Maj. Gen. Alfred Holt Colquitt (CSA), Governor, U.S. Senator

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About Maj. Gen. Alfred Holt Colquitt (CSA), Governor, U.S. Senator

In 1848 Henry Tarver gave land as a wedding gift where his slaves built the Colquitt Plantation.

He was an officer in the Confederate army, Governor of Georgia, and 2 term Senator.

grad Princeton 1844

His second wife was Sarah, the widow of Fred Tarver (Dolly's brother) and they had 6 children.


Civil War General

U.S. Representative from Georgia 2nd District, 1853-55; member of Georgia state legislature, 1859; delegate to Georgia secession convention, 1861; general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War; received 5 electoral votes for Vice-President, 1872; Governor of Georgia, 1877-82; U.S. Senator from Georgia, 1883-94; died in office 1894

one source (Memoirs of Judge Richard Clark on Google Bookshttp://books.google.com/books?id=QEgUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA339&lpg=PA339&dq=walter+t.+colquitt,+son+of+alfred&source=bl&ots=uePR7hmE6-&sig=-jPKuzHEFZENELhxaVIRkZbK3SM&hl=en&ei=WikMTJVDmbIxlPrdtQQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CD8Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=walter%20t.%20colquitt%2C%20son%20of%20alfred&f=false)

has "mother of Judge Colquitt left as widow married to father of Hartwell H Tarver"


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_H._Colquitt

Alfred Holt Colquitt (April 20, 1824 – March 26, 1894) was a lawyer, preacher, soldier, 49th Governor of Georgia and two term U.S. Senator from Georgia where he died in office. He served as an officer in the Confederate army, reaching the rank of major general.

Biography

Colquitt was born in Monroe, Georgia. His father, Walter T. Colquitt was a United States Representative and Senator from Georgia. Alfred graduated from Princeton College in 1844, studied law and passed his bar examination in 1846. He began practicing law in Monroe. During the Mexican-American War, he served in the United States Army at the rank of major. After the war, Colquitt was elected as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1853 to 1855. He then served in the Georgia state legislature. In 1861, he was a delegate to the state secession convention.

At the beginning of the Civil War, he was appointed captain in the 6th Georgia Infantry. He saw action in the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days' Battles. He rose through the ranks to become a brigadier general in 1862. He led his brigade under Stonewall Jackson in the Battle of South Mountain, Battle of Antietam, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and the Battle of Chancellorsville. After Chancellorsville, some questions arose about Colquitt's performance during that battle and his brigade was transferred to North Carolina in exchange for another. His brigade was transferred again in the summer of 1863 to protect Charleston, South Carolina. In February 1864, Colquitt marched his brigade south to help defend against the Union invasion of Florida, and was victorious in the Battle of Olustee. After this battle, Colquitt's brigade rejoined Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Late in the war, the brigade returned to defend North Carolina where Colquitt surrendered in 1865.

He defeated Republican candidate Jonathan Norcross for Governor of Georgia in 1876 and was reelected in 1880 to serve two years under the new state constitution. He was opposed to Reconstruction. In 1883, he was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate. He was re-elected in 1888 and served until his death in Washington, D.C..


Colquitt was born in Monroe, Georgia. His father, Walter T. Colquitt was a United States Representative and Senator from Georgia. Alfred graduated from Princeton College in 1844, studied law and passed his bar examination in 1846. He began practicing law in Monroe. During the Mexican-American War, he served in the United States Army at the rank of major. After the war, Colquitt was elected as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1853 to 1855. He then served in the Georgia state legislature. In 1861, he was a delegate to the state secession convention.

At the beginning of the Civil War, he was appointed captain in the Sixth Georgia Infantry. He saw action in the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days' Battles. He rose through the ranks to become a brigadier general in 1862. He led his brigade under Stonewall Jackson in the Battle of South Mountain, Battle of Antietam, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and the Battle of Chancellorsville. After Chancellorsville, some questions arose about Colquitt's performance during that battle and his brigade was transferred to North Carolina in exchange for another. His brigade was transferred again in the summer of 1863 to protect Charleston, South Carolina. In February 1864, Colquitt marched his brigade south to help defend against the Union invasion of Florida, and was victorious in the Battle of Olustee. After this battle, Colquitt's brigade rejoined Robert E. Lee's Army of Virginia. Late in the war, the brigade returned to defend North Carolina where Colquitt surrendered in 1865.

He defeated Republican candidate Jonathan Norcross for Governor of Georgia in 1876 and was reelected in 1880 to serve two years under the new state constitution. He was opposed to Reconstruction. In 1883, he was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate. He was re-elected in 1888 and served until his death in Washington, D.C..

"Find A Grave Index," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVJ1-BYKQ : 13 December 2015), Alfred Holt Colquitt, 1894; Burial, Macon, Bibb, Georgia, United States of America, Rose Hill Cemetery; citing record ID 8964, Find a Grave, http://www.findagrave.com.

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Alfred H. Colquitt, an active secessionist and brigade commander in the Civil War (1861-65), was a prominent political leader in his home state until his death. During his long career, the veteran officer was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate, as well as the governor of Georgia.

Alfred Holt Colquitt was born in Walton County on April 20, 1824. In his youth Colquitt was educated at a local school in Monroe and eventually attended the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University), from which he graduated in 1844. Two years later Colquitt became a member of the Georgia bar and began practicing law in Monroe. His legal career was interrupted by service in the Mexican War (1846-48), during which he rose to the rank of major. Upon his return from the conflict, Colquitt began a political career and in 1853 was elected a U.S. representative to Congress. He did not run for reelection in 1854 but, at the end of his term in 1855, returned home to Georgia, where he was elected to the state legislature in 1859.

On the eve of the Civil War, Colquitt was actively involved in the secession movement. He served as an elector for John C. Breckinridge, a southern rights Democrat, during the 1860 presidential election, and in 1861 his support for states' rights won him a seat at the Georgia Secession Convention. Colquitt immediately joined the Confederate army when Georgia left the Union in January 1861.

Confederate Service

Colquitt began his Confederate service as a captain but was quickly elected colonel of the Sixth Georgia Infantry in May 1861. After service in defense of Richmond, Virginia, during the spring and summer of 1862, he was appointed brigadier general on September 1, 1862. Colquitt commanded a brigade of Georgians throughout most of the battles in the eastern theater, from Antietam in Maryland in September 1862 through Chancellorsville, Virginia, in May 1863. Colquitt's service in Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia garnered him the sobriquet "the rock of South Mountain" because his brigade stalwartly repelled an attack from the Union army at South Mountain in Maryland on September 14, 1862. After unsatisfactory service during Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's famous flank attack on the Union army at Chancellorsville, Colquitt was sent first to North Carolina and ultimately to South Carolina for much of 1863 and 1864. He participated in the defense of Charleston, South Carolina, during the long siege of that city.

On February 20, 1864, anxious to atone for what was perceived as poor service at Chancellorsville, Colquitt commanded the forces that won the Battle of Olustee in Florida. He was called "the hero of Olustee" for the victory that secured Florida and prevented a Union invasion of his home state. Colquitt returned to Virginia with his brigade for the Petersburg Campaign and helped prevent the seizure of the city in 1864. Late in the war, Colquitt was again transferred to North Carolina. In January 1865 he commanded at Fort Fisher, North Carolina, but could not prevent its surrender. By the end of the war, he had risen to the rank of major general.

Postwar Career

After the war Colquitt resumed his active political career. He ardently opposed Republican Reconstruction policies in the South and served as Georgia governor from 1876 through 1882. During his public service after the Civil War, Colquitt, along with John B. Gordon and Joseph E. Brown, formed what was known as the Bourbon Triumvirate, a term used to describe the restoration of the prewar planter class to political power in the state. Nonetheless, the term did not accurately reflect the policies supported by Colquitt or the other two men, who all sought to develop Georgia into an industrialized state with an efficient railroad transportation system.

As governor, Colquitt was involved in speculation deals with Gordon in two railroad systems, a textile mill, a fertilizer factory, and coal mines. Despite his pedigree as one of Georgia's most propertied planters and a member of the antebellum aristocracy, Colquitt clearly advocated for industry and economic change in the South after the Civil War. Wracked by financial impropriety and a convict-lease scandal, Colquitt's first term as governor saw the loss of several major figures, including the comptroller general of the state, the state treasurer, and the commissioner of agriculture. Nevertheless, Colquitt sought and won reelection under a new Georgia constitution in 1880. He served another two years as governor and left office in 1882.

In 1883 Colquitt ran as a Democrat and won a seat in the U.S. Senate. Colquitt was chairman of the powerful committee that oversaw the post office and post roads during the fifty-third Congress. He was reelected to the Senate in 1888 and continued to serve until his death on March 26, 1894. Colquitt is buried at Rose Hill Cemetery in Macon.

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Maj. Gen. Alfred Holt Colquitt (CSA), Governor, U.S. Senator's Timeline

1824
April 20, 1824
Monroe, Georgia
1849
May 25, 1849
Georgia, United States
1856
1856
1858
1858
1861
May 27, 1861
Age 37
1861
1866
November 18, 1866
Georgia, USA
1869
November 1869
Georgia