Elizabeth Butler

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Elizabeth Butler (Underwood)

Also Known As: "Elizabeth (Underwood) Taylor Slaughter Catlett Butler"
Birthplace: England or, Old Rappahannock County, Virginia, Colonial America
Death: April 07, 1673
Old Rapahonnock County, Virginia, Colonial America
Place of Burial: Essex County, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Colonel William Underwood and Margaret Lucas
Wife of Dr. James Taylor, "The Elder"; Captain Francis Slaughter; Colonel John Catlett, I and Amory Butler
Mother of Sarah Slaughter; Francis Slaughter; Elizabeth Slaughter; Susannah Spearman; Margaret Catlett and 7 others
Sister of Thomas Underwood, I; George Underwood; Ann Williamson; Sarah Pierce; Margaret Booth and 1 other

Managed by: Kevin Lawrence Hanit
Last Updated:

About Elizabeth Butler

Elizabeth UNDERWOOD was born between 1632 and 1635 in England, or Old Rappahannock Co., VA, and died BEF 16 JUN 1673 in Old Rappahannock Co., VA. She was the daughter of William UNDERWOOD and Margaret MASON


She married

  1. James TAYLOR ABT 1652 in Isle of Wight Co., VA. He was born ABT 1609 in Pennington, Carlisle, Cumberland, England, and died BEF 26 MAR 1654 in Surry Co., VA.
  2. Francis SLAUGHTER 1653 in Rappahannock Co., VA, son of John SLAUGHTER. He was born ABT 1630 in Isle of Wight Co., VA, and died ABT 1657 in Old Rappahannock Co., VA.
  3. John Iv CATLETT 1663 in Rappahannock Co., VA, Book D2, pg 326, son of John Iii CATLETT and Sarah HAWKINS. He was born bef 12 Mar 1625/26 in Canterbury, Kent, England, was christened 12 Mar 1625/26 in St. Peter's, Canterbury, Kent, England, and died 31 DEC 1670 in Port Royal, Caroline Co., VA.
  4. Amory BUTLER MAY 1671 in Old Rappahannock Co., VA, son of Almeric BUTLER. He was born ABT 1640 in VA, and died bef 29 Jan 1678/1679 in Sittenbourne Parish, Old Rappahannock Co., VA.

1 child by 1st marriage ? (conflicting reports). No Taylor child named in will.

1 child by 2nd marriage

  • Francis Slaughter, Jr.

4 children by 3rd marriage

  1. John V CATLETT b: ABT 1663 in Sittenbourne Parish, Old Rappahannock Co., VA
  2. Elizabeth CATLETT b: ABT 1664 in VA
  3. Sarah CATLETT b: 1666 in Old Rappahannock Co., VA
  4. William CATLETT b: 1670 in VA


Elizabeth Underwood was born 1632 in England and died 16 June 1673 in Old Rappahannock County, Virginia

She was the daughter of William Underwood, of Isle of Wight and Lancaster counties, who was member of the House of Burgesses in 1632.


  1. between 1652 and 1654 in Isle of Wright County, Virginia to Dr. James Taylor, who died 1655 Their divorce was the first filed in Virginia 1 child. (?)
  2. about 1652 in Old Rappahannock County, Virginia to Captain Francis Slaughter b. 1630 in Isle of Wight Co, Virginia, who died before 1657 1 child.
  3. January 1656/57 in Old Rappahannock County, Virginia {now Richmond County, Virginia} toCol. John Catlett, son of John Catlett and Sarah Hawkins. He was born before 12 Mar 1626 in Canterbury, Kent, England and was killed by the Indians while defending the fort at Port Royal in 1670. 4 children.
  4. May 1671 in Old Rappahannock County, Virginia to Rev. Amory Butler b: ABT 1639 in VA and died 29 January 1678/79


From Virginia Genealogies #1, Genealogies of Virginia Families V, Underwood Family of Virginia, page 630

"Elizabeth Underwood married first Dr. James Taylor. Was he a son of Rev. James Taylor who was associated with the family in Isle of Wight County? He certainly was NOT a kind or faithful husband to her so that she felt compelled to appeal to the Governor and Council for a separation in order that she could return to the home of her mother. The details are such that it would have been impossible for her to have remained with him without being killed or maimed. Before the matter was finally settled the huband obligingly departed this life, according to the first record book of Surrey County. Recorded 26 March 1654

1 May 1655, the estate account of Mr. James Taylor returned and among other items is where Mr. Slaughter was paid one third of the estate in right of his wife (Vol. 1, 53). 6 November 1655, Francis Slaughter for and in consideration of two cowes with caves and 2000 pounds of tobacco to be paid the 10th of October next and 1000 pounds more to be paid of 1657 by Thomas Culmer of Surrey Countye Chyrurgion all claim (in right of his wife) unto the house and plantation where he now lives. (Page 83)

It seems that they removed to Rapahannock River soon after selling this property but he (Slaughter) did not long survive the removal since his will was recorded on page 83 of the volume containing records from 1656 to 1664."

