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1820 Settlers - Ingram's Party

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Ingram's Party

1820 Settlers

Main Reference The Settler Handbook by MD Nash

See also eGGSA - The 1820 Settler Correspondence

Additional information 1820

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Party Details

  • Leader John Ingram
  • Number 62
  • Area Party originated from Cork, Ireland
  • Area Allocated to the Party Clanwilliam and then Albany District
  • 1820 Settler Ship


  • Dates
  • Departure Cork, Ireland - 12 February 1820
  • Arrival Simon's Bay, Cape Town - 1 May 1820
  • Final Port - Saldhana Bay - mid May

(Other parties on this voyage - Butler and Synnot)

M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook

"No. 26 on the Colonial Department list, led by John Ingram, a merchant of 10 Grand Parade, Cork, Ireland. This was a proprietary party, recruited in Cork; the men were articled to Ingram for three years, and each was to receive 10 acres of land or £10 in money at the termination of his service. Ingram undertook to provide food for his men and their families and to pay a cash wage of 6d a day for a labourer and 1/- a day for a mechanic or skilled worker. (Pierce, Agnew, Foster, Gerald Begley, Bennett, Coffe, Crowley, Callaghan and Reardon came into the latter category). In submitting his application, Ingram was supported by Admiral Sir J Colpoy of St. James Place, London, and named as additional references his relation Sir Benjamin Bloomfield (the Price regent's private secretary), the Bishop of ferns and the member of Parliament for Cork, Sir Nicholas Colthurst. Ingram claimed that he was a man of good education who had inherited considerable capital but ruined himself by working for Sir Nicholas' election in order to keep out the Catholic parliamentary candidate; the inhabitants of Cork had since boycotted his business because of his strong anti-Papist views.

The list of his proposed party was endorsed by an arm surgeon who couched for the men's good health, and the Mayor of Cork who confirmed that they were all volunteers who had not been coerced into emigrating. Ten of the 27 names (including Ingram's own) on the original list were still on the final sailing list; a lower proportion of drop-outs than occurred in most of the settler parties. In spite of Ingram's strong religious prejudices, many of the families under his direction were Roman Catholics.

Deposits were paid for 27 men who sailed from Cork Harbour in the Fanny on 12 February 1820, arriving in Table Bay on 1 May. With the other irish parties in the Fanny and East Indian, Ingram's party was sent on to Saldhana Bay and disembarked there about the middle of May. The party was located in the Klein Patrys valley in the Clanwilliam district and Ingram named his estate Bloomfield Lodge. Many of the Irish settlers were dissatisfied with conditions at Clanwilliam and appealed successfully to be re-located in Albany; Ingram, however chose to remain, in spite of labour difficulties with his men who rebelled against his treatment of them. In 1823 he returned to Ireland to fetch his family and recruit a further large party of contract labourers, who he brought to the cape in the hired ship Barosa.

Members of Ingram's Party

Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes

William Agnew 25. Mason

Wife Honora 22

Thomas Ahearn 24. Labourer

John Barry 23 Slater and plasterer.

Michael Barry 22 Schoolmaster.

David Begley 22. Farmer.

Wife - Mary? 17

Gerald Begley 42. Farmer.

Wife - Margaret ? 36

Joseph Begley 44. Farmer.

Wife - Mary ? 40

Timothy Begley 24. Farmer.

Wife - Catherine ? 19.

Thomas Bennett 28. Steward.

Wife Margaret 27.

  • George Bennett 9
  • William Bennett 5
  • Julian Bennett 4
  • Thomas Bennet 2

Richard Bowler (or Rowley) 19. Labourer.

John Coffe 22. Mason

John Crowley 28. Mason.

Wife. Mary 22

  • Humphrey Crowley 3
  • Fanny Crowley (born at sea).

John Foster 40. Chemist.

Wife Mary Kent 34.

John Gresnock 30. Labourer.

Wife Mary 24.

  • Mary Gresnock 13
  • Ann Gresnock 11

Patrick Griffin 34. Labourer.

Wife Mary 28

  • Mary Griffin 5
  • Michael Griffin 2

William Hanley 32. Gardener

Johan Hannan 25. Mason

John Ingram 35. Merchant.

Dennis Keily (or Reilley), 28. Labourer.

David Lehane 22. Labourer

John Lehane 24. Labourer

Thomas Minhier (or Michen), 22. Labourer

Simon Murley (or Woodley), 26. Labourer.

Wife Jane 24.

Kady O'Callaghan 30. Carpenter.

Wife Johanna Rodgers 25.

Thomas Quinn 30. Mason.

Dennis Reardon 34. Brass founder.

Wife Margaret 28.

  • Johanna Reardon 11
  • Michael Reardon 9
  • Bridget Reardon 7
  • Ellen Reardon 5
  • John Reardon 2

Main source for party list

M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook

Agent of Transports' Returns of settlers under the direction of John Ingram (Cape Archives CO 6138/2,86). This list contains a number of what appear to be transcription errors, and the spelling of names is sometimes very different from that of the London lists and colonial records. In the Cape Register of 'Permissions to remain' (Cape Archives CO 6055), Michen (od Mukin) appears as Minhier (Minhere in the London list), Quinn as O'Quin, Dennis Reilley as Daniel Keily, Daniel Reardon as Dennis Reardon, Rowley as Bowler and Woodley as Murley (Modley in the London list). Where the same or similar spelling has been found more than one, that version of the name has been given preference in the party list above, but is not necessarily correct.

Further Reading

G B Dickason, Irish Settlers to the Cape (Cape Town, A A Balkema, 1973); Reminiscences of John Montgomery, ed A Giffard (Cape Town, A A Balkema, 1981).

The 1820 Settler Correspondence - John Ingram

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