Konstantinos Skleros

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Konstantinos Skleros

Greek, Ancient: Σκλήραινα
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece
Death: March 11, 991 (56-65)
Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece
Immediate Family:

Son of Photeinos (Munir) Skleros and Gregoria
Husband of Sophia Phokaina
Father of Theophanu, Empress Consort
Brother of Anna Skleraina; Maria Skleraina and Bardas Skleros

Occupation: Neffe v Kaiser Johannes Tsimiskes in Byzanz., Byzantine general, Patrician at Constantinople, Kriegserprobt
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Konstantinos Skleros

MedLands

  1. PANTHERIOS [Foteinos] Skleros . m GREGORIA, daughter of BARDAS & his wife ---. Photeinos Skleros & his wife had three children:
    1. BARDAS Skleros (-6 Mar 991).
    2. KONSTANTINOS Skleros. His parentage is indicated by Leo Diaconus when he records the marriage of "Constantinus patricius Scleri frater"[1440]. m SOFIA, daughter of LEON Fokas & his wife ---. Leo Diaconus records that "Constantinus patricius Scleri frater" was the husband of "sororem Phocæ"[1441]. Her name is confirmed by Cedrenus who records that "Sophia Phocæ soror" married "Constantino Duri fratri"[1442].
    3. MARIA Skleraina .

The Skleros or Sclerus (Greek: Σκληρός; plural: Σκληροί, Skleroi), feminine form Skleraina/Scleraena (Greek: Σκλήραινα), was a noble Byzantine family active mostly in the 9th–11th centuries.

Origin and early members[edit]

The family descended from north-eastern Asia Minor, either from Lesser Armenia or the theme of Sebasteia. Due to their origin, they have been traditionally regarded as Armenians, although this is nowhere explicitly attested.[1][2][3]

Although the family belonged to the Anatolian military aristocracy, in the 9th century its members are mostly attested as being active in the Balkans: the first Skleros known was a strategos of the Peloponnese in 805, and in 811, the same office was occupied by Leo Skleros, possibly a son or nephew of the former.[1][4] Another unnamed member of the family is recorded in the 840s as serving the Arabs and being in conflict with Umar al-Aqta, the emir of Malatya, possibly indicating a fall from favour of the family under the Amorian dynasty.[4][5] The family seems to have regained a prominent position under Basil I the Macedonian (r. 867–886), for the magistros and anthypatos Theodore Skleros is recorded in 869–870. His sons Antony and Niketas became patrikioi, with Antony serving as strategos of Hellas and Niketas possibly as admiral of the imperial fleet (droungarios tou ploimou), while he is also recorded as leading an embassy to the Magyars in 894.[1][4][6]

10th century[edit]

The Skleroi fall into obscurity during the reign of Leo VI the Wise (r. 886–912), who favoured the Doukas and Phokas families. In turn, the Skleroi seem to have supported Romanos Lekapenos: the general Pantherios, who has been tentatively identified as a member of the Skleros clan, became strategos of Lykandos, Thrakesion and finally Domestic of the Schools for a short time in 944–945, before being replaced by Bardas Phokas the Elder.[7][8]

The most distinguished scion of the family, Bardas Skleros, first appears in 956 as a patrikios and strategos of the small frontier theme of Kaloudia. Bardas's siblings married into the most prominent families of the military aristocracy: Constantine Skleros married Sophia Phokaina, the niece of Nikephoros II Phokas (r. 963–969), while Maria Skleraina married Nikephoros Phokas's nephew, John Tzimiskes. The latter connection was of particular importance for the family's fortunes: although she died before Tzimiskes ascended the throne in 969, the Skleroi were promoted by him to senior positions in the state.[8] Bardas was appointed as Domestic of the Schools of the East, suppressing the revolt of the Phocas clan led by Bardas Phokas the Younger and defeating the Rus' in 970.[9] Despite a period of disgrace in 972–974, connected with a reported conspiracy against Tzimiskes, the Skleroi remained among the most important families during his reign.[1][10] In 972, Tzimiskes even married Constantine Skleros's daughter, Theophano, to the Holy Roman Emperor Otto II (r. 973–983

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skleros

Sources

Sources

-http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BYZANTIUM.htm#KonstantinosSklerosMS...

b) KONSTANTINOS Skleros . His parentage is indicated by Leo Diaconus when he records the marriage of "Constantinus patricius Scleri frater"[1444].

m SOFIA, daughter of LEON Fokas & his wife ---. Leo Diaconus records that "Constantinus patricius Scleri frater" was the husband of "sororem Phocæ"[1445]. Her name is confirmed by Cedrenus who records that "Sophia Phocæ soror" married "Constantino Duri fratri"[1446].


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Konstantinos Skleros's Timeline

930
930
Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece
955
955
Constantinople, Byzantium
991
March 11, 991
Age 61
Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece
????
Byzantium