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John MacCoone

Also Known As: "Mackone", "Coon", "Maccoon"
Birthplace: Aberdeenshire, Scotland, UK
Death: October 08, 1705 (69-78)
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
Place of Burial: Wrentham
Immediate Family:

Son of John MacCoone, I and Deborah MacCoone
Husband of Sarah Ford and Mary MacCoone
Father of John Maccoone, Jr.; Daniel MacCoone; Elizabeth Maccoone; Margaret Maccoone; Peter MacCoon and 5 others
Brother of Hannah Gavitt; Deborah Maccoone; Elizabeth MacCoon and Sarah Maccoone

Label: exiled to US by Cromwell after battle of Dunbar
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About John MacCoone

He was exiled to the US by Oliver Cromwell, commander of the English forces, after the battle of Dunbar.


John MacCoone

Born about 1630 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland

Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]

[sibling%28s%29 unknown]

Husband of Deborah (Bush) MacCoone — married 8 Sep 1656 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts

Husband of Sarah (Wood) MacCoone — married 14 Jan 1665 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts

Husband of Mary (Unknown) MacCoone — married 1668 in Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusettsmap

Father of Hannah (Maccoone) Gavitt, John MacCoone III, Daniel Maccoone, Isabella (Macoone) Bliven and Peter Coon

Died 8 Oct 1705 in Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts

Profile last modified 17 Mar 2020 | Created 23 Nov 2015

MACKHOLME John MCHOLM; MACHOLM; MACHUM (Passenger(Prisoner) #150) from Dunbar on the John and Sara


John MacCoone arrived in New England around 1647.[1]

John MacCoone is first recorded in Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts in 1651. Many researchers say that John MacCoone was a soldier during the English Civil War, on the losing Royalist/Scottish side against Oliver Cromwell. When Cromwell won the war, or at least the major battles, he had 10,000 angry Scots prisoners on his hands, so he shipped 2,000 of them off to the Colonies as indentured servants, to get them out of the way and give them something productive to do. One of them was John MackHolme, who arrived in Boston on the ship John and Sarah in 1651. Coincidentally, a Scot Named John MacCoone is listed in the Cambridge (across the river from Boston) Presbyterian Church that same year. While it was common for names and spellings to be changed on arrival in the New World, there’s no proof that these two Johns were the same person.

The Cambridge John MacCoone had 14 children, from three wives, before he died in 1705 in Cambridge.

Married 1 Deborah Bush. Children: Hannah, Deborah, Sarah, Elizabeth.

Married 2 Sarah Wood. Children: John, Daniel. [2] [3] See Sarah's profile for questions on her identity.

Married 3 Mary Unknown. Children: Elizabeth, Margaret, Peter, Samuel, Isabel. [4]

Two of his sons, John MacCoone, Jr. and Daniel moved to Westerly, Rhode Island, where John, Sr. held lands. Daniel died a bachelor and John, Jr. had children who stayed in Westerly and other towns in Rhode Island. With one exception, John’s other sons stayed in Cambridge or moved to New York. John’s exceptional son (from his third wife Mary), Peter Macoon, was born in Cambridge in 1673, and his ultimate fate is unknown. Some sources say he died in Bound Brooke, Somerset County, New Jersey in 1759. John MacCoone died around May 1705. His will was written in 1697, filed 4 May 1705, Registered 1705, East Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. [5]


Births of Deborah, Elizabeth, Hannah and Sarah, children of John Macoone and Deborah, as found at [1] Births of Daniel and John, children of John Macoone and Sarah, as found at [2] Births of Margaret, Peter and Elizabeth, children of John Macoon and Mary, as found at [3] Marriage of John Macoon and Deborah Bush as found at [4] Marriage of John Macoon and Sarah Wood as found at [5] U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s//John Mackholme Arrival Year 1651 Arrival Place Boston, Massachusetts Source Publication Code 269 Primary Immigrant Mackholme, John Annotation Alphabetical list of passengers on the John and Sarah of London. Includes list of prisoners from the Battle of Dunbar who settled at Kittery and Lynn (now Berwick), Maine. Also in nos. 8170, 8171, Scotch Prisoners sent to Massachusetts in 1652; no. 0702, Boyer, Ship Passenger Lists, National and New England, pp. 158-161; and in no. 9143, Tepper, New World Immigrants, vol. 1, pp. 135-160. Scottish Covenanters Index// Name MCCOON, John Birth Date Abt 1635 Birthplace Scotland Notes bk 23 vol. 9 pg. 256 - beadle Millennium File//Birth Date 1631 Birth Place Aberdeen, Scottland Marriage Date 14 Jun 1665 Marriage Place Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts Spouse Sarah Wood U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970//Volume: 304

