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1820 Settlers - Mahony's Party

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Profiles

  • Harriet Tomlinson (b. - 1979)
    Harriet Turner was a 1820 Settler and built an Inn at the Koonap River crossing. It was a half way post between Grahamstown and Fort Beaufort and was much frequented by soldiers. On early maps it is sh...
  • George Tomlinson (1793 - 1848)
  • Eliza Ann Mahoney (c.1805 - 1873)
    Church Matrimonial Court Minutes and Special Marriage Licenses: 1821 - 1884 Location Albany/Grahamstown Henry Watson HENDERSON, Protestant; Scotland m. 14 Apr 1823 Eliza Ann MAHONY, Roman C...
  • Thomas Mahoney, SV/PROG (c.1785 - 1834)
    1820 Settler to South Africa on the Northampton. Lower Albany Chronicles - Transcribed by Sue Mackay 24 Dec 1834: John BROWN called at Thomas MAHONEY's house on his way to his own. He sugge...

Mahony's Party

1820 Settlers

Main Reference - The Settler Handbook by MD Nash

See also eGGSA - The 1820 Settler Correspondence and Mahony's Party - Return of Settlers

Additional information 1820 Settlers.com

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Party Details

Thomas Mahoney organised a party in London. Before embarkation it was divided, Surgeon William Clarke leading 88 as a separate party. 42 led by Thomas Mahoney sailed in "Northampton". They were located on the right bank of the Coombs River their location being known as the Coombs. Thomas Berrington was early responsible for the party, Thomas Mahoney being absent on building contracts. The party had dispersed by 1825, the land then being held by Thomas Mahoney.

  • Leader Thomas Mahoney
  • Number 42
  • Area Party originated from London
  • Area Allocated to the Party Coombs River
  • 1820 Settler Ship

Northampton

Dates

  • Departure Portsmouth 13 December 1819
  • Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town - 26 March 1820
  • Final Port - Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth 30 April 1820

(Other parties on this voyage Clark, Dalgairn, Pigot, W Smith)

M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook

"No. 4 on the Colonial Department list, led by Thomas Mahony, an architect and builder of 53 Charles Street, Westminster. In his letter of application, Mahony claimed to own property in London and to have been employed for 12 years by the Royal Engineer Department in Ireland, where he built martello and signal towers at Cork Harbour and Bantry Bay. His party originally included Edward Turvey, and was accepted on the recommendation of Turvey's patroness, the Dowager Countess of Liverpool. Mahony subsequently excluded Turvey from the party and the latter, in high indignation, formed a separate party of his own.

This was a proprietary party, and although it included a number of Irish families it seems likely that it was recruited in London. Under their articles of agreement, Mahony's men were to work for him for three years, to be fed and clothed and to receive, in addition wages of £7 a year in the case of labourers and £10 a year for skilled tradesmen. Mahony undertook to give each family 35 acres of land and a two-roomed house at the end of the service period.

Deposits were paid for 16 men, and after numerous last minute changes the party embarked at Deptford in the Northampton transport, which sailed from Gravesend on 13 December 1819. A fellow-passenger in the ship, Sophia Pigot, recorded in her journal that several 'great disturbances' were caused during the voyage by the belligerent behaviour of Mahony and his Irish servants. The Northampton anchored in Table Bay on 26 March 1820 and reached Algoa Bay on 30 April. The party was located on the right bank of the Coombs River, and the location was known as The Coombs.

Mahony's men soon mutinied against his treatment of them and were released from his service, and Thomas Berrington took over the leadership of what remained of the party".

Members of Mahoney's Party

[Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes]

Jeremiah Bateman 32. Gardener.

Andrew Conway, 35. Mason.

Wife Ann 30.

Children

(See ✽ Below). Thomas Berrington 24. Farmer.

Wife Diana Collin 27.

Child

Richard Freemantle, 38. Wagon maker.

Wife Sarah Kent 31 (sic) [33].

Children

Dennis Holland 18.

Dennis Holland 40. Cooper.

Wife Mary 35.

Children

  • Mary Holland 17
  • John Holland 16
  • Daniel Holland 13
  • Ellen Holland 7.

Samuel Jeffries 35. Farmer.

WifeMary 30.

William Jewson 25. Farmer.

Thomas Mahony 35. Architect.

Wife Ann 36.

Children

Edward Shearan 23. Tallow chandler and soap boiler.

Wife Ellen 24.

George Tomlinson 29. Farmer.

Wife Harriet Turner 25.

See ✽ Below

Thomas AdlerJohn ShearanDennis Sullivan 37. Glazier.

Wife Jane 34.

Main sources for party list

Agent of Transports' List of persons belonging to Mr Mahony's party embarked on board the Northampton (Cape Archives CO 136); Articles of Agreement between Thomas Mahony and his servants, signed in the Downs off Deal (reproduced in Cory, Rise of South Africa ll, p 41).

Mahony's party is one of the most difficult of the settler parties to list with any degree of confidence. On 22 December 1819, the Colonial Department formally instructed the Commissioners of the Navy to allow substitutes to board the transport ships in place of men who had withdrawn from the emigrant parties, provided the original numbers for whom deposits had been paid and provision made were not exceeded. Mahony's people had embarked in the Northampton a month before this instruction was issued, and rather than risk rejection, the numerous substitutes in the party had temporarily adopted the names of the men they had replaced. This deception does not seem to have been discovered by the authorities; the Agent of Transports who was responsible for the settlers on board the Northampton did not sail in her but in her sister ship the Ocean.

  • ✽ A more reliable source of names than the Agent of Transports' list, in this case, is the agreement signed by Mahony and his servants in the Downs off Deal after the party had sailed. A comparison of the two lists suggests that James Macfarland snr and jnr, Florence Carty, George Hamblin snr and jnr, Alexander Patten and Charles (or Cornelius) Lamb, whose names appear on the Agent's list, did not in fact sail with the party. They seem to have been replaced by Richard Freemantle jnr, Samuel Freemantle, Thomas Alder, John Shearan, Dennis Sullivan (all of whom signed the agreement) and Thomas Berrington. Berrington's signature does not appear on the agreement; he may have been an independent settler who paid his own deposit and was not bound in service to Mahony. References traced in colonial records confirm that all six of these 'replacements' were in fact at the Cape between 1820 and 1825. No mention has been traced of the Macfarlands, Hamblins, Patten or Lamb; Florence Carty (or McCarty) was the brother-in-law of Dennis Holland and came to the Cape in 1826.

Further reading

The voyage of the Northampton to the Cape is described in The Reminiscences of Thomas Stubbs, ed WA Maxwell and RT McGeogh (Cape Town, AA Balkema, 1978), and The Journals of Sophia Pigot, ed Margaret Rainier (Cape Town, AA Balkema, 1974).

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