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About Jacob Zumwalt

A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA with the rank of PRIVATE. DAR Ancestor # A131126



Ft. Zumwalt was established around 1796 by gr-gr-gr-gr-gr-gr-grandparents, Jacob & Queti Miller Zumwalt. Jacob and Queti(Katie or Catherine) Zumwalt were the parents of Catherine Zumwalt, who married David Daniel Boyd in Kentucky and were parents of John B. Boyd, who married Margaret Harryman in Missouri in 1814 and were parents of Catherine Boyd Jackson, gr-gr-gr-grandmother.

Jacob Zumwalt served in the Virginia (Shenandoah) Militia. He fought in Dunmore's War and and on October 10, 1774 was wounded in the arm in the Battle of Point Pleasant. He served during the Revolutionary War in the Augusta Co. Militia.

Jacob married Queti (or Catherine) Miller on December 11, 1772 (or 1774) in Shenandoah County, Virginia. She was born c. 1758 in Shenandoah County, Virginia. Children: Jacob, Jr., Catherine, Rachel, Andrew, Henry, Susan, Mary Ann, George, Sarah and Elizabeth. At the time of their migration to what is now St. Charles County, MO, the land was under Spanish dominion.

Jacob (Sr.) died about 1820, probably in Pike County, Missouri Territory. Queti Miller Zumwalt died July 30, 1799, in Pike County, Missouri Territory. Both are buried in the Stoney Point Cemetery in Fort Zumwalt.

Information provided by Paul Jackson



"Christopher and Jacob settled in St. Charles County on Peruque Creek in 1796 and in 1798 Jacob built the first hewed log house that was ever erected on the north side of the Missouri River. It is still standing on land owned by Mr. Darius Heald, about one and a half miles northest of O'Fallon Station, on the St. Louis, Kansas City and Northern Railway. The house was used as a fort during the Indian War, and often as many as ten families found shelter within its walls at the same time. The first Methodist Sacrament in Missouri was administered in this house by Rev. Jesse Waler in 1007. The wine was made by Mrs. Jacob Zumwal and Mrs. Col David Bailey from the juices of polk berries sweetened with mpale sugar and for bread they used the crusts of corn bread."

From "the History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri", published originally in 1876 and republished in 1935.


Jacob Zumwalt moved with his brothers Adam, Andrew, Christoper and John from Bourbon Co, KY between 1796-1798 where they became citizens of Spain and received grants of land from the Spanish government in the St. Charles District of the Louisiana Territory along with Daniel Boone and other well-known Missouri pioneers. Jacob Zumwalt built one of the first permanent homes in the area north of the Missouri River which became known as Ft. Zumwalt and a center of refuge against Indian attacks. Elizabeth Zumwalt is thought to have been born in the home at Ft. Zumwalt. Jacob Zumwalt sold Ft. Zumwalt to Major Nathan Heald in 1817 and the family along with the families of Christopher Zumwalt, Andrew Kent, John William Burket moved further west in the St. Charles District which later became Callaway, Warren, Howard, Montgomery and Boone counties. It is thought that here the families met Green DeWitt and James Kerr who told them of opportunities in Texas. Elizabeth Billings, from tamu.edu leoandi08 added this to Jacob Zumwalt on 7 Dec 2007


Fort Zumwalt Added by txohzonies on 7 Oct 2008

The presence of permanent non-Native American residents in what is today O'Fallon can be substantiated as far back as 1796 when Jacob Zumwalt accepted Spanish land grant #55. The land grant consisted of 450 arpents (383.8 acres) and was located on both sides of Belleau Creek. Today's Fort Zumwalt Park sits on a portion of this original land grant.

  The history of the Zumwalt family and their homestead fort is a microcosm of American westward expansion and a tribute to the early settlers who came to the area in order to create a better life for themselves and their families, a process which still continues to this day.   Jacob and his brother, Christopher Zumwalt, moved their immediate families first and five additional Zumwalt brothers followed them later.  Local legend has it that Daniel Boone helped his friend, Jacob, locate his homestead at the brink of a hill that had a fresh spring below.

Zumwalt's Fort and Family Facts:

  Came from Pennsylvania, then to Kentucky, then to St. Charles County.
  Built the first hewn log house north of the Missouri River.
  With help from the extended family, the first section was completed in 1798; other additions were made in succeeding years.
  Jacob helped brother Christopher build a mill and brother Adam operated a distillery.   Both were closer to the area that is now St. Paul.
  Four generously sized rooms, hewn log walls, a stone foundation, plank floors, a double fireplace and other details of substantial Pennsylvania German construction set the house apart from others.
  Zumwalt's Fort was one of the largest of its kind in St. Charles County at that time.
  Scene of the first Methodist sacrament in Missouri, administered by Rev. Jesse Walker in 1807.
  Became a "homestead fort" (residence centrally located and fortified to protect a number of families) during the War of 1812.
  A total of seven settler forts were in St. Charles County; three were located in or near O'Fallon.  The other two being Pond Fort off Highway N in Dardenne Prairie, and White's Fort in Dog Prairie (St. Paul area).
  As many as ten families found refuge during the hostilities which were characterized by quick penetrating Indian raids against settlements along the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers.
  Fighting ended in Missouri by July 1815 when peace treaties were signed at nearby Portage des Sioux. 
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Jacob Zumwalt's Timeline

1752
December 11, 1752
Augusta County (Present Frederick County), Province of Virginia
1776
1776
PA, United States
1779
August 4, 1779
Augusta, Pendleton, Virginia, United States, Augusta County, Virginia, United States
1780
1780
Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States
1785
1785
Harrison County, Kentucky, United States
1787
1787
Kentucky
1797
1797