John MacCoone ↑ Vital records of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 by Cambridge (Mass.); Baldwin, Thomas W. (Thomas Williams), b. 1849, comp, Vol 2. Marriages and Deaths, Published 1914 ↑ A SHORT HISTORY OF THE COON FAMILY OF AMERICA - M.H.MIRES M.D. ↑ THE DESCENDANTS OF JOHN MACCOONE OF CAMBRIDGE MASS. AND WESTERLY R.I. compiled BY Maxine Phelps Lines of Mesa, Az LDS Film 1, 597, 907 pg 262 ↑ Records from Church of Christ, Cambridge, Massachusetts John MACCOONE Of Westerly, Washington Co., Rhode Island was born ABT 1630 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland and died 08 OCT 1705 in Cambridge, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts.


  • The male line at a Westerly-Stonington left the area shortly after the Revolutionary War and moved to New York State. The Coons and many of the intermarried families were Seventh Day Baptists. both in Rhode Island and New York.


  • from M.P. LINES: [private]; Mesa, AZ; 1992

Name also spelled Mackone. Later generations used the name Coon. All of the true COON family are descendants of JOHN MCCOON of Aberdine Scotland. In the late 1600s the Scots set out to dethrone the king of England and replace him with the Scottish Prince (Bonny Prince Charles I think). The field of battle in Scotland is still marked with a pile of stones. Each Scottish soldier would bring a stone from his home village. Before a battle these stones were put in a pile. After the battle, the survivors would retrive their stone. Then the commander would count the stones remaining and would immediately know his losses. The English received word of the Scottish up-rising and met the Scotts in battle. The Scotts had only Pistols and swords. The English had just perfected the long rifle. The battle was pretty much one sided and the Scotts suffered heavy losses. Hence the old saying NEVER TAKE A KNIFE TO A GUN FIGHT. The enlisted personnal were allowed to swear an allegiance to England and return to their homes. The officers were considered trouble makers and put on prison ships either to the American colonies or Australia. John Mccoon was an officer and was brought to America as a prisoner. Later he was given his papers as a freeman. As a prisoner he was sent to the colonies, arriving in Cambridge, Mass. on the ship 'John and Sarah' on 11 Nov 1651. He took the oath of allegiance May 18 1669.



  1. 08 SEP 1656 in Cambridge, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts to Deborah BUSH b: ABT 1630 in Cambridge, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. 4 children.
  2. 14 JAN 1665 in Cambridge, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts to Sarah FORD b: ABT 1643 in Cambridge, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, daughter of Richard Wood & Sarah. 2 children.
  3. ABT 1668 in Cambridge, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts to Mary Wood. b: ABT 1643 in Cambridge, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. 8 children.


Another Scots Battle of Dunbar POW indentured to the colonies:

A Scottish Prisoner and his Descendants.

