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American Revolution: Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 – March 17, 1776)

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  • Pvt William Cheney, Sr. KIA (1718 - 1775)
    William was born in 1717. He died while serving in the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775. William served as a private in Captain Thomas Knowlton's Company, Colonel Israel Putnam's 3rd Regiment, Connecticut...
  • Cpl. Timothy Stone, Sr. (1758 - 1839)
    Born in Lexington,Middlesex, Massachusetts, Timothy Stone was the son of Samuel Stone and Martha Earle.In 1775 young,Timothy joined his fellow American patriots to serve in the Revolutionary War. At th...
    Maj. Gen. Henry Knox (1750 - 1806)
    A Patriot of the American Revolution for MASSACHUSETTS with the rank of MAJOR GENERAL. Ancestor #: A067057 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Henry Knox 1st United States Secretary of WarIn officeMa...
  • Col. John Crane (1744 - 1805)
    Participant in Boston Tea Party at age of 29; one of two dressed as "an indian". Later a colonel in the Revolutionary War.From a historical record: For the following sketch I am indebted to the Hon. Wi...
  • Lemuel Trescott, Major (1751 - 1826)
    TRESCOTT, LEMUEL. (1751–1826). Continental officer, Massachusetts. Born at Dorchester, Massachusetts, on 23 March 1751, Trescott was commissioned as a captain in Colonel John Brewer's Massachusetts Reg...

The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 – March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the American Revolutionary War. New England militiamen prevented the movement by land of the British Army garrisoned in what was then the peninsular town of Boston, Massachusetts. Both sides had to deal with resource supply and personnel issues over the course of the siege. British resupply and reinforcement activities were limited to sea access. After eleven months of siege the British abandoned Boston by sailing to Nova Scotia.

The siege began on April 19 after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, when the militia from surrounding Massachusetts communities limited land access to Boston. The Continental Congress formed the Continental Army from the militia, with George Washington as its Commander in Chief. In June 1775, the British seized Bunker and Breed's Hills, but their casualties were heavy and their gains were insufficient to break the Continental Army's hold on land access to Boston. Military actions during the remainder of the siege were limited to occasional raids, minor skirmishes, and sniper fire.

In November 1775, Washington sent the 25-year-old bookseller-turned-soldier Henry Knox to bring to Boston the heavy artillery that had been captured at Fort Ticonderoga. In a technically complex and demanding operation, Knox brought many cannons to the Boston area by January 1776. In March 1776, these artillery fortified Dorchester Heights, which overlooked Boston and its harbor and threatened the British supply lifeline. The British commander William Howe saw the British position as indefensible and withdrew the British forces in Boston to the British stronghold at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on March 17 (celebrated today as Evacuation Day).

Many of our ancestors mustered for the Siege of Boston even though they may not have participated at any Battles, they were amongst the Minute Men who showed up. In many cases their enlistments were for only 3 to 6 months.

Please document that their Regiment and Company was actually stationed near Boston during this time in their Profiles.