John Adam Treutlen
German: Johannes Adam Treutlen
|Also Known As:||"Johann Adam", "Treutlin"|
|Birthplace:||Kürnbach, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany|
|Death:||Died in Savannah, Chatham, Georgia, United States|
|Cause of death:||Murderd|
|Place of Burial:||Springfield, Effingham, Georgia, United States|
Son of Johann Michael Treutlin and Magdalena Klara Treutlin
|Occupation:||Gouvener of Georgia (1777-1778)|
|Managed by:||Tobias Rachor (C)|
Historical records matching Gouvener Col. John Adam Treutlen
About Gouvener Col. John Adam Treutlen
Deutschland, Geburten und Taufen 1558-1898
Name: Hans Adam Treuettlen Geschlecht: Male Taufdatum: 16 Jan 1734 Taufort: EVANGELISCH, KURNBACH, KARLSRUHE, BADEN Name des Vaters: Hans Michel Treuettlen Name der Mutter: Clara Satznummer des Indexierungsprojekts: C93506-3 Ursprungssystem: Germany-VR GS-Filmnummer: 1272389 Referenznummer: 2:VMFZ2V
Source: Deutschland, Geburten und Taufen 1558-1898," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/V411-2NS : accessed 29 Aug 2013), Hans Adam Treuettlen, .
Georgia, Marriages, 1808-1967
Name: John Adam Troutlin Name des Ehepartners: Anne Unselt Ereignisdatum: 14 Jan 1778 Ereignisort: Effingham, Georgia Satznummer des Indexierungsprojekts: M00254-7 Ursprungssystem: Georgia-EASy GS-Filmnummer: 844638 Referenznummer: P 66
Source: Georgia, Marriages, 1808-1967," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FW73-J6B : accessed 30 Aug 2013), John Adam Troutlin and Anne Unselt, 14 Jan 1778.
Name: John Adam Treutlen Ereignistyp: Burial Ereignisdatum: 1782 Ereignisort: Springfield, Effingham, Georgia, United States Friedhof: Effingham Memorial Gardens Inc. Sterbedatum: 1782 Geographische Breite: 32.360126 Geographische Länge: -81.332863 Partner-Aufnahme ID: 3327421 Partner-Zeitstempel: 2013-03-20 04:32:16
Source: BillionGraves Index," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KX14-FD3 : accessed 30 Aug 2013), John Adam Treutlen, 1782.
John A. Treutlen
John Adam Treutlen (January 16, 1734 – March 1, 1782) arrived in colonial America as an indentured servant and rose to become a wealthy merchant and landowner. He was a leader in Georgia of the American Revolution and helped write Georgia's first constitution. In 1777, he was elected Georgia's first (post-British) governor. He was one of Georgia's few governors to die by violence, and much of his life has been surrounded by mystery and controversy. But in recent years, more details have emerged.
He was born to Hans Michel Treutlen and Maria Clara Job in what is now the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. Hans Michel and Maria Clara were married in 1731 after having two illegitimate children. John Treutlen was the second child born after his parents married. This was Hans Michel's second marriage. His first marriage was to Maria Regina and they had seven children. Maria Regina died in 1727.
The Treutlens were Protestants. In parts of the German-speaking lands, Protestants were persecuted by Catholic authorities, and many left for America seeking religious freedom. Maria Clara, however, was a Catholic. Thus, the Treutlens were also very likely persecuted by the Protestant establishment for Maria Clara's religion and because the family had two children outside the marriage bond. This situation probably caused the 56-year-old Hans Michel to take, in late April 1744, his wife and four of their children on the arduous and dangerous voyage to seek a new life in America. The four children who went on this voyage were Friedrich, from Hans Michel's first marriage, Hans Philipp, one of the illegitimate children, and John Adam and Jonathan, the two youngest children.
The Treutlens traveled first to Gosport on the southern coast of Britain. In November 1745, Maria Clara and three of the children left Gosport for Georgia with a group of Lutheran Salzburgers who had been expelled from their Catholic-dominated homeland.
The mother and children embarked on the ill-fated "Judith". Hans Michel and one of the children, Hanß Philipp, remained in Britain. During the voyage across the Atlantic, there was an outbreak of typhus fever on the Judith. Thirteen individuals died, including the ship's captain. The first mate also became seriously ill. The Judith was in danger of not making the trip safely for death and illness left no one skilled at navigating a ship on the high seas. However, the Rev. Bartholomäus Zuberbühler, who had no prior experience sailing, used his knowledge of geometry to figure out how to navigate the Judith safely to Georgia.
Upon their arrival in Georgia, Maria Clara and the three Treutlen children were indentured to Michael Burckhalter of Vernonburg. Pastor Johann Martin Boltzius of the Salzburgers in Ebenezer took notice of the extraordinary talents of John Treutlen and endeavored to remove him to Ebenezer in order to enroll him at the school there. However, Boltzius found it difficult to arrange for permission for Treutlen's attendance at the school because of Maria Clara's history of abandoned husbands, illegitimate children, and Catholicism.
Career and rise
Overcoming the burden of his parents' past, Treutlen was enrolled in the school at Ebenezer. He did extremely well in his studies at Ebenezer and acquired a broad education in a wide variety of subjects in Latin, French, German, and English. He profited from growing up among the Salzburgers. As an adult, he was described as a man who possessed "an enlightened reason, Adam's natural intelligence and ability to give a name to every animal, knowledge of the laws of the land, and some discernment of practical religion."
In 1756, Treutlen married Marguerite Dupuis, an orphan who was also educated at Ebenezer. He soon began acquiring land and established for himself a large plantation and a successful merchant business. In 1768, he was appointed Justice of the Peace. He served as Commissioner and Surveyor of Roads, and several terms in the 1770s as Ebenezer's representative in the Georgia Commons House of Assembly.
Treutlen assumed an active role in the religious life at Ebenezer. He was a teacher at the school there. He was a leader of the Rabenhorst faction in the, sometimes, violent conflicts between the Ebenezer pastors, the Reverend Christoph Triebner and the Reverend Christian Rabenhorst. His association with Rev. Rabenhorst indicated Treutlen's religious sympathies. Ministers such as the Rev. Rabenhorst and the Rev. John Joachim Zubly of Savannah, found comfort in the writings of such German theologians as Rev. Johann Joachim Spalding. These ministers accepted the many differences among the people in the colonies as a result of the different countries and cultures those people came from. In their practical day-to-day activities of ministering to this diverse population these ministers found it most effective to employ various strategies in the gracious work of conversion. Treutlen's religious views, formed by his association with the Rev. Rabenhorst, undoubtedly helped him to develop his support for those democratic political institutions that seemed so agreeable with this diversity.
In July 1775, Treutlen represented Ebenezer at the Provincial Congress. He took an active role in the revolution. He quickly became a leader, along with Button Gwinnett and George Wells [disambiguation needed], of the radical faction. In February 1777, Treutlen, Gwinnett, and Wells were on the committee that drafted Georgia's first constitution. As a result, this constitution included such democratic provisions as virtual universal suffrage and annual elections of office holders. On May 8, 1777, the immensely popular Treutlen was elected by a wide margin as Georgia's first governor under this new constitution. With the selection of Treutlen, Georgia chose a man who "possesses native intelligence" and could, under pressure, reply "coolly and laconically" to his political opponents and was thus well suited for the difficult task of leading the new state.
Fall and murder
Treutlen's term as governor was marked by political conflicts between the radical and conservative factions of the patriots. The conservatives opposed those democratic provisions of the new constitution, which allowed many of those from the lower classes with backgrounds like the former indentured servant Treutlen, to be elected to positions of power in the government. The radicals referred to the conservatives as Tories and in some cases treated them accordingly. The radicals and conservatives clashed over the issues of civil control of the military, the conduct of the war, and the conservatives' initiative to merge Georgia with South Carolina. The radicals were defeated in their attempts to remove the conservative General Lachlan McIntosh from his position of leadership in the continental army in Georgia when national leaders such as George Washington sided with McIntosh.
Throughout the war, these political conflicts erupted into violent and tragic confrontations. In February 1777, the conservative Joseph Habersham slew the radical Lieutenant Nathaniel Hughes in a dispute at the opening of the convention called to write Georgia's first constitution. On May 16, 1777, the conservative Gen. McIntosh mortally wounded the radical Gwinnett. On February 16, 1780, the conservative James Jackson slew the radical Wells. Treutlen and the radicals lost many of their battles with the conservatives.
The Revolutionary War was particularly hard on the Salzburgers at Ebenezer. During the war, "when the English left, the Americans came, when the Americans went, the English came back," but one thing remained the same: No matter who was there, the Salzburgers were plundered. Some were plundered as many as ten times during the years of war. On December 30, 1776, the Rev. Rabenhorst died, leaving Ebenezer with no spiritual guidance. Thus, when John Houstoun was elected governor in January 1778, Treutlen dropped out of statewide politics and returned to Ebenezer to see what he could do to help the community and people that had provided him with so much during his three decades in America. While at Savannah, John Adam Treutlen became a Freemason by joining the first Masonic Lodge established in Georgia, named Solomon's Lodge, No. 1. Solomon's Lodge, No. 1, constituted in 1735 by the Grand Lodge of England, was founded in the Georgia Colony by the English Freemason James Oglethorpe on February 21, 1734. Treutlen's name is listed on the Lodge's Masonic membership roles in 1779 along with Archibald Bulloch, George Walton, General Samuel Elbert and many other Georgia leaders of the Revolution.
Late in 1781, Treutlen re-entered statewide politics as Ebenezer's elected representative to the Georgia Assembly. He served in the January 1782 session. In 1782, the conservatives that Treutlen had opposed five years earlier controlled the government of Georgia. Treutlen was one of the few radical democrats in the government that year. The imbalance in power between the radicals and the conservatives helped to create an atmosphere where the conservatives felt free to seek revenge for old scores and wounds.
On a night in March 1782, by some accounts, five men rode up to the Treutlen home. They demanded that Treutlen come outside, but he refused. The men then set fire to the home, forcing Treutlen, his wife and children to come outside. The men seized Treutlen and killed him in full view of his family. Other accounts of Treutlen's death are considerably different, but there is no dispute that he died by violence.
Historians continue to speculate about what person or group was behind the killing, and what was the motive. Some contemporary accounts claimed Treutlen was killed by Tories angry about the American victory in the Revolutionary War. Others blamed the killing on South Carolinians who resented his opposition to merging Georgia into South Carolina during the war. There was also speculation at the time that the motive was a purely personal grudge. The multiplicity of accounts and theories of his death indicates there was never a consensus about the cause of the event.
Edward J. Cashin, "'The Famous Colonel Wells': Factionalism in Revolutionary Georgia," Georgia Historical Quarterly 58 (supplement, 1974).
Harvey H. Jackson, "Lachlan McIntosh and the Politics of Revolutionary Georgia"; (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1979).
Edna Q. Morgan, "John Adam Treutlen: Georgia's First Constitutional Governor, His Life, Real and Rumored"; (Springfield, Ga.: Historic Effingham Society, 1998).
Helene M. Kastinger Riley, "John Adam Treutlen: The European Heritage of Georgia's First Governor"; (Greenville, S.C.: Sagas Publishing, 2000).
John A. Treutlen
John Adam Treutlen (* 16. Januar 1734 in Kürnbach im heutigen Baden-Württemberg; † 1. März 1782 in Savannah, Georgia) war ein US-amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur von Georgia.
John Adam Treutlen stammte aus Deutschland. Sein Geburtsort Kürnbach liegt im Landkreis Karlsruhe im heutigen Baden-Württemberg. Die Familie wanderte 1743/44 aus religiösen Gründen nach Amerika aus. Sein Vater starb während der Überfahrt. Die restliche Familie kam nach einem Zwischenaufenthalt in England im Sommer 1745 mit einer Gruppe von Emigranten aus Salzburg in der britischen Kolonie Georgia an. Dort verdienten sie sich ihr Geld bei einem gewissen Michael Burckhalter im heutigen Chatham County. Bald wurde ein Pastor der Auswanderergruppe aus Salzburg auf die Talente des jungen John aufmerksam. Er verschaffte ihm einen Platz in der Schule von Ebenezer an der John dann unterrichtet wurde. 1756 heiratete er Marguerite Dupuis, eine Waise, die die gleiche Schule besucht hatte. Es folgte ein schneller Aufstieg zum erfolgreichen Pflanzer und Geschäftsmann in Ebenezer.
Dem wirtschaftlichen Aufstieg folgte eine politische Karriere. 1766 wurde er Friedensrichter in Ebenezer. Gleichzeitig wurde er mit der Betreuung des Straßennetzes seiner neuen Heimatstadt Ebenezer betreut. In den frühen 1770er Jahren vertrat er Ebenezer mehrfach im Abgeordnetenhaus, des damals noch kolonialen Georgia. Beim Ausbruch des Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieges 1775 trat er der Freiheitsbewegung der Amerikaner bei. Im Juli dieses Jahres war er Abgeordneter im Kongress von Georgia. Zusammen mit Button Gwinnett und George Wells wurde er zu einem der Führer der Unabhängigkeitsbewegung. Die drei Männer gehörten im Februar 1777 auch einem Ausschuss an, der eine neue Verfassung für Georgia ausarbeiten sollte. Diese Verfassung war für die damalige Zeit sehr fortschrittlich. Sie sah das allgemeine Wahlrecht vor (allerdings nur für weiße Männer mit einem bestimmten Einkommen,) und jährliche Wahlen für alle öffentlichen Ämter. Am 8. Mai 1777 wurde der inzwischen sehr populäre Treutlen zum ersten Gouverneur Georgias unter der neuen Verfassung gewählt.
Gouverneur von Georgia
Treutleins Amtszeit war neben dem Unabhängigkeitskrieg vor allem von politischen Konflikten innerhalb der amerikanischen Patrioten überschattet. Konservative und sogenannte radikale Kräfte lieferten sich einen harten innenpolitischen Kampf. Den Konservativen war die Verfassung zu liberal. Sie waren gegen die Vorstellung, das Angehörige der unteren Klassen, denen auch Treutlen entstammte, in öffentliche Ämter gewählt werden konnten. Beide Gruppen bekämpften sich auf fast allen politischen Gebieten und behinderten eine effektive Regierungsarbeit. Die Konservativen strebten unter anderem eine Fusion Georgias mit South Carolina an. Dieser Plan wurde von der radikalen Gruppe verhindert. Andererseits wollten die Radikalen einen konservativen General der Kontinentalarmee ablösen lassen, was wiederum die Konservativen verhinderten. Der politische Gegensatz zwischen diesen Gruppen wurde immer heftiger und militanter. Es kam sogar zu offenen Morden und anderen Gewalttaten am jeweiligen politischen Gegner. Treutlen gehörte dem radikalen Flügel an und musste während seiner Amtszeit manche Niederlage einstecken.
Nach dem Ende seiner Amtszeit kehrte Treutlen nach Ebenezer zurück. Der Ort war inzwischen mindestens zehn mal von den kriegsführenden Parteien geplündert worden. Außerdem war der politische und religiöse Anführer der Gemeinschaft inzwischen gestorben. Der ehemalige Gouverneur versuchte seiner Gemeinde zu helfen so gut er konnte. Ende 1782 wurde er Abgeordneter der radikalen Fraktion im Parlament von Georgia. Allerdings war seine Gruppe in diesem Jahr zahlenmäßig nur schwach im Parlament vertreten. Das gab den Konservativen die Möglichkeit sich für alte Niederlagen zu rächen. Die politische Atmosphäre war nach wie vor vergiftet und die Zahl der politischen Verbrechen stieg wieder an. Treutlen wurde selbst Opfer eines solchen Anschlags. Im Frühjahr 1782 wurde er in der Nähe seines Hauses ermordet.
Am 21. August 1917 wurde der Kreis Treutlen County in Georgia nach ihm benannt.
Edward J. Cashin: „The Famous Colonel Wells“. Factionalism in Revolutionary Georgia. In: Georgia Historical Quarterly. 58, supplement, 1974, ISSN 0016-8297, S. 137–156.
Harvey H. Jackson: Lachlan McIntosh and the Politics of Revolutionary Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens GA 1979, ISBN 0-8203-0459-X.
Edna Q. Morgan: John Adam Treutlen. Georgia's First Constitutional Governor. His Life, Real and Rumored. Historic Effingham Society, Springfield GA 1998, ISBN 0-9669559-0-0.
Helene M. Kastinger Riley: John Adam Treutlen. The European Heritage of Georgia's First Governor. Sagas Publishing, Greenville SC 2000.
Everyone agrees that his wife was Anna Margaretha DuPuis -- or AnneMargaretta, or some similar spelling, and there's a lot ofcircumstantial evidence to back that up, but not a shred of paperevidence. However, I don't see how they have a wedding date TheEbenezer Record book begins marriages in 1754 -- earlier records arenot included. Assuming they were married in Ebenezer, they must havebeen married before 1754. The marriages were forwarded to the Londonoffice, so perhaps there are further records there.
Boltzius's relationship with Treutlen did not remain unmarred. Thepastor agonized over the youth's independent spirit and his preferencefor mercantilism over teaching. Boltzius's disapproval of Treutlen'smarriage in 1756 to Margarethe Dupuis of Purrysburg, South Carolina,caused further bitterness between the two men.[Helene Riley, web bioof Treutlen] They were not married in jerusalem Church, which was not built until1767-69. They are not listed in the marriage records for 1756, but thoserecords only begin in May, and they were probably born before that tohave had a child in Feb--thought not necessarily, of course. we doknow they were married or Bolzius would not have called her Mrs.Treutlen.
1 NAME JOHN ADAM /TREUTLEN/
Treutlen,Treuttlen, Treuitlen. Treutle, Treutlan, treutland, Trittlen,Troutlin, Troutlen, , Treutlein, Treudlen, Tritlan, Trieutlen,Tradling, trieutle, Hans or Johann--but he was ALWAYS called Adam. "Boltzius's relationship with Treutlen did not remain unmarred. Thepastor agonized over the youth's independent spirit and his preferencefor mercantilism over teaching. Boltzius's disapproval of Treutlen'smarriage in 1756 to Margarethe Dupuis of Purrysburg, South Carolina,caused further bitterness between the two men." [Helene Riley,American National Biography Online ] i would love to know where theevidence for this is -- I can't find it. I wonder if his will exists. I believe they must have been married before 1756 -- I would love toknow where the date comes from. The records, only partial, that havebeen published from the Ebenezer Record book show marriages from 1754-- they begin with number 124 -- and Treutlen's marriage is not there.So unless they were not married in Ebenezer, they were probablymarried before 1754.
Left from Gosport, England in November 1746 on the Judith. HeleneRiley says the stories about their being captured by the Spanish areimpossible because they were still in Kurnbach at that time. THis bit needs to be rewritten and all info collated: Put inVernonsburg. from George Jones: Mother and sons arrived in GA. The Salzburgerpastor Hermann H. Lemcke had travelled on the same ship with theTreutlens, and with the other pastor, John Martin Bolzius, took anactive interest in Hans Adam. Treutlen went to the Salzburger pastorsat 11 for education and was offered a teaching position. John Adam wasconfirmed in 1747 and joined the church at Ebenezer GA. He opened astore, and to Bolzius's disappointment, gave up teaching to devotehimself fully to mercantilism. In this he was so successful that hewas able to acquire considerable real estate in Georgia and SouthCarolina, bought slaves, and became a respected planter. He served asjustice of the Peace, road commissioner (1766, 1768, 1773), andrepresented Georgia's St Matthew?s Parish in the Provincial Congress(1775). After the deaths of Bolzius and Lemcke, a leadership crisiserupted at Ebenezer that split the congregation into two factions onthe eve of the Revolution: Treutlen and pastor Christian Rabenhorstled the revolutionary party; John C Wertsch and pastor ChristophTriebner headed the loyalists. Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, the "Fatherof Lutheranism in America," was summoned from Philadelphia but was notsuccessful in healing the rift. Member of the first provincial congress which met in Savannah 4 July1776. Active in the cause of independence. Treutlen, a Whig, waselected Georgia's first governor in 8 May 1777 [check date], with alarge majority over Button Gwinnett. He served until Jan 1778. Treutlen vehemently opposed Wm. Henry Drayton's efforts to unite GAand SC, issued a proclamation with a $100 reward for Drayton'sapprehension and punishment. Drayton's scathing reply contained awarning of retaliation. Treutlen served in the military and held therank of General. When the British burned his home he is said to havefled to St Matthew Parish in SC with his family. St Matthew andOrange parishes elected him to the Fourth General Assembly (1782) heldat Jacksonborough, SC. At about the same time he was elected to theGeorgia legislature. He attended the Georgia legislature in January1782 and Jones reports that he was brutally slain by Tories nearMetts' Cross Road in South Carolina, where he was visiting relatives,sometime before April of that year. In 1880 Treutlen had been on thelist of persons proscribed by the British Parliament as Rebels. Inthis proscription, Treutlen was listed Rebel Governor and exemptedfrom all amnesty proclamations. A report of Treutlen's death was supplied by the Archives of theFrancke Foundations, Halle, Germany. Treutlen's death was reported ina 1790 letter written by the Reverend Johann Ernst Bergmann, Pastor ofJerusalem German Lutheran Church, Ebenezer, Georgia, who said thatTreutlen "was cut to pieces 80 English miles from his plantation inSouth Carolina by the British." (Transcribed into modern German by Dr.Jürgen Göschl, Francke Foundations; Translated by Dr. Lothar Tresp,Athens, Georgia). George Fenwick jones says that after the Englishdestroyed his home he moved to Orangeburg to live with his son [butwas his son there then?]. There is a historical marker on the site of his land at Clyo, GA. GHM051-19 At Clyo DAR monument -- From I-26 near Orangeburg, take Exit #145B (US 601)heading east. At US 176 (Columbia Road/Old State Road) turn south andgo 3.5 miles. Monument is located at the intersection of US 176 andSC 45 (Old Belleville Road). Site was traditionally known as Mett'sCrossing. Dec 1759- Jan 1760 p. 115 "Toward the end of the year Treutlen's three year old daughter,Gabriel Maurer's tender newborn babe, and soon thereafter his sickmother, and also George Reiser all died." April 1764 Treutlen petitions for more land because he now has a wife,two children, and a Negro. [land adjoining Hugh and William Kennedy]
November 1764 He’s made a Justice of the Peace [p 239] He also got a grant for 250 acres. [p 240] He was elected a member of the state government [whatever it’s called- this page doesn’t say] for St Matthew’s Parish [all nov 1764 info from The Colonial Recordsof the State of Georgia By Georgia Legislature, Allen Daniel Candler,Lucian Lamar Knight, Georgia General Assembly]
september 1766, petitions for more land because he now has a wife, 4children, and 17 Negroes.
1770 James DuPuis bought half of a parcel of land belonging to EdwardTeele on the Savannah River in st Peters Parish, Granville Co. SC. In1773 Treutlen bought the other half of Teele?s property 1771, October, Colonial Records -- nobody seems to quote thiese --can't imagine why not. We the grand Jurors of our Sovereigh Lord the King for the body of thesaid Province upon our Oaths Present-- 1st John Adam Trieutlen Esq. one of his Majesty's Justices for theParish of st. Matthew for neglecting to apprehend or Cause to beapprehended James Trowell ofr said Parish for having Indian horses inhis Possession supposed to have been Stolen by said Trowell afterInformatioin was given him of said Matter by Information of Hugh Kennedy 2nd John Adam Trieutlen Esq aforesaid for divers illegal Practices inhis office as a Magistrate by Inforjmation of -- Hugh Kennedy [particularly interesting because Hugh Kennedy's sonwilliam married treutlen's daughter Elizabeth in 1778]. Solomon Shrimp Unfortunately I don't see the follow-up. Maybe they decided itwasn't worth pursuing. 1778 Mr. John Adam Treutlin, late Governor of this State, and Mrs. AnneUnselt, widow, were both united in marriage the 14th of January 1778.Text Hebrews 13:8, Jesus Christ the same yesterday and today. 1779 Treutlen's house was burnt and he moved to SC.
This needs looking into -- the dates are a little off, but not much: From Loyalists in the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War,Volume I [on Ancestry]
p. 218 Certification from Robert Cunningham, Brigadier General, Ninety SixBrigade, that he gave permission to James Swinney to raise a companyof militia at Orangeburgh, SC, as Lord Rawdon marched down from NinetySix, which was on the 10th day of July 1781.
Certification from William Cunningham, Major. In november, when hemade an excursion into Ninety Six District, Captain James Swinney,with his company of men, joined major Cunningham and gave him everyassistance which he could expect. After skirmishes with the enemy, hetook my wounded men under his care, and aid a very good part by them. p. 222 Pay Abstract nr 140, Brigadier General Robert Cunningham's Regiment,Ninety Six Brigade, six-months pay, for service in the back country to28 june 1782 Nr Rank Name Remarks 1 Captain Swinney, James, rec'd by Peter McDonald amount: L 25.0.0 Petition of James Swinney, Charlestown, SC, 14 May 1782. Captain Swinney raised a comjpany of militia in 1777 and tried to makehis way to Augustine to free himself and his soldiers from thejurisdication of the rebels. However, he was defeated and takenprisoner. when released, he and some others fled to the mountains andremained there until the arrival of the British forces under Sir HenryClinton, whom he immediately joined. He commanded an independentcompany under General Robert Cunningham and in March 1782 was in abattle wherein a Mr. Trietland(?), the pretender Governor of Georgia,was killed. swinney received several wounds from which he had notfully recovered by the time he submitted this petition. Upon hisarrival in Charlestown, he applied for payment for his services. HeReceived L25.0.0 for his services to 28 Jun 1782. (PRO t50, Vol 3) Baxter Sperry says Fanny Stafford Dupuis lived on one side of Treutlenat Sisters Ferry. Sisters Ferry is 3 miles east of clyo. I?m notsure she lived there when Treutlen did, if at all. This seems to bethe parcel James Dupuis [Fanny's son] bought from William Porter in1801, so Treutlen had long been dead. Still, the number of landdealings and other transactions between the Treutlens and the familyof James and William DuPuis is remarkable and gives support to thenotion that they were marguerite's relatives.
An SCV source on the web has put this entire document online: TheOfficial Comprehensive Cambridge Compilation: Third edition 2007joseph C. M Goldsmith. It includes "All of South Carolina's known"official" battles....etc. in a list of "lesser action, either too small or too poorly reportedto include in the main list of battles, but nevertheless at leasttwice recognized by the US, British or SC Governments in issuing aLand-grant, Pension, Reparation Claim, or disability settlements... #191 Mett's Crossroads March 1782. Capt. James Vince vs. Tory Capt. JamesSwinney. GA's Gov John Adam Treutland was killed in this action.Calhoun Co. n. of Cameron; US 176 @ SR 45. (SCN 59) i wonder if this was joseph Vince rather than james. I do not findJames at all, but joseph was in the upcountry: Joseph Vince (1745-1811) commanded a company of volunteers underGeneral Francis Marion, in the partisan warfare of South Carolina. He was born in Roanoke, Va.; diedin Barnwell District, S. C. Mary Marshall Post lists a last child, DuPuis Treutlen, but no birthor death date. It would be interesting, and helpful for settlingMarguerite's maiden name, but no one else seems to have him.
