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British Army - Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)

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'Images - Left - 1914 recruiting poster for the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders: by Curr, Thomas (artist); McLagan and Cumming, Edinburgh (printer); Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (publisher/sponsor) - This is photograph Art.IWM PST 12148 from the collections of the Imperial War Museums., Public Domain, Wiki Commons: Badges from left - 91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot.jpg; 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot, These 2 courtesy of Military Badge Collection; Argyll And Sutherland Highlanders WW1 - Courtesy of British Military Badges.
Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)

British Army - The Royal Regiment of Scotland
(Reflecting historic name changes)

91st (Argyllshire) Regiment of Foot

91st (Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot

91st (Argyllshire) Regiment of Foot (Highlanders)

91st Foot

91st Foot (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders)

91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot

91st Regiment of Foot

91st (Shropshire Volunteers)

93rd Foot (Sutherland Highlanders)

93rd (Highland) Regiment of Foot

93rd Regiment of Foot

98th (Argyllshire) Regiment of Foot (Highlanders)

Highland Brigade

Princess Louise's (Sutherland and Argyll Highlanders)

Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders)

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Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland in March 2006.

Active 1 July 1881 – 28 March 2006

Motto - Ne Obliviscaris, Sans Peur

Uniform -

Corps March -
* Quick: Hielan' Laddie

  • Quick: The Campbells Are Coming
  • Charge: Monymusk
  • Funerals: Lochaber No More

Nick-name -

MascotA Shetland Pony named "Cruachan"




8.1.5. Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)

Created in 1881 under the Childers Reforms in 1881, as the Princess Louise's (Sutherland and Argyll Highlanders), by the amalgamation of ... - 91st (Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot

and - 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot, - 91st (Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot

The 91st Regiment of Foot was a Line Regiment of the British Army . It was first formed in 1759 and in 1881 became the 1st Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.
WIKI 91st (Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot


Active 1759 - 1881
1759 - Raised but disbanded in 1763.
1779 - raised again in Shropshire as the 91st (Shropshire Volunters)
1780 - sent to the West Indies serving as a garrison force on St Lucia and Barbados.
1784 - disbanded in England.
1793/4 - raised in Scotland by Colonel Duncan Campbell of Lochnell mainly in Argyllshire for the Duke of Argyll as 98th (Argyllshire) Regiment of Foot (Highlanders).
1794/5 - designated as the 91st Foot and sent to the Cape of Good Hope.
1796 - re-designated 91st (Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot. 1796 - disbanded and its personnel scattered among other regiments
1809 - name changed to 91st Regiment of Foot and was sent to the Kingdom of Holland on the Walcheren Campaign.
1812 - sent back to Spain to fight in the Peninsular War under Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington).
1813 - fought at the Battles of Vittoria in June, Sorauren in July, Nivelle in November and Bayonne in December.
1814 - heavily involved in the fighting in Southern France that led to the Battle of Toulouse in April which finally saw the end of the Peninsular War.
1815 - Belgium; under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Sir William Douglas, were based in Major General George Johnstone's 6th Brigade in Sir Charles Colville's 4th Division. They distinguished themselves at the battle of Quatre Bras and then did not fight at the Battle of Waterloo but were based at Halle guarding the right flank of Wellington's Army. On 25 June they were one of the columns that stormed the fortress town of Cambrai.
1820 - Re-designated 91st (Argyllshire) Regiment of Foot
1864 - Re-designated 91st (Agyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
21 March 1871 - formed the honor guard for the wedding of Princess Louise to John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquis of Lorne and later 9th Duke of Argyll, at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.

 '''1872''' - renamed '''91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot''' in 1872. '''1881''' -  during the Childers Reforms amalgamated with the '''93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot''' forming '''1st Battalion, Princess Louise's Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.'''

