Roricon, i comte du Maine

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Roricon, i comte du Maine

Birthdate:
Death: June 16, 839
Fontevrault Labbey, Maine Et Loire, , France
Place of Burial: Abadia de Saint-Maur de Glanfeuil, Anjou (França)
Immediate Family:

Son of Goslin du Maine and Aldetrude
Husband of Bilichilde, i
Partner of Rotrude
Father of Geoffrey; Bilichildis du Maine, ii; Gauzlin, Abbé de Saint-Germain, Paris. Bishop; Roricon, ii; NN du Maine and 1 other
Brother of Gausbert, du Maine

Occupation: Comte, du Maine, de Rennes, d'Alet, puis du Maine en 831', comte du Maine, Comte du Maine (3e, avant 839-839), graaf van Maine
Managed by: Petra Spithost-Douma
Last Updated:

About Roricon, i comte du Maine

GAUSLIN, son of --- . He is named as father of Rorico in the charter dated 1 Mar 839, quoted below.

x ADELTRUDIS, daughter of ---. She is named as mother of Comte Rorico in the following charter: “Rorgo comes” donated “predium...in pago Andecavo in condita Maciacense...in Valegia...loco...Maisnisias”, which “genitor meus Gauzlinus et mater mea Adeltrudis habuerunt”, to the abbey of Saint-Maur-sur-Loire, confirmed by Dodon Bishop of Anjou by charter dated 1 Mar 839[28]. Her inclusion in the document suggests that she had a direct interest in the property donated in her own right, which if correct indicates that Adeltrudis originated in the county of Anjou.

Gauslin & his wife had two children:

1. RORICO [Rorgo [I]] (-16 Jun [839/40], bur Abbaye de Saint-Maur de Glanfeuil, Anjou). His relationship with one of the daughters of Emperor Charlemagne suggests that Rorico probably lived at the emperor's court in the early 9th century, but no confirmation of this suggestion has been found in contemporary documentation. Comte du Maine. The Actus pontificum Cenomannis names "Cenomannis…comite eiusdem parrochie Rorigone", in a passage which records the enthronement of bishop Aldric in 832[29]. Considering that Guy was named as comte du Maine in [832/34], one possibility is that this enthronement was incorrectly dated in this source. Another possibility is that two counts held power in the county at the same time, although no other primary source indication has been identified which suggests that this is correct. Emperor Louis I confirmed the donation made by "comes Rorigo…cum sue coniuge Bilechilde" to "cœnobium Glannafoliense Fossatensi in pago Andegavo" by charter dated 833[30]. “Rorgo comes” donated “predium...in pago Andecavo in condita Maciacense...in Valegia...loco...Maisnisias”, which “genitor meus Gauzlinus et mater mea Adeltrudis habuerunt”, to the abbey of Saint-Maur-sur-Loire (later known as Glanfeuil) in which “germanus noster Gausbetus...et filium nostrum Gauslinum” followed the religious life, confirmed by Dodon Bishop of Anjou by charter dated 1 Mar 839, signed by “Rortgonis comitis, Bilechildis uxoris eius, Gausberti fratris eius...”[31].

x (after 800) BILICHILDIS, daughter of --- (-after 1 Mar 839). Emperor Louis I confirmed the donation of "comes Rorigo…cum sue coniuge Bilechilde" to "cœnobium Glannafoliense Fossatensi in pago Andegavo" by charter dated 833[32]. “Rorgo comes” donated property to the abbey of Saint-Maur-sur-Loire, confirmed by Dodon Bishop of Anjou by charter dated 1 Mar 839, signed by “Rortgonis comitis, Bilechildis uxoris eius...”[33].

a) RORICO [II] (-866). His parentage is confirmed by reading the two references to the parentage of his brothers Gauzlin and Geoffroy [Gauzfrid] (see below), together with the Annales Bertiniani which record the death of "Rorigus frater Gauzfridi"[41]. Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks entrusted the administration of ducatus Cenomannicus to Rorico, but the latter instigated the revolt of the king's son Louis ("le Bègue") in 862, resulting in the confiscation of the appointment which was awarded to Robert "le Fort" [Capet][42]. It is not clear whether this appointment amounted to Rorico's installation as Comte du Maine or whether it was an administrative delegation, with rights and duties similar to those of a vicomte. The Annales Bertiniani record that King Charles II pardoned "Gozfridum et Roricum atque Heriveum" in 863[43], but no record has been found of Rorico’s reappointment in Maine. The Annales Bertiniani record that the Vikings killed "Rorigus frater Gauzfridi" in 866[44].