Early 1600's , Rhode Island

Our Scottish ancestor, John MacCoone, didn't have in mind coming to America at all. Along with most Scots, he chose to back King Charles in the English Civil War, opposing Oliver Cromwell and the Parliamentary Puritans. On Sept. 3, 1651, Cromwell defeated the Royalists at Worchester, England, capturing several thousand Scots. Apparently our John MacCoone was among them, although some say that he was captured at the battle of Dunbar the year before. Many of the prisoners were banished to the colonies, there to be sold into servitude for six to eight years to pay for their passage and other expenses. The English considered this to be a humane and generous treatment for the unfortunate Scots, but it was still a sentence to slavery for several years. Few of them ever saw their families again Two weeks after the battle of Winchester 272 prisoners were consigned to t he master of the ship JOHN AND SARAH probably arriving in Boston in May of 1652 where the men were disposed of by agent Thomas Kemble of Charlestown. Many of the Scottish prisoners went to the Saugus Iron Works at Lynn Mass. but we do not know if John MacCoone was among them. His presence is seen early on in the Cambridge records and there he stayed except for some trips to R.I. where he bought land later occupied by his sons. John must have done well for he was able to purchase land in Cambridge as early as 1665. The name MacCoone, which his descendants ultimately changed to Coon, appears to derive from the Gaelic MacEoghain," son of Ewen " Dr. Maynard H. Mires, who researched the Scottish origins, believes that John was born in Aberdeenshire. The name has many variations. Dr. Mires describes the events surrounding the battle as follows. Young Prince Charles came from France to claim his inheritance as rightful monarch, “Bonnie Prince Charlie.”But he found himself in an odd situation. While acknowledged as king by the Scots, he was allowed no authority in affairs. His greatest obstacle was his religion, for the covenanters and the clergy were fanatic about subordination of the throne to their religious beliefs. David Leslie, an experienced officer, was given command of the army, and formed a proper defense against Cromwell, entrenching between Edinburgh and Leith, and took care to remove from the country around anything that would be a subsistence of the English army. However, Leslie was under the constant surveillance of the clergy, the army was purged of all who were not Presbyterians, thus eliminating many of the experienced soldiers who had come to support their king . Cromwell advanced upon the Scot's camp, and did his best to bring Leslie out to battle. The prudent Scot, however, knew that he was outnumbered and that his army was less disciplined than the English, so he kept within his fortifications. The Scots were in high morale. Prince Charles visited camp. And after participation in some skirmishes, became a great favorite. Army, now rid of all '[ NON-BELIEVERS )", it must be composed entirely of saints and could not be beaten. Cromwell had outrun his supply line, not expecting a long campaign. He withdrew to Dunbar and Leslie followed him. Cromwell was reduced to extremities. He was considering withdrawing and breaking through with his cavalry to the sea. But the madness of the Scottish clergy saved him. They believed that Cromwell would be delivered into their hands. Against Leslie's judgment they forced an attack. Cromwell, through his spy-glass, saw them coming, and said “without the help of revelations, the lord has delivered them into my hands “He immediately attacked. The Scotts, while excellent individual fighters, knew nothing of mass discipline, and though they twice outnumbered the English, were soon put to flight and pursued with great slaughter. The only serious resistance came from one regiment of Highlanders. About 3,000 Scots were slain and 9,000 were taken prisoner. Cromwell pressed on and took Edinburgh and Leith. The remnant of the Scottish army fled to Stirling. With winter coming and Cromwell's illness all military activities ended for the year. John MacCoone married first in Novemver 1656 to Deborah Bush who died in Cambridge in 1664/5. He married again shortly thereafter to Sarah Wood. Deborah Bush might have been the daughter of Randall Bush who came to Cambridge in 1641. Sarah Wood may have been the sister of Richard Wood of Cambridge , definitely not his daughter. By Deborah Bush, John had four children and by Sarah Wood two., among them John Jr. was our ancestor. Sarah died, possibly of childbirth, which was common and John married a third wife, Mary, and had a child by her in January 1669, possibly as many as eight children altogether so he must have 14 children altogether. One of the most interesting things about John MacCoone is his apparent simultaneous appearance in Cambridge Mass, and Rhode Island. One might conclude that there were two John MacCoones. However I carefully tracked the events in which John had to be in Cambridge , for example the conception of his children and his known presence in R.I. or at Oyster Bay, Long Island, and there are no conflicts. One can imagine John;s interest in establishing his family in Rhode Island. He certainly did not feel at home in the Puritan theology of Masssachuetts, while Rhode Island was the permissive colony. So we find him taking the oath in Westerly on 16 March 1661 and among those agreeing to buy land in Westerly, founding it on 22 March 1661. In 1669 he was called an "inhabitant of Westerly"{ but I do not believe that he lived there. He took the oath again in Rhode Island in 1671 and appears to be at Oyster Bay, L.I. in 1671. Still he was seen living in Cambridge or East Cambridge as seen in the records in 1673, 1676, 1678, and in 1683 was given 6 more acres of land in a division of land, implying that he was an established resident of the Cambridge area., In 1688 he appears on the tax rolls of Cambridge , and the census along with his son, John Jr. About this time John Jr. became a resident of Westerly, R.I. appearing there in 1692, which was his home thereafter, John Sr, died in1705 in East Cambridge