Battle honours won by the regiment were:

  • Peninsular War: Rolica, Vimiera, Corunna, Pyrenees, Nive, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula - 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot,

The 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a Line Infantry Regiment of the British Army. In 1881, during the Childers Reforms, it was united with the 91st (Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot to form the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's).
WIKI 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot


1759 - The1st Sutherland Fencibles was raised in Scotland from the area of Sutherland and Caithness and disbanded in 1763 by Lord Reay.
1779 - 2nd Sutherland Fencibles was raised by Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland (done in practice by Lieutenant-Colonel William Wemyss of Wemyss) and disbanded in 1783.
1793- 3rd Sutherland Fencibles was raised by Wemyss. It participated in a task force under Major-General John Whyte to capture the Dutch settlements of Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice in April and May 1796. It then served in the quelling of the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and was disbanded in April 1799 at Fort George.
1799 - raised/recruited from the recently disbanded Sutherland Fencibles by General Wemyss of Wemyss, at the time a Major General in the British Army, on behalf of his 16-year-old cousin Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland. When the regiment first mustered, in Strathnaver in August 1800, not a single man selected by Wemyss failed to report. There is a cairn at Skail, in Strathnaver, marking the spot where this muster took place.
September 1800 - Dispatched from Ft. George, via Aberdeen, to Guernsey.
October 1800 - Formally gazetted into the Army.
February 1803 - Dublin where they assisted in quelling insurrection.
August 1805 Sailed for Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.
4 January 1806 - Arrived at Table Bay, forming Highland Brigade with 71st & 72nd regiments. Other Brigade consists of 24th, 38th & 83rd. Objective was to recapture Cape Colony from the Dutch.
6 January 1806 - Highland Brigade landed in Lospard Bay. 7 January 1806 - Battle of Blauwberg Hills. Highlanders advanced, fired one volley & charged. 3000 Dutch withdrew leaving 400 killed & wounded.
18 January 1806 Cape Colony surrenders. 93rd moves into garrison at Cape Castle.
1806–1814 - At the Cape.
1813 - 2nd Battalion raised. Existed for 16 months. Garrisoned in Newfoundland.
April 1814 - Embarked for Britain.
15 August 1814 - Arrived at Plymouth, England.
17 September 1814 - Embarked for the American campaign. General Officer Commanding, Plymouth, ordered 93rd to wear "trews and hummel bonnets" for the campaign.
8 December 1814 - Anchored off Ship Island in the Gulf of Mexico.
23 December 1814 - 93rd landed near New Orleans. Arrived in time to help turn flank of American surprise night attack. - see WIKI Battle of New Orleans
28 May 1815 Disembarked at Cork, Ireland. Helped back to strength with men from disbanded 2nd Battalion.
3–8 November 1823 - Embarked at Cove of Cork for the West Indies.
December 1823 – 1834 Landed at Barbados and were garrison of various islands.
3 April 1834 - Embarked for England.
8 May 1834 - Sent to Canterbury.
7 October 1834 - New Colours were presented to 93rd by the Duke of Wellington.
27–29 October 1835 - Embarked at Liverpool for Dublin, various Garrisons in Ireland.
6 & 23 January 1838 Sailed in 2 divisions from Cork.
29 January & 5 March 1838 Arriveed at Halifax, Nova Scotia.
16 November 1838 - 93rd were present at capture of The Windmill, held by brigands & rebels.
1 August 1848 - Embarked for Britain.
30 August 1848 - Arrived at Leith, Scotland and proceeded to Stirling Castle.
Summer 1849 Guard of Honour for Queen Victoria.
5 April 1850 - To Edinburgh.
27 February 1854 - Embarked at Plymouth for the Crimean Campaign where the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders became famous for its actions during the Crimean War. 1856 - returned to Britain.
1857 - 3, 7 and 8th companies go to China. The rest of Regiment under Lt. Col. Leith Hay embarked at Clarence Dockyard at Gosport for Cape where news was received of the the mutiny of Bengal native army in India.
20 September 1857 - Arrived at Calcutta. Welcomed by Sir Colin Campbell. - where they remained on active service for over 12 years
1861 - Badge 93rd Foot (Sutherland Highlanders). 14 February 1870 To Bombay. Leave India after 12½ years.
28 March 1870 Disembarked at Leith, Scotland. Welcomed having been away for 19 years.
4 August 1871 Presented new colours by the Duchess of Sutherland.
1881 - amalgamated with the 91st (Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot to form the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the Princess Louise's (Sutherland and Argyll Highlanders)

Battle honours

Battle hours won by the regiment were:

  • Cape of Good Hope 1806
  • Crimean War: Alma, Balaklava, Sevastopol
  • Indian Mutiny: Lucknow

1st and 2nd Battalions of the Princess Louise's (Sutherland and Argyll Highlanders)


Renamed Princess Louise's (Sutherland and Argyll Highlanders)
1920 - Named Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) 8.1.5.

