James "the Scotchman" Grant
|Birthplace:||Scotland, United Kingdom|
|Death:||Died in Kittery, York County, Maine, United States|
|Managed by:||Justin Swanström|
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About James Grant "the Scotchman"
He is called in old records "the Scotchman," to distinguish him from another James Grant, "the Drummer". He fought in the army of Charles II at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, was captured, and deported to America where his brother Peter had already been deported. He is said in an old manuscript, somewhat inaccurately, to have been "taken in arms for Charles I" and to have been "banished by Cromwell."
Before the Battle of Worcester, Cromwell decided to engage the forces of Charles II on the anniversary of the Battle of Dunbar. Cromwell had 30,000 men plus thousands more within a few days march. Charles II had 16,000 men, nearly all Scots. 10,000 of Charles II's men were taken prisoner; 3,000 were killed. Parliament admitted loss of but 200 men. Charles II escaped to France. The prisoners taken at Worcester were marched to London and confined there for a few months in the artillery grounds at Tuthill fields, perhaps half a mile west of Westminister Palace. They were allowed for daily rations a pound of bread and half a pound of cheese. Shelter seems to have been provided for the sick only. Two hundred and seventy-two of these prisoners were sent to Boston in the ship called the John and Sara and were consigned to Thomas Kemble, a merchant of Charlestown, Massachusetts. He sold them to planters and others who needed workmen throughout New England. The usual price paid was £20 per man, and after working from five to eight years, nominally to pay their passage money, and to learn some trade as apprentices, they were given their liberty.
James and Peter's kinsman James Grant was also captured and at the Battle of Worcester and deported. This James Grant is called "the Scotchman" in early records to distinguish him from his kinsman James Grant "the Drummer." In 1660 he signed a petition from York.
He and Peter Grant were presented at court in 1661 for not going home to their wives. The court order them to return to Scotland to their wives, indicating that both had been married at the time of their capture. They do not appear to have returned to Scotland, perhaps because they could not afford the fare, or perhaps because after 11 years their wives must have remarried, assuming them dead. It is not clear whether James' marriage to Joanna Ingersoll took place immediately before this court order, and perhaps prompting it, or whether it took place following.
James died or disappeared in 1663/4, perhaps killed or captured by Indians. It has been suggested that he returned to Scotland. His widow married his brother Peter Grant, of Berwick. He left a daughter Elizabeth, who became the third wife of William Earl senior of Berwick.
A James Grant, of York, made his will 14 April 1693 mentioning his wife Joanna and two sons, one underage, but this cannot be the same James.
James was a Royalist soldier captured in the battle of Dunbar and deported to America.