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1918 lnfluenza Pandemic - Ireland: Fatalities

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  • Sydney Gladstone Ievers (1886 - 1919)
    Irish Births 1864-1958* First name(s) Sydney Gladstone* Last name Ievers* Registration year 1886* Registered quarter/year Jul - Sep 1886* Registration district Cork* Volume 5* Page 87* Mother's last na...
  • David Williams (1859 - 1918)
    He was single at age 52 living with his sisters in Dundalk according to the 1901 census. In 1911,he was the resident Harbour Engineer in Dundalk (since he took over the position in 1908) lived with his...
  • Hannah McCahon (1874 - 1919)
    Died of the flu @ Moneyleck - [1918 flu pandemic (commonly referred to as the Spanish Flu)]Wee Robert and Mammie's Mother
  • Annie Ferry (b. - 1918)
    Annie died in the "Big Flu" in 1918. This flu spread across Europe at the end of the First World War and was given the name The Spanish Flu. This killed more people than the War itself. It is estimated...

1918 Influenza Pandemic - Ireland: Falalities

"I had a little bird

its name was Enza

I opened the window,

And in-flu-enza."

(1918 children’s playground rhyme)

Please add to this project any profiles of fatalities of the 1918 "Spanish Flu" pandemic resident in Ireland

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The Spanish Flu pandemic of 1918

(By Ben Johnson)

The ‘Spanish Flu’ pandemic of 1918 was one of the greatest medical disasters of the 20th century. This was a global pandemic, an airborne virus which affected every continent.

It was nicknamed ‘Spanish flu’ as the first reported cases were in Spain. As this was during World War I, newspapers were censored (Germany, the United States, Britain and France all had media blackouts on news that might lower morale) so although there were influenza (flu) cases elsewhere, it was the Spanish cases that hit the headlines. One of the first casualties was the King of Spain.

Although not caused by World War I, it is thought that in the UK, the virus was spread by soldiers returning home from the trenches in northern France. Soldiers were becoming ill with what was known as ‘la grippe’, the symptoms of which were sore throats, headaches and a loss of appetite. Although highly infectious in the cramped, primitive conditions of the trenches, recovery was usually swift and doctors at first called it "three-day fever".

The outbreak hit the UK in a series of waves, with its peak at the end of WW1. Returning from Northern France at the end of the war, the troops travelled home by train. As they arrived at the railway stations, so the flu spread from the railway stations to the centre of the cities, then to the suburbs and out into the countryside. Not restricted to class, anyone could catch it. Prime Minister David Lloyd George contracted it but survived. Some other notable survivors included the cartoonist Walt Disney and Kaiser Willhelm II of Germany.

Young adults between 20 and 30 years old were particularly affected and the disease struck and progressed quickly in these cases. Onset was devastatingly quick. Those fine and healthy at breakfast could be dead by tea-time. Within hours of feeling the first symptoms of fatigue, fever and headache, some victims would rapidly develop pneumonia and start turning blue, signalling a shortage of oxygen. They would then struggle for air until they suffocated to death.

Hospitals were overwhelmed and even medical students were drafted in to help. Doctors and nurses worked to breaking point, although there was little they could do as there were no treatments for the flu and no antibiotics to treat the pneumonia.

During the pandemic of 1918/19, over 50 million people died worldwide and a quarter of the British population were affected. The death toll was 228,000 in Britain alone. Global mortality rate is not known, but is estimated to have been between 10% to 20% of those who were infected.

More people died of influenza in that single year than in the four years of the Black Death Bubonic Plague from 1347 to 1351.

By the end of pandemic, only one region in the entire world had not reported an outbreak: an isolated island called Marajo, located in Brazil's Amazon River Delta.