Elizabeth (Underwood) (Taylor) (Slaughter) (Catlett) Butler was a daughter of Unknown Underwood and his wife Margaret Unknown.

Elizabeth Underwood married Dr. James Taylor, from whom she was divorced in 1654. [1654, Surry Co. Record Bk. 1, Pg. 27, and was mentioned as married to Francis Slaughter in the estate account of Dr. James Taylor 1 May, 1655.

Adventures of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1624/5 Revised and Edited by Virginia M. Meyer and John Frederick Dorman Published by Order of First Families of Virginia 1607-1624/5 Third Edition--1987 Footnote on page 564 13 XXXVIII, p.276.

"She" [Elizabeth (Underwood) Taylor] "petitioned the Governor and Council to grant a separation from Dr. James Taylor, 26 March, 1654 (Surry Co. Record Bk. 1, p. 27) and is mentioned as married to Francis Slaughter in the estate account of Dr. James Taylor, 1 May, 1655 (ibid. p. 35)"]

Elizabeth (Underwood) Taylor married Col. Francis Slaughter, Sr. about 1655. Col. Slaughter Francis was a planter of Surry County until after 6 Nov., 1655, and then of Rappahannock Co., where he was a captain of militia and justice. In his will he named his wife, Elizabeth Underwood (Taylor) Slaughter, his mother-in- law, Mrs. Margaret Upton, and his brother{-in-law,} Humphrey Booth. His will was dated 1656/7. Francis was living as late as 3 Aug., 1657, when he was listed in Rappahannock Co. Record Book, 1656-64, pg. 34.

Elizabeth and Col. Slaughter had one son, Francis Slaughter, Jr.

Elizabeth (Underwood) (Taylor) Slaughter married Col. John Catlett, Sr. in Jan., 1663, in Rappahannock County., VA. Elizabeth and John had four children:

  • Col. John Catlett, Jr.
  • Elizabeth (Catlett) Taliaferro
  • Sarah (Catlett) Taliaferro
  • William Catlett

After the death of Col. Catlett, Elizabeth (Underwood) (Taylor) (Slaughter) Catlett married Rev. Amory Butler in Richmond Co., VA, on 20-Apr-1672. Elizabeth and Amory had no children.

In her will, Elizabeth Underwood (Taylor) (Slaughter) (Catlett) Butler named her children Francis Slaughter, Sarah Catlett, John Catlett, Elizabeth Catlett, and William Catlett. Executor and guardian of her children was to be Armory Butler with overseers of Capt. Thos. Hawkins, Edward Rowzie, and Mr. Dan'l Gaines. According to Rigsby, Elizabeth was the step-daughter of Col. John Underwood.

29 Apr 1672: Know All Men by these presents that I Elizabeth Catlett of Rappa County Widdow out of the natural affection I bear unto my loving Children--Francis Slaughter, John Catlett, Elizabeth Catlett, Sarah Catlett and William Catlett their heirs and assignes do give grant sell assigne and make over from me my heirs Executors and Administrators one sorrell mare about the age of seven years with a white star on her forehead with all her increase male and female to be divided amongst my said Children as hereafter mentioned Vizt. that when my Male Children shall arrive to the age of Twenty and one years then to have their part as they do come to their said age and my Daughters at the day of their Marriage or when they shall arrive to the yeares of Eighteen and in the case of the mortality of any of my aforesaid Children then to be equally divided amongst the surviving Children whose shares have not already been taken out. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seale 29th day of April in the 24th year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord Charles the Second &c. and in the year of our Lord 1672. n presence of Thomas Blessed, John Jarvis, Thomas Rawson.

