Maj. Joseph Croshaw

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Maj. Joseph Croshaw

Birthdate: (57)
Birthplace: Virginia Colony
Death: Died in "Poplar Neck", York County, Virginia
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. Raleigh Croshaw, Ancient Planter and Unity Ursula Croshaw (Daniels)
Husband of 1st wife of Joseph Croshaw; "widow Finch"; Anne Croshaw; Margaret Croshaw and Mary Marsh
Father of Rachel Barnes; Mary Taylor; Benjamin Croshaw; Unity Croshaw; Joseph Croshaw, Jr. and 1 other
Brother of Katherine Graves; Noah Croshaw; Benjamin Croshaw and Captain Richard Croshaw

Occupation: Member House of Burgesses 1659-60, Virginia Colony
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Maj. Joseph Croshaw

Joseph Croshaw (1610-1667) was the son of Capt. Raleigh Crowshaw, Ancient Planter. He was born in Bruton Parish, Virginia, in the area that is now Williamsburg. He married five times and had six children.

(Ben M. Angel notes: Bruton Parish and Williamsburg were not settled until the 1630s. He may have been born in Virginia, as Jamestown had been a functional - albeit poorly functional - settlement since April 1607. But he wasn't born in Bruton Parish or Williamsburg in 1610.)

Croshaw was a substantial planter living near Williamsburg. On December 10, 1651, he patented land which became the plantation known as Poplar Neck. Maj. Joseph Croshaw was an attorney. He was Burgess 1677, Justice 1659, Sheriff 1656 and a member of the Bruton Parish Church in Williamsburg.

Croshaw died by April 10, 1677, when his will was recorded in York County, Virginia. The inventory of his estate included two pewter candlesticks, forty-two pewter dishes, four porringers, thirty-six spoons, one bedpan, and one still. It also listed a silver sack-cup; twenty-four silver spoons; and a silver tankard of the largest size, valued at four pounds sterling. The inventory also listed the Croshaw estate as having 1000 bricks manufactured either by their own servants or by transient laborers.

Children and wives of Maj. Joseph Croshaw:

First wife - name not known

  • Mary Croshaw (1632-1687), married 1. Henry White; 2. Thomas Taylor.
  • Rachel Croshaw (1635-1670), married 1. Ralph Graves; and 2. Richard Barnes.
  • Unity Croshaw (1636-1669), married Colonel John West.
  • Benjamin Croshaw (1640-1645), died young.
  • Joseph Croshaw (1642-1650), died young.

Second wife - Widow Finch

  • No known children of this marriage.

Third wife - Mrs. Anne Hodges (d.1663), widow of Augustine Hodges

  • No known children of this marriage

Fourth wife - Mrs. Margaret Tucker (d.1664), widow of Daniel Tucker

  • No known children of this marriage

Fifth wife - Mrs. Mary Bromfield (d. bef. 28 May 1673), widow of Thomas Bromfield

  • Joseph Croshaw (1667-1682)


Elizabeth Yeardley is not to be confused with 1st wife of Joseph Croshaw

There is no proof that Elizabeth Yeardley, daughter of Governor Sir George Yeardley & Temperance Yeardley, Lady, married Maj. Joseph Croshaw. None of the scholarly books on either the Yeardley or the Croshaw families make this claim. It used to be claimed in the Wikipedia article on Joseph Croshaw but, when the claim was shown to be unproven, the Wiki article was edited, showing an unnamed first wife.

Links to additional material:



  • 1. ^ Land Patent Bk 2, p.352, transcribed in Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, p.222
  • 2. ^ Dorman, John Frederick, Adventurers of Purse and Person, 4th ed., v.1, p.770)
  • 3. ^
  • 4. ^ Bruce, Philip Alexander, Economic History of Virginia, Chapter XII
  • 5. ^ Records of York County, Croshaw, vol. 1664-1672


  • "Crowshaw", by Martha Woodroof Hiden; William and Mary Qtrly (2), XXI, pp265 70.
  • "General Historie", by John Smith, 1624, Vol III, pp 78 81, Vol IV, pp. 151 154.
  • "The Complete Works of Captain John Smith", edited by Philip L. Barbour; Vol II, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC, 1986.
  • From:


  • Major Joseph Croshaw1
  • M, #15065, b. circa 1612, d. 10 April 1667
  • Father Raleigh Croshaw, Capt., Gentleman d. bt 22 Nov 1624 - 27 Dec 1624
  • Major Joseph Croshaw Had legal training in England. A Royalist, Sheriff of York Co., VA. He Ursula is from 1st wife. He Mary may be daughter of 3rd wife (sister of first wife). He was born circa 1612. He married Ursula Daniels, daughter of Peter Daniel, Esq. and Christian Grosvenor, circa 1632. Major Joseph Croshaw married Margaret Tucker circa 1635. Major Joseph Croshaw married Mary Daniels, daughter of Peter Daniel, Esq. and Christian Grosvenor, circa 1640. Major Joseph Croshaw married Anne Hodges on 24 July 1661. Major Joseph Croshaw married Mary Bromfield between 1663 and 1667. Major Joseph Croshaw died on 10 April 1667 at Brurton, York, VA.
  • Family 1 Ursula Daniels b. c 1615, d. b 1635
  • Child
    • Ursula/Unity Croshaw+ b. c 1633
  • Family 2 Mary Daniels b. c 1619, d. 26 Jan 1679
  • Child
    • Mary Croshaw b. c 1641, d. 18 Jul 1687
  • Citations
  • 1.[S3943] Unknown author, Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia 1607-1624/5, by Meyer, p. 217.
  • From:

Probably not entirely accurate:

"Son of Capt. Raleigh Croshaw b.1570 ENG and his wife Ursula b. 1576 York Co.,VA. Joseph was born in Burton Parish and died in Burton Parish, York Co.,VA. He supposedly had 7 marriages. From his 6th marriage to Sarah Finch b. 1620, he fathered Rachiel, Unity, Benjamin and Joseph Croshaw. He married Elizabeth Finch upon Sarah's death."

view all 14

Maj. Joseph Croshaw's Timeline

Virginia Colony
Age 20
Virginia Colony
Age 22
Age 26
West Point, King William County, Virginia, United States
Age 30
Brurton Parish, York County, Virginia Colony, (Present USA)
Age 32
Brurton Parish, York County, Virginia Colony, (Present USA)
April 10, 1667
Age 57
"Poplar Neck", York County, Virginia