Rev. Calvin Ellis Stowe

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Rev. Calvin Ellis Stowe

Birthdate: (84)
Birthplace: Natick, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Death: August 22, 1886 (84)
Mandarin, Duval County, Florida, United States
Place of Burial: Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Samuel Stowe and Hepzibah Stowe
Husband of Eliza Tyler and Harriet Beecher Stowe
Father of Hattie Beecher Stowe, the author's daughter; Eliza Tyler Stowe; Henry Ellis Stowe; Frederick William Stowe (USA); Georgianna May Allen and 5 others
Brother of William Stowe and Mary Bigelow

Occupation: Teacher of Theology at Lane Seminary, Cincinnati, Ohio, Prof. of Theology, author
Managed by: Ivy Jo Smith
Last Updated:

About Rev. Calvin Ellis Stowe

Calvin Ellis Stowe, son of Samuel Stowe and Hepsibah Bigelow, was born in Natick, Massachusetts on Apr. 6, 1802; m. 1st, in 1832, with ELIZA TYLER, dau. of Rev. Bennet Tyler of Portland, Maine and, after his first wife's death in 1834, married 2nd with HARRIET ELIZABETH BEECHER, dau. of Lyman Beecher.

Burial: Andover Chapel Cemetery

(infoplease. encyclopedia): Stowe, Calvin Ellis, 1802-86, American educator, b. Natick, Mass., grad. Bowdoin College, 1824, and Andover Theological Seminary, 1828; husband of Harriet Beecher Stowe. He was a professor of Greek (1831-33) at Dartmouth and of sacred literature (1833-50) at Lane Theological Seminary, Cincinnati, of which Lyman Beecher was president. He married Harriet Beecher in 1836. He was also professor of religion (1850-52) at Bowdoin and of sacred literature (1852-64) at Andover Theological Seminary. While in Cincinnati, Stowe became interested in the improvement of the public elementary schools; the College of Teachers in Cincinnati was founded in 1833 largely through his efforts. His writings include "Introduction to the Criticism and Interpretation of the Bible" (1835), "Report on Elementary Instruction in Europe" (1837), and "The Origin and History of the Books of the Bible" (1867).

He was his wife Harriet's fifth cousin once removed. They married in Cincinnati. In 1852 they removed from there to Brunswick, Maine. After his retirement, the family moved to Hartford, Connecticut. During the Hartford years he wrote :'The Origin and History of the Books of the Bible', which was one of the first books to examine the Bible from an historical point of view. This book sold so well that he received $10,000 in royalties, which was considered a large return.

He also wrote about his life in Natick, Mas (which provied Harriet with the basic material for her "Oldtown Folks". Throughout their marriage he encouraged Harriet in her career and in a letter, dated 1840, he said, "my dear, you must be a literary woman. It is so written in the book of fate///make all your calculations accordingly."

He may have suffered from malaria, having received treatment with quinine.

Calvin Ellis Stowe was an American Biblical scholar who helped spread public education in the United States, and the husband and literary agent of Harriet Beecher Stowe.

Stowe was born in Natick, Massachusetts. His father died in 1808, leaving an impoverished widow with two sons. At the age of twelve, Stowe was apprenticed to a paper maker. Stowe had an insatiable craving for books, and acquired the rudiments of Latin by studying at odd moments during his apprenticeship in the paper mill.

His earnest desire and determined efforts to gain an education attracted the attention of benefactors who sent him to an academy in Gorham, Maine. He later entered Bowdoin College, and graduated with honors in 1824. After his graduation from Bowdoin, he remained there for a year as an instructor and librarian. In September 1825, he entered Andover Theological Seminary. There, at the instigation of Moses Stuart, a professor, he completed a scholarly translation of Jahn's Hebrew Commonwealth (Andover, 1828; 2 vols., London, 1829). He graduated in 1828.

In 1829, he became editor of the Boston Recorder, the oldest religious newspaper in the United States. In addition to his editorial labors, in 1829 he published a translation from the Latin, with notes, of Lowth's Lectures on the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews. In 1830 he was appointed professor of Greek at Dartmouth College. In 1832 he married Eliza Tyler, daughter of Rev. Bennett Tyler, of Portland, Maine, and moved to Walnut Hills, near Cincinnati, Ohio, having been appointed professor of sacred literature in Lane Theological Seminary. In August 1834 his wife died childless, and in January 1836 he married Harriet Elizabeth Beecher, daughter of Lyman Beecher, the president of the seminary. They had seven children, four of whom died in Harriet's lifetime.

While in Cincinnati, Stowe became an important advocate for the development of public schools in the western United States. He was critical in the establishment of the College of Teachers there in 1833. In May 1836, he sailed for England, primarily to purchase a library for Lane Seminary, but he received at the same time an official appointment from the Ohio State Legislature to visit as agent the public schools of Europe, particularly those of Prussia. On his return he published Report on Elementary Education in Europe which urged Ohio to adopt a state-backed educational system like Prussia's. The Legislature ordered a copy of the book for each of the state's 8,500 school districts and more copies were given to other state legislatures.

He taught religion at Bowdoin from 1850 to 1852 and at Andover Theological Seminary from 1852 to 1864. While at Bowdoin, Harriet began writing her soon-to-be-acclaimed novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852). In 1853 and 1856, he visited Europe with Harriet. In 1864, owing to failing health and increasing infirmities, he resigned his professorship and moved to Hartford, Connecticut. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1865. After Harriet's novel became world-known, Calvin wrote his own best-selling book, Origin and History of the Books of the Bible, both Canonical and Apocryphal (Hartford, 1867), one of the first books to examine the Bible from a historical perspective.

He also published Introduction to the Criticism and Interpretation of the Bible (Cincinnati, 1835); The Religious Element in Education, a lecture (1844); and The Right Interpretation of the Sacred Scriptures, inaugural address (Andover, 1853). His childhood stories served as the basis for Harriet's books Oldtown Folks (1869) and Sam Lawson's Old Fireside Stories (1872).

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Rev. Calvin Ellis Stowe's Timeline

April 6, 1802
Natick, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
September 29, 1836
Age 34
September 29, 1836
Age 34
January 1838
Age 35
May 1840
Age 38
Cincinnati, Hamilton, Ohio, United States
May 25, 1843
Age 41
Cincinnati, Hamilton, Ohio, United States
January 1848
Age 45
Cincinnati, Hamilton, Ohio, United States
July 8, 1850
Age 48