7 May 1673 - 16 Jun 1673 (Old Rappa. D&W, 1665-1677:136-43) Will of Elizabeth Butler of Parish of Sittingbourne in County of Rappahannock being in sound and perfect sence and memory to my son Francis Slaughter all the furniture of my Chamber except a Chest of drawers which I give to my daughter, Sarah to have delivered to hir at hir age of Seventeen or day of Marriage which shall first happen and a close Stool to my Sonne John Catlett to be delivered to him when he goes to housekeeping my Sonne Francis SLAUGHTER all the goods money plate rings and Tobaco mentioned in an Account now in the hands of Mr. Daniel GAINES and one negro boy and equall share of the Sheep pewter brass and iron and also Great Chair and small Couch and Chest and such of the things in my house as my Mother gave me by Will the same to bee delivered into his possession when he comes to the age of Nineteen yeares and not dispose or sell without consent of Exec till he comes to age of one & twenty years daughter Elizabeth bed & furniture now is standing in the dining rooms and presse and cushion thereon the great Looking Glasse, Drawing Table and Turkey Carpet, and my Child bed linning blanketts and fine baskett and my wedding ring and my biggest diamond ring gilded bodkin and my necklace with the biggest pearle and one small Bible a Silver Sucking bottle and my small Cabinett To daughter, Sarah, two of my biggest stone rings, a small pearl necklace, a silver bodkin, my new trunk, napkin presse, one small bible, small Testament & a dram cup, my Wedding ring and ovall table to son, John, a small diamond ring the mapp in the dining roome, one rapier, and one great cutlash, a pair of Silver buttons, a pair of Silver buckles and the Antimonial cup to son, William one small cutlash, a ring with a stone in it enameled blew and a silver seal to two daughters, all my wearing apparel, cloathes and linen to sons, John and William all the bookes mentioned in the Inventory equally between them according to their Fathers Will to my two sons, John and William Catlett and two daughters all of my plate except three spoons with their names on them to whom they belong equally devided between them all my pewter, brass, linnen and other household stuff unto my two Sonnes John and William and my two Daughters (except what is before bequeathed to my Sonne Francis with a bed furnished to each of my two Sones and my Daughter Sarah (except two Suites of Damask which I give to my two Daughters) to bee equally devided between my two Sonnes and two Daughtes afores to each of my three sons a Carbine my gray mare and her increase to the four children of my deceased husband, John Catlett, two daughters shall have delivered to them their former legacies at their day of marriage or at the years of Seventeene and likewise that my two Sons John and William have theirs delivered when they come of age to my cousin Wm. Underwood the elder, one Stoned colt which came of the Sorrell mare to my cousin, Humphrey Booth, the chest with the goods in it which were my mothers to cousin Catherine BOOTH one silver candle cup which was her grandmother's and in case she dyes unto hir Bro. Humphrey If my Son Francis dye before he comes to age that my Children Surviving enjoy the whole Estate both formerly and now bequeathed unto him if my Executor hereafter mentioned shall brake up housekeeping that then all my household stuff aforesd bequeath to my Children shall be well packed and locked up & kept from use and that the linnnen and other things that are in the Cask & trunck be forthwith locked up till the time of their delivery and that all my Sonne Francis his household stuff be likewise reserved and kept by itself to my sister Pierce, a mourning ring of 20 shillings if my Executor hereafter mentioned shall voluntarily surrender up the estate that then Mr. Daniel Gaines if he hath the Children shall have the estate provided that he give good Security to keep the sd Estate entire and deliver the same in kind according to my Will and that this my Will bee by him in all respects performed

My executor to supply what Tobacco shall be required for my children's education in England, according to my Husband's Will and that he make sufficient provision when they shall come from Schoole for their accomodation and their bringing of them home to Virginis all my wearing cloathes which last yeare I sent for as the profitt of my Tobaccoes bee upon the arrival locked in my Cask kept for & devided between my two daughters and the rest my Executor to have for his household use what remains in the hands of Messrs. Jeffries [Gifford?] and Manfords [Munford?] hands in London be disbursed by them for a bed & furniture for my son Francis, in lieu of one his Father in Law did owe him and two small Silver Tankards (if it so holds out) to be added to the rest of the plate for the children of my deceased husband Estate be kept entire and not parted before their legacies given by me become due unto them and if the Court shall take my Childrens Estate out of my Executors hands that then my Children shall altogether be mained well educated & provided for by and with the profitt of their own estate and that my thirds and the profitts thereof shall remain in my Executors hands till they come of age my Beloved husband, Amory Butler, Sole Executor and Guardian to my Children and my cousin, Captain Thos. HAWKINS my brother, Edward Rowzie and Mr. Daniel Gaines, overseers of this my will provided that if my Executor do not Educate & keep them well that then Mr. Daniel Gaines shall have Guardianship of my Children my sd Executor allowing him a sufficient maintenance for their well being and education according as my Overseers and Executor shll agree and if they do not what the Court shall determine for the same and if Mr. Gaines shall dye my desire is that my Cousin Hawkins do take the Children upon the same terms and if my Executor shall imbezill the estate or forsake the Country then my will is that my Overseers shall call him to account and finding him delinquent my Executor shall be either bound to make good the same out of his own Estate or else yield it up to Mr. Daniel Gaines the sd GAINES doing as before for the Security of the Estate my sd Executor doe purchase as soon as he can a negro man for my Sonne Francis by or with the profitt of the Estate in lieu of one his Father in Law deceased did owe him give and bequeath of the catle that were my Mothers and now in the keeping of Thomas Kirk two of the female to my Sister PEIRCE hir children with their increase for ever and also the other two of the female kind with their increase and eight steers to my Bro Booths children, the sd Steers and encrease when they come of age and quality excepted if the Estate of my Children be taken out of my Executors hand within halfe a year after my decease and if my Executor be compelled to make good of the sd Estate what sall be falling short my Executor sall make good the same out of the encrease of the negroes that have bin since the same have bin committed to him the sd increase to bee delivered to my children in kind when they come of age and if it shall not suffice then the same to bee made good out of my thirds or the portions thereof as my Executor shall think best for my Children to beloved husband, Amory Butler, a bed, furniture, and a mourning ring of 22 Shillings price in England when my Executor shall have paid all my legacies that then if there be remaining any of my thirds in his hands he shall surrender up the same unto my children the profitts thereof excepted. In witness whereof hand & Seale the day & yeare above written [sic]. S/Elizabeth BUTLER {Seal}; Wits: Thomas LUCAS Senr., John DAWSON, Sworne before me James KAY by order of Court. Juratus est in Cu Co Rappahannock 7 die May 1673. Probtr Recordat 16 Jun 1673. (Sparacio)

