John Hildebrand, "Indian John"

Is your surname Hildebrand?

Research the Hildebrand family

John Hildebrand, "Indian John"'s Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

John Hildebrand, "Indian John"

Also Known As: "Indian John"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Earl Township, Lancaster, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Death: December 21, 1847 (92)
Delaware, Nowata, OK, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of George Michael Hildebrand and Anna Hildebrand
Husband of Anna Barbara Hildebrand and Susannah Hildebrand
Father of Michael Hildebrand, Sr.; Peter Hildebrand; George Hildebrand; John Hildebrand; Sarah Wolf and 7 others
Brother of John George Nicholas Hildebrand; George Hildebrand, Jr.; Henry Hildebrand; Eve Hildebrand; Elizabeth Bauer and 5 others

Occupation: "the German Millwright" - Cherokee
Managed by: Karina Dale Cottrell
Last Updated:

About John Hildebrand, "Indian John"

  • HILDEBRAND, JOHN, DAR Ancestor #: A203289
  • Service: NORTH CAROLINA Rank: PATRIOTIC SERVICE
  • Birth: 2-15-1755 PENNSYLVANIA
  • Death: 12-20-1847 CHEROKEE NATION, INDIAN TERR
  • Service Source: HAUN, NC REV ARMY ACCTS, BK A, PART III, PG 1681; HAUN, NC REV ARMY ACCTS, VOL V & VI, PART IV, PG 561
  • Service Description: 1) FURNISHED SUPPLIES

1.JOHN HILDEBRAND, SR was born February 12, 1755 in Earl Twp, Lancaster Co, PA, and died December 20, 1847.He married (1) BARBARA WARLICK EAKER. She was born Abt. 1749, and died Abt. 1801. He married (2)SUSANNAH WOMANCATCHER Abt. 1806. She was born Abt. 1790, and died Abt. 1817.

More About JOHN HILDEBRAND, SR: 1817-19 Reservations: November 03, 1818, #145, on Hiwassee Riv, in Right of Children, 6 in fam Blood: German Military service: Bet. 1775 - 1779, Revolutionary War Note: December 1816, List of agents, etc. employed by the Cherokee Agency; John Hildebrand, Miller, b:PA, $204.78 Occupation: 1816, Miller

http://www.genealogy.com/ftm/h/i/c/James-R-Hicks-VA/BOOK-0001/0018-0001.html


John Hildebrand, s. of George Michael Hildebrand and Anna Zimmerman, b. Feb. 12, 1755 at or near New Holland, Earl Twsp., Lancaster County, PA. He d. Dec. 20, 1847 likely at the Delaware District of the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, now Delaware County, OK.

When and under what circumtances John migrated to southern North Carolina are unknown. By late 1780 at either Lincoln or west adjoining Rutherford County, NC, John m. 1) Anna Barbara Eaker, dau. of Hans Peter and Anna Barbara Eaker (q.v. Eckert), bapt. Dec. 23, 1749 at Millbach Reformed Lutheran Church at Lancaster County, PA. At their marriage she was the widow of Capt. Johann Nicholas Warlick, who d. June 20, 1780 as Capt. of a British militia unit during the Battle of Ramsour's Mill at Lincoln County, NC. She had five children by her 1st marriage- Daniel, Mary, Barbara, Susanna and Rachel Warlick.

For the next two decades John Hildebrand was a farmer and miller at Rutherford County, NC. He appears with his family, including four of his five Warlick stepchildren, residing at Rutherford County in the April-May 1790 U.S. census. He cannot be found in the August 1800 North Carolina census, portions of which do not exist having either been lost or destroyed when the British occupied and partially burned Washington, DC during the War of 1812. But, under "Dearborn's Treaty" with the Cherokee Indians of January 7, 1806, it was provided that 'a grist mill shall, within one year from date therof, be built in the Cherokee Country for the use of the nation, at such place as shall be considered most convenient.' The U.S. Government hired John Hildebrand of Rutherford County, NC to build the mill, and the Cherokee agreed it was to be located at Conasauga Creek, a branch of the Hiwasse River, at the place that became the now extinct townsite of Columbus, then in McMinn, now in Polk County, TN. For the better part of the next 30 years John Hildebrand appears in various government pay records, missionary journals and other records as the Cherokee's only non-Cherokee miller residing in Cherokee tribal territory, now southeast Tennessee.

At some point during the early 1800s, John and 1st wife Anna Barbara separated with Anna returning to North Carolina with or as a consequence of her Warlick children. On the other hand, John and Anna Barbara's five children remained with their father, each later marrying into the Cherokee tribe. While it is claimed that John and Barbara formally divorced at Knoxville, TN, no confirmation of a divorce can be found in records at Georgia, North Carolina or Tennessee. In lieu of a formal divorce, no document has been found in which Anna Barbara was legally declared a "femme sole," or capable of acting on her own behalf without prior permission of a husband.