Battle honours

  • Cape of Good Hope 1806, Rolica, Vimeira, Corunna, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, South Africa 1846-7, 1851-2-3, Alma, Balaklava, Sevastopol, Lucknow, South Africa 1879, Modder River, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899–1902.
  • The Great War – Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, 18, Aisne 1914, La Bassée 1914, Messines 1914, 18, Armentières 1914, Ypres 1915, 17, 18, Gravenstafel, St Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Festubert 1915, Loos, Somme 1916, 18, Albert 1916, 18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916, Arras 1917,18, Scarpe 1917, 18, Arleux, Pilckem, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917,18, St Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Rosières, Lys, Estaires, Hazebrouck, Bailleul, Kemmel, Bethune, Soissonnais-Ourcq, Tardenois, Amiens, Hindenburg Line, Epehy, Canal du Nord, St Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Kortrijk, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914–18, Italy 1917–18, Struma, Doiran 1917,18, Macedonia 1915–18, Gallipoli 1915–16, Rumani, Egypt 1916, Gaza, El Mughar, Nebi Samwil, Jaffa, Palestine 1917–18.
  • The Second World War– Somme 1940, Odon, Tourmauville Bridge, Caen, Esquay, Mont Pincon, Quarry Hill, Estry, Falaise, Dives Crossing, Aart, Lower Maas, Meijel, Venlo Pocket, Ourthe, Rhineland, Reichswald, Rhine, Uelzen, Artlenburg, North-West Europe 1940, 44–45, Abyssinia 1941, Sidi Barrani, El Alamein, Medenine, Akarit, Diebel Azzag 1942, Kef Ouiba Pass, Mine de Sedjenane, Medjez Plain, Longstop Hill 1943, North Africa 1940–43, Landing in Sicily, Gerbini, Adrano, Centuripe, Sicily 1943, Termoli, Sangro, Cassino II, Liri Valley, Aquino, Monte Casalino, Monte Spaduro, Monte Grande, Senio, Santerno Crossing, Argenta Gap, Italy 1943–45, Crete, Heraklion, Middle East 1941, North Malaya, Grik Road, Central Malaya, Ipoh, Slim River, Singapore Island, Malaya 1941–42.
  • Korean War – Pakchon, Korea 1950–51.

Victoria Cross recipients


Colonels of the Regiment

93rd (Highland) Regiment of Foot

  • 1800–1822: Gen. William Wemyss of Wemyss
  • 1822: Gen. Sir Thomas Hislop, Bt, GCB
  • 1822–1832: Lt-Gen. Sir Hudson Lowe, KCB, GCMG
  • 1832–1833: Lt-Gen. Sir John Cameron, KCB
  • 1833–1840: Lt-Gen. Sir Jasper Nicolls, KCB
  • 1840–1850: Gen. Sir James Dawes Douglas, GCB
  • 1850–1852: Lt-Gen. William Wemyss (son of General William Wemyss, above)
  • 1852–1858: Lt-Gen. Edward Parkinson, CB
  • 1858–1860: F.M. Sir Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde, GCB, KCSI
  • 1860–1862: Lt-Gen. William Sutherland

93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot - (1861)

  • 1862–1868: Gen. Alexander Fisher Macintosh, KH
  • 1868–1873: Lt-Gen. Charles Craufurd Hay
  • 1873–1875: Lt-Gen. Sir Henry William Stisted, KCB
  • 1875–1876: Gen. Freeman Murray
  • 1876–1880: Gen. William Munro, CB
  • 1880: Gen. Mark Kerr Atherley
  • 1880–1881: Gen. Hon. Sir Robert Rollo, KCB
  • =Notable Personnel

Names with Bold links are to Geni profiles. Other links take you to external biographical web pages.