Note that Elizabeth refers to her nephew, William Underwood, Sr. (son of her brother, Col. Wm. Underwood), as her 'cousin' (nephew), William Underwood, the Elder which, by implication, confirms that there is an adult William Underwood the Younger; i.e., William Underwood, Jr., s/o Unknown Underwood, and Elizabeth UNKNOWN, who later m Col. Wm. Underwood, then Archdale Combs. Also note that the above is the only known record which comes close to confirming that Elizabeth's sister, Sarah Underwood, is the same Sarah who m William Pierce. One Edward Rowzie m Mary, d/o William and Sarah (Underwood?) Pierce. Col. John Catlett was half-brother to an earlier Edward Rowzie as well as Ralph Rowzie who m Mary, d/o Daniel Gaines. Also note that no mention is made of Fauntleroys.

Elizabeth was a very wealthy lady.

From http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=thamm&id=I9235

Elizabeth's first marriage, to James Taylor of Surry County, Virginia, was very tumultuous. On March 25, 1654, she addressed the court in Surry County seeking a separation from her husband: "The Complt of Mrs. Elisabeth Taylor, to this Court agt Mr. James Taylor Chyrurgion her husband (1) That the sd Mr. Taylor hath kept a whore in the house ever Since he married her. (2) That this Complainante hath often advertised him of it yt ??

be soe or Else that durth not use her soe and he Soe presumption (?) as shee was in the house to me. (3) That he gott her wth Child and sent her away after he had kept her Soe long as he could, And that Soe Soone as she was gone he sought to rayse a Scandall on your Complaynant. And did abuse her Callinge her whore, Jade Bitch, and such like and threatening your Complayant wth drawinge his Knife at her and Swore tht hee would slitt yor Complaynant nose for another, And yre Complaynant goeth in great danger of him for he hath Sworne to doe yre Complaynant a mischiefe althought it be not for his creddith. And that your Complaynant hath never Lived in any quittness Since the goeinge of her away. Wherefore She desires a Sepparation And to goe Live with her Mother and to have a Considerable maintenance allowd her from the sd Taylor. Recorded 25 March 1654 Signed Elisabeth Taylor"

Note about birth date (Erica Howton):

  • - Unsourced (millennium file etc) have about 1632 of England / Essex VA
  • - England births does not have an Elizabeth daughter of William in 1632
  • - I see family trees with that date [Apr 20 1632]. They cite other trees and FindAGrave

The Apr 20 1632 date, then, is not correct for an England birth, but may be OK for VA.


@R500593813@ Ancestry Family Trees Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.


Ancestry Family Tree http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=111846376&pid=1220

Not the mother of William “Nathaniel” Taylor

From https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Underwood-21

On March 26, 1654 Edward Skynner presented a petition to the Commonwealth of England charging that Dr. James Taylor of Surry County, "chyrugeon" hath lived in loathsome sin of adultery with his late servant Ursula Kettel and that she delivered a bastard child the 18 October last past." Ursula Kettle made deposition and Elizabeth, wife of James Taylor, filed for divorce. She appealed to the court that she be allowed to "goe live at her mother's house and have considerable maintenance out of his estate". Further details of her appeal show that she was afraid to live with James for fear of being maimed or killed.

view all 19

Elizabeth Butler's Timeline

April 20, 1632
Old Rappahannock County, Virginia, Colonial America
Age 15
St Anns Parrish, Essex, Virginia, USA
Age 15
Age 21
Virginia, USA
Age 22
Essex County, Virginia
Age 22
Essex, Essex, Virginia, USA
Age 22
Sittenbourne, Kent, England
Age 24
Essex, Essex, Virginia, USA