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American Revolution: Battle of Wyoming (Pennsylvania) (1778)

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  • Darius Mead (1729 - 1791)
    DAR Ancestor #: A076648From Descendants of William Mead: Working file of Mary Lou Cook, updated 4 June 2011Mead (Mar. 8, 1729 - April 1791), son of Jonathan, grandson of Jonathan, great grandson of Joh...
  • Lt. Noah Hopkins (1730 - 1805)
    DAR Ancestor #: A058118 . Noah Hopkins, born 24 Jan 1730 at Woodbury, Litchfield, Connecticut was the eldest son of Capt. Stephen Hopkins of Hartford, Connecticut. Capt. Stephen Hopkins bought a tract ...
  • Lt. Benedict Satterlee (1714 - 1778)
    Daughters of American Revolution Ancestor #: A100508* Birth: 8-11-1714 GROTON CONNECTICUT* Death: (ANTE) 1778 WESTMORELAND LITCHFIELD CO CONNECTICUT* Notice: FUTURE APPLICANTS MUST PROVE CORRECT SERVIC...
  • William Stark (1745 - 1795)
    A Patriot of the American Revolution for PENNSYLVANIA. DAR Ancestor #: A108986 William Stark fought in the battle known as the Wyoming Massacre, and his family was in the blockhouse. His brother Aaron ...
  • Stephen Fuller, Jr (1755 - 1778)
    DAR Ancestor #: A042422 PrivateAsa Abbott was born in Hampton, Connecticut, on May 25, 1756, died September 6, 1834.  He married Sarah Bidlack Fuller and they had 7 children.  He was her second husband...

The Battle of Wyoming (also known as the Wyoming Massacre) was an encounter during the American Revolutionary War between American Patriots and Loyalists accompanied by Iroquois raiders that took place in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania on July 3, 1778. More than three hundred Patriots were killed in the battle.

After the battle, settlers claimed that the Iroquois raiders had hunted and killed fleeing Patriots before using ritual torture against thirty to forty who had surrendered, until they died.

One woman lost three of her sons and two sons-in-law. This list is intended to include survivors, or women and children.

About the battle:

Connecticut settlers. Lazarus Stewart led some forty Paxtang men to the Wyoming Valley and built a blockhouse at the southern end of the Valley (near modern Nanticoke). When the Revolutionary War began, the Yank ees and Penamites set their local quarrel aside for the duration of the struggle against the British. That is how things stood when in 1778 the British at Niagara gathered forces for a strong raid to clear Americans out of the land in the Forks of the Susquehanna. This ar my included about 400 British "green coats" and Tories along with nearly 700 Iroquois warriors. The Americans in the Wyoming Valley had a chain of forts to help protect th eir settlements, but most of their able-bodied fighters had gone off to join the Continental Army.

As the invaders approached the Valley in late June, there remained to defend it six companies of raw militia recruits, chiefly old men and boys. By chance, home on leave was a regular-army officer, Col. Zebulon Butler, and he took command of the Am erican militia gather ed at Forty Fort across the river from Wilkes-Barre. After receiving a British demand for surrender, the Americans he ld a council of war. Col. Butler and several other officers advised waiting for reinforcements. (A troop of Continentals was expected within a day or two, and other forces had been requested from Col. Clingaman at Fort Jenkins.) Captain Lazarus Stewart and others, however, argued vehemently for marching out immediately to face the enemy before Forty Fort was surrounded; according to some reports, Stewart even accused Col. Butler of cowardice. In mid-afternoon, the Americans marched out and within a couple miles met the British. The outnumbered American forces fought bravely, but after a half hour their left flank was turned and they were trapped. The battlefield became a slaughter ground; among those killed were all six company commande rs, including Captain Lazarus Stewart.

Fleeing soldiers were chased down and killed; many captives were tortured and then scalped. (Upon their return to Fort Niagara, the Indians collected bounty payments for 227 scalps.) Some of the American soldiers escaped to Forty Fort, but the next morning that fort was surrendered to the British. The Indians went on a rampage throughout the Valley, burning homes and destroying crops and cattle.