William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus

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About William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Douglas,_2nd_Earl_of_Angus


William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus (c. 1398 – 1437), was a Scottish nobleman and soldier. The son of George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus and Princess Mary of Scotland, he was a grandson of King Robert III.

The story of Angus' life is interwoven with that of his uncle and King, James I of Scotland.

Angus was born about 1398 at Tantallon Castle in East Lothian. He inherited the Earldom of Angus in 1402, following his father's death of the plague whilst in English captivity, following the Battle of Homildon Hill.

REF: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Douglas,_2nd_Earl_of_Angus


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Douglas,_2nd_Earl_of_Angus


William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus (c. 1398 – 1437), was a Scottish nobleman and soldier. The son of George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus and Princess Mary of Scotland, he was a grandson of King Robert III.

The story of Angus' life is interwoven with that of his uncle and King, James I of Scotland.

Angus was born about 1398 at Tantallon Castle in East Lothian. He inherited the Earldom of Angus in 1402, following his father's death of the plague whilst in English captivity, following the Battle of Homildon Hill.

REF: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Douglas,_2nd_Earl_of_Angus


William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus (c. 1398 – 1437) was a Scottish nobleman and soldier. The son of George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus and Princess Mary of Scotland, he was a grandson of King Robert III.

The story of Angus' life is interwoven with that of his uncle and King, James I of Scotland.

Angus was born about 1398 at Tantallon Castle in East Lothian. He inherited the Earldom of Angus in 1402, following his father's death of the plague whilst in English captivity, following the Battle of Homildon Hill.

Return of King James

In 1420, Angus was nominated as one of twenty-one noblemen to be delivered as hostages to the English court as security for the ransom of King James I. James had been captured by the English in 1406, and was held by first Henry IV of England, and latterly by his son Henry V of England. During the king's captivity, Scotland was ruled by his uncle Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, who had been in no hurry to pay his nephew's ransom. Following the death of Albany,in 1420 the Scots finally paid the ransom monies owed. Whatever the machinations that followed, Angus was not included on the final list of hostages, but was one of the party of Scots nobles who met their King at Durham, in 1424. The King was escorted triumphally back to Scotland, and Angus received a Knighthood from the King at his coronation at Scone Abbey on the 2 June of that year.

Royal Gaoler

In 1425, a purge took place of the Albany Stewarts and their adherents. The trial which followed at Stirling Castle, included Angus amongst a large faction of Douglas nobles within the jury. Facing execution were, Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, his two sons Alaisdair and Walter, and the Earl of Lennox. The widowed Duchess of Albany, was held a close prisoner at Tantallon under the supervision of Angus for eight years.

In 1429, King James went north to deal with the ever troublesome Lord of the Isles. Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross. This in response to Alexander and his islemen's burning of Inverness. Angus was a captain in the Royal army and when Islay finally submitted to the King at Holyrood he was entrusted to the keeping of Angus at Tantallon for two years.

Warden of the Marches

In 1430 Angus was sent on embassy to England as one of the commissioners to negotiate an extension of the truce with the newly crowned Henry VI of England which was prolonged for five years. Later in that year was constituted as the Warden of the Middle March. In 1435 Angus led a troop of men to invest Dunbar Castle. The castellan, George II, Earl of March, had previously been made a ward of the King, and the garrison surrendered the castle bloodlessly.

Dunbar castle was then held of the King by Angus and Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes.

Dunbar fled to England calling for help in regaining Dunbar castle by force of arms. This help materialised in the spring of 1435 when Sir Robert Ogle, the Governor of Berwick upon Tweed, with Henry Percy and 4000 men marched north to retake the Castle. Angus , with Hepburn and Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie, decided not to undergo a siege and engaged with the English forces at the Battle of Piperdean, near to Coldstream. This encounter resulted in defeat for the English but with little loss of life. Fifteen hundred prisoners were taken and ransomed.

Later life

Angus continued to consolidate his estates, often at the expense of his cousins the Black Douglases, taking positions and fortresses previously held by the Earls of Douglas, such as Lintalee and finally Hermitage Castle for a time. Following the assassination of his uncle, King James in February 1437, Angus was instrumental in the pursuit and capture of the conspirators. These included, Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, a great uncle of Angus himself. Angus died in the October of the same year, aged thirty-nine.

