In ceng [Aisin Gioro]

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In ceng [Aisin Gioro]

Chinese: 廢太子/理密親王 【(愛新覺羅)】 允礽(二), Manchu: ᡳᠨ ᠴᡝᠩ
Also Known As: "胤礽", " (廢)太子"
Birthdate:
Death: 1725 (50-51)
Immediate Family:

Son of Kangxi Emperor of Qing China 清康熙帝 and Heseri
Husband of Guwalgiya
Partner of 祁氏; 側福晉 王氏; 側福晉 林氏; 側福晉 程氏; 側福晉 李佳氏 and 2 others
Father of [Aisin Gioro]; 愛新覺羅氏; 晀 Aisin Gioro; 昞 Aisin Gioro; 晉 Aisin Gioro and 8 others
Brother of Cenghu [Aisin Gioro]
Half brother of 愛新覺羅氏; 萬黼; 胤禶; 和碩端靜公主(五); 固倫恪靖公主(六) and 34 others

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About In ceng [Aisin Gioro]

Yin-jêng 胤礽, June 16, 1674-1725, Jan. 27, one-time Heir Apparent to the throne, was the second son of Emperor Shêng-tsu (see under Hsüan-yeh). His mother, Empress Hsiao-ch'êng 孝誠, Feb. 4, 1654-1674), was a niece of Songgotu [q.v.]. She was married to the Emperor in 1665 and in 1669 gave birth to a son who died in infancy. She herself died on the day that Yin-jêng was born and her death was greatly lamented by the Emperor. Perhaps in deference to her memory, or because she was descended from a noble family, her son, Yin-jêng, was proclaimed Heir Apparent (January 26, 1676) and was brought up as such. The Emperor himself taught Yin-jêng to read, and from the age of six (sui) onward the child had for his tutors such scholarly officials as Chang Ying, Li Kuang-ti, Hsiung Tzû-li and T'ang Pin [qq.v.]. He studied both Chinese and Manchu, was an able horseman, and was skilled in the use of the bow and arrow. In the years 1696 and 1697, when the Emperor twice led the expeditionary force against the Eleuths (see under Fiyanggû), Yin-jêng was both times made regent to look after affairs in Peking. But even before the Emperor returned to the capital is 1697 he was informed that Yin-jêng was associating with men of evil character and indulging in immoral practices. When the Emperor returned, he ordered the execution of several of the officials involved.

Nevertheless the prince remained in has father's favor and was given a garden named Hsi hua-yüan 西花園, near the Emperor's own villa, Ch'ang-ch'un yüan (see under Hsüan-yeh). When Yin-jêng set out with the Emperor on a projected tour of South China in 1702, he fell ill at T'u-chou, Shantung, and his granduncle, Songgotu, was summoned to look after him. The Emperor abandoned the journey and returned to Peking. Before long rumors were afloat that Songgotu was too active in promoting the interests of the Heir Apparent with the consequence that in 1703 Songgotu was imprisoned, and there died. As Yin-jêng gradually fell into disfavor, several of his brothers begin to form cliques, in the hope of taking his place.

In 1708, while passing the summer in Jehôl, Emperor Shêng-tsu angrily declared Yin-jêng to be a culprit, charged him with having insulted princes and high officials, with having usurped power, and with extravagance and immorality. He also affirmed that Yin-jêng had been plotting against him and had even intended to murder him--perhaps to avenge the death of Songgotu. Yin-jêng was deprived of his position as Heir Apparent and placed in confinement, but he retained the pity of his father who thought him insane. Hence when it was discovered that the eldest prince, Yin-t'i [禔 q.v.], had employed Lamas to cast evil spells on Yin-jêng, the latter was pardoned in 1709 and restored to his position as Heir Apparent. Yin-t'i was placed in confinement and the other princes were admonished to abandon their struggles for the throne. However, in the ensuing three years Yin-jêng's condition became worse and the Emperor abandoned hope of effecting a cure. Consequently in 1712 Yin-jêng was again degraded and placed in perpetual confinement.

The Emperor firmly resolved not to designate another Heir Apparent, even in defiance of the repeated requests of such high officials as Chao Shên-ch'iao [q.v.] in 1713, Wang Shan [q.v.] in 1717 and in 1721, and Chu T'ien-pao 朱天保 (T. 九如 (H., 鶴田, chin-shih of 1713) in 1718. For their temerity, and because they were each suspected of promoting their own candidates, Wang was reprimanded and would have been banished, except for his advanced age; and Chu was executed. As to Yin-jêng he did not resign himself entirely to his fate, for in 1715 it was discovered that a physician who had attended Yin-jeng's wife had acted as an intermediary in passing secret letters (written in invisible ink) between Yin-jêng and a member of the imperial clan. The prisoner thus hoped to learn if he might be released and whether it would be possible for him to be appointed commander of the armies in the northwest. The physician and others involved were severely punished.

When Yin-chên [q.v.] ascended the throne, late in 1722, he made Hung-hsi 弘皙, heir of Yin-jêng, a prince of the second degree with the designation Li (理郡王). Yin-jêng died in prison in 1725. He was posthumously given the rank of Li Ch'in-wang 理親王 and was canonized as Mi 密. In 1728 Hung-hsi was raised to a prince of the first degree, but eleven years later was deprived of that rank by Emperor Kao-tsung. After the degradation of Yin-jêng succeeding Ch'ing rulers declined, except for a short time in the Kuang-hsü reign-period, to announce formally the choice of an Heir Apparent. Yin-chên established the practice, followed by later rulers, of placing the name of his chosen successor in a sealed box behind a tablet in the hall, Ch'ien-ch'ing kung 乾清宮, a tablet on which are carved the characters, Chêng-ta kuang-ming 正大光明. The name was made public only after the Emperor's death.

It is worth noting that the missionary, Matteo Ripa 馬國賢 (1682-1745), was present at a scene which took place at the Ch'ang-ch'un yüan in 1712 when the princes, and the Heir Apparent in particular, were subjected to punishment. He relates the incident in his Memoirs.

[ 1/226/32; Ch'ing huang-shih ssu-pu (see Fu-lung-an) 3/12B; Tung-hua lu, K'ang-hsi 42:5, 47:9, 48:1, 51:10; Memoirs of Father Ripa London, 1855 P. 83.]

FANG CHAO-YING

廢太子/理密親王 允礽(二)生平 (中文)

和碩理密親王 允礽(十二子)

康熙十三年甲寅五月初三日巳時生 母孝誠仁皇后 赫舍里氏 領侍衛內大臣承恩公噶布喇之女

康熙十四年六月立爲皇太子

       四十六年九月廢
       四十八年三月復立爲皇太子
       五十一年十月復廢

雍正二年甲辰十二月十四日戌時薨 年五十一歲 追封和碩理親王 謚曰密

嫡福晉 瓜爾佳氏 都統伯石文炳之女

側福晉 李佳氏 輕車都尉舒爾德庫之女

側福晉 程佳氏 程世福之女

側福晉 唐佳氏

側福晉 李佳氏

側福晉 王佳氏

側福晉 范佳氏

側福晉 劉佳氏

側福晉 林佳氏

妾 劉氏

妾 錢氏

妾 邱氏

view all 16

In ceng [Aisin Gioro]'s Timeline

1674
June 6, 1674

康熙十三年五月初三已時生於紫禁城 母赫舍里氏難產而薨

1694
1694
1696
November 14, 1696
1697
1697
1708
1708
1712
1712
1714
1714
1714
1715
1715
1719
1719