  Records from Church of Christ Cambridge Mass Will was written in1697 filed 4 May 1705 Registered 1705 East Cambridge Middlesex Mass

History of John MacCoone

Taken from this web site:

Coon/Maccoon(e) Origins

John Maccoone is generally presented as the founder of the American Coons/Maccoones, etc. Of course there are several related names and similar spellings of other names in Scotland, and perfect knowledge is impossible. Here are some historical links about the English Civil War and the transport of prisoners.

Fun with Oliver Cromwell and His Friends


British Civil War History

Marshall , Battle of Dunbar

Bell, Battle of Dunbar

The English Civil War was a good time to be elsewhere. At one point an army of Scots joined the Royalist forces against Cromwell and the Parliamentarians. To be succinct, they lost. As reported on several sites that have borrowed liberally from one another...

As a result of the destruction of the Scottish army, Cromwell was able to march unopposed to Edinburgh. He quickly captured the Scottish capital, although Edinburgh Castle held out until the end of December. Of the 10,000 Scottish prisoners, Cromwell ordered about half to be released because they were unable to fight owing to their wounds. The remainder were then force-marched south towards England in order to prevent any attempt to rescue them. The conditions on the march were so appalling and many of the prisoners died of starvation, illness or exhaustion. By 11 September, when the remnants arrived at Durham Cathedral where they were to be imprisoned, only 3,000 Scottish soldiers were still alive.

Although Durham Cathedral offered a degree of shelter, the English failed to provide their prisoners with adequate food or fuel. For a time, the prisoners kept warm by burning all of the woodwork in the Cathedral with the notable exception of Prior Castell's Clock in the South Transept. It is thought that they left the clock alone because it carries a thistle, the emblem of Scotland, on it. The prisoners did take the opportunity to revenge themselves on the tombs of the Neville family, however. Lord Ralph Neville had commanded part of the English army which had defeated the Scots at the Battle of Neville's Cross in 1346 on the outskirts of Durham City.

By the end of October, cold, malnutrition and disease had resulted in the deaths of another 1,600 of the Scots soldiers. The bodies of many of those who had died were simply thrown into a mass grave in the form of a trench running northwards from the Cathedral. The location of their remains was then forgotten for almost three centuries until rediscovered by workmen in 1946.

Of the estimated 5,000 Scottish soldiers that began the march southwards from Dunbar, over 3,500 died either on the march or during imprisonment in Durham Cathedral - more than the total number killed on the battlefield. Of the 1,400 survivors, the majority were eventually transported to English colonies in the New World and the Caribbean.

Which brings us to the estimable (and fecund) John Maccoone of Massachusetts and Rhode Island.

RC Compilation


The name Coon was shortened from Maccoon in the 1700s. Here is a line from "Grandma Janet" back to the first known American generation.

Elizabeth Susan Smith Clark

Susan's Father Robert Lincoln Smith b. 1911

Susan's Mother Janet Elvira Coon 4 Apr 1909 - August 1985

(died of injuries sustained in a hit-and-run in Los Angeles)

Janet's Mother Mary Elizabeth Lesher (limited knowledge)

Janet's Father Byron MacPherson Coon

Byron's father Byron Curtis Coon whose brother Datus Ensign Coon was a Civil War general and later consul to Cuba at Baracoa. They were born in Deruyter NY, near Hamilton, where we coincidentally lived while Rees was a professor at Colgate Univ., 1975-80. It's politically incorrect now, but after the death of his wife and one daughter in Cuba of (yellow fever?) he became an official in charge of enforcing the Chinese Exclusion Law until his death ("by an accidental pistol discharge") in 1893. Nobody's perfect.

