of England; John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall; Joan "of The Tower", Queen of Scots and Eleanor of Woodstock, countess of Guelders
Brother of Stillborn Daughter Plantagenet of England, Princess; Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar; Joanna Plantagenet; John Plantagenet; Henry Plantagenet and 13 others
Half brother of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl o Norfolk; Eleanor Plantagenet and Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent

Occupation: King of England
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Edward II of England

a short summary from Wikipedia:

Edward II

King of England

Reign: 7 July 1307 – 20 January 1327

Coronation: 25 February 1308

Predecessor: Edward I Longshanks

Successor: Edward III of Windsor


Isabella of France


Edward III of Windsor

John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall

Eleanor, Countess of Guelders

Joan, Queen of Scots

House: House of Plantagenet

Father: Edward I Longshanks

Mother: Eleanor of Castile

Born: 25 April 1284(1284-04-25)

Caernarfon Castle, Gwynedd

Died: 21 September 1327 (aged 43)?

Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire

Burial: Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucestershire


"Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Caernarfon,[1] was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed by his wife Isabella in January 1327. He was the sixth Plantagenet king, in a line that began with the reign of Henry II. Between the strong reigns of his father Edward I and son Edward III, the reign of Edward II was considered by some to be disastrous for England, marked by alleged incompetence, political squabbling and military defeats.

While Edward fathered at least five children by two women, he was rumoured to have been bisexual. His inability to deny even the most grandiose favours to his unpopular male favourites (first a Gascon knight named Piers Gaveston, later a young English lord named Hugh Despenser) led to constant political unrest and his eventual deposition.

Edward I had pacified Gwynedd and some other parts of Wales and the Scottish lowlands, but never exerted a comprehensive conquest. However, the army of Edward II was devastatingly defeated at Bannockburn, freeing Scotland from English control and allowing Scottish forces to raid unchecked throughout the north of England.

In addition to these disasters, Edward II is remembered for his probable death in Berkeley Castle, allegedly by murder, and for being the first monarch to establish colleges at Oxford and Cambridge: Oriel College at Oxford and King's Hall, a predecessor of Trinity College, at Cambridge."


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Citations / Sources:

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 89-91. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 20 . Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1949.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

[S105] Brain Tompsett, Royal Genealogical Data, online http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/. Hereinafter cited as Royal Genealogical Data.

[S45] Marcellus Donald R. von Redlich, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, volume I (1941; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002), page 64. Hereinafter cited as Pedigrees of Emperor Charlemagne, I.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 2 p. 59 fn. (b); vol. 3 p. 179 fn. (a), 434, 436 fn. (a); vol. 10 appndx. A p. 30.

[S283] #2 Der Europäischen käyser- und königlichen Häuser historische und genealogische Erläuterung (1730-1731), Lohmeier, Georg von, und Johann Ludwig Levin Gebhardi, (3 volumes in 1. Luneburg: Sternischen Buchdruckerei, 1730-1731), FHL microfilm 1,051,694, items 4-6., vol. 1 p. 69, 72.

[S41] #1325 Ogle and Bothal; or, A history of the baronies of Ogle, Bothal, and Hepple, and of the families of Ogle and Bertram, Ogle, Henry A., (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England : Reid, 1902), 929.242 Og5o., p. 298a.

[S712] #1039 Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. I, 305.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F3*, 9*.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 1 p. 5*.

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxviii, xxix.

[S635] #23 Genealogies of European Families from Charlemagne to the Present Date, August 1957, Paget, Gerald, (Manuscript, filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1957), FHL microfilms 170,050-170,062., Gueldres [film 17053].

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Edward II of England's Timeline

April 25, 1284
Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, Caernarvonshire, Wales
Age 16
Wales, United Kingdom
Age 20
Windsor, Berkshire, England
Age 22
Age 22