Memoirs of Judge Richard H. Clark ed. by Lollie Bell Wylie Franklin Printing and Publishing Co., Atlanta, GA 1898 available in UGA library Judge Richard H. Clark was the son of Josiah Hodyn Clark and HenriettaGindrat.He was related by marriage to the Treutlen family. In hismemoir he wrote a chapter dedicated to Gov. Treutlen in which he namedsome descendants of Treutlen: "What makes the paucity of his history yet stranger is that there isno old Georgian whose descendants are better defined, and more thanthat, they are quite numerous. I shall mention several who bear therelation of great-grandchildren (or yet even farther removed) to JohnAdam Treutlen. There are Col. John F. Treutlen, who was recently ofColumbia, S.C.; Dr. Walter Stafford Dudley, lately president ofAgricultural and Military College at Milledgeville; Mrs. Maria E.Provost, and Dr. Harvey Cleckley and wife of Alabama; Mrs. E. C.Corbet of Macon, GA; Mrs. Judge Mallette, of Effingham Co., GA; theWilkins bros. of Burke and Jefferson counties, GA; the sons anddaughters of Albert G. Porter, of Effingham..."
Figure out who this was: Jarred A. Mason Ann Mary[Mrs] Treutlen 4 Feb 1818 Effingham Georgia
probable relatives found by accident; Elisha Limme Ann Treutlen 22 Nov 1818 Franklin GA [Lemke, perhaps?]
California divorces: Chad Treutlen Theresa Sacramento 25 Jan 1983
a 1902 newspaper article listed these descendants, and a follow-upletter 23 July 1905 second letter, citing Richard Clarke’s letter.Descendants mentioned are: …he had near relatives in Orangeburg, S.C., where some of hisdescendants yet reside. .. Among his descendants are Col. John F. Treutlen, now of Eufaula, thelate Dr. W. S. Dudley, of Cuthbert, Mrs. Martha A. Provost and Dr.Harvey Cleckley of Alabama, Dr. W. P. Copeland of Eufaula, Ala. Mrs. E. C. Corbette, of Macon, Mrs. Judge Mallette, of Effinghamcounty, the Wilkins brothers of Burke, the sons and daughters ofAlbert G. Porter of Effingham, who was, during the Civil War, takenprisoner by Sherman and sent to Point Lookout, Maryland, where he diedin prison. later in the article it says Copeland is related to Treutlen on bothsides of his family.
Charles Rittenhouse Pendleton (b. 1850) - of Georgia. Born inEffingham County, Ga., June 26, 1850. Great-grandnephew by marriage ofJohn Adam Treutlen. Newspaper editor; member of Georgia statelegislature, 1882-83. Swedenborgian. Burial location unknown.
This is very much a work in progress. I have included some dubious connections in the hope that someone can confirm or refute them. I have tried to show in my notes what I'm thinking about them.
Effingham County Book E
Diesen Datensatz anführen "Pedigree Resource File", database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/SB8Y-WHJ : accessed 2013-08-29), entry for JOHN ADAM /Treutlen/ , Sr..
John Treutlen arrived in America as an indentured servant and rose to become a wealthy merchant and landowner. He was a leader in Georgia of the American Revolution (1775-83) and helped write Georgia's first constitution. In 1777 he became Georgia's first elected governor. Treutlen County, in central Georgia, is named in his honor.
Early Life and Voyage to America
John Adam Treutlen was born in 1733 in southern Germany. Although his family were Protestants, Treutlen's
John Treutlen was a leader in Georgia during the American Revolution and helped to write Georgia's first constitution. In 1777 he became Georgia's first elected governor.
John Adam Treutlen mother was a Catholic. Thus the Treutlens were very likely persecuted by the Protestant establishment in Germany, causing the elder Treutlen to take his wife and children on the arduous and dangerous voyage to seek a new life in America in 1743. They traveled first to Gosport, on the southern coast of Britain. During the voyage Treutlen's father perished. In August 1745 Treutlen, his mother, and his brother left Gosport for Georgia with a group of Salzburgers. Upon their arrival in Georgia, the Treutlens were indentured to Michael Burckhalter of Vernonburg, a town ten miles south of Savannah in present-day Chatham County. Pastor Johann Martin Boltzius of the Salzburgers in Ebenezer took notice of the extraordinary talents of John Treutlen and endeavored to enroll him at the school in Ebenezer. Overcoming the stigma of his parents' past, Treutlen entered the school; he did extremely well in his studies and acquired a broad education.
In 1756 Treutlen married Marguerite Dupuis, an orphan who was also educated at Ebenezer. He soon began acquiring land and established a large plantation and a successful merchant business. In 1766 he was appointed justice of the peace of Ebenezer. He served as commissioner and surveyor of roads and spent several terms in the 1770s as Ebenezer's representative in the Georgia Commons House of Assembly.
Treutlen assumed an active role in the religious life at Ebenezer. He was a leader of the Rabenhorst faction in the sometimes violent conflicts between the Ebenezer pastors, the Reverend Christoph Triebner and the Reverend Christian Rabenhorst. Rabenhorst accepted the many differences among the people in the colonies as a result of the different countries and cultures from which those people came. In their practical day-to-day activities of ministering to this diverse population, ministers like Rabenhorst found it most effective to employ various strategies in the gracious work of conversion. Treutlen's religious views, formed by his association with Rabenhorst, undoubtedly helped him to develop his support for those democratic political institutions that seemed so consonant with this diversity.
Politics and Revolution
In July 1775 Treutlen represented Ebenezer at the Georgia Provincial Congress. He took an active role in the American Revolution,
In February 1777 Treutlen, Button Gwinnett, and George Wells were on the drafting committee of Georgia's first constitution.
John Adam Treutlen
quickly becoming a leader, along with Button Gwinnett and George Wells, of the radical faction. In February 1777 Treutlen, Gwinnett, and Wells were on the drafting committee of Georgia's first constitution. As a result, this constitution included such democratic provisions as virtual universal suffrage and annual elections of officeholders. On May 8, 1777, the immensely popular Treutlen was elected by a wide margin as Georgia's first governor under the new constitution. Clergyman Henry Muhlenberg called Treutlen a man of "native intelligence" who under pressure could reply "coolly and laconically" to his political opponents, and was thus well suited for the difficult task of leading the new state.
Treutlen's term as governor was marked by political conflicts between the radical and conservative factions of the patriots. The conservatives opposed the democratic provisions of the new constitution, which allowed many of those from the lower classes (like the former indentured servant Treutlen) to be elected to positions of power in the government. The radicals referred to the conservatives as Tories and, in some cases, treated them accordingly. The radicals and conservatives clashed over the issues of civil control of the military, the conduct of the war, and the conservatives' initiative to merge Georgia with South Carolina. The radicals were defeated in their attempts to remove the conservative General Lachlan McIntosh from his position of leadership in the Continental army in Georgia when such national leaders as George Washington sided with McIntosh.
Throughout the war these political conflicts erupted into violent and tragic confrontations. In February 1777 the conservative Joseph Habersham killed the radical Lieutenant Nathaniel Hughes in a dispute at the opening of the convention called to write Georgia's first constitution. On May 16, 1777, the conservative McIntosh mortally wounded the radical Gwinnett. On February 16, 1780, the conservative James Jackson killed the radical Wells. Treutlen and the radicals lost many of their battles with the conservatives.
The Revolutionary War was particularly hard on the Salzburgers at Ebenezer. Both British and American soldiers plundered the community as many as ten times over the course of the war. On December 30, 1776, Rabenhorst died, leaving Ebenezer with no spiritual leader. Thus, when John Houstoun was elected governor in January 1778, Treutlen dropped out of state politics and returned to Ebenezer to help the community and the people who had provided him with so much during his three decades in America.
Late in 1781 Treutlen reentered state politics as Ebenezer's elected representative to the Georgia legislature. He served in the January 1782 session and was one of the few radical democrats in the government that year. The imbalance in power between the radicals and the conservatives helped create an atmosphere in which the conservatives felt free to seek revenge for old scores and wounds.
One night in early spring 1782 Treutlen was brutally murdered outside his home. Legend says a group of Tories killed him. Another theory is that a jilted suitor may have attacked him—just days before, Treutlen had married for the third time. It is uncertain where Georgia's first elected governor is buried.
Schmidt, Jim. "John Adam Treutlen (1733-1782)." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 20 August 2013. Web. 07 September 2014.
John Adam Treutlen (January 16, 1734 – March 1, 1782) arrived in colonial America as an indentured servant and rose to become a wealthy merchant and landowner. He was a leader in Georgia of the American Revolution and helped write Georgia's first constitution. In 1777, he was elected Georgia's first (post-British) governor. He was one of Georgia's few governors to die by violence, and much of his life has been surrounded by mystery and controversy.
Gouvener Col. John Adam Treutlen's Timeline
January 16, 1734
Kürnbach, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
January 16, 1734
Kürnbach, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
February 13, 1757
Augusta, Richmond, Georgia, United States
August 22, 1758
Georgia, United States
April 8, 1760
Georgia, United States
January 21, 1762
Georgia, United States
November 16, 1762
Georgia, United States
February 26, 1766
Georgia, United States
August 29, 1770