Madalena Visconti

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Maddalena Visconti, Herzogin zu Bayern-Landshut

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Milano, Italia (Italy)
Death: August 24, 1404 (42-43)
Burghausen, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
Place of Burial: Oberbayern, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Bernabò Visconti, signore di Milano and Beatrice Regina de Visconti
Wife of Friedrich, Herzog von Bayern-Landshut
Mother of Elisabeth von Bayern-Landshut, Kurfürstin zu Brandenburg; Margarethe von Bayern-Landshut; Heinrich IV "the Rich", Herzog von Bayern-Landshut; Magdalene von Bayern-Landshut and Johann von Bayern-Landshut
Sister of Antonia Visconti di Milano, Gräfin von Wuertemberg; Viridis Visconti; Valentina Doria de Lusignan, di Cipro; Taddaea Visconti; Marco Visconti, signore di Parma and 11 others
Half sister of Ambrogio Visconti; Estorre Visconti, signore di Monza; Margherita Visconti; Isotta Visconti; Riccarda Visconti and 8 others

Find A Grave No.: 142110400
Managed by: Bo Garsteen
Last Updated:

About Madalena Visconti

Gravesite information: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/142110400/maddalena-visconti

Wikipedia:

English: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maddalena_Visconti

Italiano: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maddalena_Visconti


Maddalena Visconti

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maddalena Visconti (1366 – 17 July 1404) was a daughter of Bernabò Visconti and his wife Beatrice Regina della Scala. Maddalena was Duchess of Bavaria-Landshut by her marriage to Frederick, Duke of Bavaria.

Family

Maddalena was born in Milan and was the twelfth of seventeen children born to her parents.

Maddalena's sister, Taddea Visconti married Stephen III, Duke of Bavaria and was mother of Isabeau of Bavaria, wife of Charles VI of France. Isabeau was mother of Charles VII of France, Catherine, Queen of England, Isabella, Queen of England and Michelle, Duchess of Valois. Another sister, Agnes, married Francesco I Gonzaga and was executed for supposed adultery in 1391. Maddalena's youngest sister Elisabetta was married to John II, Duke of Bavaria. Elisabetta was Duchess of Bavaria-Munich, so was one of Maddalena's rivals as well as elder sister Taddea.

Maddalena's maternal grandparents were Mastino II della Scala and his wife Taddea da Carrara. Her paternal grandparents were Stefano Visconti and his wife Valentina Doria.

Her father, Bernabò was a cruel and ruthless despot, and an implacable enemy of the Church. He seized the papal city of Bologna, rejected the Pope and his authority, confiscated ecclesiastical property, and forbade any of his subjects to have any dealings with the Curia. He was excommunicated as a heretic in 1363 by Pope Urban V, who preached crusade against him.[1] When Bernabò was in one of his frequent rages, only Beatrice Regina (her mother) was able to approach him.[2]

[edit]Marriage

Maddalena married on 2 September 1381 Frederick, Duke of Bavaria. Her father wanted to improve relations with Bavaria so married Maddalena, Elisabetta and Taddea to the three rival Dukes. Frederick had been previously married to Anna of Neuffen, with whom he had a daughter, Isabella of Bavaria, but no sons. On Anna's death, Frederick married Maddalena.

The couple had five children:

Henry XVI the Rich (1386–1450).

Johann, died young.

Elisabeth (1383–13 November 1442, Ansbach), married to Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg.

Margareta (b. 1384), died young.

Magdalene (1388–1410), married 1404 to Count Johann Meinhard VII of Görz.

Maddalena's stepdaughter, Isabella was married to one of Maddalena's relatives, Marco Visconti, Lord of Parma.

From 1375 to 1392 Frederick ruled with his brothers Stephen III and John II, Maddalena therefor ruled as consort jointly with sister Taddea, but only for a few weeks, before Taddea died. John II's wife was Katharina of Görz, it is unknown whether Maddalena and Katharina served as consort at the same time.

Frederick managed to administer the richest part of the duchy, Lower Bavaria-Landshut which he also kept after the division of Bavaria among the brothers in 1392 when Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Bavaria-Munich were created.

In 1387 Frederick imprisoned the archbishop of Salzburg to force him to finish his alliance with a confederation of cities in Swabia. Frederick was an advisor of King Wenceslaus in legal affairs and a favorable candidate for the king's succession when he died at Budweis already in 1393. He was succeeded in Bavaria-Landshut by his son with Maddalena Henry, leaving Maddalena a widow.

Henry inherited not only the black hair of Maddalena but also the despotic temperament of her family, Visconti, Henry oppressed very cruelly uprisings of the citizenry of Landshut in 1410 and fought successfully against his cousin Louis VII the Bearded, the duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt. He united Louis’ enemies in the Parakeet Society of 1414 and the League of Constance of 1415.

Maddalena died in Bavaria 17 July 1404. She is buried at Kloster Raitenhaslach.[3]

[edit] Daugther of Bernabò Viscontis and Beatrice della Scala. She married Friedrich von Bayern-Landshut in 1381.

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Madalena Visconti's Timeline

1361
1361
Milano, Italia
1383
November 13, 1383
Landshut, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
1384
1384
Bavaria, Germany
1386
1386
Burghausen, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
1388
1388
Bavaria, Germany
1390
1390
Of,Landshut,Niederbayern,Bavaria
1404
August 24, 1404
Age 43
Burghausen, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
????
Oberbayern, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)