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Ignaz Bing

Also Known As: "hebrew name: Ignaz Ben Salomon Bernhard Bing"
Birthplace: Memmelsdorf, Upper Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Death: March 24, 1918 (78)
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Salomon Bernhard Bing and Bela (Babette) Bing
Husband of Rosa Bing and Ida Bing
Father of Fritz Bing; Max Bing; Bertha Hirschmann; Frieda Brüll; Anna Kuhn and 3 others
Brother of Ida Ottenstein; Adolf Bing and Berthold Bing
Half brother of Antonie Mohrenwitz; Edmund Edward Bing; Heinrich Bing; Josephine "Seppi" Bing; Oscar Bing and 1 other

Occupation: Unternehmer in Nürnberg (Spielzeugindustrie), Geh. Kommerzienrat
Managed by: Alexandra Elizabeth Bryk
Last Updated:

About Ignaz Bing

Previous data collected here has now been ported over to a Wikipedia page:

Ignaz Bing From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ignaz Bing (January 29, 1840 - March 24, 1918) was a German-Jewish industrialist, naturalist, poet, and memoirist.


   1 Life and career
   2 See also
   3 References
   4 External links

Life and career

The brothers Ignaz Bing and Adolf Bing were the children of Bela Levi (later Babette Tuchmann) and Saloman Beer Bernard Bing, an Ashkenazi Jewish master dyer in Memmelsdorf, Germany, who went on to become a hops-dealer. In 1863 they founded GBN (Gebruder Bing Nurnberger Metall und Lakierwaren Fabrik) in Nuremberg, also known as BW (Bing Werke).[1]

Ignaz was the leader of the two brothers. He began with a line of willow baskets and enamel household goods, then hired artisans to design and craft fine art nouveau pewter, copper, and glass tableware. Toy production commenced in 1880 and the company's first teddy bears were released in 1907.[1][2] By the early 20th century, GBN was the largest toy company in the world, and the Bing factory in Nuremberg was the largest toy factory in the world, producing a variety of goods such as dollhouse furniture and enamelware, tin-litho metal toys, and an extensive catalogue of stationary model steam engines and model trains.[3][4][5] Non-toy products manufactured by the company included gramophones, a line of recordings called Bingola Records, bicycles, kitchenware, office equipment, and electrical goods.[6]

The Bing Brothers company employed thousands of workers and engaged in joint business investments with many collateral family members in Nuremberg and the wider environs of Bavaria.[1][7] Bing goods were sold not only in Germany, but also in Great Britain, the United States of America, and Canada. As a prominent Nuremberg industrialist, Ignaz Bing helped to develop the modern concept of annual industry-wide trade shows. For his many services on behalf of his country's economy, he was honoured with the title of Privy Councillor of Commerce (Geheime Kommerzienrat) to the Bavarian Court.[8]

Bing wrote poetry and memoirs, loved nature, and liked to explore caves. He discovered a beautiful stalactite cave in 1905 near the town of Streitberg (Wiesenttal). Using his own wealth, he paid for the lighting and development of the cavern gallery as a show cave so that others could tour it; he also personally conducted a tour of the cave for Prince Ludwig of Bavaria.[1] Named after its discoverer, the cavern was called the Binghöhle (Bing Cave) from 1905 until the Nazis took over Germany. Then, because Bing was a Jew, they took control of it from the family, nationalized it, and renamed it the "Streitberger Cave" after the nearest town. However, in 1945, when the Nazi regime ended, it was renamed the Binghöhle and a settlement was given to the family in recompense for the earlier seizure. The site, now operated by the local municipality, was renovated in 2005 as a show cave and offers beautiful guided walking tours underground featuring lighting technology, including fairytale and birthday tours for children's parties.[9]

Bing wrote three autobiographical memoirs, "Tales From A Merchant's Life" (1915), "My Family and Friends" (1916), and "My Travels" (1917). These were collected into one volume, translated into English, and published in 2013 under the title "Tales From My Life." These memoirs contain quite a bit of genealogical and sociological information along the way, and Bing's anecdotes have been used as primary research to augment the profiles of a number of his family members and to provide historical background to those who study Jewish culture in pre-Nazi Germany.

Ignaz Bing died at the age of 78 in Nuremberg. His son, Stephan Bing, took on the role of leadership. Sales declined, however, as antisemitism became a force in Germany under the leadership of Adolf Hitler.

in 1933, Bing's grandson, the economist Dr. Rudolf Benario, was among the first three Jews murdered in a Nazi concentration camp, at Dachau.[10] That same year the Bing Works company was liquidated. Stephan Bing fled to England,where he helped to start the British toy company Trix.

See also[edit] Bing (disambiguation) Manufacturing companies of Germany Toy train manufacturers Toy steam engine manufacturers List of show caves in Germany References

Jump up ^ The Bing 'Pigmyphone' toy gramophone held at the British Library Jump up ^ Bing Toys Jump up ^ Bing Jump up ^ Spielzeugmuseum Freinsheim: 1. Bing Museum - Eröffnung 2010 (in German) Jump up ^ History of the Bing factories Jump up ^ Privy Councillor of Commerce at the German-language Wikipedia Jump up ^ The Bing Cave / Bing Hoehle official web site Jump up ^ Rudolf Benario at the German-language Wikipedia

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toys by Bing. Rudolf Endres: Gebrüder Bing, Nürnberg, in: Historisches Lexikon Bayerns Im Zeitverlauf: Firmenzeichen und Logos: Bing Firmenzeichen

-- catherine yronwode, his first cousin four times removed

view all 12

Ignaz Bing's Timeline

January 29, 1840
Memmelsdorf, Upper Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
June 17, 1870
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
April 11, 1872
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
November 7, 1873
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
October 9, 1875
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
January 26, 1877
Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany
August 17, 1878
Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany
October 28, 1880
Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany