Nehemiah Howe

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Nehemiah Howe

Birthplace: Marlborough, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Death: Died in Quebec City, Communauté-Urbaine-de-Québec, Quebec, Canada
Place of Burial: Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Lt. Samuel Arthur Howe, of Sudbury and Sarah Howe
Husband of Margaret Miller
Father of Esher Howe; Submit Howe; Caleb Howe; Sarah Alexander; Samuel Howe and 6 others
Brother of Elisha Howe; Daniel Howe; Moses Howe; Ebenezer Howe; Micahjah Howe and 1 other
Half brother of Mary Barnes; John Howe, of Hopkinton; Lydia Howe; Samuel Howe, Sr., Col.; Martha Howe and 6 others

Managed by: Lance McCord
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Nehemiah Howe

  1. ID: I26597
  2. Name: Nehemiah How 1
  3. Sex: M

Marriage 1 Margaret Willard


     Author: Materials gathered by Joseph Willard and Charles Wilkes Walker, Edited and completed by Charles Henry Pope
     Publication: Printed for the Willard Family Assn., Boston, MA, 1915, Murray and Emery, Kendall Sq., Cambridge, MA, Digital Edition 2001 by Richard Bingham, Oceanport, NJ
     Media: Electronic 


Nehemiah Howe Memorial Photos Flowers Edit Share Learn about removing the ads from this memorial... Birth: 1693 Marlborough Middlesex County Massachusetts, USA Death: May 25, 1747 Quebec, Canada

Nehemiah Howe was the son of Lieutenat Colonel Samuel Howe , (1642-1713) and Samuel Howe's second wife,the widow Sarah (Leavitt)Clapp(1659-1726).Nehemiah Howe had seven half siblings one of which was,David Howe(1674-1759).David was the son of Lieutenat Colonel Samuel Howe , and Samuel's first wife Martha Bent(1638-1680). In 1716 David Howe received a licence for a "House of Entertainment" along the Old Boston Post Road,one of the first mail routes in the country,known then as "Howe's Tavern" In 1748 David's son,Ezekiel Howe,then poprietor,would call it "The Red Horse Inn". Lieutenant Colonial Ezekiel Howe led the Sudbury Minute and Militia to Concord center at the beginning of the Revolutionary War on April 19,1775.The Red Horse Tavern and Inn in Sudbury was just about halfway between Boston and Worcester,the Inn became a regular and popular stopping place for travellers between these two towns.It was owned and operated by four consecutive generations of Howe's.The last of which was Lyman Howe(1801-1861).When Henry Wadsworth Longfellow visited the Inn in 1862,Lyman Howe became the inpiration for the fictitious character he created for his poem "The Landlord's Tale",more widely known as "The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere".When publised in 1863,The Tales of a Wayside Inn were so popular that by 1866 they brought the Inn to a level of national significance.The First verse of Longfellow's Poem goes....

"Listen my children and you shall hear Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere ,On the eighteenth of April,in Seventy-five; Hardly a man is now alive Who remembers that famous day and year"

On Dec 18,1685 in Sudbury,Massachuesetts,five years after the death of his first wife,Martha Bend,Nehemiah's father Lieutenat Colonel Samuel Howe remarries to the widow Sarah(Leavitt)Clapp.Nehemiah Howe,listed below,was the third child of Samuel and Sarah Howe.Their six children in order of birth were as follows..

1)Jonathan Howe b Abt.1686

2) Daniel Howe b Feb 6,1689,d Feb 3,1757

3)Nehemiah Howe b 1693,d May 25,1747

4) Moses Howe b Aug 27,1695,d Feb 16 1751

5)Ebenezer Howe b April 27,1697,d Jun 30,1753

6)Micajah Howe b Aug 23,1700,d April 22,1740

When Nehemiah's father, Lieutenat Colonel Samuel Howe passed away in 1713, Nehemiah Howe was just twenty years old. He took his fathers estate and paid off the other heirs.

In about 1715,Nehemiah Howe married Margaret Willard(1694-1758) the daughter of Captain Benjamin Willard (1665-1732)and wife,Sarah Larkin(1662-1770).Nehemiah and Margaret have the following twelve children.They were as follows...

