Giséle of Cysoing

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Giséle, de Cysoing

German: Gisela, de Cysoing
Also Known As: "Gisela", "Gisèle", "Gisela von Verona"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Frankfurt am Main, Hessen-Nassau, Preussia
Death: July 01, 874 (51-55)
Calixtus Convent, Cysoing, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Place of Burial: Cysoing, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Louis I, The Pious and Judith of Bavaria
Wife of St. Eberhard, margrave & duke of Friuli
Mother of Eberhard; Engeltrude “Ingeltrudis”; Unrouch III, margrave of Friuli; Rodolf, Abbot of Cysoing and St. Vaast; Berengar I, emperor of the Romans and 6 others
Sister of Charles II "the Bald", Western Emperor
Half sister of Emperor Lothair I; Pépin I, king of Aquitaine; Berta; Hildegarde d'Aquitaine, Abbesse de Saint-Jean-de-Laon; Louis II, 'The German' and 3 others

Occupation: Princess of France, Daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Louis the Pious Carolingian, Princesse of the Holy Roman Empire
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Giséle of Cysoing

Princess Gisella "Saint Eberhard" Duchess-Consort of Friuli , Queen-Consort of Italy, Margravine-Consort of Friuli.

GISELA ([819/822]-after 1 Jul 874, bur Cysoing, Abbey of St Calixtus). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Karolum et Gislam" children of "Hludovicus ymperator…ex Iudith ymperatrice"[222]. Her marriage is deduced from a charter in which Gisela states that their eldest son Unruoch brought back the body of Eberhard from Italy[223]. She founded the abbey of St Calixtus at Cysoing, Flanders, where she lived as a widow. "Gisle" granted "le fisc de Somain en Ostrevant" to "filii…Adelarde" by charter dated 14 Apr 869, which names "rex Karolus meus…germanus…senioris mei dulcis memorie Evrardi…tres infantes meos Rodulfum…et Berengarium…et…Adelarde"[224]. The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records that “Gisla” donated property to Cysoing abbey for her burial next to “coniugis mei dulcis memoriæ Evrardi”, by charter dated 2 Apr 870 which names “filiæ meæ Ingiltrudis…filius meus Rodulfus”, and by charter dated “Kal Jul anno XXXV regnante Carolo Rege”, naming “filii mei Unroch…filiorum meorum Adalardo atque Rodulfo” and signed by “Odelrici Comitis”[225]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][226]. Married ([836]%29 EBERHARD Marchese di Friulia, son of UNRUOCH Comte [en Ternois] & his wife Engeltrude (-in Italy 16 Dec 866, bur Cysoing, Abbey of St Calixtus). http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAROLINGIANS.htm#LouisIEmperorB


Wikipédia français (8 avril 2022) Gisèle (fille de Louis le Pieux)

FR:: Gisèle (Gisela) (née vers 819/822 - † après 874) est la fille de l'empereur Louis le Pieux et de Judith de Bavière.
EN: Gisèle (Gisela) (born circa 819/822 - † after 874) was the daughter of Emperor Louis the Pious and Judith of Bavaria.

Histoire

FR:: Gisèle se maria probablement vers l'an 836 au marquis Évrard de Frioul du clan des Unrochides1.
EN: In 836, the Emperor Louis the Pious gave him as a dowry the royal domain of Annappes, with its dependencies Ascq, Flers, Gruson and Wasquehal.:
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FR: En 836, l'empereur Louis le Pieux lui donne en dot le domaine royal d'Annappes, avec ses dépendances Ascq, Flers, Gruson2 et Wasquehal3.
EN: Gisèle probably married around the year 836 to the Marquis Évrard de Frioul of the Unrochides clan. In 836, the Emperor Louis the Pious gave him as a dowry the royal domain of Annappes, with its dependencies Ascq, Flers, Gruson and Wasquehal.
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FR: Gisèle eut dix enfants avec Évrard de Frioul, dont deux (Évrard et Alpais) moururent très jeunes. Évrard et Gisèle sont les parents de Bérenger Ier, roi des Lombards. Évrard et Gisèle fondent l'abbaye Saint-Calixte de Cysoing. Évrard de Frioul, dont le corps fut ramené d'Italie par son fils, et son épouse Giséle y ont été enterrés dans une crypte.4 Après la mort de son mari, elle continua sa vie en tant que religieuse à Denain. Elle mourut en 898 et son corps fut ramené pour reposer auprès de son mari dans la nécropole familiale de l'abbaye Saint-Calixte de Cysoing1.
EN: Gisèle had ten children with Évrard de Frioul, two of whom (Évrard and Alpais) died very young. Évrard and Gisèle are the parents of Bérenger I, King of the Lombards. Évrard and Gisèle founded the Abbey of Saint-Calixte de Cysoing. Évrard de Frioul, whose body was brought back from Italy by his son, and his wife Giséle were buried there in a crypt. After the death of her husband, she continued her life as a nun in Denain. She died in 898 and her body was brought back to rest with her husband in the family necropolis of the Saint-Calixte de Cysoing abbey.

Éducation

FR: Contrairement aux stéréotypes de la vision de la femme au Moyen Âge, les filles des rois carolingiens savaient lire et écrire le latin. Cette éducation était utile pour servir la religion chrétienne et remplir leur rôle familial. Les filles et les sœurs des rois carolingiens devaient lire les écrits bibliques pour pratiquer la foi chrétienne. De la même manière que les garçons, les jeunes filles à l'époque carolingienne étudiaient dans les monastères de femmes, d'où les hommes étaient bannis. La passation du savoir se faisait ainsi de femme à femme ; les moniales et religieuses pouvaient faire figure de professeurs, comme le prouve le cas de Dhuoda5. Gisèle était une femme instruite qui savait lire et écrire, comme le démontre sa profession de religieuse à la fin de sa vie et son testament. Toutefois, il est difficile d'établir si son éducation est tributaire de l'ordre monastique ou dispensée par des maîtres privés de la cour du palais. Le manque d'information à ce sujet laisse place à des hypothèses.6. Ses enfants furent aussi instruits selon les modèles carolingiens. Les filles de Gisèle héritèrent de nombreux ouvrages précieux de la bibliothèque d'Évrard, dont la plupart sont des livres à caractère religieux7.
EN: Contrary to the stereotypes of the vision of women in the Middle Ages, the daughters of the Carolingian kings knew how to read and write Latin. This education was useful for serving the Christian religion and fulfilling their family role. The daughters and sisters of Carolingian kings had to read the biblical writings to practice the Christian faith. Like boys, young girls in Carolingian times studied in women's monasteries, from which men were banished. The transfer of knowledge thus took place from woman to woman; nuns and nuns could act as teachers, as the case of Dhuoda5 proves. Gisèle was an educated woman who could read and write, as evidenced by her profession as a nun at the end of her life and her will. However, it is difficult to establish whether his education depended on the monastic order or provided by private masters of the palace court. The lack of information on this subject leaves room for speculation. His children were also educated according to Carolingian models. Gisèle's daughters inherited many precious works from Évrard's library, most of which are religious books.

Religion

FR: Évrard et Gisèle fondent l'abbaye Saint-Calixte de Cysoing vers 854. La création de monastères était une pratique courante des familles aristocratiques, et ce depuis le VIIe siècle8. La fondation de monastère renforçait l’image de piété de la famille carolingienne et permettait un certain pouvoir politique. Le monastère créait un effet de sacralisation de ses fondateurs et de leurs successeurs9. D'ailleurs, la fondation de ce monastère offrit à deux des fils de Gisèle, Raoul et Adalard, l’endroit parfait pour leur profession ecclésiastique. De plus, grâce à la fondation et l’éclosion de ce monastère, un culte de saint Évrard s'établit, qui est nul autre que son mari Évrard de Frioul. En rapatriant le corps de son mari dans la crypte funéraire familiale, Gisèle établit les bases d’un culte10. Évrard est décédé après une conquête territoriale sous l'ordre des Carolingiens, en Italie vers 866. Les raisons de sa mort restent floues, il meurt dans une demeure familiale en Italie11. La sépulture d'Évrard fut installée près de l'autel abbatial, au souhait de Gisèle. Les sépultures créèrent un sentiment de sacralisation des corps des fondateurs et attestent le pouvoir de la famille sur la région. La religion imprègne la famille de Gisèle et son destin. Le testament de Gisèle mentionne aussi une chapelle dont elle serait l'unique fondatrice, puisque cette chapelle n’est pas mentionnée sur le testament d’Évrard12. Les filles de Gisèle et elle-même après la mort de son mari trouvèrent refuge et profession dans la religion catholique. La pratique religieuse pour les femmes de noblesse leur permettait de vivre sans la pression d’un deuxième mariage imposé, d’un rapt, viol ou toutes autres stratégies des hommes pour avoir le pouvoir. Ou dans le cas contraire, elles étaient obligées d’adhérer à une vie monastique sur l’ordre du roi, pour ne pas créer de potentiels héritiers ou d’alliance qui mettrait en péril la souveraineté13.
EN: Évrard and Gisèle founded the Abbey of Saint-Calixte de Cysoing around 854. The creation of monasteries had been a common practice among aristocratic families since the 7th century. The foundation of the monastery reinforced the image of piety of the Carolingian family and allowed a certain political power. The monastery created an effect of sacralization of its founders and their successors. Moreover, the foundation of this monastery offered two of Gisèle's sons, Raoul and Adalard, the perfect place for their ecclesiastical profession. Moreover, thanks to the foundation and the hatching of this monastery, a cult of Saint Évrard is established, who is none other than her husband Évrard de Frioul. By repatriating her husband's body to the family funerary crypt, Gisèle established the foundations of a cult. Évrard died after a territorial conquest under the order of the Carolingians, in Italy around 866. The reasons for his death remain unclear, he died in a family home in Italy. Évrard's tomb was installed near the abbey altar, at Gisèle's wish. The burials created a feeling of sanctification of the bodies of the founders and attest to the power of the family over the region. Religion permeates Gisèle's family and her destiny. Gisèle's will also mentions a chapel of which she would be the sole founder, since this chapel is not mentioned in Évrard's will. Gisèle's daughters and herself after the death of her husband found refuge and profession in the Catholic religion. Religious practice for noble women allowed them to live without the pressure of an imposed second marriage, kidnapping, rape or any other strategy by men to gain power. Otherwise, they were forced to adhere to a monastic life by order of the king, so as not to create potential heirs or alliances that would jeopardize sovereignty.

Mariage carolingien

FR: Selon la tradition carolingienne, à la fois pour éviter des conflits de succession et pour promouvoir la foi chrétienne, le destin des filles de Charlemagne était de servir la religion chrétienne. Cette stratégie lui permettait d’éliminer les possibles problèmes de succession et de contrôler la puissance de l’aristocratie ou la noblesse. En effet, puisque la succession posait déjà des conflits au sein de sa propre famille et ses héritiers, Charlemagne préférait ne pas avoir des gendres qui se révéleraient trop ambitieux. Dans le texte Vita Karoli d'Éginhard, celui-ci explique que Charlemagne préférait garder ses filles proches de lui, un comportement excessif selon Éginhard14. Louis le Pieux, contrairement à son père Charlemagne, avait pour politique de marier ses filles à l’aristocratie, notamment pour se trouver des alliés puissants. L’alliance de Gisèle et d’Évrard de Frioul du clan des Unrochides permet le soutien de ce clan à Louis le Pieux et à son successeur. Certains historiens placent le mariage de Gisèle et d’Évrard vers 836, alors que d’autres le placent davantage vers 840, après la mort de Louis le Pieux. Cela coïnciderait peut-être davantage avec le testament de Gisèle, qui semble posséder sa dot, les terres de Charles le Chauve15. Toutefois, cela viendrait à l’encontre de la date de naissance des premiers enfants de Gisèle et d’Évrard. Tout comme son père, Gisèle et Évrard décident de marier leurs filles. Cela pose un problème qu’après leur mort pour la succession de Saint-Calixte de Cysoing, réclamée par le mari d'Heilwich[Quoi ?]16.
EN: According to Carolingian tradition, both to avoid succession disputes and to promote the Christian faith, the destiny of the daughters of Charlemagne was to serve the Christian religion. This strategy allowed him to eliminate possible problems of succession and to control the power of the aristocracy or the nobility. Indeed, since the succession already posed conflicts within his own family and his heirs, Charlemagne preferred not to have sons-in-law who would prove to be too ambitious. In Eginhard's text Vita Karoli, he explains that Charlemagne preferred to keep his daughters close to him, an excessive behavior according to Einhard. Louis the Pious, unlike his father Charlemagne, had a policy of marrying off his daughters to the aristocracy, especially to find powerful allies. The alliance of Gisèle and Évrard de Frioul of the Unrochides clan enabled this clan to support Louis the Pious and his successor. Some historians place the marriage of Gisèle and Évrard around 836, while others place it more around 840, after the death of Louis the Pious. This would perhaps coincide more with the will of Gisèle, who seems to own her dowry, the lands of Charles the Bald. However, this would contradict the date of birth of the first children of Gisèle and Évrard. Just like her father, Gisèle and Évrard decide to marry off their daughters. This poses a problem that after their death for the succession of Saint-Calixte de Cysoing, claimed by the husband of Heilwich [What?].

Possessions et biens

FR: Le testament d’Évrard et de Gisèle permet d’établir le rythme de vie et la richesse des couples aristocratiques ou de la noblesse. Les nombreuses terres données à leurs enfants expriment le pouvoir territorial du couple. Le mobilier laissé sur le testament est un indice sur le décor et les usages de ces objets dans le quotidien autour de la vie de Gisèle. Pour les garçons de Gisèle et d’Évrard, un nombre surprenant d’objets en or et argent furent légués; épée en pommeau d’or et d’argent (au moins 7 dénombrés dans le testament), poignard orné de gemmes précieuses, tunique et manteau ornés d’or, ciboire avec croix en or, bracelets d’or, peigne orné d’or, candélabre d’argent, des cornes à boire en or et argent, calice d’ivoire7 …. Un mélange d’objets usuels; par exemple des cornes pour boire, des cuillers, gobelets et candélabres, des armes d’apparat… et de mobilier de la chapelle familiale. Pour les filles, elles héritèrent chacune d’écuelles d’argent, d’un pallium et d’un phylactère d’argent.17 Les filles ont aussi hérité de livres à caractère religieux. Ses legs nous permettent plusieurs constats; la plus grande partie des richesses du couple revenait aux hommes héritiers. Mais ce legs s’explique si l’on considère que les filles de Gisèle auraient déjà bénéficié d’une dot lors de leurs mariages. Le testament indique aussi une certaine humilité; les objets précieux sont pour la plus grande partie des objets cérémoniels, qui sont placés dans la chapelle familiale. Certains objets du quotidien permettent d’imaginer le décor du manoir seigneurial de Gisèle et d’Évrard; un manoir seigneurial avec des objets précieux, mais dont les véritables trésors sont les objets de culte chrétien.
EN: The will of Évrard and Gisèle establishes the rhythm of life and the wealth of aristocratic couples or the nobility. The many lands given to their children express the territorial power of the couple. The furniture left on the will is a clue to the decor and the uses of these objects in everyday life around Gisèle's life. For the boys of Gisèle and Évrard, a surprising number of gold and silver objects were bequeathed; sword with gold and silver hilt (at least 7 counted in the will), dagger adorned with precious gems, tunic and mantle adorned with gold, ciborium with gold cross, gold bracelets, comb adorned with gold , silver candelabra, gold and silver drinking horns, ivory chalice7 …. A mixture of everyday objects; for example drinking horns, spoons, goblets and candelabras, ceremonial weapons… and furniture from the family chapel. For the girls, they each inherited silver bowls, a pallium and a silver phylactery. The girls also inherited books of a religious nature. His legacies allow us several observations; most of the couple's wealth went to the male heirs. But this legacy can be explained if we consider that Gisèle's daughters would have already benefited from a dowry during their marriages. The will also indicates a certain humility; the precious objects are for the most part ceremonial objects, which are placed in the family chapel. Certain everyday objects make it possible to imagine the decor of the seigneurial manor of Gisèle and Évrard; a seigniorial mansion with precious objects, but whose real treasures are the objects of Christian worship.

Testament de Gisèle

FR: Généralement, dans le couple ordinaire du Moyen Âge, le mari avait possession des biens offerts et hérités après le mariage. Toutefois, dans certains cas, quand la femme est de lignée royale directe, celle-ci peut posséder des terres18. Gisèle survécut à son mari Évrard et après sa mort, ou dû à la négligence de ces biens, Charles le Chauve reprit possession de ces terres données en dot. Ce passage du testament de Gisèle écrit vers 869 en atteste.
EN: Generally, in the ordinary couple of the Middle Ages, the husband had possession of the goods offered and inherited after marriage. However, in some cases, when the woman is of direct royal lineage, she may own land. Gisèle survived her husband Évrard and after his death, or due to the neglect of these assets, Charles the Bald regained possession of these lands given as a dowry. This passage from Gisèle's will written around 869 attests to this.
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FR: « Il m’a semblé convenable, au nom de Dieu, à moi Gisèle, de partager les biens négligés par mon seigneur Évrard, de douce mémoire, puis réunis au domaine royal, mais conservés en bon état par ordre supérieur, eu égard à mon veuvage, et dans le but de me soulager dans mon changement de situation, biens que mon très cher et bienveillant frère, si j’ose appeler ainsi le roi Charles, a daigné dans son immense bonté me retourner augmentés… »19.
EN: "It seemed appropriate, in the name of God, to me Gisèle, to share the property neglected by my lord Évrard, of sweet memory, then united to the royal domain, but kept in good condition by superior order, having regard to my widowhood, and with the aim of relieving me in my change of situation, goods which my very dear and benevolent brother, if I dare to call King Charles thus, has condescended in his immense goodness to return me augmented…”
§
FR: Toutefois, Charles le Chauve lui laisse le fisc de Somain, qu’elle lègue à son fils Adalard. Elle spécifie qu’après la mort d’Adalard, abbé à l’abbaye de Cysoing, le monastère héritera des terres.
EN: However, Charles the Bald leaves her the tax office of Somain, which she bequeaths to her son Adalard. It specifies that after the death of Adalard, abbot at Cysoing Abbey, the monastery will inherit the land.

FR: « Je vous donne donc mon très cher fils Adalard, le fisc du nom de Somain au pays d’Ostrevent, dont mon dit bienveillant souverain et frère Charles, si je l’ose nommer ainsi, dans sa grande et tendre largesse, a daigné me faire don. 15 »
EN: "I therefore give you my very dear son Adalard, the taxman by the name of Somain in the country of Ostrevent, whose so-called benevolent sovereign and brother Charles, if I dare call him thus, in his great and tender generosity, deigned to donate.”
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FR: « J’y mets cette condition, qu’après votre mort, elle reviendra intégralement audit monastère selon ce qui suit: le manoir seigneurial, avec 179 bonniers de terres labourables, 32 bonniers de près, 561 bonniers de bois, 93 bonniers de dépendances, et aussi 4 bonniers de terre. Ce fisc tout entier, comme il a été dit, sauf ladite chapelle avec 9 manses, je le passe et le constitue intégralement de ma juridiction en vos mains pour votre part, moyennant cette condition: tant que, à la volonté du Seigneur, je serai en vie, il sera considéré comme étant mon bien personnel.12 »
EN: "I put this condition, that after your death, it will return entirely to the said monastery according to the following: the seigniorial manor, with 179 bonniers of arable land, 32 bonniers of near, 561 bonniers of wood, 93 bonniers of outbuildings, and also 4 bonniers of earth. This whole treasury, as it has been said, except the said chapel with 9 manses, I pass it and constitute it entirely from my jurisdiction into your hands for your part, subject to this condition: as long as, at the will of the Lord, I will be alive, it will be considered my personal property.”

