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Mary Van Der Donck (Doughty)

Also Known As: "Mrs. Van der Donck (alias) O'Neale"
Birthplace: Of Oldbury, Gloucs, England
Death: 1684 (52-60)
Maryland Colony
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Rev. Francis Doughty of Maspeth and Bridgett Doughty
Wife of Adriaen van der Donck and Capt. Hugh "Henry" "the Indian Fighter" O’Neale
Mother of Winifred O’Neale; Joye O’Neale and Charles O’Neale
Sister of Elias Doughty; Miss Doughty; Enoch Doughty and Rev. Francis Doughty
Half sister of Samuel Doughty

Occupation: Doctoress
Managed by: Kevin Lawrence Hanit
Last Updated:

About Mary Van Der Donck



In late July of 1645, the Director-General of the settlement of New Amsterdam, William Kieft, bestowed a vast tract of land (a total of twenty-four thousand acres) adjacent to what is today Manhattan to Adriaen van der Donck, as a reward for his part in the peace negotiations with the Mohawks, the Mahicans and the Munsee-speaking tribes of the lower river valley.

Adriaen, who was a lawyer, had met 18 year old Mary's father, the Reverend Francis Doughty, in court the previous month. Regardless of the fact that Mary was a young Englishwoman, and the daughter of a strident and independent-minded father, a courtship began and Adriaen and Mary were married within a year's time.

Adriaen and Mary got to work, hiring tenant farmers to clear land and carpenters to build a house and a saw mill along the Bronx river. With such a vast tract came a kind of unofficial title. In the Netherlands, a Jonker (or Yonkheer) was a young squire or gentleman of property. From this time on, the Dutch records refer to Van der Donck as "the Jonker." After the New Netherlands came under the rule of the English, the property would be shortened to "Yonkers." [1]

In September, 1655, died on his property, just north of Manhattan. Russell Shorto, author of the book, "The Island at the Center of the World" speculates that his death was the result of an Indian raid during the "Peach War." In any case, Mary survived him and went to live with her father, the Reverend Francis Doughty, who had recently accepted a position at a church in Virginia. Mary and Adriaen had no children, and so, without an heir, she signed over their vast estate to her brother, who sold it.

Mary found regular work as a medical practitioner; purging, sweating, setting bones and delivering babies. Eventually, she married an Englishman, named Hugh O'Neale, but, oddly, continued to appear in the records as "Mrs. Van der Donck (alias) O'Neale." [2]


Charles County Circuit Court Liber D, Page 97 16 Jul 1669; Deed of Gift from Francis Dowty, minister, to Daniell and Joy Oneale, children of Capt. Hugh Oneale; /s/ Francis Dowty; wit. Tho. Hensy, Gyles Tomkins

The Deed of Gift of Capt Hugh Oneale to his Daughter Venifrett one browne Cow called cherry wth a starr on her foreheade & a flowre Deluce on both ears & the tipp taken away on her left eare & the mark of her increase Cropt on both ears & an hole in the left witness my hand & seale Augt the 10 1669 Huhg Oneale 0 Witness Henry Bonner



(1) Proceedings of the County Court of Charles County, 1658-1666, Vol. 53, p. lii:

Mrs. Mary Vanderdonck, a widow and the daughter of the Rev. Francis Doughtie, the witch hunter, entered suit at the September 1661 Charles County Court against former Governor Fendall, who, she alleged, had sent three servants to her to be cured, one with a sore leg, one with a sore mouth, and one with a canker. Fendall by his attorney appealed the case to the Provincial Court, but as it did not come up there, it was doubtless either withdrawn or compromised (pp. 145, 147). At the same court Mrs. Vanderdonck sued Christopher Russell for physick she had given him, but lost her suit because Capt. Hugh Oneale, her principal witness, was disqualified from testifying because of the part he had taken in the late Fendall "rebellion" (pp. 148-149). The case was postponed, but nothing further is heard of it. When she next appeared in court, July 8, 1662, she had become Mrs. Hugh Oneale, and her husband as the plaintiff in a suit against William Heard, the administrator of the estate of Samuel Parker and his wife Joan, sued Heard for physick which his wife had adminstered to the Parkers. It appears that Joan Parker had died while under the lady's care. The case was non-suited because of a technical legal defect, but came up again in another guise at the October, 1662, session, when Mary Oneale sued Heard for defamation in spreading stories that Joan Parker had said on her death-bed that Mary had poisoned her (pp. 229-231, 261-262). When Heard apologized in court Oneale declared himself satisfied, but at once entered another suit for the physick which had been administered to Mrs. Parker, but was again non-suited on a technicality (p. 263). When at this same court Mr. William Marshall, one of the justices, sued Oneale for debt the latter countered with a demand for fees due Mrs. Oneale by the justice for physick, and the cure of the justice during the past winter, which the court in part allowed (pp. 240-241). Mrs. Oneale last appears on the record when her husband unsuccessfully sued one William Bowles for her fee for Bowles' cure (p. 329).



