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  • Gong Dingzi 龔鼎孳 (1615 - 1673)
    KUNG Ting-tzŭ 龔鼎孳 (T. 孝升, H. 芝麓), Jan. 6, 1616–1673, Oct. 21, poet, landscape painter and official under three régimes in Peking during the Ming-Ch'ing transition period, was a native of Ho-fei, Anhwei...
  • Guwegang Tunggiya (b. - 1690)
    T'UNG Kuo-kang 佟國綱, d. Sept. 3, 1690, general, was the eldest son of T'ung T'u-lai [q.v.] and uncle of Emperor Shêng-tsu on his mother's side. In 1662, four years after his father died, he succeeded to...
  • 佟國維 (子持 諡端純) (1643 - 1719)
    T'UNG Kuo-wei 佟國維, d. 1719, uncle of Emperor Shêng-tsu, was a son of T'ung T'u-lai [q.v.] and a member of the Manchu Bordered Yellow Banner. The family belonged originally to the Chinese Plain Blue Ban...
  • 佟養性 (諡勤惠) (b. - 1633)
    T'UNG Yang-hsing 佟養性, d. 1632, Ch'ing general, was a native of Fu-shun, Liaotung. Some members of his family served as officials under the Ming regime, and one of his cousins, T'ung Yang-chên [q.v.], w...
  • 佟養真 (諡忠烈) (b. - 1621)
    T'UNG Yang-chên 佟養眞, d. 1621, Ming-Ch'ing general, was a member of the T'ung family of Fu-shun, Liaotung, which traced its ancestry to T'ung Ta-li 佟達禮, who was given an hereditary rank in the early Min...

Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period is a biographical dictionary in English, edited by Arthur William Hummel, Sr and published in 1943 in two volumes by the Library of Congress of the United States.

In addition to scholarly biographies (in contrast to the official history in the Confucian tradition) of some 800—and by way of mention, several hundred more—individuals from the late Ming to early Republican period, they are particularly valuable for many succinct passages that provide background information on Chinese philosophy, art, mathematics, etc., of earlier periods.

Contributors include

Similar projects have been undertaken for other dynasties, most notably:

  • Biographical Dictionary of Republican China, ed. Howard L. Boorman
  • Dictionary of Ming Biography, eds. L. Carrington Goodrich, Chaoying Fang
  • Sung Biographies, ed. Herbert Franke (some articles in German)

More than half a century after its publication, ECCP still is a valuable work of reference for Qing biographical information, and may serve as an introduction to Qing history in general. Patricia Buckley Ebrey at Dartmouth is leading an ongoing project to digitize it, and everyone is welcome to help edit the text (using the About on the Geni profile), such as

  • clean up extraneous characters and fix typos
  • italicize Romanization of Chinese and Manchu terms and book titles (but not personal or place names)

In 2021, the FULL TEXT of ECCP appears to be available on wikisource, with much higher quality. We shall use this as the main source:

When in doubt, consult the original at Vol. I, Vol. II

Note: The original text (in Wade-Giles) of Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period is in the public domain and may be freely reproduced. The html-coded pages at (UPDATE: it's moved to and the programmed pages for ECCP READER are © Tonseth House Studios 2016.