Son of Sir Charles Boyle, 3rd Viscount Dungarvan and Lady Jane Seymour
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About Henry Boyle
Henry Boyle 1st Baron Carleton PC
Henry Boyle, 1st Baron Carleton PC (12 July 1669 – 31 March 1725), was an Anglo-Irish politician of the early eighteenth century.
The son of Charles Boyle, 3rd Viscount Dungarvan, Boyle was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge. and entered the army under the auspices of his uncle, the Tory politician Lord Rochester. However, Boyle himself became a Whig, and in 1688 deserted the army of James II in favour of the Prince of Orange.
In 1689, he was elected to the Parliament of England for Tamworth, but was defeated the next year. He spent the next two years in Ireland managing the family estates and represented Cork County in the Irish House of Commons in 1692. In the same year, he returned also to parliament for Cambridge University, and became a prominent spokesman of the "country" opposition, but in 1697 he switched to the court party. Here he advanced quickly, becoming a Lord of the Treasury in 1699 and Chancellor of the Exchequer of England in 1701.
He picked up other offices as he went along, becoming Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire and Lord Treasurer of Ireland in 1704, and was elected member for Westminster in 1705. With the departure of Harley and his followers from the government, Boyle became Secretary of State for the Northern Department and Lord Treasurer Godolphin's principal lieutenant in the Commons. His and Godolphin's dominance in the ministry was increasingly overshadowed by the power of the Junto of Whig aristocrats, however, and in 1710 he retired from office and withdrew from politics with the arrival of Harley's new Tory ministry.
With the Hanoverian succession in 1714, Boyle was raised to the peerage as Baron Carleton, and became Lord President in 1721, an office in which he continued until his death in 1725.
Carlton Way, a road in north Cambridge that follows the path of the Roman Akeman Street, and the public house The Carlton Arms on the same road, are named after him.
Jump up ^ "Boyle, the Hon. Henry (BL692-)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. Jump up ^ Gray, Ronald D; Stubbings, Derek (2000). Cambridge Street-Names: Their Origins and Associations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 2–3. Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by Unknown Member of Parliament for Cork County with St John Brodrick 1692–1695
Succeeded by Sir St John Brodrick Thomas Brodrick Parliament of England
Preceded by Sir Robert Sawyer Edward Finch Member of Parliament for Cambridge University with Edward Finch 1692–1695 George Oxenden 1695–1689 Anthony Hammond 1698–1701 Isaac Newton 1701–1702 Arthur Annesley 1702–1705 1692–1705
Succeeded by Arthur Annesley Dixie Windsor
Preceded by Sir Walter Clarges, Bt Sir Thomas Crosse Member of Parliament for Westminster with Sir Henry Dutton Colt, Bt 1705 – 1707
Succeeded by Parliament of Great Britain Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Parliament of England Member of Parliament for Westminster with Sir Henry Dutton Colt, Bt 1707–1708 Thomas Medlycott 1708–1710 1707 – 1710
Succeeded by Thomas Medlycott Sir Thomas Crosse Political offices
Preceded by The 2nd Earl of Burlington Lord Treasurer of Ireland 1704–1715
Succeeded by The 3rd Earl of Burlington
Preceded by John Smith Chancellor of the Exchequer 1701–1708
Succeeded by John Smith
Preceded by Robert Harley Northern Secretary 1708–1710
Succeeded by Henry St John
Preceded by The Viscount Townshend Lord President of the Council 1721–1725
Succeeded by The Duke of Devonshire Honorary titles
Preceded by The 2nd Earl of Burlington Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire 1704–1715
Succeeded by The 3rd Earl of Burlington
Vice-Admiral of Yorkshire 1704–1715
Custos Rotulorum of the North Riding of Yorkshire 1704–1715
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Carleton 1714–1725 Extinct