1) Joshua Howe b Oct 11,1716,d 1806 in Westmoreland,NH

2)Submit Howe b Mar 4,1718

3)Caleb Howe, b Jan 30,1720,d Jun 2,1721

4)Esher Howe b Apr 25,1722,d 1723

5) Caleb Howe -, b Dec 21,1723, d Jun 28,1755

6) Sarah Howe, b Jul 13,1725,d Apr 26,1788

7) Samuel Howe , b Jun 15,1727,d Apr 8 1806

8)Edward Howe b May 28,1728,d 1730

9) Abner Howe , b Oct 20,1731,d Jul 13 1781

10)Hannah Howe b Nov 29,1733,d 1734

11) Mary Howe b Apr 12,1735,d May 14,1794

12)Martha Howe b Sep 16,1738,d May 14,1794

On October 14, 1716 Nehemiah How of Sudbury and his father in law Captain Benjamin Willard and son Joseph,Webster and Thomas Pratt,of Framingham,bought from the heirs of Framingham schoolmaster Benjamin Thompson 300 acres.The property consisted of land in the wilderness called Collett's Farm,according to Suffolk Co. deeds.In 1717 Nehemiah sold his estate in Sudbury and moved to Framingham.In 1727 he moved again to Grafton, MA, closer to Worcester, where he was one of the signed witnesses to the Indian deed for Grafton.On April 9, 1728, the first meeting of the proprietors of the common and undivided lands of Grafton was held at the home of Jonathan Howe (Nehemiah's older brother) of Marlborough.On April 19, 1728,the second proprietors meeting was held at Nehemiah's house in Grafton.Nehemiah Howe served in the following:In 1732 he was on a committee to adjust the treasurer's accounts, and on a committee to settle a disagreement on the division of lands.He was among the first church members at Grafton,being assigned the fore seat.In 1733 under the division of land at Grafton,he received 5 acres.He was a moderator of the proprietor's meeting in 1734,A Selectman in 1735,Chosen to procure a schoolmaster for the year 1736,and was paid 4 pounds, 1 shilling, 8 pence for the keeping of the school.He was Town Clerk 1736-38,Assessor 1737.He was on a committee formed to discuss the minister's salary in 1738.He was School committee and Town Constable in 1739.Nehemiah Howe was a well established in Grafton, Massachusetts and an influential citizen in town affairs.After a committee received a report of the survey of township #2,now Westmoreland,NH on November 30,1736,a charter of the lands was issued.The following persons were grantees under this Massachusetts charter:Nehemiah Howe's older brother Daniel Howe two of his son's, Joseph Howe and Daniel Howe Jr.,two of Nehemiah Howe's sons,Joshua Howe and Abner Howe .Other grantees were Thomas Chamberlain, Moses Wheeler ,Jethro Wheeler,Harriden Wheeler Jr,Josiah Foster,Meshach Taylor,Benjamin Alldrige,Jonathan Hildrith,Nathaniel Wooster,Jeremiah Hall and possibly others.In the spring and early summer of 1739,Nehemiah Howe bought three full township rights at the Great Meadow.The records of those deeds are found at Springfield,Massachusetts.In the Spring of 1741, Daniel Howe ,Nehemiah Howe, William Phipps,Jethro Wheeler,David Rugg,Robert Baker with their families traveled up the Connecticut River in canoes from Northfield,Ma and made what was the first settlement on the Great Meadow #2(East Putney).Nehemiah Howe's brother, Daniel Howe had previously traveled ahead of his brother and the other settlers to make a survey of the land to ensure its viability for settlement.Upon their arrival they cleared the ground at the Great Meadow,Putney.In the center of the clearing they built themselves a fortification known as Fort Hill. Within a short three years they were maintaining a healthy stock of cattle and cultivated fields for their food supply.

The year 1744 brought King George's War,The settlers were obliged to seek safety and shelter in Fort Putney.October 11,1745,historically refered to as "Black Friday",was the morning that Nehemiah How was attacked and captured.He was returning from cutting wood a sixth of a mile from the settlers fort.He had gone just a few steps when suddenly he heard behind him "crackling of Fences" and when he looked back in the direction of the noise,he saw the red painted heads of 12 or 13 Indians running after him.He started to run while shouting in desperation,hoping to attract the attention of the guard at the fort.By the time he had run 10 rods the Indians had overtaken him.They then seized him and led him away into the swamp where they immobilized him by tying him up.Another settler,David Rugg who in a savage act of brutality was beheaded.Wanting to instill fear among the settler's the retreating Indian's,in a gruesome display,mounted David Rugg's head on a pole and left it outside the fort.The Abenakis Indians of St Francis were numbered in a group of about fifty in all.Nehemiah Howe had been the first Connecticut Valley captive of King George's War during these brutal Indian attack at the Great Meadow.Nehemiah was taken to Canada,where he was kept a prisoner of the French in Quebec for a year and a half.Just as he was about to be set free,he became sick with fever and was taken to a hospital where he died on May 25,1747.