b) GEOFFROY [Gauzfrid] (-[878]). The Annales Bertiniani record that "Guntfridus et Gozfridus" defected to "Salomonem, Britonum ducem" in 861, and persuaded Louis ("le Bègue"), son of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks, to join them in 862, although they also record that King Charles II pardoned "Gozfridum et Roricum atque Heriveum" in 863[45]. The Annales Bertiniani record that "Hugo abba et Gauzfridus cum Transsequanis" fought "Nortmannis in Ligeri" in 869, and that "Hugo abba monasterii sancti Martini et Gozfridus cum ceteris Trans-Sequanis" attacked “Nortmanni” at their stronghold in “insulam Ligeris” in 871 but were defeated[46]. No record has yet been identified which links Geoffroy with the administration of the county of Maine or accords him the title count. The Annales Bertiniani record that in 878 "filii Gozfridi" attacked "castellum et honores filii Odonis" which King Louis “le Bègue” granted to "isdem Gozfridus...[et] filios suos" who abandoned “partem Brittonibus” and swore allegiance to the king[47]. Flodoard's Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ names "Gozlino…Bernardo nepote ipsius…fratrem…suum Gozfridem", referring to Bernard Marquis of Septimania and his rebellion dated to [877], from the context implying that Gauzfrid had recently died[48]. m ---. The name of Geoffroy’s wife is not known. Geoffroy & his wife had children:

i) sons . The Annales Bertiniani record that in 878 "filii Gozfridi" attacked "castellum et honores filii Odonis" which King Louis “le Bègue” granted to "isdem Gozfridus...[et] filios suos" who abandoned “partem Brittonibus” and swore allegiance to the king[49]. No further information has been found concerning these sons.

c) BILICHILDIS. The origin of the wife of Comte Bernard is deduced from the Historia Inventionis Sanctii Baudelli which names "Gothorum princeps Bernardus cum avunculo suo Gauzleno tunc inclito Abbate, futuro autem episcopo"[50]. Flodoard's Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ also names "Gozlino…Bernardo nepote ipsius", referring to Bernard Marquis of Septimania and his rebellion dated to [877][51]. She is named in the record of the excommunication by Pope John VIII of "Bernardum filium Bernardi et Belihildis" in 879[52]. m BERNARD Comte, son of --- (-killed in battle [844/45]).

d) NN [daughter . Abbo's De Bellis Parisiacæ names "Ebolus…Abba" as nepos of "Gauzlinus…pontificis"[53], the latter being reported in other sources as the son of Comte Rorico [I] (see below). It is possible that the wife of Comte Rainulf was the same person as the daughter named [Bilichildis] (see above), who would have been recently widowed at the time of Rainulf's marriage. m ([845]) as his second wife, RAINULF I Comte de Poitou, son of GERARD I Comte d'Auvergne & his first wife --- ([815]-near Brissarthe Jul 866).]

e) GAUSLIN (-16 Apr 886[54]). “Rorgo comes” donated property to the abbey of Saint-Maur-sur-Loire in which “germanus noster Gausbetus...et filium nostrum Gauslinum” followed the religious life, confirmed by Dodon Bishop of Anjou by charter dated 1 Mar 839[55]. The Annales Bertiniani record that "Ludowicum abbatem monasterii Sancti Dyonisii cum fratre ipsius Gauzleno" captured a Viking force in 858[56]. Abbé de Saint-Germain, Paris. Bishop. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XVI Kal Apr" of "Gauzlinus episcopus"[57].

xx Mistress (1): ([800]) HROTHRUDIS [Rotrud]], daughter of Emperor CHARLES I King of the Franks & his second wife Hildegard [Udalrichinger ([775]-6 Jun 810[34]). "Hruodrudem et Bertham et Gislam" are named as daughters of King Charles and Hildegard by Einhard[35]. Rotrud's relationship with Rorico [I] is confirmed by the Annales Bertiniani which record the death "867 V Id Ian" of "Hludowicus abbas monasterii et nepos Karoli imperatoris ex filia maiori natu Rohtrude"[36], read together with an earlier part of the same source in which her son Louis is named "Ludowicum abbatem monasterii Sancti Dyonisii cum fratre ipsius Gauzleno"[37], Gauzlin being named in other sources cited below as the son of Rorico. The Gesta Francorum records the death "810 VIII Id Iun" of "Hruoddrud filia imperatoris quæ natu maior erat"[38]. Einhard records the death "VIII Id Iun 810" of "Hruodtrud filia imperatories"[39]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "III Non Jun" of "Rotrudis filia Karoli imperatoris"[40]. Comte Rorico & his wife had [five] children (the order of birth of these children is approximate): Comte Rorico had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):

f) LOUIS ([800]-9 Jan 867). Abbot of Saint-Denis Oct 840. Arch-Chancellor (Protonotar) of Charles II “le Chauve” King of the Franks from 840 until his death[58]. His parentage is confirmed by the Annales Bertiniani which record that "Ludowicum abbatem monasterii Sancti Dyonisii cum fratre ipsius Gauzleno" captured a Viking force in 858[59]. The Annales Bertiniani record the death "867 V Id Ian" of "Hludowicus abbas monasterii et nepos Karoli imperatoris ex filia maiori natu Rohtrude"[60].

2. GAUSBERT (-after 1 Mar 839). “Rorgo comes” donated property to the abbey of Saint-Maur-sur-Loire in which “germanus noster Gausbetus...et filium nostrum Gauslinum” followed the religious life, confirmed by Dodon Bishop of Anjou by charter dated 1 Mar 839, signed by “Rortgonis comitis, Bilechildis uxoris eius, Gausberti fratris eius...”[61].


http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/MAINE.htm#_Toc480124608e

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Roricon, i comte du Maine's Timeline

800
800
Poitiers, Vienne, France
806
806
820
820
Maine, France
839
June 16, 839
Fontevrault Labbey, Maine Et Loire, , France
1933
December 16, 1933
December 16, 1933
1934
May 17, 1934
May 17, 1934