By circa 1809, John Hildebrand m. 2) the Cherokee Susan Womancatcher by whom he had four additional children. John Hildebrand died Dec. 20, 1847 in the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory. Notice of his death was published in the Dec. 9, 1847 issue of the "Cherokee Advocate" newspaper at Tahlequah in the Cherokee Indian Territory. It is not clear where he died, but most likely it was in the Cherokee's Delaware District, now largely Delaware County, OK. That is where the main core of the descendant family resided and where his son Peter operated Hildebrand's Mill.

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=66111279

John Hildebrand, s. of George Michael Hildebrand and Anna Zimmerman, b. Feb. 12, 1755 at or near New Holland, Earl Twp., Lancaster County, PA. He d. Dec. 20, 1847 likely in the Delaware District of the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, now Delaware County, OK.

When and under what circumstances John migrated to southern North Carolina are unknown. By late 1780 at either Lincoln or west adjoining Rutherford County, NC, John m. 1) Anna Barbara Eaker, dau. of Hans Peter and Anna Barbara Eaker (q.v. Eckert), bapt. Dec. 23, 1749 at Millbach Reformed Lutheran Church in Lancaster County, PA. At their marriage she was the widow of Capt. Johann Nicholas Warlick, who d. June 20, 1780 as Capt. of a British militia unit during the Battle of Ramsour's Mill in Lincoln County, NC. She had five children by her 1st marriage: Daniel, Mary, Barbara, Susanna and Rachel Warlick.

For the next two decades John Hildebrand was a farmer and miller at Rutherford County, NC. He appears with his family, including four of his five Warlick stepchildren, residing at Rutherford County in the April-May 1790 U.S. census. He cannot be found in the August 1800 North Carolina census, portions of which do not exist having either been lost or destroyed when the British occupied and partially burned Washington, DC during the War of 1812.

But, under "Dearborn's Treaty" with the Cherokee Indians of January 7, 1806, it was provided that 'a grist mill shall, within one year from date therof, be built in the Cherokee Country for the use of the nation, at such place as shall be considered most convenient.' The U.S. Government hired John Hildebrand of Rutherford County, NC to build the mill, and the Cherokee agreed it was to be located at Conasauga Creek, a branch of the Hiawasse River, at the place that became the now extinct townsite of Columbus, then in McMinn, now in Polk County, TN. For the better part of the next 30 years John Hildebrand appears in various government pay records, missionary journals and other records as the Cherokee's only non-Cherokee miller residing in Cherokee tribal territory, now southeast Tennessee.

At some point during the early 1800s, John and 1st wife Anna Barbara separated with Anna returning to North Carolina with or as a consequence of her Warlick children. On the other hand, John and Anna Barbara's five children remained with their father, each later marrying into the Cherokee tribe. While it is claimed that John and Barbara formally divorced at Knoxville, TN, no confirmation of a divorce can be found in records at Georgia, North Carolina or Tennessee. In lieu of a formal divorce, no document has been found in which Anna Barbara was legally declared a "femme sole," or capable of acting on her own behalf without prior permission of a husband.

By circa 1809, John Hildebrand m. 2) the Cherokee Susan Womancatcher by whom he had four additional children.

John Hildebrand died Dec. 20, 1847 in the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory. Notice of his death was published in the Dec. 9, 1847 issue of the "Cherokee Advocate" newspaper at Tahlequah in the Cherokee Indian Territory. It is not clear where he died, but most likely it was in the Cherokee's Delaware District, now largely Delaware County, OK. That is where the main core of the descendant family resided and where his son Peter operated Hildebrand's Mill.

• Died at the residence of his son Mr. David Hilderbrand [sic], near this place, on the 20th inst., at 11 P.M., Mr. John Hilderbrand [sic], one of the oldest men in the nation. Mr. Hilderbrand [sic] was a native of Pennsylvania, of German extraction, and was born on the 12th of February, 1755, and was consequently, aged at the time of his death, 92 years, 10 months, and 8 days. He came among the Cherokees east of the Mississippi, more than fifty years ago, among whom he intermarried. He retained a remarkable degree of activity up to within a short time of his death. He left more than 100 lineal descendants, a majority of whom are residing among the Cherokee. [This notice is also cited in Grant Foreman's The Five Civilized Tribes, University of Oklahoma Press, (Norman, 1934, p. 395.)]

For convenience, John Hildebrand's nine children are outlined in the respective memorials of his two wives.* Reference: Find A Grave Memorial - SmartCopy: Oct 3 2019, 2:13:46 UTC

view all 18

John Hildebrand, "Indian John"'s Timeline

1755
February 12, 1755
Earl Township, Lancaster, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
1774
1774
Age 18
Tennessee, United States
1781
1781
Age 25
Lincoln County, North Carolina, United States
1782
May 10, 1782
Age 27
Rowan County, North Carolina, United States
1784
1784
Age 28
PA or NC
1786
1786
Age 30
PA or NC
1788
November 26, 1788
Age 33
PA or NC
1810
1810
Age 54
Tennessee
1812
1812
Age 56
United States