FR: C’est lorsqu’elle devient veuve qu’elle détient une certaine indépendance financière et la gestion des biens familiaux. L’accord de ses fils n’était pas nécessaire pour qu’elle puisse hériter d’Évrard20(et donc du territoire donné en dot à son mariage, repris par Charles et redonné à Gisèle à la mort d’Évrard). Il est toutefois intéressant de percevoir qu’elle ressent le besoin de réclamer cet important fisc comme bien personnel. Selon le testament d’Évrard écrit conjointement avec Gisèle écrit plus tôt vers 865, les biens et les territoires de son mari sont partagés entre ses fils. Ses filles hériteront aussi de quelques biens, dont une partie de la bibliothèque d’Évrard ainsi que quelques terres5. Charles le Chauve ne pouvait s’interposer dans cet échange comme il l’a fait dans la reprise de la dot de Gisèle, puisque le compte Évrard provient lui-même d’une famille aristocratique et qu’il n’avait aucun droit à ses terres provenant du clan des Unrochides. La dotation du monastère fut remise à Adalard, puis Raoul son frère qui furent tous deux abbés à Saint-Calixte de Cysoing. À la mort de Raoul, le monastère fut remis aux moines. Ce legs de Raoul, qui exauçait le souhait de Gisèle, fut contesté par le mari de Heilwich. Le monastère était richement doté et amenait jalousie parmi la noblesse21.
EN: It is when she becomes a widow that she has a certain financial independence and the management of family assets. The consent of her sons was not necessary for her to inherit Évrard (and therefore the territory given as a dowry at her marriage, taken over by Charles and given back to Gisèle on Évrard's death). It is however interesting to perceive that she feels the need to claim this important tax as personal property. According to Évrard's will written jointly with Gisèle written earlier around 865, her husband's property and territories were divided among his sons. His daughters will also inherit some property, including part of Évrard's library as well as some land. Charles the Bald could not intervene in this exchange as he did in the recovery of Gisèle's dowry, since Count Évrard himself comes from an aristocratic family and he had no right to his lands from the Unrochid clan. The endowment of the monastery was given to Adalard, then Raoul his brother who were both abbots of Saint-Calixte de Cysoing. When Raoul died, the monastery was handed over to the monks. This bequest from Raoul, which fulfilled Gisèle's wish, was contested by Heilwich's husband. The monastery was richly endowed and brought jealousy among the nobility.

Mariage et descendance

FR: Gisèle épouse, probablement vers 836, Eberhard22, marquis de Frioul, avec lequel elle eut dix enfants :
EN: Gisèle married, probably around 836, Eberhard, Marquis de Frioul, with whom she had ten children:

1. Évrard (837- † après le 20 juin 840) ;
2. Ingeltrude de Frioul (v. 836 - † 867), épouse Henri de la Marche (830 – 886), marquis de Neustrie ;
3. Unroch III de Frioul (v. 840 - 874), époux d'Ève de Tours ;
4. Bérenger Ier de Frioul (v. 843 - † 924), époux de Berthe de Spolète, élu roi des Lombards à Pavie en 888, et empereur romain germanique en 915 ;
5. Adahard († après le 1er juillet 874). Abbé de Cysoing ;
6. Raoul / Rodolphe († 1er mai 892). Abbé laïc de Cysoing et de l'abbaye Saint-Vaast d'Arras. En 883, le roi Carloman II de France lui donna l'Artois et le Ternois qui furent saisis à sa mort par le comte Baudouin II de Flandre — Lay abbot of Cysoing and the Abbey of Saint-Vaast in Arras. In 883, King Carloman II of France gave him Artois and Ternois which were seized upon his death by Count Baudouin II of Flanders);
7. Alpais, morte jeune et inhumée à l'abbaye Saint-Calixte de Cysoing ;
8. Heilwide de Frioul (v. 855 - v. 895), qui épousa vers 874 Huchald (Hucbald) d'Ostrevant (850 - 890) puis peut-être Roger Ier (v. 867 - † 926) comte de Laon ;
11. Gisèle († v. 863). Nonne à l'abbaye Saint-Sauveur de Brescia ;
10. Judith de Frioul (863 - † 881), qui épousa Conrad II de Bourgogne, comte d'Auxerre et duc de Bourgogne Transjurane de 859 à 864

FR: Il est intéressant de constater que les noms des enfants de Gisèle réfèrent tous à des membres proches de la famille; oncle, tante ou grands-parents. Gisèle n’avait pas le droit de nommer ses enfants de nom de la royauté carolingienne; elle nomma ses enfants de la descendance des Unrochides (Unroch, Adalard, Ingeltrude, Bérenger), de son côté maternel (Raoul, Heilwich, Judith et Gisèle) et de son couple en lui-même (Gisèle et Évrard)23.
EN: It is interesting to note that the names of Gisèle's children all refer to close members of the family; uncle, aunt or grandparents. Gisèle had no right to name her children after Carolingian royalty; she named her children from the descent of the Unrochids (Unroch, Adalard, Ingeltrude, Bérenger), from her maternal side (Raoul, Heilwich, Judith and Gisèle) and from her couple itself (Gisèle and Évrard).
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23 Citations ; cliquez sur le lien Wikipédia.
6 Sources : cliquez sur le lien Wikipédia.


GISELA ([819/822]

-after 1 Jul 874, bur Cysoing, Abbey of St Calixtus). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Karolum et Gislam" children of "Hludovicus ymperator…ex Iudith ymperatrice"[209]. Her marriage is deduced from a charter in which Gisela states that their eldest son Unruoch brought back the body of Eberhard from Italy[210]. She founded the abbey of St Calixtus at Cysoing, Flanders, where she lived as a widow. "Gisle" granted "le fisc de Somain en Ostrevant" to "filii…Adelarde" by charter dated 14 Apr 869, which names "rex Karolus meus…germanus…senioris mei dulcis memorie Evrardi…tres infantes meos Rodulfum…et Berengarium…et…Adelarde"[211]. The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records that “Gisla” donated property to Cysoing abbey for her burial next to “coniugis mei dulcis memoriæ Evrardi”, by charter dated 2 Apr 870 which names “filiæ meæ Ingiltrudis…filius meus Rodulfus”, and by charter dated “Kal Jul anno XXXV regnante Carolo Rege”, naming “filii mei Unroch…filiorum meorum Adalardo atque Rodulfo” and signed by “Odelrici Comitis”[212]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][213].

m ([836]%29 EBERHARD Marchese di Friulia, son of UNRUOCH Comte [en Ternois] & his wife Engeltrude (-in Italy 16 Dec 866, bur Cysoing, Abbey of St Calixtus).

