Ignacio Domeyko Ancuta

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Ignacio Domeyko Ancuta

Polish: Ignacy Domeyko h. Dangiel, Lithuanian: Ignas Domeika, Belarusian: Ігнат Іпалітавіч Дамейка
Also Known As: "El Sabio Domeyko"
Birthdate: (86)
Birthplace: pol. Niedźwiadka Wielka, Мядзведка, Карэліцкі раён, Гарадзе́нская во́бласьць (Obwód grodzieński), Belarus
Death: January 23, 1889 (86)
Santiago, Chile (colon cancer)
Place of Burial: Calle Ignacio Domeyko, Santiago, Recoleta, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile
Immediate Family:

Son of Hipolit Antoni Domeyko Odachowski and Karolina Ancuta Wolodowicz
Husband of Enriqueta Sotomayor Guzmán
Father of Ana Cruz Domeyko Sotomayor; Enrique Domeyko Sotomayor; Hernán Esteban Domeyko Sotomayor, Sacerdote and Juan Casimiro Domeyko Sotomayor
Brother of Adam Jan Ksawery Domeyko Ancuta; Kazimierz Domeyko Ancuta; Antonina Domeyko Ancuta and Maria Domeyko Ancuta

Occupation: Geologist, Educator, writer
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Ignacio Domeyko Ancuta

Ignacy Domeyko or Domejko, pseudonym: Żegota (Spanish: Ignacio Domeyko) was a Polish-Lithuanian-Belarussian geologist, mineralogist, educator and visionary.

Domeyko spent most of his life, and died, in his adopted country, Chile.

Ignacy Domeyko Ancuta (July 31, 1802 – January 23, 1889) was a 19th-century Polish-Lithuanian-Belarrusian geologist, mineralogist, educator and visionary.

Ignacio Domeyko Ancuta was born in Niedźwiadka Wileyka in the Sitiek also called Silce in the district of Wileyka, located in present day Belarus, then part of the Lithuanian Polish Commonwealth) into a noble Polish-Lithuanian family or szlachta.

The land on which the Domeyko home of NIedzwiaka Wielka was given to them in reward for their services to the Polish crown.

The first recorded Domeyko warrior, from whom present day Domeykos descend is Kontrym, a clan warrior born in 1387. Many subsequent Domeykos were also famous warriors, through the XIV to XVI centuries, battling against the Turks, Tartars and Russians, first under the Jagellonian monarchy (XIV to XVI centuries), then under King Jan Sobeski (1674-1696) who saved Christianity at the gates of Vilna. Later the Domeykos fought for their country under the leadership of General Kosciusko.

Ignacio´s baptism is registered in Parafianovo in 1802, the year of his birth. His father, Hipolito Domeyko, baptized in 1764, was a Justice of the Peace for the District of Novograden. His lineage was of the noble house of Dangel, and bore its code of arms, given to the Domeyko family by King Ladislao in 1498. Ignacio´s mother, Karolina of Ancuta was born in the family manor of Uciecha in the area of Minsk, present day Belarus

Ignacio´s grandfather, Kazimierz, was baptized in 1725. Kazmierz Domeyko was the Treasurer General of Lithuania and the Royal Comissar for the District of Pinskie (1767). HIs grandmother was Bogumila Odachowski. Ignacio´s great grandfather was Jerzy Domeyko who held the post of General of the Royal Guard of Lithuania (1730). His grandmother was Katarina Kniazyzka. His great great grandfather was Krzysztof Domeyko, son of Szimon Domeyko (baptized in 1620, and died in 1682.

Ignacio´s uncle, his father´s brother was Tadeus Domeyko, Knight and Royal Swordholder of Mscislaw, and in 1788 a Royal Chamberlain to the king (1801), and a Judge for the district of Wileyka. Ignacio´s cousin Stefan Aleksander Domeyko (son of Tadeus) was a Royal Standard Bearer in 1829, and a Royal Marichal for the District of Wileyka in 1832. He was also the Royal Chamberlain, and Secret Counselor for the Court, and in 1861 was the Marichal for the government of Wilno.

Mateo Domeyko Odachoswki, Ignacio´s uncle, was the owner of Gierwartz in Wilno and was the Royal Chamberlain of the Court, and Secretary in charge of the Royal Seal for the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

Ignacio´s brothers were Adam (the oldest), the owner of greater and lesser Niedzwiadka, and was the Counselor of the Territorial Tribunal. His lands were left to Josefina Slizniowna. His younger brother Kazimierz Domeyko was a Liutenant of the Royal Guard of Lithuania. Kazimierz´s wife was Idalia Markiewick. His chilren were Celina (a nun), María who married Count Gustaw Slizn, and Helena who married Napoleon Vincent Odachowski. The daughter of Helena and Napolein was Sofia Odachoswki, wife of Count Olgert of Markowo markoski, one of the oldest and most noble families of Poland.

 Ignacio´s cousin Hipolito Domeyko Markiewich married Margarita Slizn, granddaughter of the Counts of Tyszkiewicz, and her brother, Leon Domeyko married his cousin Anna Domeyko, Ignacio´s daughter. 

The Domeyko Kontrym titles of the highest nobility are registered in the Book of Nobility of the Chancery of Minsk, under the number 396, and certified by Prince Radziewill, Marechal of Nobility. Ignacio Domeyko Ancuta married Enriqueta Sotomayor Guzman at the San Saturnino Parish in Santiago, Chile, on July 5, 1850. The couple was married by Rev. Rafael Valentin Valdivieso, Archibishop of Santiago. Their wedding godparents were Jose Santiago Portales Larraín and Mercedes Contador Aguirre de Martinez Jaraquemada .