Byron C and Datus' father was Luke Coon Jr, born in (DeRuyter) in 1804.

Luke's father was Luke Coon Sr. born in Westerly, R.I. about 1774.

Luke Sr.'s father was Jonathan Coon b. 1739 in Westerly, son of Daniel MacCoon, b. Feb 18, 1695/6.

Daniel's father was John Maccoon, b. 1666 in Cambridge, MA. Daniel's mother was named Anne. Some sources do not connect Daniel 1696 to John 1666.

According to some researchers the Cambridge John Maccoone was the son of John Maccoone/Maccoon/Mackone/MackHolme..., who was (an officer?) in the English Civil War, on the losing Royalist/Scottish side against Oliver Cromwell. If that is the case, then he might have been involved in the series of campaigns from Dunbar to Worcester (1651) that ended with the Cromwellian victory at Worcester with 3,000 Scottish royalist deaths and 10,000 captives. If so, and if he was an officer he was possibly transported as punishment and may have arrived as an indentured servant. Lesser ranks in the rebellion were virtually enslaved in drainage projects in eastern England. (Sources: (URL continues) 1651-worcester.htm et al.) It gets rather murky at this point. This section needs some real work with rigorous timelines.

Daniel 1696 Maccoon's wife Elizabeth HALL was born on Aug 23, 1699 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island. Parents: James HALL and Sarah BABCOCK.

James HALL was born in 1670 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island. He died in 1745 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island. He was Seventh-day Baptist. [John Decendants.ged]. His wife, Sarah BABCOCK36,51 was born in 1669 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island.51 She died on Mar 23, 1716/17 in Exeter, Kings Co., Rhode Island.51 She was Seventh-day Baptist. [John Decendants.ged] Parents: James Babcock JR. and Jane BROWN.

Sarah's mother, Jane BROWN36,47,51 was born about 1650 in Portsmouth, Newport Co., Rhode Island.51 She died in 1718 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island.51 She was Seventh-day Baptist.51 [2812225.ged] Parents: Nicholas BROWN and Elizabeth UNKNOWN.

Jane Brown's father, Nicholas BROWN51 was born in 1600 in Inkburrow Parish, Worcestershire, England.51 He died on Nov 16, 1694 in Portsmouth, Newport Co., Rhode Island.51 [2812225.ged]

(back to Sarah Babcock Hall)

Sarah's father, James Babcock JR.36,51 was born in 1641 in Portsmouth, Newport Co., Rhode Island.51 He died in 1698 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island.51 He was Seventh-day Baptist.51 [2812225.ged] Parents: James Babcock SR. and Sarah BROWN (end of line).

James Babcock Jr.'s father was (surprise) James Babcock SR.36,51 born on Jun 12, 1612 in Wivenhoe, Essex, England.51 His residence was Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island in 1662.51 He died on Jun 12, 1679 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island.51 He was a BLACKSMITH.51 He was Seventh-day Baptist.51 [2812225.ged] Parents: James BABCOCK and Mary UNKNOWN. This James was an important public official; surveyor, Indian negotiator, more... Ask Gavin.

(This 7th Day Baptist line continues to the Midwest and on to Wisconsin and Iowa, where that sect founded settlements. Gavin and Andrew's great-grandparents Mary and Byron Coon may have met through this connection; he from Washington DC with 7thDB parents from Deruyter and she from a 7DB village in Wisconsin.)

That second (earlier) Jas. Babcock Sr's father (also) James BABCOCK(51) was born in 1584 in Wivenhoe, Essex, England.51 He died on Jun 12, 1679 in Plymouth, Massachusetts. (MUST BE WRONG! SAME DATE AS SON.) Migration to US before 1641. He and son James Sr (go figure) may have come on a ship named "Anne" but this is disputed.


David Johnson

Troy, NY

view all 21

John MacCoone's Timeline

Aberdeenshire, Scotland, UK
June 14, 1666
Cambridge, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA
February 18, 1668
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States
January 17, 1669
Cambridge, Middlesex Co, Massachusetts, USA
February 20, 1671
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
February 21, 1673
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
Cambridge, Middlesex County , Massachusetts Bay Colony, Colonial America