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  • Edward I "Longshanks", King of England (1239 - 1307)
    read ___________________ Edward I was a tall man for his era, hence the nickname "Longshanks". He was temperamental, and this, along with his height, made him an intimidating man, and he often instil...
  • Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1275 - 1324)
    from Wikipedia , the free encyclopedia. Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (c. 1275 – 23 June 1324) was a Franco-English nobleman. Though primarily active in England, he also had strong connectio...
  • Robert I the Bruce, King of Scots (1274 - 1329)
    Robert I of Scotland Roibeard Brús Raibeart I na h-Alba Robert I av Skottland English Monarchs, The House of Bruce, Robert the Bruce

Battle of Glen Trool

a.k.a. Glentrool

Image Right - Bruce's Stone

Image by Scothill licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported Wiki Commons

Minor engagement or skirmish in the Scottish Wars of Independence.

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March-April 1307


Glen Trool, Galloway, Scotland


Scottish Victory - Bruce's first victory over the English and a great boost to morale


Kingdom of Scotland

  • Strength Several hundred infantry ±300
  • Commanders and leaders
  • Casualties and losses Low
  • Captives

Kingdom of England

  • Strength Raiding party of several hundred infantry
  • Commanders and leaders
  • Casualties and losses Heavy
  • Captives


Robert Bruce had been involved in the murder of John "the Red" Comyn the previous year 1306. This led to a bitter civil war between the Bruce's faction and the Comyns and their allies, notably Edward I "Longshanks", King of England, and Bruce had been absent from Scotland.


In the Spring of 1307 King Robert landed in the south-west of Scotland with soldiers recruited from the Western Isles and established a strong base in the Glen Trool area, which was a difficult position to approach. When Aymer de Valence heard of Bruce's encampment he sent a raiding party who were driven back by Bruce.


Bruce and de Valence met again at Loudoun Hill in May 2007

Although it wasn't a major episode it launched Bruce's successful campaign and gained the respect of the Scots nation, culminating in his victory at The Battle of Bannockburn seven years later in 1314.'s Stone

Image by Scothill licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported Wiki Commons

Bruce's Stone was erected to commemorate the battle which marked the turning point for Robert the Bruce in his campaign to defeat Edward I and his English army.

Notable connections/mentions

  • Sir Robert Clifford - English knight
  • Sir John de Vaus (or Vaux) - possibly the Northumberland knight or the Lord of Dirleton of East Lothian.

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References, Sources and Further Reading

  • Scotland - The History of a Nation by Magnus Magnusson