  • Major John Thompson McKellar Anderson VC DSO (1918–1943)
  • Sir Ian Fife Campbell Anstruther, of that Ilk, 8th Baronet of Balcaskie and 13th Baronet of Anstruther (1922–2007)


  • John Anderson Barstow MC, (1893–1941)
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Elder Beattie CMG CBE MC, (1888–1951)
  • Major John Hay Beith, CBE MC, (1876–1952),
  • Captain Claude Thomas Bissell, CC, FRSC, (1916–2000)
  • Major William Davidson Bissett VC (1893–1971)
  • Adam Black DCM (born 1898)
  • Lieutenant General Sir Alexander Crawford Simpson Boswell KCB CBE DL, (born 1928)
  • Major-General James Robert Brunker, (1806-1869)
  • Adam Busby (born 1948)


  • David Cameron, (born 1975)
  • Major General David Tennant Cowan CB, CBE, DSO, MC, (1896 – 1983)
  • 2Lt John Crawford Buchan VC (1892–1918)
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Charles William Campbell, 9th Earl of Breadalbane and Holland MC, DL, JP (1889–1959)
  • Sir Gavin Campbell, 1st Marquess of Breadalbane KG, PC, JP, DL (1851–1922),
  • Captain Ian Campbell, 12th and 5th Duke of Argyll FRSA, (1937-2001)
  • Brigadier Lorne MacLaine Campbell VC, DSO & Bar, OBE, TD, (1902-1991)
  • Niall Diarmid Campbell, 10th and 3rd Duke of Argyll, (1872–1949)
  • Brigadier General Alfred Edward John Cavendish CMG (1859-1943)
  • Brigadier Henry James Douglas Clark, (1888-1978)
  • Thomas Horatio Arthur Ernest Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults DL, JP, LLD, (1857–1951)
  • Captain Sir Ivar Iain Colquhoun, 8th Baronet, JP, DL, (1916–2008)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Jock Cunningham (1902-1969). Spanish Civil War International Brigades


  • Colonel John McAusland Denny (1858–1922)
  • Charles Davidson Dunbar, DCM, (1870–1939)
  • Brig.-Maj. Archibald Campbell Douglas, 4th Baron Blythswood KCVO (1870–1929)
  • Lance Corporal John Dunlay VC, (1831-1863)
  • Lt-Col Raymond Durie of Durie, (1905–1999)


  • George Carlyle Emslie, Baron Emslie. PC, MBE, (1919-2002)
  • Major John Francis Ashley Erskine, Lord Erskine GCSI, GCIE, (1895–1953)
  • Walter John Francis Erskine, 12th Earl of Mar and 14th Earl of Kellie KT JP (1865–1955)


  • General John Fane, 11th Earl of Westmorland GCB, GCH, PC (1784–1859)


  • 2Lt James Hill Galt (born 1885)
  • Major John Ingles Gilmour DSO MC, (1896-1928)
  • Brigadier General Duncan John Glasfurd, (1873–1916)
  • Major-General Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy, (1837–1911)
  • Ernest Gordon (1916–2002)
  • Lieutenant General Andrew John Noble Graham CB CBE, (born 1956)
  • Colonel Douglas Beresford Malise Ronald Graham, 5th Duke of Montrose KT, (1852–1925)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Sir John Reginald Noble Graham, 3rd Baronet VC OBE, (1892–1980)
  • Peter Grant VC, (1824–1868)
  • Air Vice Marshal Alexander Gray CB, MC, RAF, (1896-1980)
  • Hon. Ronald Henry Fulke Greville, (1864–1908)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Witheridge Gubb, (born 1908)


  • Captain David Sidney Hall
  • James "Big Jim" Healy, (1898–1961)
  • Acting Captain Arthur Henderson VC, MC, (1893–1917)
  • Lieutenant General Sir David Henderson KCB, KCVO, DSO, LLD, (1862–1921)
  • Captain Ian Henry David Henderson MC
  • Alexander Forbes Hendry MC TD, (1908–1980)
  • Major Jack Herbert (1908-1999)
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Graham Seton Hutchison, (1890–1946)
  • Major-General Sir John Kennedy GBE CB CMG DSO, (1878-1948)





  • Pipe Major William Lawrie, (1881–1916)
  • Lieutenant General Sir Henry Lowther Ewart Clark Leask KCB DSO OBE, (1913-2004)
  • John Aidan Liddell VC, MC, (1888–1915)


