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Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron

Birthdate: (78)
Birthplace: Paris VIII, France
Death: Died in Paris, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Gustave Emile Aron and Suzanne Aron
Husband of Suzanne Gauchon
Father of <private> ARON; <private> Aron and <private> ARON
Brother of Robert Maurice Aron and Adrien Aron

Occupation: Sociologue
Managed by: Randy Schoenberg
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Raymond Aron

Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron was a French philosopher, sociologist, journalist, and political scientist.

He is best known for his 1955 book The Opium of the Intellectuals, the title of which inverts Karl Marx's claim that religion was the opium of the people – Aron argues that in post-war France, Marxism was the opium of the intellectuals. In the book, Aron chastised French intellectuals for what he described as their harsh criticism of capitalism and democracy and their simultaneous defense of Marxist oppression, atrocities, and intolerance. Critic Roger Kimball suggests that Opium is "a seminal book of the twentieth century." Aron is also known for his lifelong friendship, sometimes fractious, with philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre.

He is also known for his 1973 book, The Imperial Republic: The United States and the World 1945-1973, which influenced Zbigniew Brzezinski and Henry Kissinger, among others.

Aron wrote extensively on a wide range of other topics. Citing the breadth and quality of Aron's writings, historian James R. Garland suggests, "Though he may be little known in America, Raymond Aron arguably stood as the preeminent example of French intellectualism for much of the twentieth century."

About Raymond Aron (Français)

Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron, né le 14 mars 1905 à Paris et mort le 17 octobre 1983 à Paris, est un philosophe, sociologue, politologue et journaliste français, défenseur du libéralisme.

D'abord ami et condisciple de Jean-Paul Sartre et Paul Nizan à l'École normale supérieure, il devient, lors de la montée des totalitarismes, un ardent promoteur du libéralisme, à contre-courant d'un milieu intellectuel pacifiste et de gauche alors dominant.

Pendant trente ans, il est éditorialiste au quotidien Le Figaro. Durant ses dernières années, il travaille à L'Express. Grâce à des compétences et des centres d'intérêt multiples – en économie, sociologie, philosophie, géopolitique – il se distingue et acquiert une grande réputation auprès des intellectuels. Ses convictions libérales et atlantistes lui attirent de nombreuses critiques, venant des partisans de la gauche, comme de ceux de la droite.

Raymond Aron dénonce dans son ouvrage le plus connu, L'Opium des intellectuels, l'aveuglement et la bienveillance des intellectuels à l'égard des régimes communistes. Il garde néanmoins tout au long de sa vie un ton modéré. Il est un commentateur reconnu de Karl Marx, Carl von Clausewitz, Kojève et Sartre.

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Raymond Aron's Timeline

1905
March 14, 1905
Paris VIII, France
1983
October 17, 1983
Age 78
Paris, France
????
Sociologue, Universitaire, Ecrivain.