1656-1666 Widow Mary Doughty Van der Donck inherited Adrian's estate and married Hugh O'Neale of Maryland and they lived in Maryland. [10]:

... the whole great tract known variously as Nepperhaem, Colen Donck, and the Jonkheer's Land, or Yonkers Land, embraced between the Hudson and Bronx rivers, and extending to above the limits of the present City of Yonkers, granted by the Dutch West India Company as a patroonship to Adrian Yan der Donck, was inherited after his death, in 1665, by his wife, Mary, daughter of the Rev. Francis Doughty, of Maspeth, Long Island. She presently took another husband, Hugh O'Neale, and removed with him to his home in Patuxent, Md.

Mary had no children with Adrian Von Der Donck and with Hugh O'Neal had Charles, born 1663 and Joy, born 1667


1663 "Deed of gift: I, Enoch Doughty, have delivered unto Joye Oneale, my brother Heugh Oneale's daughter, on black heifer; 20 Nov 1663; /s/ Enoch Doughty; wit. Samuel Clarke, Thomas Branso (mark)." [1]


[1] Elise Greenup Jourdan, Abstracts of Charles County, Maryland Land and Court Records, 1658-1666, Vol. I (2009), 180, GoogleBooks.


Herege (Hugh) O'Nale (Neile). [Immigrated] by 1659. Source: Maryland Land Office, Patent Records, Liber 4, pp. 214, 598.

Capt. Hugh O'Neale. Of Charles Co., immigrated by 1667 with Mary, his wife, Daniel, Charles, & Joy, his children, Pelthya Moore, Mary Urin (or Vrin), Jean Marloe, Olife Panton, Silvester Bell, & John Hicks, his servants, & Enoch Dowty & Mary, his wife, & Joy Dowty. Source: Maryland Land Office, Patent Records, Liber 11, pp. 104 and 401-2


ONEALE Hugh Vanderonck, Mrs. Mary Hugh was the brother-in-law of Enoch Dougherty. Hugh & Mary Vanderonck O'Neale had these children: Charles, Daniel, and Joy O'Neill Family Papers Charles County Archives 53 pg 219 & 229. Archives 60 pg 206 Sween Library, Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland



Actually, I'm kinda surprised no mention was ever made on the O'Neal/var. Website of Capt. Hugh O'Neal/var. (even if no one is his descendant), as Hugh O'Neal "Indian-fighter" and his nut-job wife the widow Vanderdonck (who practiced as a Surgeon in MD/VA, by virtue of the fact that she had formerly been married to one in Nieuw Amsterdam), and his even nuttier father-in-law Rev. Francis Doughtie, witch-hunter-extraordinaire, who all figure so prominently in the early histories of MA, RI, NY, MD and VA (Mr. Doughtie having the dubious honor of having been systematically expelled from ALL of those colonies, in that order, and usually with great fanfare!) We know this, thanks to their having been embroiled in endless legal actions in the various colonies mentioned, typically with the ruling authorities both ecclesiastic and civil, which records still exist to this day detailing their absolute insanity.


  1. 1645 Oct 22 Mr. Adriaen Vanderdock, j.m. Van Breda, en Maria Doutheij, j.d. Van Heemstede. [5]


  1. Russell Shorto, The Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan and the Forgotten Colony that Shaped America. First Edition. New York City: Vintage Books (a Division of Random House, 2004. ISBN 1-4000-7867-9
  2. Origin and History of Manors in the Province of New York and in the County ... By Edward Floyd De Lancey Page 160a link
  3. Mary in the Maryland, Compiled Marriage Index, 1634-1777 Name: Mary Spouse's Name: Hugh O'Neale Marriage Date: 26 Sep 1661 Source Information Maryland, Compiled Marriage Index, 1634-1777 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: Barnes, Robert, compiler. Maryland Marriages, 1634–1777. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., 1975. AncestryImage
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Mary Van Der Donck's Timeline

Of Oldbury, Gloucs, England
November 20, 1663
Age 35
Charles County, Maryland, United States
Age 35
Patuxent, Charles County, Province of Maryland
August 10, 1669
Age 41
Charles County, Maryland
Age 56
Maryland Colony