Marriage and issue

Angus' mother remarried in 1409 to Sir James Kennedy younger of Dunure. It is thought that around this time that Angus was betrothed through negotiations by his grandmother, Margaret Stewart, 4th Countess of Angus, to Margaret Hay, daughter of Sir William Hay of Yester. They married in 1425 and they had five children:

James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus

George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus

William Douglas of Cluny

Hugh Douglas, Rector of St. Andrews

Helen Douglas, m. 1st. Patrick Graham, 2nd Lord Graham 2nd. James Ogilvy, 1st Lord Ogilvy of Airlie

Latterly, Angus' sister, Lady Elizabeth Douglas, would marry his brother in law, Sir David Hay of Yester. Through their son John Hay, 1st Lord Hay of Yester they are the ancestors of the Marquesses of Tweeddale


2nd Earl of Angus; d. Oct. 1437; Ambassador to England, 1430; commanded the Scots in their victory over the English at the battle of Piperdean, 10 Sep 1436; m. (dispensation, 1425) Margaret Hay of Yester; father of George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus. [Magna Charta Sureties, p. 46]


 1420, Angus was nominated as one of twenty-one noblemen to be delivered as hostages to the English court as security for the ransom of King James I. James had been captured by the English in 1406, and was held by first Henry IV of England, and latterly by his son Henry V of England. During the king's captivity, Scotland was ruled by his uncle Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, who had been in no hurry to pay his nephew's ransom. Following the death of Albany,in 1420 the Scots finally paid the ransom monies owed. Whatever the machinations that followed, Angus was not included on the final list of hostages, but was one of the party of Scots nobles who met their King at Durham, in 1424. The King was escorted triumphally back to Scotland, and Angus received a Knighthood from the King at his coronation at Scone Abbey on the 2 June of that year.

[edit] Royal Gaoler

In 1425, a purge took place of the Albany Stewarts and their adherents. The trial which followed at Stirling Castle, included Angus amongst a large faction of Douglas nobles within the jury. Facing execution were, Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, his two sons Alaisdair and Walter, and the Earl of Lennox. The widowed Duchess of Albany, was held a close prisoner at Tantallon under the supervision of Angus for eight years.

In 1429, King James went north to deal with the ever troublesome Lord of the Isles. Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross. This in response to Alexander and his islemen's burning of Inverness. Angus was a captain in the Royal army and when Islay finally submitted to the King at Holyrood he was entrusted to the keeping of Angus at Tantallon for two years.

[edit] Warden of the Marches

In 1430 Angus was sent on embassy to England as one of the commissioners to negotiate an extension of the truce with the newly crowned Henry VI of England which was prolonged for five years. Later in that year was constituted as the Warden of the Middle March. In 1435 Angus led a troop of men to invest Dunbar Castle. The castellan, George II, Earl of March, had previously been made a ward of the King, and the garrison surrendered the castle bloodlessly.

Dunbar castle was then held of the King by Angus and Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes.

Dunbar fled to England calling for help in regaining Dunbar castle by force of arms. This help materialised in the spring of 1435 when Sir Robert Ogle, the Governor of Berwick upon Tweed, with Henry Percy and 4000 men marched north to retake the Castle. Angus , with Hepburn and Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie, decided not to undergo a siege and engaged with the English forces at the Battle of Piperdean, near to Coldstream. This encounter resulted in defeat for the English but with little loss of life. Fifteen hundred prisoners were taken and ransomed.

[edit] Later life

Angus continued to consolidate his estates, often at the expense of his cousins the Black Douglases, taking positions and fortresses previously held by the Earls of Douglas, such as Lintalee and finally Hermitage Castle for a time. Following the assassination of his Uncle, King James in February 1437, Angus was instrumental in the pursuit and capture of the conspirators. These included, Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, a great uncle of Angus himself. Angus died in the October of the same year, aged thirty-nine.


William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2007)

William Douglas

Earl of Angus

Born 1398

Birthplace Tantallon Castle

Died 1437

Place of death Tantallon

Predecessor New Creation

Successor William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus

Offspring William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus

Elizabeth Douglas

Dynasty Angus

Father George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus

Mother Princess Mary of Scotland

William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus (c. 1398 – 1437), was a Scottish nobleman and soldier. The son of George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus and Princess Mary of Scotland, he was a grandson of King Robert III.

The story of Angus' life is interwoven with that of his uncle and King, James I of Scotland.

Angus was born about 1398 at Tantallon Castle in East Lothian. He inherited the Earldom of Angus in 1402, following his father's death of the plague whilst in English captivity, following the Battle of Homildon Hill.

Contents [hide]

1 Return of King James

2 Royal Gaoler

3 Warden of the Marches

4 Later life

5 Marriage and issue

[edit]Return of King James

In 1420, Angus was nominated as one of twenty-one noblemen to be delivered as hostages to the English court as security for the ransom of King James I. James had been captured by the English in 1406, and was held by first Henry IV of England, and latterly by his son Henry V of England. During the king's captivity, Scotland was ruled by his uncle Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, who had been in no hurry to pay his nephew's ransom. Following the death of Albany,in 1420 the Scots finally paid the ransom monies owed. Whatever the machinations that followed, Angus was not included on the final list of hostages, but was one of the party of Scots nobles who met their King at Durham, in 1424. The King was escorted triumphally back to Scotland, and Angus received a Knighthood from the King at his coronation at Scone Abbey on the 2 June of that year.

[edit]Royal Gaoler

In 1425, a purge took place of the Albany Stewarts and their adherents. The trial which followed at Stirling Castle, included Angus amongst a large faction of Douglas nobles within the jury. Facing execution were, Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, his two sons Alaisdair and Walter, and the Earl of Lennox. The widowed Duchess of Albany, was held a close prisoner at Tantallon under the supervision of Angus for eight years.

In 1429, King James went north to deal with the ever troublesome Lord of the Isles. Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross. This in response to Alexander and his islemen's burning of Inverness. Angus was a captain in the Royal army and when Islay finally submitted to the King at Holyrood he was entrusted to the keeping of Angus at Tantallon for two years.

[edit]Warden of the Marches

In 1430 Angus was sent on embassy to England as one of the commissioners to negotiate an extension of the truce with the newly crowned Henry VI of England which was prolonged for five years. Later in that year was constituted as the Warden of the Middle March. In 1435 Angus led a troop of men to invest Dunbar Castle. The castellan, George II, Earl of March, had previously been made a ward of the King, and the garrison surrendered the castle bloodlessly.

Dunbar castle was then held of the King by Angus and Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes.

Dunbar fled to England calling for help in regaining Dunbar castle by force of arms. This help materialised in the spring of 1435 when Sir Robert Ogle, the Governor of Berwick upon Tweed, with Henry Percy and 4000 men marched north to retake the Castle. Angus , with Hepburn and Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie, decided not to undergo a siege and engaged with the English forces at the Battle of Piperdean, near to Coldstream. This encounter resulted in defeat for the English but with little loss of life. Fifteen hundred prisoners were taken and ransomed.

[edit]Later life

Angus continued to consolidate his estates, often at the expense of his cousins the Black Douglases, taking positions and fortresses previously held by the Earls of Douglas, such as Lintalee and finally Hermitage Castle for a time. Following the assassination of his uncle, King James in February 1437, Angus was instrumental in the pursuit and capture of the conspirators. These included, Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, a great uncle of Angus himself. Angus died in the October of the same year, aged thirty-nine.

[edit]Marriage and issue

Angus' mother remarried in 1409 to Sir James Kennedy younger of Dunure. It is thought that around this time that Angus was betrothed through negotiations by his grandmother, Margaret Stewart, 4th Countess of Angus, to Margaret Hay, daughter of Sir William Hay of Yester. They married in 1425 and they had five children:

James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus

George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus

William Douglas of Cluny

Hugh Douglas, Rector of St. Andrews

Helen Douglas, m. 1st. Patrick Graham, 2nd Lord Graham 2nd. James Ogilvy, 1st Lord Ogilvy of Airlie

Latterly, Angus' sister, Lady Elizabeth Douglas, would marry his brother in law, Sir David Hay of Yester. Through their son John Hay, 1st Lord Hay of Yester they are the ancestors of the Marquesses of Tweeddale

Peerage of Scotland

Preceded by

George Douglas Earl of Angus

1402-1437 Succeeded by

James Douglas

Categories: 1390s births | 1437 deaths | People from East Lothian | Earls in the Peerage of Scotland | House of Douglas and Angus


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William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus's Timeline

1398
1398
Mar, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
1417
1417
Age 19
Mar, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
1422
1422
Age 24
Earldom of Mar, Scotland
1425
1425
Age 27
Mar, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
1426
1426
Age 28
1428
1428
Age 30
Near North Berwick, East Lothian, Scotland
1430
1430
Age 32
Durisdeer, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, United Kingdom
1437
October 1437
Age 39
Mar, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
1442
1442
Age 39
Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland