John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland

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John Sutherland (Gordon)

Birthdate: (72)
Birthplace: Darnoch Castle, Sutherland, Scotland, United Kingdom
Death: June 27, 1733 (72)
Chelsea, London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir George Gordon, 15th Earl of Sutherland and Jean Wemyss
Husband of Helen Cochrane; Catherine Tollemache and Frances Sutherland
Father of William Sutherland, Lord Strathnaver and Jean Gordon, of Sutherland
Brother of Lady Ann Sutherland Gordon
Half brother of Margaret Douglas and Archibald Douglas, 1st Earl of Forfar

Occupation: a commissioner for the union of England and Scotland. Scottish representative peer in four parliaments, president of the Board of Trade and manufactures, and lord-lieutenant of the eight northern counties of Scotland., Earl
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland,_16th_Earl_of_Sutherland

He was created a Knight of the Thistle, 1716,

Burke's Peerage Extract

JOHN GORDON later SUTHERLAND (1690), 16th Earl of Sutherland, KT (1716), PC (S 1687, Feb 1689/90 and Feb 1702/3, GB Jan 1720/1); baptised 2 March 1660/1; Col Foot Regt Flanders 1694–97, Commr for Union of S and E parls Feb 1705/6; regranted Earldom 29 March 1706 with remainder to his only son and himself and his heirs male of the body, then to his son's heirs male of the body, in default of which to the heirs female of the body of his son without division and their issue male, in default of which to his own heirs female; rep S peer 1707–08 and 1715–33; Lord Lt: Caithness, Elgin, Nairn, Ross and Cromarty and Sutherland 1715–25, as which did much to quell the 1715 Uprising; Lt-Gen 1715;

  • married 1st 28 April 1680 Helen, grand-daughter of 1st Earl of Dundonald (qv), and
    • had issue, with a daughter (died unm):
      • 1a William, Lord Strathnaver; born just before 19 Dec 1683; Col of Foot 1702–10, MP (Whig) Wick Burghs 1708–09 (election annulled since he was eldest son of a Scottish peer), helped f suppress 1715 Uprising;
    • married (contract 9 Oct 1705) Katharine (died 21 March 1765), daughter of William Morison, of Preston Grange, Haddingtonshire, MP, and died in the lifetime of the father 19 July 1720, having had:
      • 1b John, Lord Strathnaver; born Nov 1706; buried 12 Dec 1720
      • 2b WILLIAM, 17th Earl
      • 3b George; died unmarried 13 March 1736
  • 1b Helen; married 12 April 1740 Sir James Colquhoun of Luss, 1st Bt (qv) and died 7 Jan 1791, leaving issue
  • 2b Janet; married 24 Oct 1740 George Sinclair of Ulbster (see THURSO, V) and died 9 June 1795, leaving issue
  • * 1a Jean; married (contract 31 Aug 1702) James, Lord Maitland, eldest son of 5th Earl of Lauderdale (qv), and died 11 Feb 1747
  • The 16th Earl married 2nd Katherine (died without issue 1703), widow of Lord Doune (see MORAY, E) and 2nd daughter of Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Bt, by Elizabeth, Countess of Dysart in her own right (qv);
  • married 3rd (contract 11 Aug 1727) Frances (died without issue 20 Dec 1732), widow of Sir John Travel, MP, and died 27 June 1733


John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland

M, #10121, b. 3 March 1661, d. 27 June 1733

John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland|b. 3 Mar 1661\nd. 27 Jun 1733|p1013.htm#i10121|George Gordon, 15th Earl of Sutherland|b. 2 Nov 1633\nd. 4 Mar 1702/3|p1012.htm#i10120|Jean Wemyss|d. 5 Jan 1715|p10953.htm#i109528|John Gordon, 14th Earl of Sutherland|b. 9 Mar 1609\nd. 14 Oct 1679|p1012.htm#i10118|Lady Jean Drummond|b. 1609\nd. 29 Dec 1637|p1013.htm#i10129|David Wemyss, 2nd Earl of Wemyss|b. 6 Sep 1610\nd. Jul 1679|p10953.htm#i109529|Hon. Anna Balfour|d. 10 Nov 1649|p10953.htm#i109530|

Last Edited=5 Apr 2009

Consanguinity Index=0.32%

    '''John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland''' was born on 3 March 1661. He was the son of George Gordon, 15th Earl of Sutherland and Jean Wemyss. He married, secondly, Catherine Tollemache, daughter of Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Bt. and Elizabeth Murray, Countess of Dysart.1 He married, firstly, Helen Cochrane, daughter of William Cochrane, Lord Cochrane and Lady Catherine Kennedy, on 28 April 1680. He married by contract, thirdly, Frances (?) on 11 August 1727. He died on 27 June 1733 at age 72.
    John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland gained the title of 16th Earl of Sutherland. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.2    
  • Children of John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland and Helen Cochrane
  ** Lady Jean Gordon+ d. 11 Feb 1747
  ** William Gordon, Lord Strathnaver+ b. b 19 Dec 1683, d. 13 Jul 1720


  • 1. [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1257. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • 2. [S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
  • 3. [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 2, page 2249.


  • ‪John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland‬
    • From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Earl of Sutherland

  • Born: 1661
  • Died: 27 June 1733 in Chelsea
  • Other names: John Sutherland
  • Wars and battles: Jacobite rebellion 1715
  • Predecessor: George Gordon, 15th Earl of Sutherland
  • Successor: William Sutherland
  • Spouse(s)
    • 1) Helen Cochrane
    • 2) Katherine Tollemache
    • 3) Frances Hodgson
  • Parents: George Gordon and Jean
  • John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland PC (1661–1733) was a Scottish nobleman and army officer.
  • He was the only son of George Gordon, the 15th earl of Sutherland (1633–1703), and his wife, Jean.[1]
  • Upon his father's death in 1703 he succeeded as earl of Sutherland.
  • He supported the revolution of 1688 and was a commissioner for the union of England and Scotland.
  • He was a Scottish representative peer in four parliaments, president of the Board of Trade and manufactures, and lord-lieutenant of the eight northern counties of Scotland.[2]
  • In 1703 he was appointed a privy councillor by Queen Anne.[1]
  • He aided in putting down the Jacobite Rising of 1715.
    • When the rebellion had been quashed, Gordon was invested by George I with the Order of the Thistle and was granted an annual pension of £1200 in recognition of his services.
  • In 1719 his men took part in the Battle of Glen Shiel, which brought to an end the first Jacobite rising.[1]
  • He resumed the name of Sutherland', instead of Gordon. In 1719 by decree of Lyon Court, he was thereafter recognised Chief of the Clan Sutherland.


  • He married three times,
    • first to Helen, daughter of Lord Cochrane;
    • secondly to Katherine Tollemache, daughter of Sir Lionel Tollemache,
    • 3rd Baronet; and thirdly to Frances Hodgson.
  • He had two children with Helen:
    • William Gordon, Lord Strathnaver (19 December 1683 – 13 July 1720) who married Catherine Morrison,
    • Jean Gordon (abt 1692 Scotland - 11 February 1747 Virginia.[3]



  •  "Gordon, John (1660?-1733)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

Peerage of Scotland

  • Preceded by: George Gordon
  • Earl of Sutherland: 1703 – 1733
  • Succeeded by: William Sutherland


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 22
  • ←Gordon, John (1644-1726) Gordon, John (1660?-1733) Gordon, John (1702-1739)→
  • by Henry Paton

GORDON, JOHN, (fifteenth or) sixteenth Earl of Sutherland (1660?-1733),

  • only son of George, (fourteenth or) fifteenth earl of Sutherland, and
    • Lady Jean Wemyss,
      • daughter of David, second earl of Wemyss, and widow of Archibald, earl of Angus,
  • was probably born in 1660, his parents having been married on 11 Aug. 1659.
  • While still Lord Strathnaver he took an active part in public affairs.
  • In 1689 he took arms in support of the revolution and William III, and in conjunction with Sir Thomas Livingstone, commander of the forces, wrote a letter, dated 3 July 1689, to Viscount Dundee, to whom he was related by marriage, offering to be his mediator with William.
  • He was appointed a privy councillor by William III, under whom he commanded a regiment of infantry in Flanders.
  • On his father's death in 1703 he succeeded as Earl of Sutherland, and on 11 July 1704 took the oaths and his seat as a lord of parliament. He attended all the parliaments between that date and the union of 1707, and made repeated efforts to obtain payment of certain arrears of pay due to his regiment.
  • In 1704 he was nominated on the privy council of Queen Anne.
  • He supported the union between England and Scotland in parliament, and was one of the commissioners for arranging its terms. On its consummation he was chosen one of the sixteen representative peers of Scotland, and was continued as such at three subsequent elections in 1715, 1722, and 1727.
  • In 1715 he was appointed president of the board of trade and manufactures, and about the same time lord-lieutenant of the eight northern counties of Scotland: Sutherland, Caithness, Orkney, Ross, Cromarty, Inverness, Elgin, and Nairn.
  • In the same year when Mar's rebellion broke out he at once proceeded to his own district, raised forces which the government agreed to equip, and endeavored to prevent the Earl of Seaforth from joining Mar. ** With six hundred men from his own estates and those of Lord Reay, Sutherland joined Colonel Robert Munro, who had collected six hundred men at Alness. Seaforth raised three thousand highlanders, and threatened an attack upon Sutherland, who retired. Seaforth took possession of Inverness, and then joined Mar for the battle of Sheriffmuir. Sutherland marched to recover Inverness, but was forestalled by Lord Lovat. They held it during the rebellion, and when Seaforth on returning to the highlands attempted, in conjunction with the Marquis of Huntly, to retake Inverness, Sutherland assailed him, and obliged him to tender his submission. Huntly also surrendered shortly afterwards.
  • When the rebellion was quelled, Sutherland proceeded to London, where in June 1716 he was invested by George I with the order of the Thistle, and in September following received an annual pension of 1,200l. as a recognition of his services.
  • Mackay says of Sutherland: 'He is a very honest man, a great asserter of the liberties of the people; hath a good rough sense, is open and free, a great lover of his bottle and of his friend; brave in his person, which he hath shown in several duels; too familiar for his quality, and often keeps company below it; is a fat, fair-complexioned man, forty-five years old' (Memoirs, p. 201).
  • He died in London on 27 June 1733.
  • Sutherland was thrice married:
    • First, to Helen, second daughter of William, lord Cochrane, son of William, first earl of Dundonald.
      • Her sister was married to Viscount Dundee.
      • By her he had a son and two daughters, William, lord Strathnaver, and Ladies Jean and Helen.
    • Secondly, to Lady Catherine Talmash, widow of James, lord Doune, and second daughter of Sir Lionel Talmash and Elizabeth, duchess of Lauderdale.
    • Thirdly, to the widow of Sir John Travel, an English lady of fortune.
    • He had no issue by his second and third wives.
  • On the marriage of his son in 1705 to Catherine Morrison of Prestongrange, Sutherland resigned the earldom in his son's favour, retaining the life-rent, but the son predeceased him 19 July 1720.
    • This son's son, also William, succeeded his grandfather as (sixteenth or) seventeenth earl in 1733, and, dying in 1750, was succeeded by his son William as (seventeenth or) eighteenth earl. The last earl left an only daughter, Elizabeth, who successfully claimed the title of Countess of Sutherland 21 March 1771, and married George Granville Leveson-Gower, first duke of Sutherland [see Leveson-Gower, Elizabeth].

[Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, vols. viii-xi. passim; Fraser's Chiefs of Grant. ii. 96, iii. 253; Burton's Hist. of Scotland, 1689-1748; Hist. MSS. Comm. 2nd Rep. App. pp. 177-80.] H. P.

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John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland's Timeline

March 3, 1661
Sutherland, Scotland, United Kingdom
December 19, 1683
Age 22
Sutherland and Ross, Scotland, UK
Age 30
Duddington, Midlothian, Scotland
June 27, 1733
Age 72
London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Age 71