Ignacio Domeyko Ancuta spent his childhood and early youth in Belarus and Lithuania, where his family had extensive family estates. He completed his high school studies in Belarus, where he was a brilliant student, and entered t Vilna University in LIthuania when only 14 years of age. While at the university, Domeyko formed part of the Philarets, a movement of young men who wished to end the partition of the Polish-Lithuanian alliance and dominance by Czarist Russia. Together with other Filarets and patriots, Domeyko participated in the 1830-1831 Polish-Lithuianian uprising against Russia. Upon its suppression, he was put under house arrest for seven years. After escaping, he fled to Dresden, and then to Paris, where he shared his exile with other insurgents including his best friend, the Lithuanian-Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz.

In Paris he furthered his studies in geology and mineralogy at the Sorbonne and other institutions of learning.

In 1835 he was hired by the Chilean government to travel to Chile to teach the sons of miners the science of mineralogy, for which he is considered the Father of Chilean Mining. Upon the successful completion of his teaching assignment, he was hired to help set up the University of Chile, university, which he founded with other educators of the time. He became the second Rector of the University of Chile, and was re-elected four times, spending 20 years at the post.

Ignacio Domeyko would spend a total of fifty years in Chile, during which time he was named an honorary citizen for his accomplishments.

In 1850 Ignacio married Enriqueta Sotomayor Guzmán, the daughter of a Chilean aristocrat, and they had four children: one daughter and three sons.

While attending to his obligations as the Rector of the University of Chile Domeyko spent much of his free time exploring Chile´s landscape, and studying the country´s mountain ranges, deserts, minerals and mineral waters. He published his scientific observations in the most prestigious international journals of Europe.

He is considered Chile's first paleanthologist for his observations of ancient fossils and minerals, and its first anthropologist, after publishing a best-selling book (at the time) called La Araucania y Sus Habitantes (Araucania and its Inhabitants), in which he describes his travels to Southern Chile, and his encounters with the Mapuche Indigenous group. He was instrumental in drawing up a peace treaty between the Mapuche people and the Chilean government.

His observations of the circumstances of poverty-stricken miners and of wealthy mine owners who cared little for the plight of those who worked for them, had a profound influence on those who would go on to shape Chile's labor movement.

His observations of the newly formed republic of Chile and its customs, written in his memoirs (My Travels) are one of the best descriptions of that historical time period ever published. Domeyko kept close ties with several European countries through his writings and studies published in the major scientific journals of the time.

In 2002, when UNESCO organized a series of commemorations of the 200th anniversary of his birth,Domeyko was referred to as "a citizen of the world".

Domeyko has hundreds of descendents in Chile, his adopted country. There are towns, mountain ranges, streets, schools and universities that bear his name. His great granddaughter, Paz Domeyko published a book; "Ignacio Domeyko, the Life of an Immigrant", a biography based on his memoirs, letters and other documents she researched in Chile as well as in Belarus, Lithuania and Poland. The book written in English has been translated to English, Belarrusian and Russian.

Ignacio Domeyko is considered not just a knowledgeable and educated man, but a true "sage", a visionary whose observations and writings were far ahead of his time.

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignacy_Domeyko Wikipedia EN]

About Ігнат Іпалітавіч Дамейка (Belarusian)

Ігна́т Іпалі́тавіч Даме́йка (польск.: Ignacy Domeyko, ісп.: Ignacio Domeyko) — член таварыства філаматаў, удзельнік Лістападаўскага паўстання 1830—1831 гадоў, навуковец, рэфарматар, геолаг, мінеролаг, мемуарыст. Правёў большую частку жыцця і памёр у Чылі, але таксама займае важнае месца ў навуцы і культуры Беларусі, Літвы і Польшчы. Wikipedia BY

Acerca de Ignacio Domeyko Ancuta (Español)

Ignacio Domeyko Ancuta (en polaco: Ignacy Domeyko) fue un científico polaco-chileno (su placa se puede encontrar en la Calle Didzioji gatvè). Chile le concedió la nacionalidad por gracia en 1848. Wikipedia ES

Apie Ignas Domeika (Lietuvių)

Ignas Domeika (isp. Ignacio Domeyko, brus. Ігнат Дамейка, lenk. Ignacy Domejko) – žymus Čilės geologas, mineralogas, etnologas, 1831 m. sukilimo dalyvis, Čilės universiteto Santjage rektorius, Čilės respublikos garbės pilietis. Wikipedia LT

About Ignacy Domeyko h. Dangiel (Polski)

Ignacy Domeyko herbu Dangiel, Ignacy Domejko, pseudonim Żegota – polski geolog, mineralog, inżynier górnictwa, badacz Ameryki Południowej; pierwowzór Żegoty z III części Dziadów Adama Mickiewicza. Wikipedia PL

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Ignacio Domeyko Ancuta's Timeline

July 31, 1802
Мядзведка, Карэліцкі раён, Гарадзе́нская во́бласьць (Obwód grodzieński), Belarus
Age 52
Santiago, Chile
Age 54
Santiago, Santiago Province, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile
Age 57
Santiago, Chile
July 20, 1862
Age 59
Santiago, Chile
January 23, 1889
Age 86
Santiago, Chile
Age 86
Santiago, Recoleta, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile