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Martha Logan (Daniell)

Also Known As: "Martha Daniell Logan"
Birthplace: St. Thomas Parish, Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Death: June 28, 1779 (74)
Charleston, Charleston, SC, United States
Place of Burial: Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Governor Robert Daniell and Martha Daniell
Wife of Dr. George Logan, Jr.
Mother of Martha Logan Chalmers and William Logan
Sister of Sarah Blakeway; John Daniell, Sr. and Ann Goodbee
Half sister of Robert Daniell, Jr.

Managed by: Ron Green Jr
Last Updated:

About Martha Logan

Martha Daniell Logan (29 December 1704 - 28 June 1779) was an early American botanist who was instrumental in seed exchanges between Britain and the North American colonies. She wrote an influential gardening advice column and was a major collector of plants endemic to the Carolinas.


Horticulturist. Logan was born on December 29, 1704, in Charleston, the daughter of the landgrave Robert Daniell and Martha Wainwright. Logan’s father owned 48,000 acres and was appointed to two terms as the colony’s lieutenant governor. Receiving a traditional girl’s education, Logan was most influenced by her father’s nursery business and learned how to cultivate plants.

When her father died in 1718, thirteen-year-old Logan inherited his vast Wando River property, probably including his nursery. She married George Logan, Jr., in 1719. The couple had eight children. Perhaps due to financial setbacks, Logan tutored and boarded students at her Wando River house. She placed advertisements describing her services in the South-Carolina Gazette, and a 1749 advertisement featured Logan’s house and properties for sale. In the early 1750s Logan’s family moved to town, and she secured employment at a Charleston boarding school. Her husband died in 1764.

Gardening preoccupied Logan’s life. Her acquaintance with Elizabeth Lamboll enhanced her awareness of effective methods to cultivate indigenous plants. Sources are unclear whether Logan studied with Lamboll or appropriated her techniques from observation. Other Charleston gardeners gave Logan seeds and roots, although she was disappointed when Dr. Alexander Garden, a gifted gardener, ignored her requests for specimens of unusual plants from his garden.

Because gardening, especially landscaping with rare plants, had become a favored pastime among wealthy Charlestonians, Logan realized that amateur gardeners needed advice. She published the “Gardener’s Kalendar,” which became a standard text for colonial South Carolina gardeners, and contributed a gardening guide for John Tobler’s South Carolina Almanack (1752).

Logan exchanged seeds with other botanical enthusiasts, including the naturalist John Bartram. He visited her garden in 1760, initiating a correspondence and trade of specimens. They used a silk bag to send seeds and lists of available plants, along with lists of plants that each desired from the other’s geographical area. Logan shipped and received tubs of cuttings and roots on ships traveling between Charleston and Philadelphia, where Bartram lived. Bartram praised her in a letter to a London friend and wrote, “Mrs. Logan’s garden is her delight.”

As a professional horticulturist, Logan sold roots, cuttings, and seeds at her nursery. She advertised her plants and related products in the South-Carolina Gazette. A 1753 advertisement told customers that Logan had “A parcel of very good seed, flower roots, and fruit stones to be sold on the Green near Trott’s Point.” She offered plant products “just imported from London” and “flouring [sic] shrubs and box edging beds.” Logan died in Charleston on June 28, 1779, and was buried in St. Philip’s Churchyard.


Martha Daniell Logan (1704-1779), colonial teacher and gardener, was born in St. Thomas Parish, S.C., the 2nd child of Robert Daniell and his second wife, Martha Wainwright. Her father, who may originally have been a Virginian, had arrived in South Carolina from Barbados in 1679; already propertied, he increased his holdings in real estate, slaves, and ships over the years. In 1704 and 1705, he had a stormy term as lieutenant governor of North Carolina; and he served twice in the same capacity in South Carolina from 1715 through 1717.

see article:

"Martha Daniell Logan 1704-1779 South Carolina Gardener and Teacher"

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Martha Logan's Timeline

December 29, 1704
Charleston, South Carolina, United States
July 27, 1722
Charleston, Charleston County, South Carolina, United States
January 8, 1726
Daniel's Island, St. Thomas Parish, South Carolina, United States
June 28, 1779
Age 74
Charleston, Charleston, SC, United States
Age 74
Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina, United States