  • William Sutherland Macdonald MC, MB, CHB, DPH (1897-1990)
  • One of the soldiers who had served with the Fencibles and then with the 93rd was Sergeant Samuel Macdonald. Sergeant Macdonald was reputed to be six feet ten inches tall with a chest measuring 48 inches. A one time actor, being cast in a Drury Lane production of Cymon and Imphigenia as Hercules, Macdonald served in the 3rd Sutherland Fencibles as a sergeant of the Colonel's company. With the raising of the 93rd, he volunteered for the new regiment, being accepted by Wemyss. Countess Sutherland, upon seeing Sergeant Macdonald, donated a special allowance of 2 shillings 6 pence a day. She is reported to have said that anyone as large as Sergeant Macdonald "must require more sustenance than his military pay can afford".
  • David MacKay VC, (1831-1880)
  • John Duncan Mackie CBE MC, (1887–1978)
  • Captain Henry Maitland Macintosh, (1892-1918)
  • Lt David Lowe MacIntyre VC, CB, (18 June 1895 -31 July 1967)
  • Lieutenant-Colonel John Frederick MacKay VC, (1873-1930)
  • General Sir Gordon Holmes Alexander MacMillan, Lord MacMillan of MacMillan of Knap, KCB, KCVO, CBE, DSO, MC, (1897-1986)
  • Lieutenant General Sir John Richard Alexander MacMillan KCB CBE (born 1932)
  • Air Vice Marshal Sir Norman Duckworth Kerr MacEwen CB, CMG, DSO, RAF, (1881–1953)
  • Captain George Fielden MacLeod, Baron MacLeod of Fuinary, MC, (1895–1991)
  • Captain Dugald Malcolm, CMG CVO TD (born 1917)
  • Major-General William McBean VC, (1818-1878)
  • Air Vice-Marshal Andrew MacGregor, (1897-1983)
  • Lt Col Colin Mitchell, (1925–1996)
  • Major Kenneth Muir VC, (1912-1950)
  • Colour-sergeant James Munro VC, (1826-1871)
  • William Hutchison Murray, (1913–1996)


  • Captain Ian Patrick Robert Napier MC, (1895–1977)
  • Francis James Patrick Lilley, (1907–1971)


  • Captain Charles Lindsay Orr-Ewing, (1860–1903)


  • General Sir Charles Patrick Ralph Palmer, KCVO, KBE,
  • Sgt John Paton VC, (1833–1914)
  • Richard Dunn Pattison, (1874–1916)
  • Glencairn Balfour Paul CMG, (1917–2008)


  • Air Vice Marshal Sir George Ranald MacFarlane Reid KCB, DSO, MC, (1893–1991)
  • Sir Norman Robert Reid, (1915–2007)
  • Acting Sergeant John Rennie, GC, (1919–1943)
  • Major Frederick Joseph Ricketts (21 February 1881 – 15 May 1945)
  • Sir David Robertson, (1890–1970)
  • Horatio Gordon Robley, (1840–1930)
  • Colonel Donald Grant Ross OBE, DL


  • Vernon Scannell, (1922–2007)
  • Col Sir (Michael) Hugh Shaw-Stewart, 8th Baronet (1854–1942)
  • Colonel John Douglas Slim, 2nd Viscount Slim OBE, DL, FRGS (born 20 July 1927)
  • Major Gordon Smith, (1920-2014)
  • Sir William McNair Snadden, 1st Baronet JP, (1896–1959)
  • Victor Marlborough Silvester OBE, (1900–1978)
  • Finlay Ballantyne Speedie MM (1880–1953)
  • Lt Col John David "Dave" Stewart DSO (1910–1988)
  • Brig Ian Stewart, (1895-1987)
  • Maj William George Drummond Stewart VC, (February 1831 - 19 October 1868)
  • 2Lt Walter Riddell Sutherland (1890-1918)


  • Brigadier Ronald John Frederick "Ronnie" Tod CBE, DSO, (1905–1975)
  • Captain George Reid Thomson, Lord Thomson, (1893-1962)


  • Charles Laing Warr GCVO, (1892-1969)
  • General Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope GCB GCMG CIE DSO, (1874–1947)
  • Air Commodore James George Weir CBE CMG, (1887–1973)
  • Major-General Sir Alexander Wilson KCB, (1858–1937)
  • Patrick Wolrige-Gordon, (1935–2002)


  • George Kenneth Hotson Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie KT KCVO TD PC, (1931-2003)

Sources, References and Further Reading

  • Brereton, J M A Guide to the regiments and Corps of the British Army on the Regular Establishment (Bodley Head) 1985
  • Griffin, P D Encyclopedia of Modern British Army Regiments (Sutton Publishers) 2006
  • Lumley, Goff Amalgamations in the British Army 1660-2008 (Partizan Press 2009)
// this project is in History Link