His death was a severe blow to his family,and to the community where he was known,as one of his contemporaries wrote of him, "he was a loving husband,and a tender Father;greatly beloved by his brothers and sisters,and indeed by every one who was acquainted with him" He possessed a heir of cultivation and refinement far beyond the ordinary.He kept a journal during his prison life which was of great value for other captive families.The many items in it brought news to loved one of other captives,who otherwise would never have known their fate.It is also a priceless legacy to his descendants, showing as it does, the beautiful Christion character of one who could endure the severest hardships with a grace and dignity rarely to be found.In 1748 his journal was used to publish "A Narrative of The Captivity of Nehemiah How" (1693-1747)

(The 1748-Narrative title page posted here)

Family links:

 Samuel Howe (1642 - 1713)

 Margaret Willard Howe/Miller (1696 - 1758)*

 Joshua Howe (1716 - ____)*
 Caleb Howe (1723 - 1755)*
 Sarah Howe Alexander (1725 - 1788)*
 Samuel Howe (1727 - 1806)*
 Abner Howe (1731 - 1781)*

 Samuel Howe (1668 - 1731)*
 Martha Howe Walker (1669 - 1721)*
 David Howe (1674 - 1759)*
 Daniel Howe (1689 - 1757)*
 Nehemiah Howe (1693 - 1747)
 Moses Howe (1695 - 1749)*
  • Calculated relationship

Burial: Body lost or destroyed Specifically: Nehemiah died while a prisoner of the French in Quebec, Canada , probably buried in an un marked grave in Canada


The Story of Jemima How and her Captivity and her genealogy.

New England Families Genealogical and Memorial: Third Series, Volume IV

(IV) Caleb, third son of Nehemiah and Mary (Willard) Howe, was born December 3, 1723, in Sudbury, and removed with his father to Westmoreland, New Hampshire, where he was elected town clerk, March 31, 1752. Soon after he removed to Vernon, Vermont, which was formerly a part of the town of Hinsdale, New Hampshire. He married Jemima, daughter of the Josiah Sartwell or Sawtelle, who built the old fort bearing his name in Vernon, Vermont, in 1739. In company with two others, Hezekiah Grout and Benjamin Garfield, Caleb Howe was engaged in hoeing corn in June, 1755, in the meadow on the east side of the Connecticut river and started on the night of June 27 of that year to return to Bridgman's Fort on the Connecticut river, just below Fort Sartwell. They were attacked by twelve Indians in ambush, and Howe, who had two young lads on the horse with him, was brought to the ground by a shot in his thigh. They also pierced him with spears and tore off his scalp. The next morning he was found by a party from Fort Hinsdale still living, and was carried to the fort where he died. Grout escaped unhurt, and Garfield was drowned while trying to escape. The Indians took the wives of these three men, Jemima Howe, Submit Grout and Eunice Garfield, a child of Garfield, three children of Grout, and seven children of Mrs. Howe, the eldest of the latter being eleven years old, and the youngest six months. The two eldest were children by her first husband, William Phipps, who was also slain, July 5, 1743, by Indians. The Indians plundered and fired the fort. After camping one night six Indians returned to the fort to do more destruction. The next morning they started on the long journey to Canada, and sold their captives in Montreal. Mrs. Howe's youngest daughter was given to Governor De Vaudreuil. Her baby was carried off by a hunting party to Missiquoi, on Lake Champlain, where he died. Mrs. Howe was kindly treated by the French and was finally ransomed and returned home. Her eldest daughter was taken to France and married a Frenchman; the other children were scattered. Colonel Schuyler contributed two thousand seven hundred livres to her ransom. He had been a prisoner at Montreal when she was there. Her story has been told in various histories and she was known as the "Fair Captive." She married (third) Amos Tute, who died April 17, 1790, in his sixtieth year. She died March 7, 1805, aged eighty-two. Her epitaph states: "Having passed through more vicissitudes and endured more hardships than any of her contemporaries."

No more can Savage foes annoy, Nor aught her wide-spread fame destroy.

Her children by her first husband, William Phipps, were: Mary and Submit Phipps. Children of Caleb and Jemima Howe: William, Moses, Squire, Caleb, infant, died from exposure in Canada.

(V) Moses Howe, son of Caleb and Jemima Howe, was born in 1749-50, and lived at Vernon, Vermont, at the old homestead, after his return from captivity. His children were: Elijah, Ebenezer, mentioned below; Samuel, Edwin and Adeline.

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Nehemiah Howe's Timeline

Marlborough, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
October 11, 1716
Age 23
Sudbury, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
March 4, 1718
Age 25
April 25, 1722
Age 29
December 3, 1723
Age 30
Framingham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
July 13, 1725
Age 32
United States
June 15, 1727
Age 34
Grafton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States
May 28, 1728
Age 35
Grafton, Worcester County, MA
October 20, 1731
Age 38
Grafton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States