Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Markgräfin zu Meißen, Pfalzgräfin und Kurfürstin zu Sachsen

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Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Markgräfin zu Meißen, Pfalzgräfin und Kurfürstin zu Sachsen's Geni Profile

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Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (Welf), Markgräfin zu Meißen, Pfalzgräfin und Kurfürstin zu Sachsen

Also Known As: "Katherine"
Birthplace: Bardowick, Niedersachsen, Germany
Death: 1442 (48-58)
Grimma, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
Place of Burial: Meißen, Dresden, Sachsen, Germany
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Heinrich I, Fürst von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel und Lüneburg and Sophie of Pomerania Von Braunschweig-Lüneburg
Wife of Friedrich I "den Stridbare" von Sachsen
Mother of Wilhelm III 'der Tapfere', Herzog von Sachsen / Duke of Luxembourg; Friedrich II "the Gentle", Elector of Saxony; Sigismund von Sachsen, Bishop von Würzburg; Anna von Sachsen, Landgräfin zu Hessen; Katherina von Sachsen, Kurfürstin zu Brandenburg and 1 other
Sister of WILHELM I "der Ältere" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Wolfenbüttel
Half sister of Heinrich II, Herzog von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel

Find A Grave No.: 115840884
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About Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Markgräfin zu Meißen, Pfalzgräfin und Kurfürstin zu Sachsen

Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg was the only daughter and second child of the Duke Henry I of Brunswick-Lüneburg († 1416) from his first marriage to Sophie († June 1400), daughter of Duke Wartislaw VI of Pomerania.

As a 17-year-old she married on 8 May 1402 Margrave Frederick IV "the Warlike" of Meissen (1370–1428), who in 1425 became the first Elector of Saxony, as Frederick I. The elector lost a large part of his army in the Hussite Wars in a battle in 1425 at Most. During Frederick's absence, Electress Catherine organised another army of 20,000 men, which rushed to Frederick's aid, but was defeated devastatingly in the Battle of Aussig in 1426.


Although there were some deaths in skirmishes in the days before the great battle, on Sunday, 16 June 1426, a large number of the Saxon and Thuringian aristocracy was wiped out. Many families lost all, or almost all of their sons in battle. This Project is primarily to list those known to have died. The were fighting the Hussites, who laid waste to Saxony and further afield, burning down all the churches, towns and killing inhabitants. The reason there are no church registers in Saxony before this period is that the Hussites burned them.

The crusade was called because the Pope believed that the Hussite armies would be easily defeated after the death of Jan Žižka. The overall commander of the Hussite forces at the battle was Sigismund Korybut, while Prokop the Great was independently in command of the Taborites. Boso of Vitzthum was the leader of the crusading army. The Hussites had 24,000 soldiers and at least 500 war wagons, while the crusaders had 70,000 men. The crusaders approached Aussig in three columns and were accompanied by 3,000 war wagons and 180 artillery pieces. The Hussites drew up their Wagenburg on one of the hills near the town.

A crusader cavalry assault on the wagon fortress began the battle. The knights could have been equipped with very large battle axes or hammers because one account of the battle has them hewing through the retaining chains on the wagons to breach through the fortress and get inside the Wagenburg. Then, the knights broke through a second defensive line that was made up of pavises.

This was the highest point of crusader morale in the whole battle. The Hussite cavalry inside the Wagenburg had left and attacked the knights trying to breach the wagon chains from the rear. The knights were then surrounded and fell under a huge barrage of artillery, crossbow, and handgun fire. The Hussites then charged in on the knights and showed no mercy. The actual battle was brief, and for that reason, it is possible that no more than 5,000 soldiers were lost on the crusader side. However, after the battle, many of the crusaders fled to local villages.

Most of the Meissen-Osterland and Thuringian generals and colour troopers, counts, barons and esquires fell. Amongst the estimated 500 aristocrats lost were •Heinrich II. von Hartenstein as the last Burgrave of Meißen, •Burggrave Oswald von Kirchberg, •Count Ernst I. von Hohnstein, •Count Friedrich XIV. von Beichlingen-Wiehe as margravial field-marshal with his same-named son from his first marriage:- •Friedrich XV. von Beichlingen, •Ernst von Gleichen, General of the Thuringian Foot Regiment, •Lieutenant-General Friedrich von Gleichen, Herr zu Tonna, •Count Johann II. von Barby, •Count Heinrich XXI. von Schwarzburg, •Heinrich VIII. von Gera, •Heinrich VII. Reuß von Plauen, •Count Friedrich zu Dohna, •Count Busso von Falkenstein (head of the Meißen army), •Protze I. Edler Herr von Querfurt, •Günter Ritter von Bünau, •Tham Pflug, •Busso Vitzthum von Apolda, leader of the Meißen army, •Jacob von Wangenheim, •Heinz/Heinrich von Erffa, •Christian/Kerstan von Seebach, •Dietrich von Witzleben, •Christian/Kerstan von Witzleben von der Elgersburg, •Caspar von Schönberg with his sons:- •Dietrich von Schleinitz, and •Heinrich von Schleinitz, •Johann von Schönfeld, •Friedrich XIII. von Schönburg, •Johann von Carlowitz and •members of the von Karras and von Köckeritz families.

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Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Markgräfin zu Meißen, Pfalzgräfin und Kurfürstin zu Sachsen's Timeline

Bardowick, Niedersachsen, Germany
August 22, 1412
Altenburg, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
March 3, 1416
Altenburg, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
June 5, 1420
Leipzig, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
May 21, 1422
Leipzig, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
April 30, 1425
Meißen, Sachsen, Deutschland (HRR)
Age 53
Grimma, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
Meißen, Dresden, Sachsen, Germany