EBERHARD, son of UNRUOCH & his wife Engeltrude --- ([805/10]-in Italy 16 Dec 866, bur Cysoing, Abbey of St Calixtus). His origin is stated in the poem by Sedulius addressed to "Everhardum comitem…Hunroci proles"[248]. His birth date is estimated on the basis of his marriage in [836]. Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Walach…abbas et Rihhardus perfidus et Eberhardus fidelis" as legates of Lothar, son of Emperor Louis I, in Italy in May [836][249]. Eberhard stopped the invasion of the Slavs and received the March of Friulia from Emperor Lothaire I, becoming EBERHARD Duke of the March of Friulia. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "comes Everardus cognomento Radulfus" was made "dux Foroiulii" by Emperor Lothaire[250]. An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[251]. The Annales Alamannicorum record "Eberhart" among those who swore allegiance in 864[252]. With his wife, he founded the abbey of St Calixtus at Cysoing, Flanders[253]. The Annales Xantenses record the death in 866 of "Everwinus gener Ludewici regis" in Italy[254]. Assuming that this refers to Eberhard, it is surprising that the text refers to "Ludewici regis" rather than "Ludewici imperatoris". Eberhard's father-in-law is not known to have used the title king after his imperial coronation, although in a previous part of the same text the Annales refer to his mother-in-law as "Iuthit regina". It is improbable that the Annales could refer to Louis "le Jeune" King of Italy (who was reigning in 866 and died in 875) as his daughters were probably under marriageable age at the time and in any case no other reference has been found to one of them marrying "Everwinus". The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records the testament of “Evrardus comes cum coniuge mea Gisla”, dated “Hludovico Augusto anno regni eius XXIV” and witnessed by “Adalroch nepos noster”, which bequeathes property “in Langobardia et in Alamannia” to “primogenitus…noster Unroch”, property “cortem in Anaspio…præter Grecinam et cortem nostrum Hildiolam in Hasbannis…et…in pago Condustrim” to “secundus…Berengarius”, property “in Cisonio et Cansinium” to “tertius Adalardus”, property “Vitrei…Mesrucha…in Cisonio…et…in Sceleburd…quod Matridus…habuit” to “quartus Rodulfus”, and to “filiabus…nostris…Ingeldrud…Ermen et Mareshem, Judith…[in] Balgingam et cortem nostrum in pago Moila…Helisheim…Heilvinch…Hattrenheim et Luisinga et Wendesse et unum manum in Engerestheim”, and also lists a large number of books[255].

m ([836]%29 GISELA, daughter of Emperor LOUIS I "der Fromme/le Pieux" & his second wife Judith [Welf] ([819/822]-after 1 Jul 874, bur Cysoing, Abbey of St Calixtus). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Karolum et Gislam" children of "Hludovicus ymperator…ex Iudith ymperatrice"[256]. Her marriage is deduced from a charter in which Gisela states that their eldest son Unruoch brought back the body of Eberhard from Italy[257]. It is also confirmed by the Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis which records that “Gisla” donated property to Cysoing abbey naming “Rex Karolus…germanus”, dated “XVII Kal Mai…in anno XXIX regnante Carolo Rege”[258]. She founded the abbey of St Calixtus at Cysoing, Flanders, where she lived as a widow. "Gisle" granted "le fisc de Somain en Ostrevant" to "filii…Adelarde" by charter dated 14 Apr 869, which names "rex Karolus meus…germanus…senioris mei dulcis memorie Evrardi…tres infantes meos Rodulfum…et Berengarium…et…Adelarde"[259]. The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records that “Gisla” donated property to Cysoing abbey for her burial next to “coniugis mei dulcis memoriæ Evrardi”, by charter dated 2 Apr 870 which names “filiæ meæ Ingiltrudis…filius meus Rodulfus”, and by charter dated “Kal Jul anno XXXV regnante Carolo Rege”, naming “filii mei Unroch…filiorum meorum Adalardo atque Rodulfo” and signed by “Odelrici Comitis”[260]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][261].

Duke Eberhard & his wife had [eleven] children:

1. EBERHARD ([837]-before 20 Jun 840). The Epitaphio de filio Eberhardi comitis by Sedulius names "natus Eberhardi patrio cognomina dictus" and his mother Gisela[262].
2. ENGELTRUDE ([837/40]-after [874]). The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records the testament of “Evrardus comes cum coniuge mea Gisla”, which bequeathes property to “filiabus…nostris…Ingeldrud…Ermen et Mareshem…”[263]. Eckhardt[264] suggests that Ingeltrudis was the wife of Heinrich dux [alte Babenberger] (who died in 886). However, this appears impossible chronologically given that Heinrich's daughter Hedwig gave birth to her third child in 876. The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records that “Gisla” donated property to Cysoing abbey for her burial next to “coniugis mei dulcis memoriæ Evrardi”, by charter dated 2 Apr 870 which names “filiæ meæ Ingiltrudis…filius meus Rodulfus”[265]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][266].
3. UNRUOCH ([840]-874 after 1 Jul). The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records the testament of “Evrardus comes cum coniuge mea Gisla”, which bequeathes property “in Langobardia et in Alamannia” to “primogenitus…noster Unroch”[267]. The Andreæ Bergomatis Chronicon records that "Unhrich filio suo [=Ebherardo]" succeeded his father in 866 as UNRUOCH Marchese di Friulia[268]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][269]. m AVA, daughter of [LIUTFRIED Signor di Monza, Lay abbot of Moutier-Grandval & his wife ---]. According to Europäische Stammtafeln[270], the wife of Unruoch was the possible daughter of Liutfried [I]. This affiliation is suggested presumably only for onomastic reasons, her name being the same as that of her supposed paternal grandmother. The primary source which confirms the name of Unruoch's wife has not yet been identified. Unruoch & his wife had [one possible child]: a) [daughter. The Annales Fuldenses record that the emperor's men invaded "monasterium puellarum in Brixia civitate" in 887 and abducted "filiam Unruochi comitis, propinquam imperatoris" and married her to "suoque nepoti"[271]. No other reference has so far been found to a daughter of Unruoch who died in 874. However, it is chronologically improbable that the reference can relate to a daughter of the senior Count Unruoch, who was this Unruoch's paternal grandfather. m ([887]%29 ---, nepos of Emperor KARL III "der Dicke", daughter of ---.]
4. RUDOLF (-1 May 892). The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records the testament of “Evrardus comes cum coniuge mea Gisla”, which bequeathes property “Vitrei…Mesrucha…in Cisonio…et…in Sceleburd…quod Matridus…habuit” to “quartus Rodulfus”[272]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "abbas Rodulfus" as son of "marchionis Evrardi"[273]. "Gisle" granted "le fisc de Somain en Ostrevant" to "filii…Adelarde" by charter dated 14 Apr 869, which names "rex Karolus meus…germanus…senioris mei dulcis memorie Evrardi…tres infantes meos Rodulfum…et Berengarium…et…Adelarde"[274]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][275]. Comte. He was invested as lay Abbot of Cysoing and St Vaast at Arras by Carloman King of the West Franks in 883 and charged with the defence of the counties of Artois and Ternois. After his death, his lands were seized by Baudouin II Count of Flanders[276].
5. BERENGAR ([840/45]-murdered Verona 7 Apr 924). The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records the testament of “Evrardus comes cum coniuge mea Gisla”, which bequeathes property “cortem in Anaspio…præter Grecinam et cortem nostrum Hildiolam in Hasbannis…et…in pago Condustrim” to “secundus…Berengarius”[277]. The Chronica Mon. Casinensis names "Berengarius Foroiulensis, filius Everardi marchionis Italiæ"[278]. "Gisle" granted "le fisc de Somain en Ostrevant" to "filii…Adelarde" by charter dated 14 Apr 869, which names "rex Karolus meus…germanus…senioris mei dulcis memorie Evrardi…tres infantes meos Rodulfum…et Berengarium…et…Adelarde"[279]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][280]. He succeeded his brother in 874 as BERENGARIO I Marchese di Friulia. The Gesta regum Francorum records "Berengarius…consanguineus imperator" being sent to expel "Wito comes Tuscianorum" in 883[281]. He was elected in 888 as BERENGARIO I King of Italy, supported principally by the German faction in Italy. "Berengarius rex" confirmed grants of property to "Angilbergæ…imperatrici", at the request of "…Vualfredus…marchio", by charter dated 8 May 888[282]. He was defeated by Guido of Spoleto in 889. He re-emerged as sole king in Italy in 898 after the death of Lambert of Spoleto. Louis King of Provence was elected as king of Italy in 900, with support particularly from Anscario Marchese d'Ivrea. Berengario defeated Louis twice, the second time conclusively in 905 when he had his rival blinded. He was crowned Emperor BERENGAR at Rome in 916. He allied himself with the Hungarians to defeat Rudolf II King of Upper Burgundy, who emerged as another rival candidate for the Italian throne, but was later forced back to Verona by Rudolf, and finally defeated by him at Firenzuola 29 Jul 923. Berengario returned to Verona with the intention of calling for further help from the Hungarians, who meanwhile had burned Pavia. He was murdered at Verona soon after. m firstly ([880/3 Nov 890]) BERTILA di Spoleto, daughter of SUPPO II Duke of Spoleto & his wife --- (-executed before Dec 915). "Berengarius rex" confirmed grants of property "Mercoriatico in territorio [comitatu] Regiensi" to "Iohanne presbiter", at the request of "Berchtilæ…coniugis et consortis regni nostri", by charter dated 3 Nov 890[283]. Berengario I King of Italy "conjugis nostreque Regni consortis Berchtile" granted property "in comitatu Veronense" to "Anselmo…Comite, nostroque Compatre et Consiliario" by charter dated 26 Jul 910[284]. The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. She was executed for alleged adultery. m secondly (before Dec 915) ANNA, daughter of --- (-after May 930). "Berengarius…rex" granted "mansum in villa Evurio…de comitatu Oxilense de corticella…Beura" to "fideli nostro…Hervino nepoti…Dagiberti episcopi", at the request of "Anna…coniuncx nostram", by charter dated to [915][285]. Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 920 under which "Berengarius…Imperator Augustus" granted "curtem…de Prato Plano finibus Placentinis" to "Annæ…coniugi nostræ"[286].

King Berengario I & his first wife had three children:
a) daughter. The primary source which confirms the origin of this daughter and her marriage has not yet been identified. m (887) ---, nepos of LIUTWARD Bishop of Vercelli, daughter of ---.
b) GISELA ([880/85]-[910/15]). Liutprand names "Gislam Berengarius filiam suam" as wife of "Adelbertus Eporegiæ civitatis marchio"[287]. "Berengarius rex" donated property to the church of Vercelli, at the request of "Adelberti…marchionis et…generi nostri et Grimaldi…comitis", by charter dated 26 Jan 913[288]. m ([898/900]%29 as his first wife, ADALBERTO d´Ivrea, son of ANSCARIO I Marchese d'Ivrea & his wife [Volsia di Susa] (-[17 Jul 923/8 Oct 924]). He succeeded his father [898/902] as ADALBERTO I Conte e Marchese d'Ivrea.
c) BERTA (-after 952). "Berengarius rex" granted property "viam publicam in circuitu castelli…Sendali…comitatus Brixiensis in pago et fundo Temolina" to "Berchtam…monasterii Sanctæ Iulie abbatissam…filiam nostram" by charter dated 4 Mar 915[289]. "Berengarius…imperator augustus" permitted "Berchtam…filiam nostrum…abbatissam" to build a castle "super ripam Ticini iuxta portum…Sclavaria" by charter dated 25 May 916[290]. Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 27 Aug 917 under which "Berengarius Imperator Augustus" confirmed the rights of Placentia monastery of which "Bertæ filie nostre" was abbess[291].

6. ADALHARD (-after 1 Jul [874]). The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records the testament of “Evrardus comes cum coniuge mea Gisla”, which bequeathes property “in Cisonio et Cansinium” to “tertius Adalardus”[292]. Abbot of Cysoing. "Gisle" granted "le fisc de Somain en Ostrevant" to "filii…Adelarde" by charter dated 14 Apr 869, which names "rex Karolus meus…germanus…senioris mei dulcis memorie Evrardi…tres infantes meos Rodulfum…et Berengarium…et…Adelarde"[293]. The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records that “Gisla” donated property to Cysoing abbey by charter dated “Kal Jul anno XXXV regnante Carolo Rege”, naming “filii mei Unroch…filiorum meorum Adalardo atque Rodulfo”[294]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][295].
7. ALPAIS (-young, bur Cysoing). The primary source which confirms her existence has not yet been identified.
8. HEILWIG (-after 895). The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records the testament of “Evrardus comes cum coniuge mea Gisla”, which bequeathes property to “filiabus…nostris…Heilvinch…Hattrenheim et Luisinga et Wendesse et unum manum in Engerestheim”[296]. Her first marriage is confirmed by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines which names "Hucbaldus de Hainacq" as "huius [=abbas Rodulfus] sororius"[297]. It appears to be corroborated by a later passage in the same source which records that "comes Rodulfus" (referring to Heilwig's grandson) was "nepos…ex sorore" of Louis IV King of France[298]. It appears chronologically unlikely for any of King Louis's sisters, whose dates of birth can be estimated to [908/17], to have been the mother of Raoul [II] who was killed in battle in 944, presumably when he was already adult. It appears more likely that the family relationship was one generation further back, and that a member of the Unruochingi family, descended from the sister of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and who originated in the same area in northern France, would provide a good match. Nevertheless, the earlier primary source on which Alberic based his information has not yet been identified and it is possible that the source is inaccurate in its report. Her second marriage is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[299] but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified. Another table in Europäische Stammtafeln only names the wife of Comte Roger as "Helvide" but does not give her origin[300]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][301]. m firstly (before 874) HUCBALD Comte [d'Ostrevant], son of --- (-after 890). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Hucbaldus de Hainacq" as "huius [=abbas Rodulfus] sororius"[302]. m secondly (after 890) ROGER [I] Comte de Laon, son of --- (-926).
9. GISELA (-Apr 863). The necrology of Brixen records that "Domnus Eberardus Dux tradidit filiam suam Gisla"[303]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][304]. Nun at San Salvatore at Brescia.
10. JUDITH (-after [874]). The Historia Ecclesiæ Cisoniensis records the testament of “Evrardus comes cum coniuge mea Gisla”, which bequeathes property to “filiabus…nostris…Judith…[in] Balgingam et cortem nostrum in pago Moila…Helisheim…”[305]. "Gisle" donated property to Cysoing for the anniversaries of "Ludovico imperatore patre meo et…Judith imperatrice matre mea et…rege Karolo…germano et…prole mea…Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Hellwich, Gilla, Judith" by charter dated to [874][306].
11. [daughter. Wegener[307] speculates that the wife of Arnulf Duke of Bavaria was the daughter of Eberhard Duke of the March of Friulia [Unruochingi], ostensibly for onomastic reasons on the basis of the transmission of the names Eberhard and Judith into the Luitpoldinger family, used first for Duke Arnulf's children. If this is correct, she must have been the daughter Judith named in her parents´s testament. However, from a chronological point of view, it is unlikely that the wife of Arnulf Duke of Bavaria was the daughter of Duke Eberhard. The latter's children must have been born between [840] and [860], whereas Duke Arnulf's children were probably born between [910] and [930]. m ARNULF Graf im Nordgau, son of Markgraf LUITPOLD Graf in Carinthia & his wife Kunigunde [Ahalolfinger] (-14 Jul 937, bur Regensburg St Emmeran). He was installed in 908 as ARNULF Duke of Bavaria.]

------------------------------- WIKIPEDIA (Eng) Gisela (b.821) was the youngest daughter of Louis the Pious and his second wife, Judith of Bavaria. She married the powerful and influential Evrard, Duke of Friuli, later canonized as Saint Evrard, with whom she had several children including Berengar, King of Italy and Margrave of Friuli. Gisela was renowned her piety and virtue, much like her namesake (Gisela), the beloved sister of Charlemagne, who had chosen the religious life from girlhood.

Her dowry consisted of many rich domains including the fisc of Cysoing; located at the center of the country of Pèvele, Cysoing was one of the most beautiful fiscs in the region and became one of her and Evrard's regular residences. They founded a monastery there, which was not completed until after their deaths.

The nunnery San Salvatore was given to her after Ermengarde, wife of Lothair I. For a time she served as both abbess and rectrix.

Also, she presented to the Church the mosaics which still exist in the cathedral at Aquileia. They contain (what is most remarkable for that time) a Crucifixion, the Virgin, St. George, the portrait of Gisela, and various allegorical figures.[1]

She dedicated herself to the education of her and Evrard's many children.



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Gisela (b.821) was the youngest daughter of Louis the Pious and his second wife, Judith of Bavaria. She married the powerful and influential Evrard, Duke of Friuli, later canonized as Saint Evrard, with whom she had several children including King Berengar I of Italy, Margrave of Friuli, and Ingeltrude (whose grandson, Henry the Fowler, would start the famous Ottonian Dynasty of German kings). Gisela was renowned her piety and virtue, much like her namesake (Gisela), the beloved sister of Charlemagne, who had chosen the religious life from girlhood. Her dowry consisted of many rich domains including the fisc of Cysoing; located at the center of the country of Pèvele, Cysoing was one of the most beautiful fiscs in the region and became one of her and Evrard's regular residences. They founded a monastery there, which was not completed until after their deaths. The nunnery San Salvatore was given to her after Ermengarde, wife of Lothair I. For a time she served as both abbess and rectrix. Also, she presented to the Church the mosaics which still exist in the cathedral at Aquileia. They contain (what is most remarkable for that time) a Crucifixion, the Virgin, St. George, the portrait of Gisela, and various allegorical figures.[1] She dedicated herself to the education of her and Evrard's many children. [edit]Notes

^ Handbook of Painting: The Italian Schools by Franz Kugler, Margaret Hutton, Charles Lock Eastlake.



Gisela (b.821) was the youngest daughter of Louis the Pious and his second wife, Judith of Bavaria. She married the powerful and influential Evrard, Duke of Friuli, later canonized as Saint Evrard, with whom she had several children including Berengar, King of Italy and Margrave of Friuli. Gisela was renowned her piety and virtue, much like her namesake (Gisela), the beloved sister of Charlemagne, who had chosen the religious life from girlhood.

Her dowry consisted of many rich domains including the fisc of Cysoing; located at the center of the country of Pèvele, Cysoing was one of the most beautiful fiscs in the region and became one of her and Evrard's regular residences. They founded a monastery there, which was not completed until after their deaths.

The nunnery San Salvatore was given to her after Ermengarde, wife of Lothair I. For a time she served as both abbess and rectrix.

Also, she presented to the Church the mosaics which still exist in the cathedral at Aquileia. They contain (what is most remarkable for that time) a Crucifixion, the Virgin, St. George, the portrait of Gisela, and various allegorical figures.

She dedicated herself to the education of her and Evrard's many children.



http://www.nkclifton.com/carolingian/carolingians-begin.html#Gisela


from http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/louis000.htm:

Gisela, b. 819×822, d. after 1 July 874; m. Eberhard, duke of Friuli. The statement of Witger that Gisela was a daughter of Louis and Judith is confirmed by one of Gisela's own charters (ca. 874), in which she referred to Louis and Judith as her parents ["Ego, in nomine domini, Gisla, anniversariam reflectionem decrevi fieri pro Ludovico imperatore, patre meo, et pro Judith, imperatrice, matre mea, et pro glorioso rege Karolo, si fari audeam, germano, et pro prole mea videlicet: Hengeltrude, Hunroc, Berengario, Adelardo, Rodulpho, Heilwich, Gilla, Judich, necnon et pro omni cognatione mea. Post Resurrectionis Dominice festum die duodecimo." Cart Cysoing 11 (#VI)].



From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gisela,_daughter_of_Louis_the_Pious ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Gisela (b.821) was the youngest daughter of Louis the Pious and his second wife, Judith of Bavaria. She married the powerful and influential Evrard, Duke of Friuli, later canonized as Saint Evrard, with whom she had several children including King Berengar I of Italy, Margrave of Friuli, and Ingeltrude (whose grandson, Henry the Fowler, would start the famous Ottonian Dynasty of German kings). Gisela was renowned her piety and virtue, much like her namesake (Gisela), the beloved sister of Charlemagne, who had chosen the religious life from girlhood.

Her dowry consisted of many rich domains including the fisc of Cysoing; located at the center of the country of Pèvele, Cysoing was one of the most beautiful fiscs in the region and became one of her and Evrard's regular residences. They founded a monastery there, which was not completed until after their deaths.

The nunnery San Salvatore was given to her after Ermengarde, wife of Lothair I. For a time she served as both abbess and rectrix.

Also, she presented to the Church the mosaics which still exist in the cathedral at Aquileia. They contain (what is most remarkable for that time) a Crucifixion, the Virgin, St. George, the portrait of Gisela, and various allegorical figures.[1]

She dedicated herself to the education of her and Evrard's many children.



Gisela (b.821) was the youngest daughter of Louis the Pious and his second wife, Judith of Bavaria. She married the powerful and influential Evrard, Duke of Friuli, later canonized as Saint Evrard, with whom she had several children including Berengar, King of Italy and Margrave of Friuli. Gisela was renowned her piety and virtue, much like her namesake (Gisela), the beloved sister of Charlemagne, who had chosen the religious life from girlhood.

Her dowry consisted of many rich domains including the fisc of Cysoing; located at the center of the country of Pèvele, Cysoing was one of the most beautiful fiscs in the region and became one of her and Evrard's regular residences. They founded a monastery there, which was not completed until after their deaths.

The nunnery San Salvatore was given to her after Ermengarde, wife of Lothair I. For a time she served as both abbess and rectrix.

Also, she presented to the Church the mosaics which still exist in the cathedral at Aquileia. They contain (what is most remarkable for that time) a Crucifixion, the Virgin, St. George, the portrait of Gisela, and various allegorical figures.

She dedicated herself to the education of her and Evrard's many children.



Gisela, daughter of Louis the Pious From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Gisela (b.821) was the youngest daughter of Louis the Pious and his second wife, Judith of Bavaria. She married the powerful and influential Evrard, Duke of Friuli, later canonized as Saint Evrard, with whom she had several children including King Berengar I of Italy, Margrave of Friuli, and Ingeltrude (whose grandson, Henry the Fowler, would start the famous Ottonian Dynasty of German kings). Gisela was renowned her piety and virtue, much like her namesake (Gisela), the beloved sister of Charlemagne, who had chosen the religious life from girlhood. Her dowry consisted of many rich domains including the fisc of Cysoing; located at the center of the country of Pèvele, Cysoing was one of the most beautiful fiscs in the region and became one of her and Evrard's regular residences. They founded a monastery there, which was not completed until after their deaths. The nunnery San Salvatore was given to her after Ermengarde, wife of Lothair I. For a time she served as both abbess and rectrix. Also, she presented to the Church the mosaics which still exist in the cathedral at Aquileia. They contain (what is most remarkable for that time) a Crucifixion, the Virgin, St. George, the portrait of Gisela, and various allegorical figures.[1] She dedicated herself to the education of her and Evrard's many children. [edit]Notes

^ Handbook of Painting: The Italian Schools by Franz Kugler, Margaret Hutton, Charles Lock Eastlake. Categories: Carolingian dynasty | Frankish women | 821 births



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gisela,_daughter_of_Louis_the_Pious


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gisela,_daughter_of_Louis_the_Pious

Gisela, daughter of Louis the Pious

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search

Gisela (b. 821) was the youngest daughter of Louis the Pious and his second wife, Judith of Bavaria. She married the powerful and influential Evrard, Duke of Friuli, later canonized as Saint Evrard, with whom she had several children including King Berengar I of Italy, Margrave of Friuli, and Ingeltrude (whose grandson, Henry the Fowler, would start the famous Ottonian Dynasty of German kings). Gisela was renowned her piety and virtue, much like her namesake (Gisela), the beloved sister of Charlemagne, who had chosen the religious life from girlhood.

Her dowry consisted of many rich domains including the fisc of Cysoing; located at the center of the country of Pèvele, Cysoing was one of the most beautiful fiscs in the region and became one of her and Evrard's regular residences. They founded a monastery there, which was not completed until after their deaths.

The nunnery San Salvatore was given to her after Ermengarde, wife of Lothair I. For a time she served as both abbess and rectrix.

Also, she presented to the Church the mosaics which still exist in the cathedral at Aquileia. They contain (what is most remarkable for that time) a Crucifixion, the Virgin, St. George, the portrait of Gisela, and various allegorical figures.[1]

She dedicated herself to the education of her and Evrard's many children.



Födelse 0818/0822 Tyskland, Bayern

Döden 7/1/0874

Barn Förnamn Födelse Dt Död Dt Födelseort Makar

1+ Judith av ABT 0830 0902 Italien, Friuli Adelbert II von Rathien, Conrad II av Burgund

2+ Hedwige av 0835 0903 Italien, Friuli Liudolf hertig av Sachsen East

3+ Ingeltrude de 0836 AFT 0857 Italien, Friuli Henri de la mars

4+ Berengar I, kung av 0840 4/7/0924 Italien, Friuli Bertila de Spoleto

5+ Hunroch III de ABT 0840 0874 Italien, Friuli Ava de Tours

6+ Ermefroi d ' ABT 0844 akter 0919 Frankrike, Picardie, Amiens ?

7+ Helwise av ABT 0855 0936 Italien, Friuli Hucbold av Ostrevant



http://fabpedigree.com/s075/f123106.htm



Per Wikipedia (http://www.wikipedia.org) (19 May 10) - Gisela (b.821) was the youngest daughter of emperor Louis the Pious (aka Louis le Débonaire) and his second wife, Judith of Bavaria.

The powerful and influential Evrard, Duke of Friuli, was from an illustrious Frankish family. In return for his services, Louis gave Evrard the highest honor possible; the hand of his (acknowledged) daughter, the Princess Gisèle, in marriage.

Gisèle married Evrard, later canonized as Saint Evrard, with whom she had several children including King Berengar I of Italy, Margrave of Friuli, and Ingeltrude (whose grandson, Henry the Fowler, would start the famous Ottonian Dynasty of German kings).

Gisela was renowned for her piety and virtue, much like her namesake (Gisela), the beloved sister of Charlemagne, who had chosen the religious life from girlhood.

Her dowry consisted of many rich domains including the fisc of Cysoing; located at the center of the country of Pèvele, Cysoing was one of the most beautiful fiscs in the region and became one of her and Evrard's regular residences. They founded a monastery there, which was not completed until after their deaths.

The nunnery San Salvatore was given to her after Ermengarde, wife of Lothair I. For a time she served as both abbess and rectrix.

Also, she presented to the Church the mosaics which still exist in the cathedral at Aquileia. They contain (what is most remarkable for that time) a Crucifixion, the Virgin, St. George, the portrait of Gisela, and various allegorical figures.

She dedicated herself to the education of her and Evrard's many children.

Gisèle and Evrard had many children:

? Eberhard (b. ca 837 - d. 840);
? Ingeltrude (837 or 840 - 870), probably married Henry of Franconia;
? Unruoch III (b. ca 840 - 874);
? Bèrenger (b. ca 840 - d. 924), King of Italy;
? Adélard (d. 874);
? Rudolf (d. 892);
? Heilwig (d. 895);
? Gisèle (d. 863);
? Judith of Friuli, first married Arnulf I of Bavaria, second married Conrad II of Auxerre. Sources

Wikipedia Ancestry.com family trees



Gisela (born 821) was the youngest daughter of Louis the Pious and his second wife, Judith of Bavaria. She married the powerful and influential Eberhard, Duke of Friuli, later canonized as Saint Eberhard, with whom she had several children including King Berengar I of Italy, Margrave of Friuli. Gisela was renowned for her piety and virtue, much like her namesake, Gisela (the sister of Charlemagne), who had chosen the religious life from girlhood.

Her dowry consisted of many rich domains including the fisc of Cysoing; located at the center of the country of Pèvele, Cysoing was one of the most beautiful fiscs in the region and became one of her and Eberhard's regular residences. They founded a monastery there, which was not completed until after their deaths.

The nunnery San Salvatore was given to her after Ermengarde, wife of Lothair I. For a time she served as both abbess and rectrix.

Also, she presented to the Church the mosaics which still exist in the cathedral at Aquileia. They contain (what is most remarkable for that time) a Crucifixion, the Virgin, St. George, the portrait of Gisela, and various allegorical figures.

She dedicated herself to the education of her and Eberhard's many children.